Le Free Trade Party, (plus précisément Australian Free Trade and Liberal Association), était un parti politique australien, créé en 1889, qui fut renommé en 1906 en Anti-Socialist Party avant de disparaitre en 1909 pour former le Parti libéral du Commonwealth. Il était favorable à l'abolition des droits de douane et autres restrictions sur le commerce expliquant qu'on favoriserait ainsi une plus grande prospérité pour tous.

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  • Le Free Trade Party, (plus précisément Australian Free Trade and Liberal Association), était un parti politique australien, créé en 1889, qui fut renommé en 1906 en Anti-Socialist Party avant de disparaitre en 1909 pour former le Parti libéral du Commonwealth. Il était favorable à l'abolition des droits de douane et autres restrictions sur le commerce expliquant qu'on favoriserait ainsi une plus grande prospérité pour tous. Il s'était surtout développé en Nouvelle-Galles du Sud où il eut comme leaders Sir Henry Parkes et Sir George Reid. Il fut le plus important des partis de l'état juste avant la création de la fédération.Aux premières élections du Parlement fédéral australien, le parti remporta 25 sièges ce qui en fit le deuxième parti en nombre du parlement et Reid devint le chef de l'opposition parlementaire avant de devenir premier Ministre en 1904-05.Après que la question des droits de douane eut été réglée, Reid s'attaqua à un autre problème pour justifier l'existence de son parti. Il fit son cheval de bataille de son opposition au socialisme critiquant tout à la fois le parti travailliste australien et le Parti Protectionniste conduit par Alfred Deakin. Le "Free Trade Party" fut finalement renommé l'"Anti-Socialist Party". Le "Labor Party" et le "Free Trade Party" continuèrent à se développer aus dépens du parti Protectionniste et même certains députés changèrent de parti.Finalement, Reid réussit à convaincre Deakin de faire fusionner leurs deux partis ce qu'ils firent en 1909 pour devenir le Parti libéral du Commonwealth ("Commonwealth Liberal Party").Portail de la politique Portail de la politique Portail du monde contemporain Portail du monde contemporain Portail de l’Australie Portail de l’Australie
  • The Free Trade Party which was officially known as the Australian Free Trade and Liberal Association, also referred to as the Revenue Tariff Party in some states and renamed the Anti-Socialist Party in 1906, was an Australian political party, formally organised between 1889 and 1909. It advocated the abolition of protectionism, especially protective tariffs and other restrictions on trade, arguing that this would create greater prosperity for all. However, many members also advocated use of minimal tariffs for government revenue purposes only.The party was centred on New South Wales, where its leaders were Sir Henry Parkes and Sir George Reid. It dominated New South Wales colonial politics before federation.In the elections for the first Commonwealth Parliament, the Free Traders, who campaigned in some states as the Revenue Tariff Party, formed the second largest group in the Australian House of Representatives, with 25 seats. Reid became the Parliament's first Opposition Leader with William McMillan as his deputy, later becoming Prime Minister in 1904-05. Joseph Cook became deputy leader of the party on McMillan's retirement in 1903.A separate Tasmanian Revenue Tariff Party contested the 1903 federal election in Tasmania and won two seats but also sat and merged with the Free Trade Party in federal Parliament.After the question of tariffs had largely been settled, Reid cast around for another cause to justify his party's existence. He settled on opposition to socialism, criticising both the Australian Labor Party and the support offered to it by the Protectionist Party, led by Alfred Deakin. The Free Trade Party was eventually renamed the Anti-Socialist Party (ASP) before the 1906 federal election. The Labor Party and the FTP/ASP continued to grow in electoral strength at the expense of the Protectionist vote. Some Protectionists continued their exodus to Labor and the ASP.Reid retired in 1908, with the party leadership passed to Joseph Cook, who agreed to merge with the Protectionists to become the Commonwealth Liberal Party in 1909.
  • Partia Wolnego Handlu (ang. Free Trade Party) - australijskie ugrupowanie polityczne istniejące od lat. 80 XIX wieku do roku 1909. Jak wskazywała już sama nazwa, jej nadrzędnym postulatem programowym był liberalizm w polityce celnej i stanowczy sprzeciw wobec protekcjonizmu.Najważniejszym obszarem działalności partii była Nowa Południowa Walia, na której scenie politycznej partia odgrywała dominującą rolę w ciągu ostatnich dwóch dekad XIX wieku, zaś jej kolejni liderzy - Henry Parkes i George Reid - pełnili funkcję premiera tej kolonii. Po powstaniu zjednoczonej Australii w 1901, partia w pierwszych wyborach parlamentarnych uplasowała się na drugim miejscu i została najważniejszą partią opozycyjną. W latach 1904 - 1905 tworzyła mniejszościowy rząd pod wodzą Reida. Gdy kwestia polityki handlowej przestała budzić większe emocje wśród australijskich wyborców, partia rozpoczęła poszukiwania nowej tożsamości. Zdecydowała się na bardzo radykalną krytykę lewicy i przemianowała na Partię Antysocjalistyczną (Anti-Socialist Party). Ostatecznie w 1909 połączyła się ze swoją niedawną główną konkurentką - Partią Protekcjonistyczną - tworząc Związkową Partię Liberalną.
