L'histoire de la Palestine est la présentation des évènements de région, qui englobe aujourd'hui l'actuel État d'Israël et l' actuel État de Palestine (État observateur, non membre de l'ONU). Le nom de Palestine n'a été donné qu'en l'an 135 par l'empereur romain Hadrien à la région antique de Judée.

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  • L'histoire de la Palestine est la présentation des évènements de région, qui englobe aujourd'hui l'actuel État d'Israël et l' actuel État de Palestine (État observateur, non membre de l'ONU). Le nom de Palestine n'a été donné qu'en l'an 135 par l'empereur romain Hadrien à la région antique de Judée.
  • Dit artikel beoogt een overzicht te geven van de geschiedenis van de regio Palestina.Palestina kan worden gedefinieerd als het zuidelijk deel van de Levant. Dit is al vanaf de prehistorie een druk doorgangs- en verblijfsgebied geweest van stammen en volkeren van diverse origine. In deze regio zijn daardoor herhaaldelijk verschillende culturen met elkaar in botsing gekomen. Tezelfdertijd was het gebied in veel opzichten een smeltkroes, waar de verworvenheden van de omringende culturen op elkaar inwerkten.Het gebied ligt op de overlappingszone van vier oude culturen: de Mesopotamische in het oosten, de Anatolische in het noorden, de Minoïsche in het westen en de Egyptische in het zuiden. Deze cultuurgebieden hebben grote invloed op de gebeurtenissen in Palestina uitgeoefend, wat leidde tot het opkomen en verdwijnen van verschillende rijken en stadstaten.
  • A região foi visitada por Heródoto por volta de 450 a.C. e é em seus escritos que encontramos pela primeira vez o nome Síria Palaestina (Síria Filistina).No outono de 333 a.C., Alexandre Magno derrotou o rei persa Dario III na Batalha de Isso, o que representaria a integração da Palestina no império de Alexandre. Com a sua morte, em 323 a.C., os generais de Alexandre vão disputar entre si o domínio do império. A Palestina e a Síria cairiam sob o controle de um destes generais, Ptolomeu, que formaria um reino independente no Egipto.Em 301 a.C., na Batalha de Ipso, na Frígia, uma coligação dos antigos generais derrotou Antígono Monoftalmo, outro general de Alexandre Magno que se preparava para reunificar o império. Ptolomeu pertencia à coligação vencedora, mas o facto de ter chegado tarde à batalha seria utilizado por Seleuco I para contestar a dominação de Ptolomeu sobre a Síria. Esta disputa estaria na origem de uma série de conflitos entre o reino ptolemaico e o Império Selêucida - as Guerras Sírias -, o que se resolveria por volta de 200 a.C. quando a Palestina passou para o controle selêucida.
  • La història d'Israel i Palestina finalitza amb la seva proclamació de la independència el 1948. Aquesta fita històrica es va aconseguir després de més de seixanta anys d'esforços polítics i diplomàtics per part del moviment sionista per establir una nació sobirana en què consideraven que era la seva pàtria, l'antiga terra d'Israel, també coneguda com a Palestina des dels temps romans.
  • Historia Palestyny – ten artykuł omawia temat historii Palestyny w okresie od początku panowania Bizancjum nad tymi ziemiami w 395 do powstania współczesnego państwa Izrael, które zostało utworzone 14 maja 1948 roku.mini| mini| mini|
  • Palestinako historia gaitzat duen artikulu honek Palestina izeneko lurralde geografikoa aztertzen du, Antzinarotik orain arte. Palestinako Lurraldeak deritzona, Palestina horretako zati bat baino ez da, Palestinako Aginte Nazionalaren administraziopean.
