Henry Garnet, né en 1555 à Heanor, Derbyshire (Angleterre) et exécuté le 3 mai 1606 à Londres, était un prêtre jésuite anglais, supérieur des jésuites en clandestinité en Angleterre (1586-1606) et injustement condamné à mort comme ‘complice’ dans l’affaire de la conspiration des poudres.

PropertyValue
dbpedia-owl:abstract
  • Henry Garnet, né en 1555 à Heanor, Derbyshire (Angleterre) et exécuté le 3 mai 1606 à Londres, était un prêtre jésuite anglais, supérieur des jésuites en clandestinité en Angleterre (1586-1606) et injustement condamné à mort comme ‘complice’ dans l’affaire de la conspiration des poudres.
  • Henry Garnet (* 1555 in Heanor, Derbyshire; † 3. Mai 1606 in London) war ein englischer Jesuit.Henry Garnet wurde als Sohn von Brian Garnet, dem Master der Nottingham High School, 1555 in der Grafschaft Derbyshire geboren. Garnet besuchte das Winchester College und studierte anschließend Rechtswissenschaften in London. Henry Garnet war innerlich der katholischen Kirche zugeneigt, zeigte sich jedoch nach außen mit der anglikanischen Staatskirche konform. Dies änderte sich aber, als er zwanzigjährig mit seinem bisherigen Leben abschloss und in Rom dem Jesuitenorden beitrat. Dort beendete Garnet sein Studium unter Professor Roberto Francesco Romolo Bellarmino und trat in Kontakt mit Zeitgenossen wie Robert Parsons und Robert Southwell. Mit Letzteren wurde Henry Garnet 1586 auf Mission nach England geschickt.Nach der Verhaftung von William Weston folgte ihm Garnet 1587 als Superior der englischen Jesuiten. Als Jesuitenoberer war er in mehrere kirchen-politischen Konflikte verwickelt. Die bekannteste Auseinandersetzung war der Erzpriesterstreit 1594.1605 erhielt Henry Garnet, als er eine Beichte abnahm, Kenntnis vom Gunpowder Plot. Da er das Beichtgeheimnis wahren wollte, wurde er später als Mitwisser angeklagt und als Hochverräter verurteilt. Am 3. Mai 1606 wurde Garnet schließlich in der Nähe der St Paul’s Cathedral hingerichtet.
  • Henry Garnet (Heanor, luglio 1555 – Londra, 3 maggio 1606) è stato un gesuita britannico.Visse nella seconda metà del XVI secolo in un'Inghilterra caratterizzata dal diffondersi del Protestantesimo (Giacomo I Stuart, incoronato nel 1603 re d'Inghilterra, fu il primo monarca inglese ad essere educato da protestante): i preti della Chiesa di Roma venivano perseguitati e uccisi. Sotto il re Giacomo I morì impiccato nella piazza davanti alla Cattedrale di Saint Paul a Londra. Fu ucciso perché accusato di aver partecipato alla "congiura delle polveri", con la quale si sarebbe attentato alla vita del re. I congiurati posizionarono sotto le fondamenta del Parlamento 36 barili di polvere da sparo con i quali avrebbero fatto saltare l'edificio, uccidendo lord e reali. La congiura fu scoperta in tempo e venne bloccata. Questo attentato fu usato dalla chiesa protestante per eliminare i papisti e furono uccisi moltissimi cattolici. Henry Garnet in realtà non aveva partecipato a nulla, ma era stato il confessore di alcuni dei congiurati. Per rispettare il voto del silenzio della confessione, non rivelò i nomi dei congiurati e per questo fu accusato addirittura di esserne il capo. Fu impiccato nel 1606.Come era in uso in quel periodo, la sua pelle fu usata per rilegare il libro in cui era contenuto il verbale del suo processo.
