La grotte de Kitum est située dans le Parc National du mont Elgon sur le versant kényan du volcan. La grotte devient célèbre dans les années 1980, quand deux visiteurs européens y auraient contracté le virus Marburg, filovirus de la famille du virus Ebola et, potentiellement, aussi dangereux. C'est l'une des cinq grottes à éléphants du volcan, où les animaux (dont les éléphants) creusent la roche pour en extraire les sels minéraux.

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dbpedia-owl:abstract
  • La grotte de Kitum est située dans le Parc National du mont Elgon sur le versant kényan du volcan. La grotte devient célèbre dans les années 1980, quand deux visiteurs européens y auraient contracté le virus Marburg, filovirus de la famille du virus Ebola et, potentiellement, aussi dangereux. C'est l'une des cinq grottes à éléphants du volcan, où les animaux (dont les éléphants) creusent la roche pour en extraire les sels minéraux.
  • Cueva Kitum es el nombre de una cueva que está localizada en el Monte Elgon, entra 200 metros en el interior de la montaña, que es un volcán extinto, casi en la frontera entre Kenia y Uganda.Esta caverna fue mundialmente conocida debido a acontecimentos nefastos; las personas que entraron a ella terminaron falleciendo por una terrible dolencia hemorrágica, probablemente relacionada con los virus Ebola y Marburg.Se asegura que esa caverna es un depósito natural de esos tipos de virus.
  • Kitum Cave is a non-solutional cave developed in pyroclastic (volcanic) rocks (not, as some have presumed, a lava tube) in Mount Elgon National Park, Kenya. The cave extends about 200 metres (700 ft) into the side of the mountain. The walls are rich in salt, and animals such as elephants have gone deep into the cave for centuries in search of salt. The elephants use their tusks to break off pieces of the cave wall that they then chew and swallow, leaving the walls scratched and furrowed; their actions have likely enlarged the cave over time. Other animals including bushbuck, buffalo and hyenas come to Kitum Cave to consume salt left by the elephants. There is a lot of bat mucus deeper in the cave from fruit-eating and carnivorous bats. There is also a deep crevasse into which young elephants have fallen and died.In the 1980s two visitors to the cave contracted Marburg virus. In 1980, a French man died from the virus after visiting the cave, and in 1987 a Danish 15-year-old boy also got sick and died after visiting the cave. Two strains of virus have been catalogued from these infections: the 1980 strain is named after a doctor, Shem Musoke, who survived being infected by the French patient; the 1987 strain is named Ravn, after the last name of the Danish patient. Based on these cases, an expedition was staged by the United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Disease (USAMRIID) in an attempt to identify the vector species presumably residing in the cave. Despite sampling a wide variety of species (including fruit bats), no Marburg was found and the animal vector remained a mystery. These events were dramatized by Richard Preston in the best-selling book The Hot Zone.In September 2007, similar expeditions to active mines in Gabon and Uganda found solid evidence of reservoirs of Marburg in cave-dwelling Egyptian fruit bats. The Ugandan mines both had colonies of the same species of African fruit bats that colonize Kitum Cave, suggesting that the long-sought vector at Kitum was indeed the bats and their guano. The study was conducted after two mine workers contracted Marburg in August 2007, both without being bitten by any bats, suggesting the virus may be propagated through inhalation of powdered guano.
  • A Caverna Kitum está localizada no Monte Elgon, um vulcão extinto, quase na fronteira Quénia-Uganda.Esta caverna ficou mundialmente conhecida devido a nefastos acontecimentos; pessoas que a adentraram acabaram falecendo de uma terrível doença hemorrágica, provavelmente relacionada aos vírus Ébola e Marburg.Acredita-se que essa caverna seja o repositório natural desses vírus.== Referências ==
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  • Grotte de Kitum
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  • Grotte sèche
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  • Ian Redmond
  • Institut de recherche virale d'Ouganda
  • Office ougandais de la vie sauvage
  • mirabilite
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  • Institut de recherche médicale des maladies infectieuses de l'armée des États-Unis
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  • Institut de recherche médicale des maladies infectieuses de l'armée des États-Unis
  • Ian Redmond
  • Institut de recherche virale d'Ouganda
  • Office ougandais de la vie sauvage
  • mirabilite
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  • Ebola Les Origines
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  • United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases
  • Ian Redmond
  • Uganda Virus Research Institute
  • Uganda Wildlife Authorities
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  • Pyroclastique
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  • Parc du mont Elgon - Terrain public - Accès généralement non contrôlé
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  • Postérieure à l'Holocène
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  • Presses de la Cité
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rdfs:comment
  • La grotte de Kitum est située dans le Parc National du mont Elgon sur le versant kényan du volcan. La grotte devient célèbre dans les années 1980, quand deux visiteurs européens y auraient contracté le virus Marburg, filovirus de la famille du virus Ebola et, potentiellement, aussi dangereux. C'est l'une des cinq grottes à éléphants du volcan, où les animaux (dont les éléphants) creusent la roche pour en extraire les sels minéraux.
  • Cueva Kitum es el nombre de una cueva que está localizada en el Monte Elgon, entra 200 metros en el interior de la montaña, que es un volcán extinto, casi en la frontera entre Kenia y Uganda.Esta caverna fue mundialmente conocida debido a acontecimentos nefastos; las personas que entraron a ella terminaron falleciendo por una terrible dolencia hemorrágica, probablemente relacionada con los virus Ebola y Marburg.Se asegura que esa caverna es un depósito natural de esos tipos de virus.
  • A Caverna Kitum está localizada no Monte Elgon, um vulcão extinto, quase na fronteira Quénia-Uganda.Esta caverna ficou mundialmente conhecida devido a nefastos acontecimentos; pessoas que a adentraram acabaram falecendo de uma terrível doença hemorrágica, provavelmente relacionada aos vírus Ébola e Marburg.Acredita-se que essa caverna seja o repositório natural desses vírus.== Referências ==
  • Kitum Cave is a non-solutional cave developed in pyroclastic (volcanic) rocks (not, as some have presumed, a lava tube) in Mount Elgon National Park, Kenya. The cave extends about 200 metres (700 ft) into the side of the mountain. The walls are rich in salt, and animals such as elephants have gone deep into the cave for centuries in search of salt.
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  • Grotte de Kitum
  • Caverna Kitum
  • Cueva Kitum
  • Kitum Cave
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