L'histoire de la psychologie remonte à l'Antiquité dans la mesure où des premières traces d'une réflexion sur les phénomènes mentaux et le comportement ont été retrouvés dans des écrits datant de l'Égypte ancienne.

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dbpedia-owl:abstract
  • L'histoire de la psychologie remonte à l'Antiquité dans la mesure où des premières traces d'une réflexion sur les phénomènes mentaux et le comportement ont été retrouvés dans des écrits datant de l'Égypte ancienne. De cette époque, en passant par la Grèce antique et les mondes chinois, indiens et arabo-musulmans jusque dans les années 1870, la psychologie était essentiellement considérée comme une branche de la philosophie et son histoire s'inscrit donc dans l'histoire de cette dernière.Ayant une vocation essentiellement théorique jusqu'au XIXe siècle, la psychologie acquiert le statut de discipline scientifique à part entière en adoptant les méthodes ayant cours dans d'autres champs des sciences naturelles et humaines (observation, expérimentation, mathématisation, etc.). En parallèle se développe aussi ce qui deviendra la , dont le but est de comprendre non pas l'esprit sain mais la maladie mentale et les moyens de la soigner voire de la guérir.
  • 心理学の歴史(しんりがくのれきし)とは、心理学という学問が生まれ辿ってきた歴史のことである。心理学の起源は古代ギリシアの時代に遡ることができ、また、古代エジプトに心理学的な思索活動の証拠が残されている。また、近代の心理学が哲学から独立して一つの学問として成立したのは、1879年にドイツの心理学者ヴィルヘルム・ヴントがライプツィヒ大学に心理学実験室を開き、アメリカ合衆国でも心理学の研究が始まった1870年代という見解が一般的である。心理学が境を接する様々な領域として、生理学、神経科学、人工知能、社会学、人類学、さらに哲学やその他の人間的活動がある。
  • La història de la psicologia recull l'evolució del pensament sobre la ment i la conducta humanes des dels inicis, lligats a la filosofia general i a la religió, però especialment la seva evolució com a disciplina específica.
  • Per storia della psicologia si intende la storia della psicologia come scienza a sé stante.
  • 심리학의 역사는 심리학이라는 학문이 생겨나온 역사이다. 심리학의 기원은 고대 그리스로 거슬러 올라간다. 고대 그리스에서 심리학적인 사색활동의 증거가 남아있다. 근대의 심리학이 철학에서 독립해 나온 것은 1879년 독일의 심리학자 빌헬름 분트가 라이프니히 대학에 심리학 실험실을 열고, 미국에서도 심리학 연구를 시작한 1870년대라는 견해가 일반적이다. 심리학에 접한 다양한 영역으로 생리학, 신경과학, 인공지능, 사회학, 인류학, 철학 및 기타 인간활동이 있다.
  • The history of psychology as a scholarly study of the mind and behavior dates back to the Ancient Greeks. There is also evidence of psychological thought in ancient Egypt. Psychology was a branch of philosophy until the 1870s, when it developed as an independent scientific discipline in Germany and the United States. Psychology borders on various other fields including physiology, neuroscience, artificial intelligence, sociology, anthropology, as well as philosophy and other components of the humanities.Today, psychology is defined as "the study of behavior and mental processes". Philosophical interest in the mind and behavior dates back to the ancient civilizations of Egypt, Greece, China, and India. For a condensed overview of the subject see the Timeline of Psychology article.Psychology as a self-conscious field of experimental study began in 1879, when Wilhelm Wundt founded the first laboratory dedicated exclusively to psychological research in Leipzig. Wundt was also the first person to refer to himself as a psychologist and wrote the first textbook on psychology: Principles of Physiological Psychology. Other important early contributors to the field include Hermann Ebbinghaus (a pioneer in the study of memory), William James (the American father of pragmatism), and Ivan Pavlov (who developed the procedures associated with classical conditioning).Soon after the development of experimental psychology, various kinds of applied psychology appeared. G. Stanley Hall brought scientific pedagogy to the United States from Germany in the early 1880s. John Dewey's educational theory of the 1890s was another example. Also in the 1890s, Hugo Münsterberg began writing about the application of psychology to industry, law, and other fields. Lightner Witmer established the first psychological clinic in the 1890s. James McKeen Cattell adapted Francis Galton's anthropometric methods to generate the first program of mental testing in the 1890s. In Vienna, meanwhile, Sigmund Freud developed an independent approach to the study of the mind called psychoanalysis, which has been widely influential.The 20th century saw a reaction to Edward Titchener's critique of Wundt's empiricism. This contributed to the formulation of behaviorism by John B. Watson, which was popularized by B. F. Skinner. Behaviorism proposed emphasizing the study of overt behavior, because that could be quantified and easily measured. Early behaviorists considered study of the "mind" too vague for productive scientific study. However, Skinner and his colleagues did study thinking as a form of covert behavior to which they could apply the same principles as overt (publicly observable) behavior. The final decades of the 20th century saw the rise of cognitive science, an interdisciplinary approach to studying the human mind. Cognitive science again considers the "mind" as a subject for investigation, using the tools of evolutionary psychology, linguistics, computer science, philosophy, behaviorism, and neurobiology. This form of investigation has proposed that a wide understanding of the human mind is possible, and that such an understanding may be applied to other research domains, such as artificial intelligence.
