Filippo Pacini, né le 25 mai 1812 à Pistoia, Toscane, mort le 9 juillet 1883 à Florence, était un anatomiste italien, devenu célèbre après sa mort pour avoir isolé le bacille du choléra (Vibrio cholerae) en 1854, une trentaine d'années avant que Robert Koch ne refît cette découverte avec un beaucoup plus grand succès dans l'opinion.

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  • Filippo Pacini, né le 25 mai 1812 à Pistoia, Toscane, mort le 9 juillet 1883 à Florence, était un anatomiste italien, devenu célèbre après sa mort pour avoir isolé le bacille du choléra (Vibrio cholerae) en 1854, une trentaine d'années avant que Robert Koch ne refît cette découverte avec un beaucoup plus grand succès dans l'opinion.
  • Filippo Pacini (25 May 1812 – 9 July 1883) was an Italian anatomist, posthumously famous for isolating the cholera bacillus Vibrio cholerae in 1854, well before Robert Koch's more widely accepted discoveries thirty years later.Pacini was born in Pistoia, Tuscany to a humble family, but was given a religious education in hopes that he would become a bishop. However, in 1830 he was given a scholarship to the most venerable medical school in Pistoia. He learned his trade as a physician, and learned to dissect and examine bodies with a microscope. In 1831, during a dissection class, Pacini discovered small sensory organs in the nervous system which can detect pressure and vibrations. He studied them closely from 1833 on, and first discussed them in 1835 at the "Società medico-fisica" in Florence, but did not publish his research ("Nuovi organi scoperti nel corpo umano") until 1840. Within just a few years, the work was widely known in Europe and the bodies had become known as Pacinian corpuscles. He served as an assistant to Paolo Savi in Pisa from 1840 to 1843, then began working at the Institute of Human Anatomy. In 1847 Pacini began teaching at the Lyceum in Florence, and then was named chair of General and Topographic Anatomy at the "Istituto di Studi Superiori" at the University of Florence in 1849, where he remained to the end of his career.The Asiatic Cholera Pandemic of 1846-63 which swept through Florence in 1845–1846 brought the disease to the center of Pacini's attention. In 1854 he described the disease in a paper called "Microscopical observations and pathological deductions on cholera", but because of the prevailing belief of Italian scientists in the miasma theory of disease, the work was not noted by others until many years after his death, despite additional publications in 1865, 1866, 1871, 1876, and 1880 which identified the cause of the disease's lethality, and even proposed some effective treatments. John Snow, who disproved the miasma theory, and Robert Koch, widely credited with the discovery of the bacillum thirty years later, were unaware of his previous work.When Koch, a much more widely respected scientist who had previously identified the tuberculosis bacillus, presented his findings to the Cholera Commission of the Imperial Health Office in Berlin in 1884, the commission congratulated him, but also recognized Pacini's previous discovery of the bacterium. In 1965, the international committee on nomenclature adopted the formal name Vibrio cholerae Pacini 1854 to honor his work.During his career Pacini also published several studies on the retina of the human eye, the electric organs in electric fishes, the structure of bone, and the mechanics of respiration.Pacini did not marry, and spent most of the money remaining after his scientific investigation on the long term care of his two ailing sisters. He died nearly penniless in Florence on July 9, 1883, and was buried in the cemetery of the Misericordia. In 1935 his remains were transferred to the church of Santa Maria delle Grazie, along with the remains of Atto Tigri and Filippo Civinini, two other noted anatomists.
  • Filippo Pacini ( * Pistoia, 25 de mayo de 1812 - †9 de julio de 1883 Florencia ) fue un investigador médico anatomista italiano.
  • Filippo Pacini (Pistoia, 25 maggio 1812 – Firenze, 9 luglio 1883) è stato un anatomista e patologo italiano.
  • Filippo Pacini (* 25. Mai 1812 in Pistoia; † 9. Juli 1883 in Florenz) war ein italienischer Anatom.
  • Филиппо Пачини (Filippo Pacini; 1812—1883) — итальянский анатом.
