Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch (né le 3 juillet 1875 à Barmen (aujourd'hui partie de Wuppertal) et mort le 2 juillet 1951 à Berlin) est un chirurgien allemand. Il est l'un des chirurgiens allemands les plus importants par ses inventions et les plus influents par son rôle public de la première moitié du XXe siècle.

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  • Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch (né le 3 juillet 1875 à Barmen (aujourd'hui partie de Wuppertal) et mort le 2 juillet 1951 à Berlin) est un chirurgien allemand. Il est l'un des chirurgiens allemands les plus importants par ses inventions et les plus influents par son rôle public de la première moitié du XXe siècle.
  • Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch (Barmen, 3 juli 1875 – Berlijn, 2 juli 1951) was een Duitse arts. Hij wordt beschouwd als een van de belangrijkste en invloedrijkste chirurgen van de 20e eeuw. Sauerbruch was pionier op het gebied van borstoperaties en ontwierp een prothese voor de arm.Hij ontving in 1937 samen met August Bier de Nationale Duitse Prijs voor Kunst en Wetenschap, de "Duitse Nobelprijs" en de daaraan verbonden 100.000 rijksmark.
  • Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch (Barmen, 3 luglio 1875 – Francoforte sul Meno, 2 luglio 1951) è stato un chirurgo tedesco.
  • Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch (3 July 1875 – 2 July 1951) was a German surgeon.Sauerbruch was born in Barmen (now a district of Wuppertal), Germany. He studied medicine at the Philipps University of Marburg, the University of Greifswald, the Friedrich Schiller University of Jena, and the University of Leipzig, from the last of which he graduated in 1902. He went to Breslau in 1903, where he developed the Sauerbruch chamber, a pressure chamber for operating on the open thorax, which he demonstrated in 1904. This invention was a breakthrough in thorax medicine and allowed heart and lung operations to take place at greatly reduced risk. As a battlefield surgeon during World War I, he developed several new types of limb prostheses, which for the first time enabled simple movements to be executed with the remaining muscle of the patient.Sauerbruch worked at the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich from 1918 to 1927 on surgical techniques and diets for treating tuberculosis. From 1928 to 1949, he was the head of the surgical department at the Charité in Berlin, attaining international fame for his innovative operations. Because of his experience and extraordinary skills he quickly attained an international reputation and operated on many prominent patients. At the same time he was well known for his uncompromising and passionate dedication to all patients independent of their social, political or ethnical backgrounds. Before World War II, the Nazi Government awarded him the German National Prize for Art and Science. Sauerbruch position towards the Nazi government is ambiguous and the subject of debate. In his position he was clearly in contact with the political elite but he was never a member of and did not support the political objectives of the NSDAP. He was, however, a fervent nationalist who wanted to undo the "humiliation of Versailles" and was keen to show off his country as an advanced and sophisticated society. While he had accepted the German Nationalpreis, a short-lived German alternative to the Nobel Prize, he also publicly spoke out for people who were prosecuted (e.g. Liebermann). He was part of the so-called Mittwochgesellschaft, a group of scientists that included critical voices and was later arrested because his son Peter had ties to Claus von Stauffenberg.In 1937, he became a member of the newly established Reichsforschungsrat (Reich Research Council) that supported "research projects" of the SS, including experiments on prisoners in the concentration camps. After extensive research, however, it is clear that he has not been in connection with any concrete cases; in the opposite he was one of the few University professors who publicly spoke out against the NS-Euthanasia program T4. In 1942, he became Surgeon General to the army – in this position he should have known of experiments with mustard gas on prisoners in the Natzweiler concentration camp. In mid-September 1943, Sauerbruch was awarded