Les empires coloniaux sont les territoires que des états disposant d'importantes forces militaires et navales se sont appropriés au cours des temps sur la quasi-totalité du globe.

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  • Les empires coloniaux sont les territoires que des états disposant d'importantes forces militaires et navales se sont appropriés au cours des temps sur la quasi-totalité du globe. Si certains ont d'abord pratiqué une politique d'isolement volontaire, tel le Japon de la Période Edo, ils ont pu plus tardivement s'y lancer à leur tour, comme le Japon en Asie dans les décennies 1930 et 1940, dont l'expansionnisme marque le début effectif de la Seconde Guerre mondiale (1931-1945).Pour les pays ouest-européens, la constitution de leurs empires découle de la période des Grandes découvertes européennes, grâce aux progrès de la navigation (gouvernail d'étambot, boussole, cartographie, sextant) et à la généralisation des armes à feu.
  • Imperium kolonial adalah hasil dari Zaman Penjelajahan Eropa (atau Zaman Pelayaran yang dimulai dengan lomba penjelajahan antara kekuatan laut paling maju pada masa itu, Portugal dan Spanyol, pada abad ke-15. Dorongan awal di balik kekaisaran laut yang sudah tidak ada lagi ini dan kekaisaran yang melanjutkannya adalah perdagangan, didorong oleh ide-ide baru dan kapitalisme yang muncul dari Renaisans Eropa. Perjanjian juga dibuat untuk membagi dunia di antara mereka tahun 1479, 1493, dan 1494.Portugal mulai mendirikan jaringan dan kekaisaran dagang global di bawah kepemimpinan Henry sang Penjelajah. Portugal mendirikan kekuasaan kolonial dari Brazil, di Amerika Selatan, hingga beberapa koloni di Afrika (terutama Guinea Portugis, Tanjung Verde, São Tomé dan Príncipe, Angola dan Mozambik), di India Portugis (terutama Bombay dan Goa), di Cina (Makau), dan Oseania (terutama Timor, khususnya Timor Timur), di antara banyak jajahan yang lebih kecil atau tidak berlangsung lama (lihat Perubahan Imperium Portugis).Selama Siglo de Oro, Kekaisaran Spanyol memiliki jajahan di Belanda, Luksemburg, Belgia, sebagian besar Jerman, sebagian Jerman, sebagian Perancis, dan banyak koloni di Amerika, Afrika, dan Asia. Dengan penjajahan daratan Meksiko, Peru]], dan Filipina pada abad ke-16, Spanyol mendirikan kekuasaan seberang laut pada skala dan distribusi dunia yang belum pernah dicapai pendahulunya (Kekaisaran Mongol lebih besar tapi terbatas hingga Eurasia). Jajahan di Eropa, Afrika, Samudera Atlantik, Amerika, Samudera Pasifik, dan Timur Jauh memberikan Kekaisaran Spanyol sebuah pengaruh global.Sejak 1580 hingga 1640, Imperium Portugis dan Kekaisaran Spanyol bergabung dalam persatuan pribadi raja-raja Habsburg, selama periode Persatuan Iberia, meskipun kekaisaran tersebut dipimpin secara terpisah.Imperium kolonial selanjutnya melibatkan kekaisaran Perancis, Belanda, dan Britania. Imperium Britania didirikan selama masa kejayaan maritim Britania pada abad ke-19, menjadi imperium terbesar dalam sejarah karena teknologi transportasi yang maju pada masa itu. Pada puncak kejayaannya, Imperium Britania mencakup seperempat daratan Bumi dan seperempat penduduk dunia. Pada tahun 1860-an, Kekaisaran Rusia — berlanjut sebagai Uni Soviet — menjadi negara lanjutan terbesar di dunia, dan penerusnya, Rusia, terus memegang gelar itu hingga sekarang. Meskipun "kehilangan" batas Sovietnya, Rusia memiliki 12 zona waktu, membentang sedikit lebih panjang dari setengah garis lintang dunia.
  • Колониалната империя като терминологично понятие е продукт на Западноевропейското и най-вече Иберийското цивилизационно католическо развитие в периода след Великите географски открития. Колониалната империя се състои от метрополия и отвъдморски (отвъдокеански) колонии.Колониалните империи възникват под въздействие на многообразни и разнопосочни фактори в развитието на западноевропейското и иберийско общество. Сред тях определящи са търсенето на нов търговски път към Индия следствие от запретяването на средновековните морски и сухоземни пътища от Османската империя, ренесансовата култура с нейния стремеж към изследване и опознаване на извънхристиянския средновековен свят, развитието на обществено-икономическите отношения и средствата за производство т.н.През 16 век следствие от Великите географски открития и засилващия се процес на колонизация на отвъдморските територии се сключва Иберийски съюз под егидата на папата за подялба на света на региони на влияние между Испанската и Португалска империя. През следващите 17 и 18 век в резултат от войните за испанското наследство и разгрома на Непобедимата армада от английския кралски флот, Испанската, а с нея и Португалската империя и колониална система навлизат в период на упадък за сметка на новите морски велики сили - Нидерландия, Англия и Франция, които от своя страна създават Холандска, Британска и Френска колониална империя. През 19 век Британската империя е най-голямата позната в човешката история империя, като същевременно е и Първа велика морска сила, чиято щафета през 20 век е поета от САЩ.