  • The history of Palestine is the study of the past in the region of Palestine, the geographic region in Western Asia between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River, and various adjoining lands. Situated at a strategic location between Egypt, Syria and Arabia, and the birthplace of major Abrahamic religions the region has a long and tumultuous history as a crossroads for religion, culture, commerce, and politics. Palestine has been controlled by numerous different peoples, including the Ancient Egyptians, Canaanites, Philistines, Tjekker, Ancient Israelites, Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Ancient Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, the Muslims, the Crusaders, Ayyubids, Mameluks, Ottomans, the British, The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (1948–1967, on the "West Bank") and Egyptian Republic (in Gaza), and modern Israelis and Palestinians. Other terms for the same area include Canaan, Zion, the Land of Israel, Southern Syria, Jund Filastin, Outremer, the Holy Land and the Southern Levant.The region was among the earliest in the world to see human habitation, agricultural communities and civilization. During the Bronze Age, independent Canaanite city-states were established, and were influenced by the surrounding civilizations of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Phoenicia, Minoan Crete, and Syria. During 1550–1400 BCE, the Canaanite cities became vassals to the Egyptian New Kingdom who held power until the 1178 BCE Battle of Djahy (Canaan) during the wider Bronze Age collapse. Modern archaeologists dispute parts of the Biblical tradition, the latest thinking being that the Israelites emerged from a dramatic social transformation that took place in the people of the central hill country of Canaan around 1200 BCE, with no signs of violent invasion or even of peaceful infiltration of a clearly defined ethnic group from elsewhere. The Philistines arrived and mingled with the local population, and according to Biblical tradition, the United Kingdom of Israel was established in 1020 BCE and split within a century to form the northern Kingdom of Israel, and the southern Kingdom of Judah. The region became part of the Neo-Assyrian Empire from c. 740 BCE, which was itself replaced by the Neo-Babylonian Empire in c. 627 BCE. A war with Egypt culminated in 586 BCE when Jerusalem was destroyed by the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II and the local leaders were deported to Babylonia, only to be allowed to return under the Achaemenid Empire.In the 330s BCE, Alexander the Great conquered Palestine, and the region changed hands numerous times during the wars of the Diadochi, ultimately joining the Seleucid Empire between 219–200 BCE. In 116 BCE, a Seleucid civil war resulted in the independence of certain regions including the minor Hasmonean principality in the Judean Mountains. From 110 BCE, the Hasmoneans extended their authority over much of Palestine, creating a Judean–Samaritan–Idumaean–Ituraean–Galilean alliance. The Judean (Jewish, see Ioudaioi) control over the wider region resulted in it also becoming known as Judaea, a term that had previously only referred to the smaller region of the Judean Mountains. During 73–63 BCE, the Roman Republic extended its influence into the region in the Third Mithridatic War, conquering Judea in 63 BCE, and splitting the former Hasmonean Kingdom into five districts. In 70 CE, Titus sacked Jerusalem, resulting in the dispersal of the city's Jews and Christians to Yavne and Pella. In 132 CE, Hadrian joined the province of Iudaea with Galilee to form the new province of Syria Palaestina, and Jerusalem was renamed "Aelia Capitolina". During 259–272, the region fell under the rule of Odaenathus as King of the Palmyrene Empire. Following the victory of Christian emperor Constantine in the Civil Wars of the Tetrarchy (306–324), the Christianization of the Roman Empire began, and in 326, Constantine's mother Saint Helena visited Jerusalem and began the construction of churches and shrines. Palestine became a center of Christianity, attracting numerous monks and religious scholars. The Samaritan Revolts during this period caused their near extinction.Palestine was conquered by the Islamic Empire following the 636 CE Battle of Yarmouk during the Muslim conquest of Syria. In 661 CE, with the assassination of Ali, Muawiyah I became the uncontested Caliph of the Islamic World after being crowned in Jerusalem. In 691, the Dome of the Rock became the world's first great work of Islamic architecture. The Umayyad were replaced by the Abbasids in 750. From 878 Palestine was ruled from Egypt by semi-autonomous rulers for almost a century, beginning with Ahmad ibn Tulun, and ending with the Ikhshidid rulers who were both buried in Jerusalem. The Fatimids conquered the region in 969. In 1073 Palestine was captured by the Great Seljuq Empire, only to be recaptured by the Fatimids in 1098, who then lost the region to the Crusaders in 1099. Their control of Jerusalem and most of Palestine lasted almost a century until defeat by Saladin's forces in 1187, after which most of Palestine was controlled by the Ayyubids. A rump Crusader state in the northern coastal cities survived for another century, but, despite seven further Crusades, the Crusaders were no longer a significant power in the region. The Mamluk Sultanate was indirectly created in Egypt as a result of the Seventh Crusade. The Mongol Empire reached Palestine for the first time in 1260, beginning with the Mongol raids into Palestine under Nestorian Christian general Kitbuqa and reaching an apex at the pivotal Battle of Ain Jalut. In 1486, hostilities broke out between the Mamluks and the Ottoman Turks in a battle for control over western Asia and the Ottomans captured Palestine in 1516.In 1832 the region was conquered by Muhammad Ali's Egypt, but in 1840 Britain intervened and returned control of the Levant to the Ottomans in return for further capitulations.