Le docteur James Douglas (21 mars 1675-2 avril 1742) était un médecin et anatomiste britannique, membre de la Royal Society, et médecin de la Reine.

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  • Le docteur James Douglas (21 mars 1675-2 avril 1742) était un médecin et anatomiste britannique, membre de la Royal Society, et médecin de la Reine.
  • James Douglas (* 21. März 1675 in Badds, West Calder bei Edinburgh; † 2. April 1742 in London) war ein Anatom, Chirurg und Geburtshelfer. Er war Leibarzt der Königin von England.
  • James Douglas FRS (March 21, 1675 – April 2, 1742) was a Scottish physician and anatomist, and Physician Extraordinary to Queen Caroline.One of the seven sons of William Douglas (died 1705) and his wife, Joan, daughter of James Mason of Park, Blantyre, he was born in West Calder, West Lothian, in 1675. His brother was the well-known lithotomist John Douglas (died 1759).In 1694 he graduated MA from the University of Edinburgh and then took his medical doctorate at Reims before going to London in 1700.He worked as an obstetrician, and gaining a great reputation as a physician, was elected Fellow of the Royal Society of London in 1706, FCP in 1721.One of the most respected anatomists in the country, Douglas was also a well-known man-midwife. He was asked to investigate the case of Mary Toft, an English woman from Godalming, Surrey, who in 1726 became the subject of considerable controversy when she tricked doctors into believing that she had given birth to rabbits. Despite his early scepticism (Douglas thought that a woman giving birth to rabbits was as likely as a rabbit giving birth to a human child), Douglas went to see Toft, and subsequently exposed her as a fraud.Douglas practiced midwifery and performed public dissections at home.Douglas mentored and befriended anatomist and surgeon William Hunter (1718–1783), whom he met in 1740 when Hunter came to London.Hunter would live in the Douglas household and remained there after Douglas died in London on April 2, 1742, leaving a widow and two children.Douglas produced a series of manuscript English, French, Latin and Greek grammars, and in an ample index to the works of Horace.As a result of Douglas's investigations of female pelvic anatomy, several anatonomical terms bear his name:Douglas pouchPeritoneal space formed by deflection of the peritoneum.DouglasitisInflammation of Douglas pouch.Douglas abscessSuppuration in Douglas pouch, most often seen in appendicitis or adnexitis.Douglas foldA fold of peritoneum forming the lateral boundary of Douglas' pouch.Douglas lineThe arcuate line of the sheath of the rectus abdominis muscle.Douglas septumThe septum formed by the union of Rathke's folds, forming the rectum of the fetus.
  • James Douglas (West Calder, 21 maart 1675 - Londen, 2 april 1742), was een Schots arts en anatoom. Hij was lid van de Royal Society en arts van de Schotse koningin Caroline. James Douglas studeerde in 1694 af aan de Universiteit van Edinburg en vervolgde zijn medische opleiding in Reims. In 1700 keerde hij terug naar Londen waar hij werkte als vrouwenarts en een reputatie ontwikkelde als arts. Hij deed veel onderzoek aan de anatomie van vrouwen; verscheidene anatomische benamingen verwijzen naar hem, waaronder de Holte van Douglas.
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  • Le docteur James Douglas (21 mars 1675-2 avril 1742) était un médecin et anatomiste britannique, membre de la Royal Society, et médecin de la Reine.
  • James Douglas (* 21. März 1675 in Badds, West Calder bei Edinburgh; † 2. April 1742 in London) war ein Anatom, Chirurg und Geburtshelfer. Er war Leibarzt der Königin von England.
  • James Douglas (West Calder, 21 maart 1675 - Londen, 2 april 1742), was een Schots arts en anatoom. Hij was lid van de Royal Society en arts van de Schotse koningin Caroline. James Douglas studeerde in 1694 af aan de Universiteit van Edinburg en vervolgde zijn medische opleiding in Reims. In 1700 keerde hij terug naar Londen waar hij werkte als vrouwenarts en een reputatie ontwikkelde als arts.
  • James Douglas FRS (March 21, 1675 – April 2, 1742) was a Scottish physician and anatomist, and Physician Extraordinary to Queen Caroline.One of the seven sons of William Douglas (died 1705) and his wife, Joan, daughter of James Mason of Park, Blantyre, he was born in West Calder, West Lothian, in 1675.
rdfs:label
  • James Douglas (médecin)
  • James Douglas (Mediziner)
  • James Douglas (arts)
  • James Douglas (physician)
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