  • Il Partito del Libero Commercio (ufficialmente Associazione Australiana Liberale e del Libero Commercio), rinominato nel 1906 quale Partito Anti-Socialista, fu un partito politico australiano, costituitosi formalmente nel 1889 e sciolto nel 1909. Supportò politiche rivolte all'abolizione di dazi doganali o altre restrizioni al commercio, sostenendo che tali politiche avrebbero portato una maggiore ricchezza. Ebbe le sue basi elettorali nel Nuovo Galles del Sud, dove i suoi leader furono Sir Henry Parkes e Sir George Reid, i quali dominarono la politica coloniale nella regione prima di arrivare alla federazione.Nelle elezioni per il primo parlamento, i liberisti formarono il secondo gruppo più grande alla Camera dei Rappresentanti con 25 seggi. Reid fu il primo leader dell'opposizione con William McMillan come suo vice; più tardi lo stesso Reid divenne primo ministro. Joseph Cook divenne vicepresidente del partito quando McMillan si ritirò dalla scena politica.Dopo aver definito ampiamente l'idea del partito per ciò che riguardava i dazi doganali, Reid necessitò di ulteriori politiche per giustificare l'esistenza del movimento, ed è per questo che focalizzò l'attenzione sull'opposizione al socialismo, volta a criticare sia il Partito Laburista sia il Partito Protezionista, guidato allora da Alfred Deakin, che diede il supporto al primo in un governo di minoranza. Il partito del libero commercio fu quindi rinominato poco prima delle elezioni del 1906, assumendo il nuovo nome di Partito Anti-Socialista. I laburisti e il nuovo partito continuarono a crescere elettoralmente ai danni del partito protezionista, il quale si indeboliva anche internamente a causa di deputati che lo abbandonavano per prender parte ad una delle due fazioni maggiori.Reid si ritirò nel 1908, lasciando la leadership a Joseph Cook, il quale si accordò con i protezionisti per formare il nuovo Partito Liberale del Commonwealth, nel 1909.
  • Die Free Trade Party (off.: Australian Free Trade and Liberal Association) und 1906 in Anti-Socialist Party umbenannt, war eine historische politische Partei in Australien, die von 1880 bis 1909 existierte.
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  • Le Free Trade Party, (plus précisément Australian Free Trade and Liberal Association), était un parti politique australien, créé en 1889, qui fut renommé en 1906 en Anti-Socialist Party avant de disparaitre en 1909 pour former le Parti libéral du Commonwealth. Il était favorable à l'abolition des droits de douane et autres restrictions sur le commerce expliquant qu'on favoriserait ainsi une plus grande prospérité pour tous.
  • Die Free Trade Party (off.: Australian Free Trade and Liberal Association) und 1906 in Anti-Socialist Party umbenannt, war eine historische politische Partei in Australien, die von 1880 bis 1909 existierte.
  • Il Partito del Libero Commercio (ufficialmente Associazione Australiana Liberale e del Libero Commercio), rinominato nel 1906 quale Partito Anti-Socialista, fu un partito politico australiano, costituitosi formalmente nel 1889 e sciolto nel 1909. Supportò politiche rivolte all'abolizione di dazi doganali o altre restrizioni al commercio, sostenendo che tali politiche avrebbero portato una maggiore ricchezza.
  • Partia Wolnego Handlu (ang. Free Trade Party) - australijskie ugrupowanie polityczne istniejące od lat. 80 XIX wieku do roku 1909.
  • The Free Trade Party which was officially known as the Australian Free Trade and Liberal Association, also referred to as the Revenue Tariff Party in some states and renamed the Anti-Socialist Party in 1906, was an Australian political party, formally organised between 1889 and 1909. It advocated the abolition of protectionism, especially protective tariffs and other restrictions on trade, arguing that this would create greater prosperity for all.
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  • Free Trade Party
  • Free Trade Party
  • Free Trade Party
  • Partia Wolnego Handlu
  • Partito del Libero Commercio
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