  • Die Psychologie „hat eine lange Vergangenheit, aber nur eine kurze Geschichte“ (Ebbinghaus, 1908). Die Wurzeln dieser Disziplin reichen weit in die Vergangenheit zurück, als anerkannte Wissenschaft jedoch gibt es die Psychologie erst seit dem 19. Jahrhundert.
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  • L'histoire de la psychologie remonte à l'Antiquité dans la mesure où des premières traces d'une réflexion sur les phénomènes mentaux et le comportement ont été retrouvés dans des écrits datant de l'Égypte ancienne.
  • 心理学の歴史(しんりがくのれきし)とは、心理学という学問が生まれ辿ってきた歴史のことである。心理学の起源は古代ギリシアの時代に遡ることができ、また、古代エジプトに心理学的な思索活動の証拠が残されている。また、近代の心理学が哲学から独立して一つの学問として成立したのは、1879年にドイツの心理学者ヴィルヘルム・ヴントがライプツィヒ大学に心理学実験室を開き、アメリカ合衆国でも心理学の研究が始まった1870年代という見解が一般的である。心理学が境を接する様々な領域として、生理学、神経科学、人工知能、社会学、人類学、さらに哲学やその他の人間的活動がある。
  • La història de la psicologia recull l'evolució del pensament sobre la ment i la conducta humanes des dels inicis, lligats a la filosofia general i a la religió, però especialment la seva evolució com a disciplina específica.
  • Per storia della psicologia si intende la storia della psicologia come scienza a sé stante.
  • 심리학의 역사는 심리학이라는 학문이 생겨나온 역사이다. 심리학의 기원은 고대 그리스로 거슬러 올라간다. 고대 그리스에서 심리학적인 사색활동의 증거가 남아있다. 근대의 심리학이 철학에서 독립해 나온 것은 1879년 독일의 심리학자 빌헬름 분트가 라이프니히 대학에 심리학 실험실을 열고, 미국에서도 심리학 연구를 시작한 1870년대라는 견해가 일반적이다. 심리학에 접한 다양한 영역으로 생리학, 신경과학, 인공지능, 사회학, 인류학, 철학 및 기타 인간활동이 있다.
  • Die Psychologie „hat eine lange Vergangenheit, aber nur eine kurze Geschichte“ (Ebbinghaus, 1908). Die Wurzeln dieser Disziplin reichen weit in die Vergangenheit zurück, als anerkannte Wissenschaft jedoch gibt es die Psychologie erst seit dem 19. Jahrhundert.
  • The history of psychology as a scholarly study of the mind and behavior dates back to the Ancient Greeks. There is also evidence of psychological thought in ancient Egypt. Psychology was a branch of philosophy until the 1870s, when it developed as an independent scientific discipline in Germany and the United States.
rdfs:label
  • Histoire de la psychologie
  • A pszichológia története
  • Geschichte der Psychologie
  • Historia de la psicología
  • History of psychology
  • Història de la psicologia
  • Storia della psicologia
  • История на психологията
  • История психологии
  • 心理学の歴史
  • 심리학의 역사
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