L'islam est la religion de 98 % des Iraniens. 89 % sont chiites, et 9 % sunnites, souvent des Turkmènes, des Balouches et des Kurdes. Parmi les chiites, c'est-à-dire l'immense majorité des Iraniens culturels, la confession la plus représentée est le chiisme duodécimain.La conquête islamique de la Perse a eu lieu entre 637 et 651. Elle mit fin à l'empire Sassanide, et entraîna le déclin de la religion zoroastrienne.

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  • L'islam est la religion de 98 % des Iraniens. 89 % sont chiites, et 9 % sunnites, souvent des Turkmènes, des Balouches et des Kurdes. Parmi les chiites, c'est-à-dire l'immense majorité des Iraniens culturels, la confession la plus représentée est le chiisme duodécimain.La conquête islamique de la Perse a eu lieu entre 637 et 651. Elle mit fin à l'empire Sassanide, et entraîna le déclin de la religion zoroastrienne. Les réalisations des précédentes civilisations perses n'ont pas disparu, mais ont plutôt été absorbé par l'islam. Depuis lors, l'islam est devenue la religion officielle de l'Iran, avec cependant une courte éclipse après le raid Mongol et l'établissement de l'Ilkhanat au XIIIe siècle. L'Iran est devenu une république islamique après la révolution de 1979. L'Iran fait partie de l'OCI depuis sa fondation en 1969.Bien que l'Iran soit réputé aujourd'hui comme la nation phare du chiisme dans le monde, la foi chiite ne se développa qu'au XVe siècle. C'est la dynastie safavide qui fit du chiisme la religion d'État et l'imposa dans la population. Il semble qu'au milieu du XVIIe siècle, la plupart des perses étaient devenus chiites. Les siècles suivants virent l'émergence d'une synthèse entre la culture perse et l'islam chiite.
  • The Islamic conquest of Persia (637–651) led to the end of the Sassanid Empire and the eventual decline of the Zoroastrian religion in Persia. However, the achievements of the previous Persian civilizations were not lost, but were to a great extent absorbed by the new Islamic polity. Islam has been the official religion of Iran since then, except short duration after Mongol raid and establishment of Ilkhanate. Iran became an Islamic republic after the Islamic Revolution of 1979.Before the Islamic conquest, the Persians had been mainly Zoroastrian, however, there were also large and thriving Christian and Jewish communities. Eastern Iran was predominantly Buddhist. There was a slow but steady movement of the population toward Islam. When Islam was introduced to Iranians, the nobility and city-dwellers were the first to convert, Islam spread more slowly among the peasantry and the dihqans, or landed gentry. By the late 11th century, the majority of Persians had become Muslim, at least nominally.Islam is the religion of 98% of Iranians. 89% of Iranians are Shi'a and 9% are Sunni, most Sunnis in Iran are Larestani people (from Larestan), Turkomen, Baluchs, and Kurds living in the south, southeast, northeast and northwest. Almost all of Iranian Shi'as are Twelvers.Though Iran is known today as a stronghold of the Shi'a Muslim faith, it did not become so until much later, around the 15th century. The Safavid dynasty made Shi'a Islam the official state religion in the early sixteenth century and aggressively proselytized on its behalf. It is also believed that by the mid-seventeenth century most people in Iran had become Shi'as, an affiliation that has continued. Over the following centuries, with the state-fostered rise of a Persian-based Shi'ite clergy, a synthesis was formed between Persian culture and Shi'ite Islam that marked each indelibly with the tincture of the other.
  • İran'ın İslami Fethi, (633-656) Sasani İmparatorluğu'nun sonunu getirmiş ve İran'da Zerdüştçülük dininin ortadan kalkmasına neden olmuştur. Ancak Pers medeniyetinin gelenekleri kaybolmamış yeni İslam siyaseti içine büyük ölçüde yedirilmiştir.Birçok Müslüman tarihçi uzun süre Araplar tarafından ele geçirilmeden önce İran'daki toplumun bir çöküş ve yozlaşma içerisinde olduğunu ve ülkelerini ele geçiren Arap ordularını kollarını açarak karşıladığını iddia etmiştir. Bu görüşün büyük oranda kabul gördüğü söylenemez. Bazı yazarlar, birçok Arap kaynağına dayanarak, "tüm iddialara karşın, İranlıların ülkelerini ele geçrimek isteyen Araplara karşı uzun ve yoğun bir mücadele gösterdiklerini" ifade etmektedir. Bu görüşü doğrulayan bir kanıt ülkeleri ele geçirildikten sonra İranlıların bir kültürel direniş savaşını vermeleri ve zafer kazanan Araplara karşı kendi geleneklerini kabul ettirmede başarılı olmalarıdır.
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  • L'islam est la religion de 98 % des Iraniens. 89 % sont chiites, et 9 % sunnites, souvent des Turkmènes, des Balouches et des Kurdes. Parmi les chiites, c'est-à-dire l'immense majorité des Iraniens culturels, la confession la plus représentée est le chiisme duodécimain.La conquête islamique de la Perse a eu lieu entre 637 et 651. Elle mit fin à l'empire Sassanide, et entraîna le déclin de la religion zoroastrienne.
  • İran'ın İslami Fethi, (633-656) Sasani İmparatorluğu'nun sonunu getirmiş ve İran'da Zerdüştçülük dininin ortadan kalkmasına neden olmuştur. Ancak Pers medeniyetinin gelenekleri kaybolmamış yeni İslam siyaseti içine büyük ölçüde yedirilmiştir.Birçok Müslüman tarihçi uzun süre Araplar tarafından ele geçirilmeden önce İran'daki toplumun bir çöküş ve yozlaşma içerisinde olduğunu ve ülkelerini ele geçiren Arap ordularını kollarını açarak karşıladığını iddia etmiştir.
  • The Islamic conquest of Persia (637–651) led to the end of the Sassanid Empire and the eventual decline of the Zoroastrian religion in Persia. However, the achievements of the previous Persian civilizations were not lost, but were to a great extent absorbed by the new Islamic polity. Islam has been the official religion of Iran since then, except short duration after Mongol raid and establishment of Ilkhanate.
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  • Islam en Iran
  • Islam in Iran
  • İran'da İslam
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