Le ruisseau Esopus (en anglais : Esopus Creek) est un cours d'eau qui coule au sud-est de l'État de New York, États-Unis. Le ruisseau Esopus est un affluent du Fleuve Hudson et le rejoint au niveau de la ville de Saugerties dans le nord-est du Comté d'Ulster.

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  • Le ruisseau Esopus (en anglais : Esopus Creek) est un cours d'eau qui coule au sud-est de l'État de New York, États-Unis. Le ruisseau Esopus est un affluent du Fleuve Hudson et le rejoint au niveau de la ville de Saugerties dans le nord-est du Comté d'Ulster. Il tient son nom de la Tribu Esopus de la Confédération Iroquoise, une tribu nomade qui s'était installée dans cette région, bien que le sol rocailleux rendît la terre impropre à la culture.L'Esopus prend sa source au Lac Winnisook dans les Montagnes Catskill et les flux dans un cercle autour de la Panther Mountain. Il quitte la montagne et s'écoule sur plusieurs kilomètres jusqu'à ce qu'il atteigne le Réservoir Ashokan. Il réduit alors le déversoir sur le barrage qui retient le réservoir à Olivebridge et coule le sud-est jusqu'à ce qu'il prenne une tournure aiguisée et soit à la tête du nord-est. De là, le ruisseau continue vers l'est jusqu'au nord dans l'Hudson dans Saugerties.Le ruisseau est un composant du système d'approvisionnement en eau de New York. L'Eau du Réservoir Schoharie coule par le Tunnel Shandaken dans l'Esopus à Allaben, New York. L'Esopus se vide dans le Réservoir d'Ashokan. Cette section est la classe 2-3 whitewater et est le site d'un slalom whitewater dans la Chute. L'eau dans le réservoir qui ne réduit pas le déversoir au Barrage Olivebridge entre à l'Aqueduc Catskill et entre au réseau de distribution d'approvisionnement en eau de New York.Portail des lacs et cours d’eau Portail des lacs et cours d’eau Portail des États-Unis Portail des États-Unis Portail de l’État de New York Portail de l’État de New York
  • Esopus Creek is a 65.4-mile-long (105.3 km) tributary of the Hudson River that drains the east-central Catskill Mountains of the U.S. state of New York. From its source at Winnisook Lake on the slopes of Slide Mountain, the Catskills' highest peak, it flows across Ulster County to the Hudson at Saugerties. Many tributaries extend its watershed into neighboring Greene County and a small portion of Delaware County. Midway along its length, it is impounded at Olive Bridge to create Ashokan Reservoir, the first of several built in the Catskills as part of New York City's water supply system. Its own flow is supplemented 13 miles (21 km) above the reservoir by the Shandaken Tunnel, which carries water from the city's Schoharie Reservoir into the creek.It takes its name from the Esopus tribe of the Lenape, who were the Native American residents of the lower Esopus when the Dutch first explored and settled the Hudson Valley in the early 17th century. The creek's wide valley made it an ideal trading route for the Esopus and other Lenape who harvested the beaver pelts the European traders desired. Later, under the English, it became the beginning point for contentious land claims in the mountains. After independence, the Esopus corridor became the main route into the Catskills, first by road then later by the Ulster and Delaware Railroad, for forest-product industries like logging, tanning and charcoal-making. Those industries declined in the late 19th century, shortly before the creation of the Forest Preserve and the Catskill Park made the region more attractive for resorts and recreation, particularly trout fishing. The renewed Esopus also attracted the attention of fast-growing New York City, which was able to acquire land and build the reservoir and tunnel after overcoming local political opposition.It divided the creek into an upper stretch, mostly a wild mountain stream, and a lower stretch closer to the Hudson that gradually becomes more estuarine. Above the reservoir, its water quality is closely monitored, not only for its role in the city's water supply but to preserve its local economic importance as a recreational resource. As the upper Esopus is one of the most productive trout streams in the Northeast, fly fishermen still come in great numbers to take trout from its relatively accessible banks. Canoeists and kayakers have been drawn to its whitewater, which has also spawned a busy local tubing industry in the summer months. The lower Esopus is mainly an aesthetic and ecological resource, although the estuary at Saugerties is a popular bass fishery.The Esopus's role in the state and regional economy has led to a concentrated effort to protect and manage it, particularly on the upper stretch. The interests of the various stakeholders have not always converged, particularly where it concerns the city's management of its water needs. Turbidity created by discharges from the Shandaken Tunnel after a 1996 flood led to a successful lawsuit against the city and a state regulation; downstream of the reservoir the city has been criticized for contributing to flooding problems by releasing too much water during heavy rainstorms. Boaters and anglers have also clashed, and invasive species are beginning to enter the upper creek as well.
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  • Le ruisseau Esopus (en anglais : Esopus Creek) est un cours d'eau qui coule au sud-est de l'État de New York, États-Unis. Le ruisseau Esopus est un affluent du Fleuve Hudson et le rejoint au niveau de la ville de Saugerties dans le nord-est du Comté d'Ulster.
  • Esopus Creek is a 65.4-mile-long (105.3 km) tributary of the Hudson River that drains the east-central Catskill Mountains of the U.S. state of New York. From its source at Winnisook Lake on the slopes of Slide Mountain, the Catskills' highest peak, it flows across Ulster County to the Hudson at Saugerties. Many tributaries extend its watershed into neighboring Greene County and a small portion of Delaware County.
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