La Grèce ottomane est le terme utilisé pour désigner la période de domination ottomane. La majeure partie de la Grèce faisait alors partie de l’Empire ottoman, dès le XIVe siècle, avant même donc la Prise de Constantinople, et jusqu’à la fin de la guerre d'indépendance grecque au début des années 1830.

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dbpedia-owl:abstract
  • La Grèce ottomane est le terme utilisé pour désigner la période de domination ottomane. La majeure partie de la Grèce faisait alors partie de l’Empire ottoman, dès le XIVe siècle, avant même donc la Prise de Constantinople, et jusqu’à la fin de la guerre d'indépendance grecque au début des années 1830.
  • Османская Греция, или Туркократия — период истории Греции, начавшийся с захвата османами Константинополя в 1453 году и продолжавшийся до 1821 года — начала Греческой национально-освободительной войны.
  • La mayor parte de Grecia perteneció al Imperio otomano desde el siglo XV hasta su declaración de independencia en 1821. El Imperio bizantino, que había gobernado la mayor parte del mundo griego durante más de 1100 años, se debilitó fatalmente a partir del saqueo de Constantinopla, realizado por los cruzados durante la Cuarta Cruzada en 1204.
  • In 1453 viel Constantinopel in handen van de Turken; de Balkanlanden waren toen al grotendeels in hun handen en ook Griekenland lag open. In 1456 veroverden ze Athene en een groot deel van het Griekse vasteland. Een aantal eilanden kwam later aan de beurt, Rodos pas in 1523, Kreta in 1669. Venetië heeft lang stand gehouden, Korfoe zelfs tot 1797.Steeds was er strijd tussen Venetië en de Turken. Een Spaans-Venetiaanse vloot onder leiding van Don Juan van Oostenrijk (natuurlijke zoon van keizer Karel V) bracht de Turken in 1571 bij Lepanto (nu Návpaktos) aan de Golf van Korinthe een nederlaag toe. De Turken bouwden echter in een paar jaar een volledige nieuwe vloot. In 1687 belegerden de Venetianen de Akropolis van Athene; de Turken hadden hun kruitvoorraad opgeslagen in de Parthenoon-tempel. Een mortierkogel veroorzaakte een explosie die aan het gebouw onherstelbare schade toebracht.
  • Most of the territories today within modern Greece's borders were at least once part of the Ottoman Empire from the mid-15th century until its declaration of independence in 1821, a historical period also known as Tourkokratia (Greek: Τουρκοκρατία, "Turkish rule"). Some regions, however, like the Ionian islands or Mani in Peloponese were never part of the Ottoman administration. The Byzantine Empire, the successor to the ancient Roman Empire who ruled most of the Greek-speaking world for over 1100 years, had been fatally weakened since the sacking of Constantinople by the Latin Crusaders in 1204.The Ottoman advance into Greece was preceded by victory over the Serbs to its north. First the Ottomans won the Battle of Maritsa in 1371. The Serb forces were then led by the King Vukasin Mrnjavcevic, the father of Prince Marko and the co-ruler of the last emperor from the Serbian Nemanjic dynasty. This was followed by another Ottoman victory in the 1389 Battle of Kosovo.With no further threat by the Serbs and the subsequent Byzantine civil wars, the Ottomans captured Constantinople in 1453 and advanced southwards into Greece, capturing Athens in 1458. The Greeks held out in the Peloponnese until 1460, and the Venetians and Genoese clung to some of the islands, but by 1500 most of the plains and islands of Greece were in Ottoman hands. The mountains of Greece were largely untouched, and were a refuge for Greeks to flee foreign rule and engage in guerrilla warfare.Cyprus fell in 1571, and the Venetians retained Crete until 1669. The Ionian Islands were only briefly ruled by the Ottomans (Kefalonia from 1479 to 1481 and from 1485 to 1500), and remained primarily under the rule of the Republic of Venice.Ottoman Greece was a multiethnic and multicultural society; apart from Greeks and Turks, there were many Jews, Italians (especially Venetians), Armenians, and various Balkan peoples (Serbs, Albanians, Roma (Gypsies), Bulgarians etc.). All these communities lived generally in harmony, but not without occasional conflicts. Despite losing their political independence, the Greeks remained dominant in the fields of commerce and business. The consolidation of Ottoman power in the 15th and 16th centuries rendered the Mediterranean safe for Greek shipping, and Greek shipowners became the maritime carriers of the Empire, making tremendous profits. After the Ottoman defeat at the Battle of Lepanto however, Greek ships often became the target of vicious attacks by Catholic (especially Spanish and Maltese) pirates.The years of Ottoman rule are traditionally viewed in a negative light, a dark time of cultural and economic decline. The Greeks remained committed to their Orthodox Christian faith and resented the Ottoman state religion of Islam, considering it violent, oppressive and averse to the traditional Greek spirit of liberty and enjoyment . Islamic leaders in turn feared the influence of the "pleasure-loving" Greeks on the Muslims.This period of Ottoman occupation had a profound impact in Greek society, as new elites emerged. The Greek land-owning aristocracy that traditionally dominated the Byzantine Empire suffered a tragic fate, and was almost completely destroyed. The new leading class in occupied Greece were the prokritoi (πρόκριτοι in Greek) called kocabasis by the Ottomans. The prokritoi were essentially bureaucrats and tax collectors, and gained a negative reputation for corruption and nepotism. On the other hand, the Phanariots became prominent in the imperial capital of Constantinople as businessmen and diplomats, and the Greek Orthodox Church and the Ecumenical Patriarch rose to great power under the Sultan's protection, gaining religious control over the entire Orthodox population of the Empire, Greek and Slavic.