  • Henry Garnet (July 1555 – 3 May 1606), sometimes Henry Garnett, was an English Jesuit priest executed for his complicity in the Gunpowder Plot of 1605. Born in Heanor, Derbyshire, he was educated in Nottingham and later at Winchester College, before moving to London in 1571 to work for a publisher. There he professed an interest in legal studies, and in 1575 he travelled to the continent and joined the Society of Jesus. He was ordained in Rome some time around 1582.In 1586 Garnet returned to England as part of the Jesuit mission, soon succeeding Father William Weston as Jesuit superior following the latter's capture by the English authorities. Garnet established a secret press, which lasted until late 1588, and in 1594 he interceded in a dispute between secular and regular clergy, known as the Wisbech Stirs. He preferred a passive approach to the problems Catholics faced in England, approving of the disclosure by Catholic priests of the existence of the 1603 Bye Plot, and exhorting English Catholics not to engage in violent rebellion.In summer 1605 Garnet met with Robert Catesby, a religious zealot who, unknown to him, planned to kill the Protestant King James I. The existence of Catesby's Gunpowder Plot was revealed to him by Father Oswald Tesimond on 24 July 1605, but as the information was received under the seal of the confessional, he felt that Canon law prevented him from speaking out. Instead, without telling anyone of what Catesby planned, he wrote to his superiors in Rome and urged them to warn English Catholics against the use of force.Following the plot's failure Garnet went into hiding, but was eventually arrested on 27 January 1606. He was taken to London and interrogated by the Privy Council, whose members included John Popham, Edward Coke and Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury. Imprisoned in the Tower of London, his conversations with fellow prisoner Edward Oldcorne were monitored by eavesdroppers, and his letters to friends such as Anne Vaux were intercepted. His guilt, announced at the end of his trial on 28 March 1606, was a foregone conclusion. Criticised for his use of equivocation, which Coke called "open and broad lying and forswearing", and attacked for not warning the authorities of what Catesby planned, he was sentenced to be hanged, drawn and quartered. He was executed on 3 May 1606.
dbpedia-owl:thumbnail
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageID
  • 3940775 (xsd:integer)
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageLength
  • 4750 (xsd:integer)
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageOutDegree
  • 48 (xsd:integer)
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 109817854 (xsd:integer)
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
prop-fr:wikiPageUsesTemplate
dcterms:subject
rdfs:comment
  • Henry Garnet, né en 1555 à Heanor, Derbyshire (Angleterre) et exécuté le 3 mai 1606 à Londres, était un prêtre jésuite anglais, supérieur des jésuites en clandestinité en Angleterre (1586-1606) et injustement condamné à mort comme ‘complice’ dans l’affaire de la conspiration des poudres.
  • Henry Garnet (* 1555 in Heanor, Derbyshire; † 3. Mai 1606 in London) war ein englischer Jesuit.Henry Garnet wurde als Sohn von Brian Garnet, dem Master der Nottingham High School, 1555 in der Grafschaft Derbyshire geboren. Garnet besuchte das Winchester College und studierte anschließend Rechtswissenschaften in London. Henry Garnet war innerlich der katholischen Kirche zugeneigt, zeigte sich jedoch nach außen mit der anglikanischen Staatskirche konform.
  • Henry Garnet (Heanor, luglio 1555 – Londra, 3 maggio 1606) è stato un gesuita britannico.Visse nella seconda metà del XVI secolo in un'Inghilterra caratterizzata dal diffondersi del Protestantesimo (Giacomo I Stuart, incoronato nel 1603 re d'Inghilterra, fu il primo monarca inglese ad essere educato da protestante): i preti della Chiesa di Roma venivano perseguitati e uccisi. Sotto il re Giacomo I morì impiccato nella piazza davanti alla Cattedrale di Saint Paul a Londra.
  • Henry Garnet (July 1555 – 3 May 1606), sometimes Henry Garnett, was an English Jesuit priest executed for his complicity in the Gunpowder Plot of 1605. Born in Heanor, Derbyshire, he was educated in Nottingham and later at Winchester College, before moving to London in 1571 to work for a publisher. There he professed an interest in legal studies, and in 1575 he travelled to the continent and joined the Society of Jesus.
rdfs:label
  • Henry Garnet (jésuite)
  • Henry Garnet
  • Henry Garnet
  • Henry Garnet
owl:sameAs
http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom
foaf:depiction
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
is dbpedia-owl:wikiPageDisambiguates of
is dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink of
is foaf:primaryTopic of