Fruto Chamorro Pérez (né le 20 octobre 1804 et décédé le 12 mars 1855, à Granada au Nicaragua), a été président du Nicaragua de 1853 jusqu'à sa mort. Il a été le premier membre de la famille conservative Chamorro à devenir président.

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  • Fruto Chamorro Pérez (né le 20 octobre 1804 et décédé le 12 mars 1855, à Granada au Nicaragua), a été président du Nicaragua de 1853 jusqu'à sa mort. Il a été le premier membre de la famille conservative Chamorro à devenir président.
  • José Fruto Chamorro Pérez (* 20. Oktober 1804 in Guatemala-Stadt; † 12. März 1855 in der Nähe von Granada, Nicaragua) war zwischen dem 1. April 1853 und 30. April 1854 Supremo Director und zwischen dem 30. April 1854 und 12. März 1855 in gleicher Funktion Präsident von Nicaragua.
  • Fruto Chamorro Pérez (ur. 20 października 1804, Gwatemala, Gwatemala, zm. 12 marca 1855, niedaleko Granady, Nikaragua) – nikaraguański polityk; pierwszy prezydent Nikaragui od 30 kwietnia 1854 do swej śmierci.
  • Fruto Chamorro Pérez (20 Oktober 1804 – 12 Maret 1855) adalah Kepala negara Nikaragua ke-30 dan 31 (Presiden Nikaragua pertama) antara 1 April 1853 dan 30 April 1854 serta antara 30 April 1854 dan 12 Maret 1855.Fruto lahir di Kota Guatemala in 1804, Ketika ayahnya, Pedro José Chamorro Argüello, datang ke Guatemala dari Nikaragua untuk sarjana. Saat itu, dia diketahui sebagai Fruto Pérez.Fruto tewas pada 12 Maret 1855 dalam sebuah perang sipil yang dimulai pada tahun 1854.
  • Fruto Chamorro Pérez (1804-Nicarágua, 1855) foi militar e estadista guatelmateco. Constitucionalista, foi ministro da Fazenda e governador de Nicarágua em 1845. Como deputado, teve decisiva atuação na fundação da Universidade de Granada. Eleito presidente da República, enfrentou a sedição militar, preparada em Honduras, que o sitiou em Granada durante vários meses.== Referências ==
  • Fruto Chamorro (1804-1855) fue un militar y político nicaragüense nacido en Guatemala de padres nicaragüenses. Ejerció como Supremo Director del Estado de Nicaragua del 1 de abril de 1853 al 30 de abril de 1854, cuando fue designado como primer Presidente de La República de Nicaragua, cargo que ejerció hasta el 12 de marzo de 1855.Se convirtió en una de las figuras más relevantes del partido legitimista o conservador, que tenía su principal fuerza en la ciudad de Granada. Por eso traslado la sede del gobierno de León a Granada. Bajo su mandato como Supremo Director, una nueva Asamblea Constituyente elaboró una nueva Constitución, que puso fin al período del Directorio. Nicaragua se constituyó en República y se instituyó la Presidencia por un período de cuatro años. Siendo elegido Presidente el propio Fruto Chamorro, que asumió su nuevo cargo en 1854. Estalló una nueva guerra civil entre el Partido Legitimista, (después Partido Conservador (Nicaragua)), y el Partido Democrático (después Partido Liberal), por lo cual la nueva Constitución no llegó a entrar en vigor.Su hermano Pedro Joaquín Chamorro y Alfaro fue Presidente de Nicaragua de 1875 a 1879; mientras que su otro hermano Fernando Chamorro y Alfaro lo fue en 1860 (en funciones).
