L'histoire de la Transylvanie comprend : l'évolution de la région de Transylvanie de la préhistoire jusqu'à la fondation du voïvodat de Transylvanie au XIe siècle. la Principauté de Transylvanie, voïvodat puis principauté, vassale : du Royaume de Hongrie du XIe siècle jusqu'en 1526 ; après 44 ans d'indépendance, de l'Empire ottoman entre 1570 et 1699 ; de la monarchie de Habsbourg à partir de 1699.

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dbpedia-owl:abstract
  • L'histoire de la Transylvanie comprend : l'évolution de la région de Transylvanie de la préhistoire jusqu'à la fondation du voïvodat de Transylvanie au XIe siècle. la Principauté de Transylvanie, voïvodat puis principauté, vassale : du Royaume de Hongrie du XIe siècle jusqu'en 1526 ; après 44 ans d'indépendance, de l'Empire ottoman entre 1570 et 1699 ; de la monarchie de Habsbourg à partir de 1699. le Grand-duché de Transylvanie (1711–1867) et la Transylvanie militaire, parties de la monarchie de Habsbourg puis de l'empire d'Autriche, intégrées au Royaume de Hongrie en 1867 lors du compromis austro-hongrois. la Transylvanie hongroise dans le cadre de l'Autriche-Hongrie de 1867 à 1918. l'évolution de la région de Transylvanie roumaine de 1918 à la fin du XXe siècle, dont la moitié nord est redevenue hongroise de 1940 à 1944.
  • Ez a szócikk a történelmi Erdély területéről szól. A román és nemzetközi szóhasználat szerinti tágabb értelemben vett Erdély történetéről lásd még az Erdély, Partium és Bánság szócikkeket!A történelmi Erdély vagy Belső-Erdély egy 300-480 méterrel a tengerszint felett levő fennsíkot, az úgynevezett Erdélyi-medencét foglalja magában a körülötte emelkedő hegyvonulatokkal. Területe 57 000 km². Határai: délen Havasalföldtől a Déli-Kárpátok, keleten Moldvától és Bukovinától a Keleti-Kárpátok választják el. Északon az Északkeleti-Kárpátok (Máramaros, Gutin-hegység, Szilágyság) határolták, nyugaton az Alfölddel, délnyugaton pedig a Bánsági-hegyvidékkel határos.Az Erdélyi-medencét többek között a Maros és Szamos folyók szelik át, de innen ered az Olt folyó is.A történelmi Erdély fő bejárata nyugat felől a Király-hágó.
  • Transilvania es una región histórica localizada en el centro de Rumanía, rodeada por los Cárpatos, que transcurren por el país. La capital tradicional de la región, Cluj-Napoca, está situada en la meseta del mismo nombre, mientras que Braşov y Sibiu, otras dos ciudades principales, están al pie de los Cárpatos.En la famosa novela de Bram Stoker, Transilvania era el lugar de procedencia del conde Drácula.
