This article describes the process by which the territorial extent of metropolitan France came to be as it is in 2009. The territory of the French State is spread throughout the world. Metropolitan France is that part which is in Europe.Occidental France, which arose from the Treaty of Verdun of 843, remained stable for many years. The first kings, the Capetians, were too much occupied with imposing their authority in their own realm to be expansionist.

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dbpedia-owl:abstract
  • This article describes the process by which the territorial extent of metropolitan France came to be as it is in 2009. The territory of the French State is spread throughout the world. Metropolitan France is that part which is in Europe.Occidental France, which arose from the Treaty of Verdun of 843, remained stable for many years. The first kings, the Capetians, were too much occupied with imposing their authority in their own realm to be expansionist. They deftly exploited dissent among their turbulent vassals, applying pressure on them and on the Church and towns. The great conflicts with the kings of England were important occasions for asserting royal power. The 13th century re-annexations of Normandy and of Languedoc to the French kingdom were two important stages in the unification of the kingdom.France soon lost the County of Barcelona (Catalonia), from the end of the 9th century. The crossing beyond the Rhone, which for a long time remained the frontier, did not begin until the 14th century, with the purchase of the Dauphiné. Louis XI regained his inheritance of the two most powerful prerogatives granted to cadet branches of the dynasty: Burgundy and Anjou including Provence in the Holy Roman Empire (1481–1482).The marriage of Anne of Brittany first with Charles VIII then with Louis XII led finally to the effective annexation in 1532, of her duchy which was already within the ambit of the French Kingdom but which had hitherto firmly maintained its distinct existence.From 1635 to 1748, Richelieu and Louis XIV undertook an expansion of the frontiers of the kingdom towards the north and towards the Rhine. Their aim was to check the aspiration of the Austrian royal house towards its own predominance in Europe. The loss of French Flanders (1526) had brought the frontier dangerously close to the French capital. Alsace, Artois and Franche-Comté were annexed between 1648 and 1697. The Duchy of Lorraine remained some time an enclave in the French kingdom before it too was incorporated in 1766. This and the purchase of Corsica in 1768 brought the territory of the kingdom into a consolidated block.During the period of the French Revolution and First Empire, France expanded temporarily on the left bank of the Rhine. The frontier in the north east lost its definition. On the whole, it remained stable from 1697 to 1789 when it became vague, following no particular line. It was re-established, more or less on its old line in 1815, by the Congress of Vienna. France did lose some places such as Landau and Saarlouis. These strategic losses and the construction of a powerful German state may be seen as giving rise to later diplomatic and military events. But even after the Armistice of 1918, France was unable to make new territorial gains towards the north-east, into the Saarland.Subsequently in the 19th century, there were only a few developments. The Duchy of Savoy and the County of Nice were definitively re-attached to France, by plebiscite in 1860. Alsace-Lorraine was annexed by Germany in 1871 but became French again in 1918.Other alterations were made temporarily, by the occupying power, during the period of World War II.
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  • Armoiries république française.svg
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  • http://fr.dbpedia.org/resource/Formation_territoriale_de_la_France_métropolitaine__1
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  • Flag of France.svg
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  • Formation territoriale de la France métropolitaine
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  • 837848 (xsd:integer)
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  • 53593 (xsd:integer)
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  • 610 (xsd:integer)
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  • 110761281 (xsd:integer)
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  • 987 (xsd:integer)
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  • 1947 (xsd:integer)
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  • Armoiries république française.svg
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  • Frontiere francaise 985 1947 small.gif
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  • bleu
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  • Flag of France.svg
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  • Achat de la Corse
  • Annexion de Lille et Douai
  • Annexion de la Franche-Comté
  • Annexion de la Lorraine
  • Annexion de la Savoie et du comté de Nice
  • Intégration de Lyon
  • Intégration de la Provence
  • La frontière de la France sur le Rhin
  • Naissance de la France et de l'Allemagne
  • Perte de la Flandre
  • Première acquisition au-delà du Rhône : le Dauphiné
  • Rattachement des trois dernières communes ayant rejoint l'État français, à savoir Tende, La Brigue et Breil-sur-Roya
  • Annexion du Roussillon : frontière des Pyrénées fixée
  • Acquisition de la Bresse en échange de Saluces en Italie
  • Délimitation de la frontière de la Mer du Nord au Rhin
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  • 1678 (xsd:integer)
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  • 1766 (xsd:integer)
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  • 1768 (xsd:integer)
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  • 1815 (xsd:integer)
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  • 1860 (xsd:integer)
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  • 1947 (xsd:integer)
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  • 843 (xsd:integer)
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  • 1312 (xsd:integer)
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  • 1349 (xsd:integer)
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  • 1481 (xsd:integer)
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  • 1526 (xsd:integer)
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  • 1601 (xsd:integer)
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  • 1648 (xsd:integer)
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  • 1659 (xsd:integer)
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  • 1668 (xsd:integer)
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  • Formation territoriale de la France métropolitaine
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  • Territoire de France
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  • ~ 39660000 hab.
  • ~ 6000000 hab.
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  • Flag of France.svg
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  • Flag of France.svg
  • Flag of France.svg
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  • 551500.0
  • ~ 426000 km²
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  • This article describes the process by which the territorial extent of metropolitan France came to be as it is in 2009. The territory of the French State is spread throughout the world. Metropolitan France is that part which is in Europe.Occidental France, which arose from the Treaty of Verdun of 843, remained stable for many years. The first kings, the Capetians, were too much occupied with imposing their authority in their own realm to be expansionist.
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  • Formation territoriale de la France métropolitaine
  • Territorial evolution of France
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