the Knight's Cross of the War Merit Cross with Swords. On 12 October 1945, he was charged by the Allies for having contributed to the Nazi dictatorship, but not convicted for lack of evidence.Sauerbruch stayed at his hospital throughout the whole war, his operating theatre was literally taken by the Red Army in 1945. Late in life, he became demented and was dismissed from the Charité because he continued to perform surgeries on patients, some with uncertain results. His colleagues detected the errors but were unable to stop him because of his fame and power (for an account, see Youngson, 1997).Sauerbruch died in Berlin at the age of seventy-five. His life was portrayed in the German 1954 film Sauerbruch – Das war mein Leben, which is based on his memoirs Das war mein Leben, although the validity of these memoirs (written by the journalist Hans Rudolf Berndorff) is contested by Sauerbruch's disciple Rudolf Nissen. He is buried in Berlin-Wannsee.A high school in Grossröhrsdorf in Saxony in modern Germany bears his name.His oldest son Hans Sauerbruch (1910–1996) became a painter; he lived in Berlin, Rome and after the war in Konstanz where his son, the architect Matthias Sauerbruch, was born. Ernest's second son Peter Sauerbruch (5 June 1913 – 29 September 2010) was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 4 January 1943 as a Hauptmann in the general staff of the 14. Panzer-Division and leader of a Kampfgruppe "Sauerbruch". He lived in Hamburg and Munich. The third son, Friedrich Sauerbruch, was a surgeon as well. He assisted his father and was actually responsible for the termination of his fathers activities at the Charité (which had become too risky due to his illness). He lived in Berlin and later in Moers.
  • エルンスト・フェルディナント・ザウアーブルッフ (Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch, 1875年7月3日 バルメン - 1951年7月2日 ベルリン) は、ドイツの外科医。胸部外科学の開拓者として知られる。日本においては「ザウエルブルッフ」と記されることが多いが、ドイツ語発音により忠実に、以下「ザウアーブルッフ」と記する。
  • Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch (* 3. Juli 1875 in Barmen (heute zu Wuppertal); † 2. Juli 1951 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Arzt. Er gilt als einer der bedeutendsten und einflussreichsten Chirurgen des 20. Jahrhunderts.
  • Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch (ur. 3 lipca 1875 w Barmen, obecnie Wuppertal, zm. 2 lipca 1951 w Berlinie) – niemiecki chirurg. Był uczniem Jana Mikulicza-Radeckiego. Uważany za pioniera torakochirurgii.
  • Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch (d. 3 Temmuz 1875 - ö. 2 Temmuz 1951), Alman bir doktor. 20. yüzyılın ilk yarısının en önemli ve etkili Cerrahlarından biri olarak kabul edilir.Sauerbruch Almanya Barmen'de (şimdi Wuppertal ilçesi) doğdu. Marburg Philipps Üniversitesi, Greifswald, Jena Friedrich Schiller Üniversitesi ve Leipzig Üniversitesi'nde tıp okudu. 1903 yılında Breslau'ya gitti. I. Dünya Savaşı sırasında bir savaş cerrahı olarak, basit hareketleri etkin uzuv protezleri, birçok yeni tip geliştirdi. Sauerbruch 1918 - 1927 yılları arasında Münih Ludwig Maximilians Üniversitesi'nde cerrahi teknikler ve Tüberküloz tedavisinde çalıştı. 1928-1949 yılları arasında Berlin'de Charité'de çalıştı ve yaptığı riskli (ama çoğunlukla başarılı) işlemleri için uluslararası bir ün kazandı. II. Dünya Savaşı'ndan önce Adolf Hitler Bilim ve Sanat alanlarında ki çalışmalarından dolayı kendisine Alman Milli Ödülü vermişti. Sauerbruch, anti-batı görünümü ile anti-semitizm gibi Nazilerin birçok siyasi hedeflerine destek verdi (Yahudilerin ortadan kaldırılmasına radikal yöntemlerle karşı olmasına rağmen).1937 yılında Reichsforschungsrat (Reich Araştırma Kurumu)'ın toplama kamplarında tutuklular üzerinde deneylere dahil olmak üzere SS "araştırma projeleri" ne destek oldu. 1942 yılında orduya Genel Cerrah oldu ve bu pozisyonda Natzweiler toplama kampı'nda tutsaklar üzerinde hardal gazı ile deneyler yapılmasını kabul etti. Savaş bittikten ve Almanların yenilgisinden sonra 12 Ekim 1945'de Nazi diktatörlüğüne katkıda bulunduğu için müttefikler tarafından suçlandı. Berliner Gesundheitsrat ofisinden görevinden alındı fakat hiç mahkumiyet almadı.Sauerbruch 75 yaşında Berlin'de öldü.Oğlu Peter Sauerbruch (d. 5 Haziran 1913 - ö. 29 Eylül 2010), 14. Panzer Tümeni ve Kampfgruppe "Sauerbruch"nin lideriydi ve bir Yüzbaşı olarak 4 Ocak 1943 tarihinde Demir Haç madalyası almıştır.