  • Filippo Pacini (ur. 25 maja 1812 w Pistoia, zm. 9 lipca 1883 we Florencji) – włoski lekarz, anatom. Pośmiertnie uznano jego pierwszeństwo w odkryciu przecinkowców cholery w 1854 roku, trzydzieści lat przed odkryciem ich przez Roberta Kocha.Urodził się w Pisoia w Toskanii, otrzymał wykształcenie z nadzieją że zostanie biskupem. W 1830 roku otrzymał jednak stypendium umożliwiające mu studia w szkole medycznej w rodzinnym mieście. W 1831 podczas zajęć z anatomii odkrył małe ciałka o nieznanej funkcji, zbadane przez niego wnikliwie dwa lata później. Pacini przedstawił swoje odkrycie na spotkaniu Società medico-fisica w 1835, ale opublikował dopiero w 1840 ("Nuovi organi scoperti nel corpo umano"). Struktury te znane są dziś jako ciałka Paciniego.Od 1840 do 1843 asystent Paolo Saviego. Następnie pracował w Instytucie Anatomicznym. Od 1849 na katedrze anatomii Istituto di Studi Superiori we Florencji.
  • Filippo Pacini (25. května 1812 Pistoia – 9. června 1883, Florencie) byl italský anatom, posmrtně známý jako první člověk, který roku 1854 izoloval původce cholery - Vibrio cholerae. Stalo se tak o 30 let dříve, než se totéž podařilo Robertu Kochovi, který je dnes všeobecně chybně považovaný za jeho objevitele.
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  • Filippo Pacini, né le 25 mai 1812 à Pistoia, Toscane, mort le 9 juillet 1883 à Florence, était un anatomiste italien, devenu célèbre après sa mort pour avoir isolé le bacille du choléra (Vibrio cholerae) en 1854, une trentaine d'années avant que Robert Koch ne refît cette découverte avec un beaucoup plus grand succès dans l'opinion.
  • Filippo Pacini ( * Pistoia, 25 de mayo de 1812 - †9 de julio de 1883 Florencia ) fue un investigador médico anatomista italiano.
  • Filippo Pacini (Pistoia, 25 maggio 1812 – Firenze, 9 luglio 1883) è stato un anatomista e patologo italiano.
  • Filippo Pacini (* 25. Mai 1812 in Pistoia; † 9. Juli 1883 in Florenz) war ein italienischer Anatom.
  • Филиппо Пачини (Filippo Pacini; 1812—1883) — итальянский анатом.
  • Filippo Pacini (25. května 1812 Pistoia – 9. června 1883, Florencie) byl italský anatom, posmrtně známý jako první člověk, který roku 1854 izoloval původce cholery - Vibrio cholerae. Stalo se tak o 30 let dříve, než se totéž podařilo Robertu Kochovi, který je dnes všeobecně chybně považovaný za jeho objevitele.
  • Filippo Pacini (ur. 25 maja 1812 w Pistoia, zm. 9 lipca 1883 we Florencji) – włoski lekarz, anatom. Pośmiertnie uznano jego pierwszeństwo w odkryciu przecinkowców cholery w 1854 roku, trzydzieści lat przed odkryciem ich przez Roberta Kocha.Urodził się w Pisoia w Toskanii, otrzymał wykształcenie z nadzieją że zostanie biskupem. W 1830 roku otrzymał jednak stypendium umożliwiające mu studia w szkole medycznej w rodzinnym mieście.
  • Filippo Pacini (25 May 1812 – 9 July 1883) was an Italian anatomist, posthumously famous for isolating the cholera bacillus Vibrio cholerae in 1854, well before Robert Koch's more widely accepted discoveries thirty years later.Pacini was born in Pistoia, Tuscany to a humble family, but was given a religious education in hopes that he would become a bishop. However, in 1830 he was given a scholarship to the most venerable medical school in Pistoia.
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  • Filippo Pacini
  • Filippo Pacini
  • Filippo Pacini
  • Filippo Pacini
  • Filippo Pacini
  • Filippo Pacini
  • Filippo Pacini
  • Пачини, Филиппо
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