  • Османска Гърция е период от историята на Гърция, следващ началото на новото време до образуването на Кралство Гърция в началото на 19 век.Началото на периода следва непосредствено падането на Константинопол през 1453 г., когато османците завладяват Атинското херцогство с Атина (1456), последвано от Тива, Лесбос и Морея (1460). Единствените райони в които не е установена османска власт са някои недостъпни планински райони на Лакония, както и няколко крайбрежни селища в Морея. Последните от днешните гръцки земи, които не са под османска власт, са островите от архипелага в Йонийско море, които са под властта на Венецианската република, която има претенции за суверенитет над цялата територия на Древна Гърция.Територията на Древна Гърция е обект на териториален спор по времето на цялата история на т.нар. Османска Гърция, между от една страна Османската империя (като претендираща за наследството на Римската империя - виж и Рум) и Венецианската република от друга (също претендираща за византийското наследство в качеството си на част от византийския свят като държавно образувание). Битката между двете сили продължава близо два веки и половина и се изразява в сблъсъците по времето на т.нар. венецианско-османски войни.
  • 1828 yılında yapılan Edirne Antlaşması ile bağımsızlığını kazanana kadar Yunanistan'ın büyük bir kısmı Osmanlı Devleti sınırları içindeydi.
  • Per Grecia ottomana, s'intende l'occupazione da parte dell'Impero Ottomano della Grecia dal 1453 (anno della caduta di Costantinopoli) fino al 1821 (anno di inizio della guerra d'indipendenza greca), in realtà, si arrivò all'indipendenza ufficialmente solo nel 1829 per intervento delle potenze europee che sconfissero le forze del sultano nella celebre battaglia di Navarino.La dominazione ottomana fu particolarmente dura per i greci: la lingua e la letteratura ellenica vennero spesso proibite e in molte zone fu imposta l'odiosa tassa di sangue, ogni riferimento all'Impero bizantino venne cancellato o messo a tacere con ogni mezzo. I turchi tentarono inoltre di disperdere il popolo greco, favorendo l'immigrazione di popoli turchi e musulmani in Tracia (dove ben presto i greci divennero una minoranza), anche Atene e l'Attica in generale subirono l'immigrazione di parecchi albanesi musulmani.Nonostante ciò la lingua e la cultura greca sopravvissero, grazie soprattutto all'opera del clero ortodosso, che continuò ad insegnare la cultura e le tradizioni greche in vere e proprie scuole nascoste, tramandandole di generazione in generazione.
  • この項目ではオスマン帝国による占領から独立するまでのギリシャについて述べる。この時代はギリシャ史において「トルコクラティア(Τουρκοκρατία『トルコの支配』の意味)」と呼ばれている。
  • Grécia Otomana é o termo utilizado para designar o período de domínio otomano na Grécia. Grande parte da Grécia foi parte do Império Otomano, a partir do século XIV, mesmo antes da captura de Constantinopla, até o final da guerra de independência grega no início dos anos 1830. Os Turcos Otomanos controlaram a Grécia peninsular desde o século XV, mas algumas ilhas permaneceram sobre o domínio de Veneza até o século XVIII.
  • La Grècia otomana es el terme utilitzat per designar el període de la dominació otomana. La major part de Grècia va pertànyer a l'Imperi otomà des del segle XV fins la seva declaració d'independència el 1821. L'Imperi bizantí, que havia governat la major part del món grec durant més de 1100 anys, es va afeblir fatalment a partir del setge de Constantinoble, realitzat pels croats durant la Quarta Croada.
