Le Gouvernement provisoire de la Défense nationale (en grec Προσωρινή Κυβέρνηση της Εθνικής Αμύνης, Prosoriní Kyvérnisi tis Ethnikís Amýnis) est un gouvernement parallèle mis en place à Thessalonique, en Grèce, par l’ancien Premier ministre Elefthérios Venizélos, en septembre 1916. Fruit du « Schisme national », ce gouvernement est donc dirigé par les vénizélistes contre les autorités monarchistes en place à Athènes.

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  • Le Gouvernement provisoire de la Défense nationale (en grec Προσωρινή Κυβέρνηση της Εθνικής Αμύνης, Prosoriní Kyvérnisi tis Ethnikís Amýnis) est un gouvernement parallèle mis en place à Thessalonique, en Grèce, par l’ancien Premier ministre Elefthérios Venizélos, en septembre 1916. Fruit du « Schisme national », ce gouvernement est donc dirigé par les vénizélistes contre les autorités monarchistes en place à Athènes. Soutenu par les puissances de l’Entente et impliqué dans la Première Guerre mondiale aux côtés des Alliés, le gouvernement provisoire finit par évincer le roi Constantin Ier de Grèce en juin 1917 et par s’imposer dans toute la Grèce.
  • 국가 방위 운동(그리스어: Κίνημα της Εθνικής Αμύνης)는 테살로니키에 주둔한 그리스 군대의 베니젤로스파 군 장교들이 1916년 8월에 아테네의 왕당파 정부에 대항하여 일으킨 반란이다. 이 사건으로 그리스 북부에 베니젤로스파 분리 정부('국가 방위 과도 정부')가 들어섰으며, 연합국 편에 서서 제1차 세계 대전에 참전하였다. 국가 방위 운동은 근대 그리스의 국론 분열이 발전되는 분수령이 되었으며, 제2차 세계 대전 이후까지 그리스 사회에 영향을 끼쳤다.
  • A Honvédelmi kormány (vagy Ideiglenes kormány) az első világháború idején a hivatalos görög kormánnyal szembeszegülő ellenkormány volt, Venizélosz görög politikus vezetésével.
  • The Provisional Government of National Defence (Greek: Προσωρινή Κυβέρνηση της Εθνικής Αμύνης) was a parallel administration set up in the city of Thessaloniki by former Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos and his supporters during World War I, in opposition and rivalry to the official royal government in Athens.The establishment of this second Greek state has its origins in the debate over Greece's entry into the war on behalf of the Entente, as advocated by Venizelos, or a Germaophile neutrality as preferred by King Constantine I. This dissension soon began to divide Greek society around the two leaders, beginning the so-called "National Schism". In August 1916, as parts of eastern Macedonia were not defended by the royal government against a Bulgarian invasion, Venizelist officers of the Hellenic Army launched an Entente-supported coup in Thessaloniki. After a brief hesitation, Venizelos and his principal supporters joined the uprising and began the establishment of a second Greek government in the north of the country, which entered the war on the side of the Entente. The National Defence government endured until June 1917, when the Entente powers forced Constantine I to abdicate, and allowed Venizelos to return to Athens as Prime Minister of a unified country. Nevertheless, the establishment of the National Defence government deepened the rift of the National Schism, which would plague Greek political life for over a generation, and contribute to the Asia Minor Catastrophe.
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  • Le Gouvernement provisoire de la Défense nationale (en grec Προσωρινή Κυβέρνηση της Εθνικής Αμύνης, Prosoriní Kyvérnisi tis Ethnikís Amýnis) est un gouvernement parallèle mis en place à Thessalonique, en Grèce, par l’ancien Premier ministre Elefthérios Venizélos, en septembre 1916. Fruit du « Schisme national », ce gouvernement est donc dirigé par les vénizélistes contre les autorités monarchistes en place à Athènes.
  • 국가 방위 운동(그리스어: Κίνημα της Εθνικής Αμύνης)는 테살로니키에 주둔한 그리스 군대의 베니젤로스파 군 장교들이 1916년 8월에 아테네의 왕당파 정부에 대항하여 일으킨 반란이다. 이 사건으로 그리스 북부에 베니젤로스파 분리 정부('국가 방위 과도 정부')가 들어섰으며, 연합국 편에 서서 제1차 세계 대전에 참전하였다. 국가 방위 운동은 근대 그리스의 국론 분열이 발전되는 분수령이 되었으며, 제2차 세계 대전 이후까지 그리스 사회에 영향을 끼쳤다.
  • A Honvédelmi kormány (vagy Ideiglenes kormány) az első világháború idején a hivatalos görög kormánnyal szembeszegülő ellenkormány volt, Venizélosz görög politikus vezetésével.
  • The Provisional Government of National Defence (Greek: Προσωρινή Κυβέρνηση της Εθνικής Αμύνης) was a parallel administration set up in the city of Thessaloniki by former Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos and his supporters during World War I, in opposition and rivalry to the official royal government in Athens.The establishment of this second Greek state has its origins in the debate over Greece's entry into the war on behalf of the Entente, as advocated by Venizelos, or a Germaophile neutrality as preferred by King Constantine I.
rdfs:label
  • Gouvernement de défense nationale (Grèce)
  • Honvédelmi kormány (Görögország)
  • Provisional Government of National Defence
  • 국가 방위 운동
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