John Whiteside Parsons, echte naam Marvel Whiteside Parsons (2 oktober 1914 - 17 juni 1952) was een Amerikaanse onderzoeker van brandstof voor raketten. Hij was mede-oprichter van Jet Propulsion Laboratory en Aerojet Corporation. Zijn onderzoeken en uitvindingen op het gebied van de voortstuwing van raketten maakten later de ruimtevaart mogelijk. Hij was een occultist en een volgeling van Aleister Crowley.

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  • John Whiteside Parsons (born Marvel Whiteside Parsons; October 2, 1914 – June 17, 1952), better known as Jack Parsons, was an American rocket engineer, chemist, and Thelemite occultist. A pioneer in solid-fuel rocket research and development, he was affiliated with the California Institute of Technology (Caltech), and was one of the principal founders of both the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) and the Aerojet Engineering Corporation.Born in Los Angeles, California, Parsons was raised into a wealthy family in Pasadena. Inspired by science fiction literature, he developed an early interest in rocketry and in 1928 began amateur rocket experiments with school friend Edward Forman. He was forced to drop out of Pasadena Junior College and Stanford University due to financial difficulties during the Great Depression, but in 1934 united with Forman and graduate student Frank Malina to form the Caltech-affiliated GALCIT Rocket Research Group, supported by Guggenheim Aeronautical Laboratory chairman Theodore von Kármán. In 1939 they gained funding from the National Academy of Sciences to work on Jet-Assisted Take Off (JATO) for the U.S. military, and upon this expansion renamed themselves the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. In 1942 they founded Aerojet to develop and sell their JATO technology.After a brief involvement in Marxism, in 1939 Parsons converted to Thelema, the English occultist Aleister Crowley's new religious movement. In 1941 he joined the Agape Lodge, the Californian branch of the Thelemite Ordo Templi Orientis (OTO). At Crowley's bidding, he took over the position of lodge leader from Wilfred Talbot Smith in 1942. Parsons ran the lodge from his manor on Orange Grove Boulevard, Pasadena. With his friend L. Ron Hubbard he began the Babalon Working, a series of rituals designed to invoke the Thelemic goddess Babalon to Earth. Parsons continued the procedure with Marjorie Cameron, whom he married in 1946. After Hubbard stole his life savings, Parsons resigned from the OTO and went through various jobs while acting as a consultant for Israel's rocket program. Amid the climate of McCarthyism he was accused of espionage and left unable to work in rocketry. Parsons died in a home laboratory explosion at the age of 37; police ruled it an accident, but many associates suspected suicide or murder.Parsons' death attracted national attention, and his occult and individualist writings were posthumously published. He is recognized by occultists as one of the most significant figures in propagating Thelema across North America, and by the scientific community for his contributions to rocket propulsion chemistry and design as well as his role as an early advocate for their utilization in space exploration and human spaceflight. For the latter reasons, and because of his role in the foundation of JPL, Parsons is cited as among the most important figures in the history of the U.S. space program and has been the subject of several biographies and fictionalized portrayals.
  • John Whiteside Parsons, echte naam Marvel Whiteside Parsons (2 oktober 1914 - 17 juni 1952) was een Amerikaanse onderzoeker van brandstof voor raketten. Hij was mede-oprichter van Jet Propulsion Laboratory en Aerojet Corporation. Zijn onderzoeken en uitvindingen op het gebied van de voortstuwing van raketten maakten later de ruimtevaart mogelijk. Hij was een occultist en een volgeling van Aleister Crowley.
  • Jack Parsons, nome completo John Whiteside Parsons (2 ottobre 1914 – 17 giugno 1952), è stato uno scienziato statunitense.Lavorò al California Institute of Technology e fu uno dei fondatori principali del Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) e Aerojet Corporation. Inventò il combustibile solido per razzi, rivoluzionando così la scienza missilistica. È noto anche per essere stato uno dei primi seguaci americani di Aleister Crowley.
  • John „Jack“ Whiteside Parsons (* 2. Oktober 1914; † 17. Juni 1952, Geburtsname Marvel Whiteside Parsons), war ein US-amerikanischer Raketenantriebsforscher des California Institute of Technology und Mitbegründer des Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) und der Aerojet Corporation. Er beschäftigte sich auch intensiv mit Magie und den thelemischen Lehren Aleister Crowleys.
  • John Whiteside Parsons (nombre de nacimiento Marvel Whiteside Parsons 2 de octubre, 1914 – 17 de junio, 1952) fue un ingeniero aeroespacial, científico y ocultista estadounidense.
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  • John Whiteside Parsons, echte naam Marvel Whiteside Parsons (2 oktober 1914 - 17 juni 1952) was een Amerikaanse onderzoeker van brandstof voor raketten. Hij was mede-oprichter van Jet Propulsion Laboratory en Aerojet Corporation. Zijn onderzoeken en uitvindingen op het gebied van de voortstuwing van raketten maakten later de ruimtevaart mogelijk. Hij was een occultist en een volgeling van Aleister Crowley.
  • Jack Parsons, nome completo John Whiteside Parsons (2 ottobre 1914 – 17 giugno 1952), è stato uno scienziato statunitense.Lavorò al California Institute of Technology e fu uno dei fondatori principali del Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) e Aerojet Corporation. Inventò il combustibile solido per razzi, rivoluzionando così la scienza missilistica. È noto anche per essere stato uno dei primi seguaci americani di Aleister Crowley.
  • John „Jack“ Whiteside Parsons (* 2. Oktober 1914; † 17. Juni 1952, Geburtsname Marvel Whiteside Parsons), war ein US-amerikanischer Raketenantriebsforscher des California Institute of Technology und Mitbegründer des Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) und der Aerojet Corporation. Er beschäftigte sich auch intensiv mit Magie und den thelemischen Lehren Aleister Crowleys.
  • John Whiteside Parsons (nombre de nacimiento Marvel Whiteside Parsons 2 de octubre, 1914 – 17 de junio, 1952) fue un ingeniero aeroespacial, científico y ocultista estadounidense.
  • John Whiteside Parsons (ur. jako Marvel Whiteside Parsons 2 października 1914 w Los Angeles, zm. 17 czerwca 1952 w Pasadenie), znany również jako Jack Parsons – amerykański chemik, technik w California Institute of Technology. Pionier z zakresu badań nad stałym paliwem rakietowym, współtwórca Jet Propulsion Laboratory oraz Aerojet Corp.Parsons był także okultystą, interesował się twórczością angielskiego pisarza Aleistera Crowleya.
  • John Whiteside Parsons (born Marvel Whiteside Parsons; October 2, 1914 – June 17, 1952), better known as Jack Parsons, was an American rocket engineer, chemist, and Thelemite occultist.
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  • Jack Parsons
  • Jack Parsons
  • Jack Parsons
  • Jack Parsons (rocket engineer)
  • John Whiteside Parsons
  • John Whiteside Parsons
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