  • Fruto Chamorro Pérez (20 October 1804 – 12 March 1855) was the 30th and 31st President of Nicaragua between 1 April 1853 and 30 April 1854 and between 30 April 1854 and 12 March 1855 now with the actual title of President, the first thirty being called Supreme Directors.Born in Guatemala City in 1804 to Bayardo Paez, he was initially known as Fruto Pérez. His father, Pedro José Chamorro Argüello, had come to Guatemala from Nicaragua for graduate studies. Fruto grew up in Guatemala and attended school there. His father returned to Nicaragua after completing his studies and married Josefa Margarita Alfaro Monterroso in 1814. They had six children, but Fruto was subsequently considered a member of this family, based on strategic needs related to administration of the family resources, for which the administrator was expected to be at least 25 years of age. He was acknowledged by his father shortly before the latter's death in 1824, and his stepmother insisted he use the name Fruto Chamorro Pérez.The death of his father forced Fruto to leave his studies and go to Nicaragua to assume responsibility for the family and to manage the abundant inheritance of his father. His half brothers and sisters, Pedro Joaquín, Dionisio, Carmen, Mercedes and Fernando grew under his guardianship.Fruto's father was one of the founders of the Conservative Party of Nicaragua, centered on the city of Granada. He was committed to the Conservative cause and became an activist of the Party. In 1836, he became a representative in the State Assembly. From 1839 to 1842, he was a Senator of the State of Nicaragua.In 1842, an attempt was made to reestablish a union of Central American states as the Central American Confederation, in accord with the "Pact of Chinandega". It was to include El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. In 1843, Fruto Chamorro was appointed Supreme Director of the Confederation junta, and he took up residence in San Miguel, El Salvador. However, Guatemala withdrew, and Fruto was instrumental in preventing a war over the decision. The nascent Confederation collapsed in 1844.In 1845, Fruto Chamorro was appointed Prefect and Military Governor of the Department of Granada, and Minister of the Treasury. In November 1851, during the administration of Supreme Director Laureano Pineda, he became Commander-in-chief of the Army.Fruto Chamorro himself became Supreme Director of Nicaragua on 1 April 1853. Almost immediately and with support of the conservative oligarchy, he transferred the government headquarters to Granada, the Conservative stronghold. He then convened a Constituent Assembly on 20 January 1854, to promulgate a new Constitution during the absence of the majority of the western (Liberal Party) representatives, virtually expelled from the country by the government's move to Granada. In March, Fruto Chamorro relinquished his title as Supreme Director and with acquiescence of the Assembly, named himself President of Nicaragua.The Liberals saw this as a restoration to power of the provincial oligarchy, continuation of a feudal economic system, and the diminished possibility of an alliance of all Central American reactionary forces as well. They initiated a civil war by establishing their own government in León in May 1854, with the support of the governments of Honduras and El Salvador. A force under the command of General Máximo Jerez was sent to besiege Granada. In preparation for the siege, President Chamorro placed himself at the headquarters of the Army and left executive authority with his deputy, José María Estrada. His defenses for Granada were successful and subsequent attacks failed to take the city.A victim of dysentery, Fruto Chamorro died at his hacienda outside Granada on 12 March 1855. A few months later, the city was taken in a surprise attack by the filibuster William Walker.He was married to Mercedes Avilés ..., without issue.
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  • Fruto Chamorro Pérez (né le 20 octobre 1804 et décédé le 12 mars 1855, à Granada au Nicaragua), a été président du Nicaragua de 1853 jusqu'à sa mort. Il a été le premier membre de la famille conservative Chamorro à devenir président.
  • José Fruto Chamorro Pérez (* 20. Oktober 1804 in Guatemala-Stadt; † 12. März 1855 in der Nähe von Granada, Nicaragua) war zwischen dem 1. April 1853 und 30. April 1854 Supremo Director und zwischen dem 30. April 1854 und 12. März 1855 in gleicher Funktion Präsident von Nicaragua.
  • Fruto Chamorro Pérez (ur. 20 października 1804, Gwatemala, Gwatemala, zm. 12 marca 1855, niedaleko Granady, Nikaragua) – nikaraguański polityk; pierwszy prezydent Nikaragui od 30 kwietnia 1854 do swej śmierci.
  • Fruto Chamorro Pérez (20 Oktober 1804 – 12 Maret 1855) adalah Kepala negara Nikaragua ke-30 dan 31 (Presiden Nikaragua pertama) antara 1 April 1853 dan 30 April 1854 serta antara 30 April 1854 dan 12 Maret 1855.Fruto lahir di Kota Guatemala in 1804, Ketika ayahnya, Pedro José Chamorro Argüello, datang ke Guatemala dari Nikaragua untuk sarjana. Saat itu, dia diketahui sebagai Fruto Pérez.Fruto tewas pada 12 Maret 1855 dalam sebuah perang sipil yang dimulai pada tahun 1854.
  • Fruto Chamorro Pérez (1804-Nicarágua, 1855) foi militar e estadista guatelmateco. Constitucionalista, foi ministro da Fazenda e governador de Nicarágua em 1845. Como deputado, teve decisiva atuação na fundação da Universidade de Granada. Eleito presidente da República, enfrentou a sedição militar, preparada em Honduras, que o sitiou em Granada durante vários meses.== Referências ==
  • Fruto Chamorro Pérez (20 October 1804 – 12 March 1855) was the 30th and 31st President of Nicaragua between 1 April 1853 and 30 April 1854 and between 30 April 1854 and 12 March 1855 now with the actual title of President, the first thirty being called Supreme Directors.Born in Guatemala City in 1804 to Bayardo Paez, he was initially known as Fruto Pérez. His father, Pedro José Chamorro Argüello, had come to Guatemala from Nicaragua for graduate studies.
  • Fruto Chamorro (1804-1855) fue un militar y político nicaragüense nacido en Guatemala de padres nicaragüenses. Ejerció como Supremo Director del Estado de Nicaragua del 1 de abril de 1853 al 30 de abril de 1854, cuando fue designado como primer Presidente de La República de Nicaragua, cargo que ejerció hasta el 12 de marzo de 1855.Se convirtió en una de las figuras más relevantes del partido legitimista o conservador, que tenía su principal fuerza en la ciudad de Granada.
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