[citation needed] The turbulent period of Egyptian rule experienced two major revolts (the 1834 Arab Peasants revolt and 1838 Druze revolt) and a significant demographic change in coastal areas, populated by Egyptian Arab peasants and former soldiers of Ali. The end of the 19th century saw the beginning of Zionist immigration and the revival of the Hebrew language. Jewish immigration throughout the century boosted relatively large Jewish concentrations in Jerusalem, Safed, Tiberias and Jaffa. The British government issued the pro-Zionist Balfour Declaration of 1917 during World War I.The British captured Jerusalem a month later, and were formally awarded a mandate in 1922. Following a period of intercommunal violence, the Arab Palestinians revolted 1936, but were efficiently subdued by the British. In 1947, following World War II and the Holocaust, the British Government announced their desire to terminate the Mandate, and the United Nations General Assembly voted to partition the territory. The Arabs rejected the UN partition plan, and a civil war began immediately, with the State of Israel declared independent in May 1948. The 700,000 Palestinians who fled or were driven from their homes were unable to return following the Lausanne Conference, 1949.[citation needed] During and after the 1948 war, a wave of Jewish refugees from Arab countries arrived, further complicating the demographic situation.In the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, Israel captured and incorporated more Mandate territory than suggested in the 1947 Partition Plan; Jordan captured the region today known as the West Bank, while at the Gaza Strip the All-Palestine Government was announced in September 1948. Consequently, it was however relocated to Cairo and eventually dissolved in 1959 by Egyptian President Nasser, officially making Gaza under Egyptian military administration.In the course of the Six Day War in June 1967, Israel captured the rest of former Mandate Palestine from Jordan and Egypt, and began a policy of Israeli settlements. From 1987 to 1993, the First Palestinian Intifada against Israel took place, ending with the 1993 Oslo Peace Accords. In 2000, the Second or Al-Aqsa Intifada began, and Israel built a barrier. Following Israel's unilateral disengagement plan of 2004, it withdrew all settlers and most of its military presence from the Gaza strip, but maintained control of the air space and coast.On November 2012, the State of Palestine was upgraded in the UN to non-member observer state status.
  • 팔레스타인의 역사는 현 이스라엘, 레바논, 팔레스타인 자치 정부등의 나라가 있는 팔레스타인 지역의 역사를 다룬다. 약 60만 년 전부터 현대까지의 역사를 뜻한다.
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  • D'Alexandre à Zénobie : Histoire du Levant antique
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  • L'histoire de la Palestine est la présentation des évènements de région, qui englobe aujourd'hui l'actuel État d'Israël et l' actuel État de Palestine (État observateur, non membre de l'ONU). Le nom de Palestine n'a été donné qu'en l'an 135 par l'empereur romain Hadrien à la région antique de Judée.
  • La història d'Israel i Palestina finalitza amb la seva proclamació de la independència el 1948. Aquesta fita històrica es va aconseguir després de més de seixanta anys d'esforços polítics i diplomàtics per part del moviment sionista per establir una nació sobirana en què consideraven que era la seva pàtria, l'antiga terra d'Israel, també coneguda com a Palestina des dels temps romans.
  • Historia Palestyny – ten artykuł omawia temat historii Palestyny w okresie od początku panowania Bizancjum nad tymi ziemiami w 395 do powstania współczesnego państwa Izrael, które zostało utworzone 14 maja 1948 roku.mini| mini| mini|
  • Palestinako historia gaitzat duen artikulu honek Palestina izeneko lurralde geografikoa aztertzen du, Antzinarotik orain arte. Palestinako Lurraldeak deritzona, Palestina horretako zati bat baino ez da, Palestinako Aginte Nazionalaren administraziopean.
  • 팔레스타인의 역사는 현 이스라엘, 레바논, 팔레스타인 자치 정부등의 나라가 있는 팔레스타인 지역의 역사를 다룬다. 약 60만 년 전부터 현대까지의 역사를 뜻한다.
  • Dit artikel beoogt een overzicht te geven van de geschiedenis van de regio Palestina.Palestina kan worden gedefinieerd als het zuidelijk deel van de Levant. Dit is al vanaf de prehistorie een druk doorgangs- en verblijfsgebied geweest van stammen en volkeren van diverse origine. In deze regio zijn daardoor herhaaldelijk verschillende culturen met elkaar in botsing gekomen.
  • A região foi visitada por Heródoto por volta de 450 a.C. e é em seus escritos que encontramos pela primeira vez o nome Síria Palaestina (Síria Filistina).No outono de 333 a.C., Alexandre Magno derrotou o rei persa Dario III na Batalha de Isso, o que representaria a integração da Palestina no império de Alexandre. Com a sua morte, em 323 a.C., os generais de Alexandre vão disputar entre si o domínio do império.
  • The history of Palestine is the study of the past in the region of Palestine, the geographic region in Western Asia between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River, and various adjoining lands. Situated at a strategic location between Egypt, Syria and Arabia, and the birthplace of major Abrahamic religions the region has a long and tumultuous history as a crossroads for religion, culture, commerce, and politics.
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  • Histoire de la Palestine
  • Geschiedenis van Palestina (regio)
  • Historia Palestyny
  • History of Palestine
  • Història d'Israel i Palestina
  • História da Palestina
  • Palestinako historia
  • История Палестины
  • 팔레스타인의 역사
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