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  • Histoire de la Grèce moderne
  • A Concise History of Greece
  • Grecs et Ottomans 1453-1923
  • Vie et Institutions du peuple grec sous la domination ottomane
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rdfs:comment
  • La Grèce ottomane est le terme utilisé pour désigner la période de domination ottomane. La majeure partie de la Grèce faisait alors partie de l’Empire ottoman, dès le XIVe siècle, avant même donc la Prise de Constantinople, et jusqu’à la fin de la guerre d'indépendance grecque au début des années 1830.
  • Османская Греция, или Туркократия — период истории Греции, начавшийся с захвата османами Константинополя в 1453 году и продолжавшийся до 1821 года — начала Греческой национально-освободительной войны.
  • La mayor parte de Grecia perteneció al Imperio otomano desde el siglo XV hasta su declaración de independencia en 1821. El Imperio bizantino, que había gobernado la mayor parte del mundo griego durante más de 1100 años, se debilitó fatalmente a partir del saqueo de Constantinopla, realizado por los cruzados durante la Cuarta Cruzada en 1204.
  • 1828 yılında yapılan Edirne Antlaşması ile bağımsızlığını kazanana kadar Yunanistan'ın büyük bir kısmı Osmanlı Devleti sınırları içindeydi.
  • この項目ではオスマン帝国による占領から独立するまでのギリシャについて述べる。この時代はギリシャ史において「トルコクラティア(Τουρκοκρατία『トルコの支配』の意味)」と呼ばれている。
  • Grécia Otomana é o termo utilizado para designar o período de domínio otomano na Grécia. Grande parte da Grécia foi parte do Império Otomano, a partir do século XIV, mesmo antes da captura de Constantinopla, até o final da guerra de independência grega no início dos anos 1830. Os Turcos Otomanos controlaram a Grécia peninsular desde o século XV, mas algumas ilhas permaneceram sobre o domínio de Veneza até o século XVIII.
  • La Grècia otomana es el terme utilitzat per designar el període de la dominació otomana. La major part de Grècia va pertànyer a l'Imperi otomà des del segle XV fins la seva declaració d'independència el 1821. L'Imperi bizantí, que havia governat la major part del món grec durant més de 1100 anys, es va afeblir fatalment a partir del setge de Constantinoble, realitzat pels croats durant la Quarta Croada.
  • Османска Гърция е период от историята на Гърция, следващ началото на новото време до образуването на Кралство Гърция в началото на 19 век.Началото на периода следва непосредствено падането на Константинопол през 1453 г., когато османците завладяват Атинското херцогство с Атина (1456), последвано от Тива, Лесбос и Морея (1460). Единствените райони в които не е установена османска власт са някои недостъпни планински райони на Лакония, както и няколко крайбрежни селища в Морея.
  • Most of the territories today within modern Greece's borders were at least once part of the Ottoman Empire from the mid-15th century until its declaration of independence in 1821, a historical period also known as Tourkokratia (Greek: Τουρκοκρατία, "Turkish rule"). Some regions, however, like the Ionian islands or Mani in Peloponese were never part of the Ottoman administration.
  • Per Grecia ottomana, s'intende l'occupazione da parte dell'Impero Ottomano della Grecia dal 1453 (anno della caduta di Costantinopoli) fino al 1821 (anno di inizio della guerra d'indipendenza greca), in realtà, si arrivò all'indipendenza ufficialmente solo nel 1829 per intervento delle potenze europee che sconfissero le forze del sultano nella celebre battaglia di Navarino.La dominazione ottomana fu particolarmente dura per i greci: la lingua e la letteratura ellenica vennero spesso proibite e in molte zone fu imposta l'odiosa tassa di sangue, ogni riferimento all'Impero bizantino venne cancellato o messo a tacere con ogni mezzo.
  • In 1453 viel Constantinopel in handen van de Turken; de Balkanlanden waren toen al grotendeels in hun handen en ook Griekenland lag open. In 1456 veroverden ze Athene en een groot deel van het Griekse vasteland. Een aantal eilanden kwam later aan de beurt, Rodos pas in 1523, Kreta in 1669. Venetië heeft lang stand gehouden, Korfoe zelfs tot 1797.Steeds was er strijd tussen Venetië en de Turken.
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  • Grèce ottomane
  • Grecia otomana
  • Grecia ottomana
  • Grècia otomana
  • Grécia otomana
  • Osmanlı döneminde Yunanistan
  • Ottomaans Griekenland
  • Ottoman Greece
  • Османска Гърция
  • Османская Греция
  • トルコクラティア
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