Independent Moving Picture Company ou I.M.P est une société de production américaine de cinéma fondée en 1909 par Carl Laemmle, en réaction à la mainmise, alors quasi totale, de la production cinématographique par le trust « Motion Picture Patents Company ». En 1912, la société a fusionné avec d'autres compagnies pour former Universal Pictures.

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  • Independent Moving Picture Company ou I.M.P est une société de production américaine de cinéma fondée en 1909 par Carl Laemmle, en réaction à la mainmise, alors quasi totale, de la production cinématographique par le trust « Motion Picture Patents Company ». En 1912, la société a fusionné avec d'autres compagnies pour former Universal Pictures.
  • La Independent Moving Pictures (IMP) è stata una casa di produzione cinematografica statunitense fondata a New York nel 1909 da Carl Laemmle. La sede principale della compagnia di produzione era all'Eleventh Avenue e 53rd Street di New York, con una sede e studi di lavorazione anche a Fort Lee, nel New Jersey.Il primo film prodotto dalla IMP fu Hiawatha, protagonista Gladys Hulette, un dramma in un rullo basato sul poema The Song of Hiawatha di Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. In un periodo in cui gli attori partecipavano anonimamente ai film, la IMP fece lavorare Florence Lawrence, conosciuta come la Biograph Girl e King Baggot, che fu la prima star dello schermo a ottenere il nome sui titoli, un nuovo modo di pubblicizzare il film che contribuì alla creazione dello star system.
  • Die Independent Moving Pictures Company (I.M.P.) war ein Filmstudio.Die I.M.P. wurde 1909 gegründet und war die erste Firma von Carl Laemmle. Thomas Harper Ince gab hier 1910 sein Regiedebüt. I.M.P. wurde später mit Pat Powers Picture Plays, Bison Life Motion Pictures, der Nestor Company, Champion, Eclair und der Yankee Company zur Universal Motion Picture Manufacturing Company verschmolzen.
  • The Independent Moving Pictures Company (IMP) was a movie studio/production company founded in 1909 by Carl Laemmle, and was located at Eleventh Avenue and 53rd Street New York City, and in Fort Lee, New Jersey.The first movie produced by IMP was Hiawatha (1909) starring Gladys Hulette, a one-reel drama short based on the 1855 poem The Song of Hiawatha by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. At a time when leading screen players worked anonymously, IMP performers Florence Lawrence, formerly known as "The Biograph Girl," and King Baggot became the first "movie stars" to be given billing and screen credits, a marquee as well as promotion in advertising, which contributed to the creation of the star system.In the early 20th century, the Motion Picture Patents Company (MPPC), or the Trust, was fought by the unlicensed independent films (dubbed "pirates" or "outlaws"), led by Laemmle. Others against the MPPC included Harry E. Aitken (Majestic Films), William Fox (founder of the Fox Film Corporation), and Adolph Zukor (Famous Players Film Company, a precursor to Paramount). The flexible, stealthy and adventurous independents avoided coercive MPPC restrictions (the requirement to use only Trust film stock and projectors, for example) by using unlicensed equipment, obtaining their own film materials, and making movies on the sly. After the independents incorporated themselves into the Motion Picture Distributing and Sales Company, with Laemmle as their president, the Trust issued an injunction against Laemmle for the camera being used, claiming that it was an infringement on their patents, but eventually lost.Before long, the independents began moving to Southern California, and opened up a West Coast movie-making industry. In 1910, IMP began production in Los Angeles, and had a studio in Hollywood at Sunset Boulevard and Gower Street, which became known as "Gower Gulch" due to the actors dressed as cowboys and Indians waiting on that corner to be cast in westerns.Then the Motion Picture Distributing and Sales Company began fighting among themselves, and that was disorganized. On June 8, 1912, IMP and other independent companies were absorbed into the newly incorporated Universal Film Manufacturing Company, with Laemmle as president.
  • Independent Moving Pictures Company (IMP) foi uma companhia cinematográfica estadunidense fundada em 1909 pelo imigrante alemão naturalizado Carl Laemmle, que se localizava na Eleventh Avenue e 53rd Street, em Nova Iorque, com os estúdios em Fort Lee, Nova Jérsei. A partir de 1912, foi sendo absorvida pela Universal Pictures.
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  • Independent Moving Picture Company ou I.M.P est une société de production américaine de cinéma fondée en 1909 par Carl Laemmle, en réaction à la mainmise, alors quasi totale, de la production cinématographique par le trust « Motion Picture Patents Company ». En 1912, la société a fusionné avec d'autres compagnies pour former Universal Pictures.
  • Die Independent Moving Pictures Company (I.M.P.) war ein Filmstudio.Die I.M.P. wurde 1909 gegründet und war die erste Firma von Carl Laemmle. Thomas Harper Ince gab hier 1910 sein Regiedebüt. I.M.P. wurde später mit Pat Powers Picture Plays, Bison Life Motion Pictures, der Nestor Company, Champion, Eclair und der Yankee Company zur Universal Motion Picture Manufacturing Company verschmolzen.
  • Independent Moving Pictures Company (IMP) foi uma companhia cinematográfica estadunidense fundada em 1909 pelo imigrante alemão naturalizado Carl Laemmle, que se localizava na Eleventh Avenue e 53rd Street, em Nova Iorque, com os estúdios em Fort Lee, Nova Jérsei. A partir de 1912, foi sendo absorvida pela Universal Pictures.
  • The Independent Moving Pictures Company (IMP) was a movie studio/production company founded in 1909 by Carl Laemmle, and was located at Eleventh Avenue and 53rd Street New York City, and in Fort Lee, New Jersey.The first movie produced by IMP was Hiawatha (1909) starring Gladys Hulette, a one-reel drama short based on the 1855 poem The Song of Hiawatha by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.
  • La Independent Moving Pictures (IMP) è stata una casa di produzione cinematografica statunitense fondata a New York nel 1909 da Carl Laemmle. La sede principale della compagnia di produzione era all'Eleventh Avenue e 53rd Street di New York, con una sede e studi di lavorazione anche a Fort Lee, nel New Jersey.Il primo film prodotto dalla IMP fu Hiawatha, protagonista Gladys Hulette, un dramma in un rullo basato sul poema The Song of Hiawatha di Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.
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  • Independent Moving Picture Company
  • Independent Moving Pictures
  • Independent Moving Pictures
  • Independent Moving Pictures Company
  • Independent Moving Pictures Company
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