La Grèce a participé à la Seconde Guerre mondiale du 28 octobre 1940 au 9 mai 1945, du côté allié et sur différents champs de bataille y compris hors de Grèce ; son territoire continental était intégralement libéré fin-novembre 1944 mais des escarmouches avec les garnisons allemandes isolées et assiégées dans certaines îles dont la Crète, se sont produites jusqu'après la capitulation allemande.

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  • La Grèce a participé à la Seconde Guerre mondiale du 28 octobre 1940 au 9 mai 1945, du côté allié et sur différents champs de bataille y compris hors de Grèce ; son territoire continental était intégralement libéré fin-novembre 1944 mais des escarmouches avec les garnisons allemandes isolées et assiégées dans certaines îles dont la Crète, se sont produites jusqu'après la capitulation allemande.
  • Yunanistan'ın işgâli (Yunanca: η κατοχή - "i katohi") II. Dünya Savaşı sırasında Nazi Almanyası'nın Yunanistan Savaşı'nda ülkeye saldırması ile Nisan 1941'de başlamış ve Ekim 1944'te Almanya'nın ana topraklardan geri çekilmesi ile son bulmuştur. Geri çekilmenin ardından yine de Girit ve bazı önemli adalar 1945 Haziran'ına dek Alman askerî birliklerinin denetimi altında kalmıştır.Yunanistan'ı ilk olarak işgâl etmeye kalkışan devlet İtalya'dır. Ekim 1940'da ülkeye saldıran İtalya'nın Yunanistan'ı almada yaşadığı başarısızlığın ardından Alman lider Adolf Hitler Balkanlar'ı kontrol altına alabilmek için ordusunu doğruca Yunanistan'a yönlendirmiştir. Hızlı bir "Yıldırım savaşı" taktiği ile 1941 Nisan'ında ülkeye girilmiş ve Mayıs ayının ortalarına doğru Yunanistan, Almanya, İtalya ve Bulgaristan olmak üzere üç farklı devletin işgâli altında kalmıştır.İşgâl altında olunan süre boyunca sivil Yunanistan halkı birçok zorluk ile karşı karşıya kalmış ve 300,000 sivil açlık ve salgın hastalıklardan dolayı yaşamını yitirmiştir. Ülkenin ekonomisi tamamı ile çökmüştür. Tüm bu olumsuzluklara rağmen Avrupa'da görülen en etkili direniş hareketleri yine de Yunanistan'dan çıkmıştır. Bu güçler ülkeyi denetim altında bulunduran gruplara karşı gerilla atakları ile saldırmışlar ve büyük casusluk eylemlerinde bulunmuşlardır. 1943 yılına gelindiğinde bu direnişçi gruplar birbirleriyle çatışmalara girmişler ve tam bağımsızlığın alındığı 1944 yılında krizde olan ülkede iç savaşın çıkmasına neden olmuşlardır.
  • Греция вступила во Вторую мировую войну 28 октября 1940 года, когда итальянская армия начала вторжение из Албании. Греческая армия одержала первую крупную победу среди стран антигитлеровской коалиции, нанеся поражение агрессору и заставив итальянские войска отступить в Албанию. Однако когда в апреле 1941 года германское правительство послало свои войска на захват Греции, вторжение прошло успешно, и Греция оказалась оккупированной германскими войсками вплоть до её освобождения в 1944 году.
  • Greece entered World War II on 28 October 1940, when the Italian army invaded from Albania, beginning the Greco-Italian War. The Greek army was able to stop the invasion and was even able to push the Italians back into Albania, thereby winning one of the first victories for the Allies. The Greek successes and the inability of the Italians to reverse the situation forced Nazi Germany to intervene in order to protect their main Axis partner's prestige. The Germans invaded Greece and Yugoslavia on 6 April 1941, and overran both countries within a month, despite British aid to Greece in the form of an expeditionary corps. The conquest of Greece was completed in May with the capture of Crete from the air, although the Fallschirmjäger suffered such extensive casualties in this operation that the Germans abandoned large-scale airborne operations for the remainder of the war. The German diversion of resources in the Balkans is also considered by some historians to have delayed the launch of the invasion of the Soviet Union by a critical month, which proved disastrous when the German army failed to take Moscow.[citation needed]Greece itself was occupied and divided between Germany, Italy and Bulgaria, while the King and the government fled into exile in Egypt. First attempts at armed resistance in summer 1941 were crushed by the Axis, but the Resistance movement began again in 1942 and grew enormously in 1943 and 1944, liberating large parts of the country's mountainous interior and tying down considerable Axis forces. However, political tensions between the Resistance groups resulted in the outbreak of a civil conflict among them in late 1943, which continued until the spring of 1944. The exiled Greek government also formed armed forces of its own, which served and fought alongside the British in the Middle East, North Africa and Italy. The contribution of the Greek war and the merchant navies in particular was of special importance to the Allied cause.Mainland Greece was liberated in October 1944 with the German withdrawal in the face of the advancing Red Army, while German garrisons continued to hold out in the Aegean Islands until after the war's end. The country was devastated by war and occupation, and its economy and infrastructure lay in ruins. Greece suffered more than 400,000 casualties during the occupation, and the country's Jewish community was almost completely exterminated in the Holocaust. By 1946, however, a vicious civil war erupted between the British and American-sponsored conservative government and leftist guerrillas, which would last until 1949.
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  • Kings of the Hellenes: The Greek Kings, 1863-1974
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rdfs:comment
  • La Grèce a participé à la Seconde Guerre mondiale du 28 octobre 1940 au 9 mai 1945, du côté allié et sur différents champs de bataille y compris hors de Grèce ; son territoire continental était intégralement libéré fin-novembre 1944 mais des escarmouches avec les garnisons allemandes isolées et assiégées dans certaines îles dont la Crète, se sont produites jusqu'après la capitulation allemande.
  • Греция вступила во Вторую мировую войну 28 октября 1940 года, когда итальянская армия начала вторжение из Албании. Греческая армия одержала первую крупную победу среди стран антигитлеровской коалиции, нанеся поражение агрессору и заставив итальянские войска отступить в Албанию. Однако когда в апреле 1941 года германское правительство послало свои войска на захват Греции, вторжение прошло успешно, и Греция оказалась оккупированной германскими войсками вплоть до её освобождения в 1944 году.
  • Greece entered World War II on 28 October 1940, when the Italian army invaded from Albania, beginning the Greco-Italian War. The Greek army was able to stop the invasion and was even able to push the Italians back into Albania, thereby winning one of the first victories for the Allies. The Greek successes and the inability of the Italians to reverse the situation forced Nazi Germany to intervene in order to protect their main Axis partner's prestige.
  • Yunanistan'ın işgâli (Yunanca: η κατοχή - "i katohi") II. Dünya Savaşı sırasında Nazi Almanyası'nın Yunanistan Savaşı'nda ülkeye saldırması ile Nisan 1941'de başlamış ve Ekim 1944'te Almanya'nın ana topraklardan geri çekilmesi ile son bulmuştur. Geri çekilmenin ardından yine de Girit ve bazı önemli adalar 1945 Haziran'ına dek Alman askerî birliklerinin denetimi altında kalmıştır.Yunanistan'ı ilk olarak işgâl etmeye kalkışan devlet İtalya'dır.
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  • Grèce dans la Seconde Guerre mondiale
  • Греция во Второй мировой войне
  • II. Dünya Savaşı'nda Yunanistan
  • Military history of Greece during World War II
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