  • Ернст Фердинанд Зауебрух (на немски: Ferdinanrd Sauerbruch) е немски хирург.Зауербрух е роден в Бармен (сега квартал на Вупертал), Германия. Той учи медицина в университетите в Марбург, Грайфсвалд, Йена и Лайпциг. От 1903 г. практикува в Бреслау и тук разработва „камерата на Зауербрух“. На следващата година той демонстрира своето изобретение като с помощта на камерата той извършва операция при отворен гръден кош. По време на Първата световна война е хирург на бойното поле и тук той разработва няколко нови видове протези за крайници, които позволяват прости движения.В периода 1918 - 1927 г. работи в университета в Мюнхен и тук разработва хирургични техники и диети за лечение на туберкулоза. От 1928 до 1949 г. работи в клиника Шарите в Берлин. Преди Втората световна война е награден от Адолф Хитлер с немската национална награда за изкуство и наука. През 1937 г. той става член на Reichsforschungsrat (Райх съвет за научни изследвания), който поддържа "изследователски проекти" на СС, включително и експерименти върху затворници в концентрационните лагери. През 1942 г. той практикува като общ хирург в армията. На тази позиция извършва експерименти с горчив газ на затворници в концентрационния лагер Natzweiler. На 12 октомври 1945 г. е обвинен от съюзниците за това, че е помагал на нацистката диктатура. Въпреки това обаче не е съден.Зауербрух умира в Берлин на седемдесет и пет годишна възраст. В годините преди неговата смърт е с нарушено психично здраве. Въпреки това обаче извършва много операции като същевременно допуска и редица лекарски грешки. Въпреки това авторитетът и състоянието на Зауербрух му помагат да не бъде възпрепятстван да практикува.
  • Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch, conocido como Ferdinand Sauerbruch (* 3 de julio de 1875, Barmen, localidad que hoy pertenece a Wuppertal - † 2 de julio de 1951, Berlín), famoso cirujano alemán. Está considerado el más importante e influyente cirujano de la primera mitad del siglo XX. Su camino como cirujano le llevó en 1928 al famoso hospital de la Charité en Berlín, donde permaneció hasta 1949. Antes, desde 1903, había trabajado en la Clínica Universitaria de Breslau como asistente del profesor Johannes von Mikulicz-Radecki; allí, tras algunos fracasos, desarrolló la cámara de baja presión, con la que posibilitó las operaciones a tórax abierto y dio inicio a la cirugía de tórax. Su nombre aparece en historias de iatrogenesis (efectos adversos a resultas de un tratamiento médico), ya que, avanzado en edad, comenzó a realizar operaciones absurdas en muchos pacientes, con resultados fatales. Aunque sus colegas detectaban sus errores, nadie lo detuvo debido a su fama y poder (Youngson, 1997).Su relación con el nacionalsocialismo fue muy ambigua. Su experiencia médica ayudó a recuperarse de las graves heridas recibidas al coronel de la Wehrmacht, Claus von Stauffenberg, futuro y último conspirador en contra de Hitler.
