L'histoire du football américain, sport répandu aux États-Unis, est au commencement liée avec l'histoire du rugby.

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  • L'histoire du football américain, sport répandu aux États-Unis, est au commencement liée avec l'histoire du rugby. Les deux jeux ont leur origine dans les types de football joués au Royaume-Uni au milieu du XIXe siècle, dans lesquels l'objet est d'envoyer un ballon à un but avec le pied et/ou de courir avec le ballon à travers une ligne.Le football américain résulte de plusieurs divergences majeures du rugby, notamment les changements de règle institués par Walter Camp, considéré comme le « père du football américain ». Parmi ces changements importants on retrouve l'introduction de la ligne d'engagement et du système des essais,. À la fin du XIXe siècle et au début du XXe siècle, des développements dans l'action du jeu introduits par des entraîneurs d'université comme Amos Alonzo Stagg, Knute Rockne et Glenn « Pop » Warner tirent bon parti de l'introduction de la passe en avant. La popularité du football universitaire augmente, devenant la version dominante du sport pendant la première moitié du XXe siècle. Les matchs de bowl, tradition du football universitaire, attirent un public national pour les équipes universitaires. Soutenu par des rivalités féroces, le football universitaire a toujours un grand attrait aux États-Unis.L'origine du football professionnel peut trouver sa trace en 1892, quand William Heffelfinger a signé un contrat de cinq cents dollars pour jouer dans un match pour l'Association athlétique d'Allegheny contre le Club athlétique de Pittsburgh. En 1920, l'American Professional Football Association se forme. Cette ligue a changé son nom deux ans plus tard en devenant la National Football League (NFL), qui devient la ligue majeure du football américain. Sport d'abord populaire dans les villes industrielles du Middle West des États-Unis, le football professionnel devient un phénomène national. La popularité montante du football est probablement due à la finale du championnat de 1958, match qui est surnommé le « meilleur match de tous les temps » (Greatest Game Ever Played). Une ligue rivale à la NFL, l'American Football League (AFL), fait ses débuts en 1960 ; la pression mise sur la ligue plus ancienne a mené à une fusion entre les deux ligues et à la création du Super Bowl, qui est, chaque année l'évènement télévisé le plus regardé aux États-Unis.
  • The history of American football can be traced to early versions of rugby football and association football. Both games have their origin in varieties of football played in Britain in the mid-19th century, in which a football is kicked at a goal and/or run over a line. American football resulted from several major divergences from rugby, most notably the rule changes instituted by Walter Camp, a Yale graduate and considered to be the "Father of American Football". Among these important changes were the introduction of the line of scrimmage and of down-and-distance rules. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, gameplay developments by college coaches such as Eddie Cochems, Amos Alonzo Stagg, Knute Rockne, and Glenn "Pop" Warner helped take advantage of the newly introduced forward pass. The popularity of college football grew as it became the dominant version of the sport in the United States for the first half of the 20th century. Bowl games, a college football tradition, attracted a national audience for college teams. Boosted by fierce rivalries, college football still holds widespread appeal in the US.The origin of professional football can be traced back to 1892, with William "Pudge" Heffelfinger's $500 contract to play in a game for the Allegheny Athletic Association against the Pittsburgh Athletic Club. In 1920 the American Professional Football Association was formed. This league changed its name to the National Football League (NFL) two years later, and eventually became the major league of American football. Primarily a sport of Midwestern industrial towns in the United States, professional football eventually became a national phenomenon. Football's increasing popularity is usually traced to the 1958 NFL Championship Game, a contest that has been dubbed the "Greatest Game Ever Played". A rival league to the NFL, the American Football League (AFL), began play in 1960; the pressure it put on the senior league led to a merger between the two leagues and the creation of the Super Bowl, which has become the most watched television event in the United States on an annual basis.
  • A história do futebol americano pode ser traçada a partir das primeiras versões do rugby. Ambos os esportes têm sua origem em variedades do futebol jogado na Inglaterra em meados do século XIX, em que uma bola é chutada para um gol e/ou se corre com ela para ultrapassar uma determinada linha do campo.O futebol americano é resultado de sucessivas divergências do rugby, mais notadamente as mudanças de regras feitas por Walter Camp, considerado o "Pai do Futebol Americano". Entre as principais mudanças estão a introdução da linha de scrimmage e das regras de descida. No final do século XIX e início do século XX, a evolução do jogo pelos treinadores universitários, como Eddie Cochems, Amos Alonzo Stagg, Knute Rockne e Glenn "Pop" Warner ajudou a tirar a vantagem do recém-introduzido "passe para frente". A popularidade do futebol universitário cresceu e se tornou a versão dominante do esporte nos Estados Unidos na primeira metade do século XX. Os jogos Bowl, uma tradição do futebol universitário, atraiu uma público nacional para as equipes colegiais. Amparado por ferozes rivalidades, o futebol universitário ainda mantém apelo generalizado em nos Estados Unidos.A origem do futebol americano profissional remonta o ano de 1892, com o contrato de 500 dólares de William "Ponch" Heffelfinger para jogar uma partida pelo Allegheny Athletic Association contra o Pittsburgh Athletic Club. Em 1920, a American Professional Football Association foi formada. Este campeonato mudou seu nome para National Football League (NFL), dois anos depois, e acabou se tornando o principal da liga de futebol americano do mundo. Basicamente um esporte de cidades industriais do Meio-Oeste dos Estados Unidos, o futebol profissional se tornou um fenômeno em todo o país. A crescente popularidade do futebol é muitas vezes atribuída à partida 1958 NFL Championship Game, que foi apelidada de "The Greatest Game Ever Played". Um campeonato rival da NFL, a American Football League (AFL), começou a ser disputado em 1960, mas a pressão que colocou sobre o campeonato sênior levou a uma fusão entre as duas ligas e a criação do Super Bowl, que se tornou o evento anual de televisão mais visto nos Estados Unidos.
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  • The Pro Style: The Complete Guide to Understanding National Football League Strategy
  • ESPN SportsCentury
  • Professional Football Researchers Association
  • The Anatomy of A Game
  • The Simplest Game: The Intelligent Fan's Guide to the World of Soccer
  • ABC Sports College Football All-Time All-America Team
  • It Ain't Over 'Til The Fat Lady Sings: The 100 Greatest Sports Finishes of All Time
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rdfs:comment
  • L'histoire du football américain, sport répandu aux États-Unis, est au commencement liée avec l'histoire du rugby.
  • The history of American football can be traced to early versions of rugby football and association football. Both games have their origin in varieties of football played in Britain in the mid-19th century, in which a football is kicked at a goal and/or run over a line. American football resulted from several major divergences from rugby, most notably the rule changes instituted by Walter Camp, a Yale graduate and considered to be the "Father of American Football".
  • A história do futebol americano pode ser traçada a partir das primeiras versões do rugby. Ambos os esportes têm sua origem em variedades do futebol jogado na Inglaterra em meados do século XIX, em que uma bola é chutada para um gol e/ou se corre com ela para ultrapassar uma determinada linha do campo.O futebol americano é resultado de sucessivas divergências do rugby, mais notadamente as mudanças de regras feitas por Walter Camp, considerado o "Pai do Futebol Americano".
rdfs:label
  • Histoire du football américain
  • History of American football
  • História do futebol americano
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