  • Transylvania is a historical region in central Romania. It was part of the Dacian Kingdom (1st–2nd centuries AD), Roman Dacia (2nd–3rd centuries), the Hunnic Empire (4th–5th centuries), the Kingdom of the Gepids (5th–6th centuries), the Avar Khaganate (6th–9th centuries) and the 9th-century First Bulgarian Empire. During the late 9th century Transylvania was reached by the Hungarian conquerors and later it became part of the Kingdom of Hungary, which was formed in 1000 AD. After the Battle of Mohács in 1526 it belonged to the Eastern Hungarian Kingdom, from which the Principality of Transylvania emerged. During most of the 16th and 17th centuries, the principality was a vassal country of the Ottoman Empire; however, the principality had dual suzerainty (Ottoman and Habsburg). In 1690, the Habsburgs gained possession of Transylvania through the Hungarian crown. After 1711 Habsburg control of Transylvania was consolidated, and Transylvanian princes were replaced with Habsburg imperial governors. After the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867, the separate status of Transylvania ceased; it was incorporated into the Kingdom of Hungary (Transleithania) as part of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire. After World War I, Transylvania became part of Romania. In 1940 Northern Transylvania reverted to Hungary as a result of the Second Vienna Award, but it was reclaimed by Romania after the end of World War II.Due to its varied history the population of Transylvania is ethnically, linguistically, culturally and religiously diverse. From 1437 to 1848 political power in Transylvania was shared among the mostly Hungarian nobility, German burghers and the seats of the Székelys (a Hungarian ethnic group). The population consisted of Romanians, Hungarians (particularly Székelys) and Germans. The majority of the present population is Romanian, but large minorities (mainly Hungarian and Roma) preserve their traditions. However, as recently as the Communist era ethnic-minority relations remained an issue of international contention. This has abated (but not disappeared) since the Revolution of 1989 restored democracy in Romania. Transylvania retains a significant Hungarian-speaking minority, slightly less than half of which identify themselves as Székely. Ethnic Germans in Transylvania (known as Saxons) comprise about one percent of the population; however, Austrian and German influences remain in the architecture and urban landscape of much of Transylvania.The region's history may be traced through the religions of its inhabitants. Most Romanians in Transylvania belong to the Eastern Orthodox Church faith, but from the 18th to the 20th centuries the Romanian Greek-Catholic Church also had substantial influence. Hungarians primarily belong to the Roman Catholic or Reformed Churches; a smaller number are Unitarians. Of the ethnic Germans in Transylvania, the Saxons have primarily been Lutheran since the Reformation; however, the Danube Swabians are Catholic. The Baptist Union of Romania is the second-largest such body in Europe; Seventh-day Adventists are established, and other evangelical churches have been a growing presence since 1989. No Islamic communities remain from the era of the Ottoman invasions. As elsewhere, anti-Semitic 20th-century politics saw Transylvania's once sizable Jewish population greatly reduced by the Holocaust and emigration.
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  • L'histoire de la Transylvanie comprend : l'évolution de la région de Transylvanie de la préhistoire jusqu'à la fondation du voïvodat de Transylvanie au XIe siècle. la Principauté de Transylvanie, voïvodat puis principauté, vassale : du Royaume de Hongrie du XIe siècle jusqu'en 1526 ; après 44 ans d'indépendance, de l'Empire ottoman entre 1570 et 1699 ; de la monarchie de Habsbourg à partir de 1699.
  • Transilvania es una región histórica localizada en el centro de Rumanía, rodeada por los Cárpatos, que transcurren por el país. La capital tradicional de la región, Cluj-Napoca, está situada en la meseta del mismo nombre, mientras que Braşov y Sibiu, otras dos ciudades principales, están al pie de los Cárpatos.En la famosa novela de Bram Stoker, Transilvania era el lugar de procedencia del conde Drácula.
  • Ez a szócikk a történelmi Erdély területéről szól. A román és nemzetközi szóhasználat szerinti tágabb értelemben vett Erdély történetéről lásd még az Erdély, Partium és Bánság szócikkeket!A történelmi Erdély vagy Belső-Erdély egy 300-480 méterrel a tengerszint felett levő fennsíkot, az úgynevezett Erdélyi-medencét foglalja magában a körülötte emelkedő hegyvonulatokkal. Területe 57 000 km².
  • Transylvania is a historical region in central Romania. It was part of the Dacian Kingdom (1st–2nd centuries AD), Roman Dacia (2nd–3rd centuries), the Hunnic Empire (4th–5th centuries), the Kingdom of the Gepids (5th–6th centuries), the Avar Khaganate (6th–9th centuries) and the 9th-century First Bulgarian Empire. During the late 9th century Transylvania was reached by the Hungarian conquerors and later it became part of the Kingdom of Hungary, which was formed in 1000 AD.
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  • Histoire de la Transylvanie
  • Erdély történelme
  • Historia de Transilvania
  • History of Transylvania
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