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  • Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch (né le 3 juillet 1875 à Barmen (aujourd'hui partie de Wuppertal) et mort le 2 juillet 1951 à Berlin) est un chirurgien allemand. Il est l'un des chirurgiens allemands les plus importants par ses inventions et les plus influents par son rôle public de la première moitié du XXe siècle.
  • Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch (Barmen, 3 juli 1875 – Berlijn, 2 juli 1951) was een Duitse arts. Hij wordt beschouwd als een van de belangrijkste en invloedrijkste chirurgen van de 20e eeuw. Sauerbruch was pionier op het gebied van borstoperaties en ontwierp een prothese voor de arm.Hij ontving in 1937 samen met August Bier de Nationale Duitse Prijs voor Kunst en Wetenschap, de "Duitse Nobelprijs" en de daaraan verbonden 100.000 rijksmark.
  • Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch (Barmen, 3 luglio 1875 – Francoforte sul Meno, 2 luglio 1951) è stato un chirurgo tedesco.
  • エルンスト・フェルディナント・ザウアーブルッフ (Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch, 1875年7月3日 バルメン - 1951年7月2日 ベルリン) は、ドイツの外科医。胸部外科学の開拓者として知られる。日本においては「ザウエルブルッフ」と記されることが多いが、ドイツ語発音により忠実に、以下「ザウアーブルッフ」と記する。
  • Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch (* 3. Juli 1875 in Barmen (heute zu Wuppertal); † 2. Juli 1951 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Arzt. Er gilt als einer der bedeutendsten und einflussreichsten Chirurgen des 20. Jahrhunderts.
  • Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch (ur. 3 lipca 1875 w Barmen, obecnie Wuppertal, zm. 2 lipca 1951 w Berlinie) – niemiecki chirurg. Był uczniem Jana Mikulicza-Radeckiego. Uważany za pioniera torakochirurgii.
  • Ернст Фердинанд Зауебрух (на немски: Ferdinanrd Sauerbruch) е немски хирург.Зауербрух е роден в Бармен (сега квартал на Вупертал), Германия. Той учи медицина в университетите в Марбург, Грайфсвалд, Йена и Лайпциг. От 1903 г. практикува в Бреслау и тук разработва „камерата на Зауербрух“. На следващата година той демонстрира своето изобретение като с помощта на камерата той извършва операция при отворен гръден кош.
  • Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch (3 July 1875 – 2 July 1951) was a German surgeon.Sauerbruch was born in Barmen (now a district of Wuppertal), Germany. He studied medicine at the Philipps University of Marburg, the University of Greifswald, the Friedrich Schiller University of Jena, and the University of Leipzig, from the last of which he graduated in 1902.
  • Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch (d. 3 Temmuz 1875 - ö. 2 Temmuz 1951), Alman bir doktor. 20. yüzyılın ilk yarısının en önemli ve etkili Cerrahlarından biri olarak kabul edilir.Sauerbruch Almanya Barmen'de (şimdi Wuppertal ilçesi) doğdu. Marburg Philipps Üniversitesi, Greifswald, Jena Friedrich Schiller Üniversitesi ve Leipzig Üniversitesi'nde tıp okudu. 1903 yılında Breslau'ya gitti. I.
  • Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch, conocido como Ferdinand Sauerbruch (* 3 de julio de 1875, Barmen, localidad que hoy pertenece a Wuppertal - † 2 de julio de 1951, Berlín), famoso cirujano alemán. Está considerado el más importante e influyente cirujano de la primera mitad del siglo XX. Su camino como cirujano le llevó en 1928 al famoso hospital de la Charité en Berlín, donde permaneció hasta 1949.
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  • Ferdinand Sauerbruch
  • フェルディナント・ザウアーブルッフ
  • Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch
  • Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch
  • Ferdinand Sauerbruch
  • Ferdinand Sauerbruch
  • Ferdinand Sauerbruch
  • Ferdinand Sauerbruch
  • Ferdinand Sauerbruch
  • Фердинанд Зауербрух
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