  • The Colonial empires began with a race of exploration between the then most advanced maritime powers, Portugal and Spain, in the 15th century. The initial impulse behind these dispersed maritime empires and those that followed was trade, driven by the new ideas and the capitalism that grew out of the European Renaissance. Agreements were also done to divide the world up between them in 1479, 1493, and 1494.Portugal began establishing the first global trade network and empire under the leadership of Henry the Navigator. Portugal would eventually establish colonial domains from Brazil, in South America, to several colonies in Africa (namely Portuguese Guinea, Portuguese Cape Verde, Portuguese São Tomé and Príncipe, Portuguese Angola and Portuguese Mozambique), in Portuguese India (most importantly Bombay and Goa), in China (Portuguese Macau), and Oceania (most importantly Portuguese Timor), amongst many other smaller or short-lived possessions (see Evolution of the Portuguese Empire).During its Siglo de Oro, the Spanish Empire had possession of the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Belgium, most of Italy, parts of Germany, parts of France, and many colonies in the Americas, Africa, and Asia. With the conquest of inland Mexico, Peru, and the Philippines in the 16th century, Spain established overseas dominions on a scale and world distribution that had never been approached by its predecessors (the Mongol Empire had been larger but was restricted to Eurasia). Possessions in Europe, Africa, the Atlantic Ocean, the Americas, the Pacific Ocean, and the Far East qualified the Spanish Empire as attaining a global presence in this sense.From 1580 to 1640 the Portuguese Empire and the Spanish Empire were conjoined in a personal union of its Habsburg monarchs during the period of the Iberian Union, but beneath the highest level of government, their separate administrations were maintained.Subsequent colonial empires included the French, English, Dutch, Ottoman and Japanese empires. By the mid 17th century, the Tsardom of Russia, continued later as the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union, became the largest contiguous state in the world, and the modern Russian Federation continues to be so to this day. Russia today has nine time zones, stretching across about half of the world's longitude.The British Empire, consolidated during the period of British maritime hegemony in the 19th century, became the largest empire in history by virtue of the improved transportation technologies of the time. At its height, the British Empire covered a fifth of the Earth's land area and comprised a quarter of its population. During the New Imperialism Italy and Germany also builded their Colonial empires in Africa. After the Boxer Rebellion in 1901 the Imperial China ceded to the Eight-Nation Alliance (all the Great Powers of the time) some concessions. Since the end of the World Wars and by the end of the 20th century, most of the previous colonial empires have been decolonized.
  • Inperio koloniala hedapen kolonialean parte hartu zuen estatuak sortutako inperioa da. Gehienetan nazio europarrak izan ziren proiektu inperialista bat eduki zutenak, Ameriketako Estatu Batuen eta Japoniaren kasua alde batera utzita. Orain Inperio kolonial horiek azalduko dira, batzuk besteak baino zehaztasun handiagoarekin, izan zuen garrantziaren arabera.
  • Un impero coloniale è una struttura geopolitica, non necessariamente monarchica, distinguibile dalle altre poiché tesa ad ampliare la propria influenza statale su regioni e province che non le competono secondo il principio dello Stato nazionale, secondo il quale una nazione può comprendere solo i territori abitati da popolazioni appartenenti alla sua etnia.Il principio di impero coloniale è probabilmente una reminiscenza del concetto di impero universale, radicato nelle memorie dell'Impero romano, e che trovò la sua ultima tentata manifestazione con Carlo V e, parzialmente, con Napoleone.
  • Impérios coloniais foram um produto da Era dos Descobrimentos Europeia que começou com uma corrida exploratória entre as mais avançadas potências marítimas do século XV, Portugal e Espanha. O impulso inicial por trás desses impérios marítimos dispersos e aqueles que se seguiram foi o comércio, impulsionado por novas ideias e pelo capitalismo que cresceu a partir do Renascimento europeu. Acordos também foram feitos para dividir o mundo entre esses impérios em 1479, 1493 e 1494.
  • Als Kolonialreich bezeichnete man während der Zeit des Imperialismus und Kolonialismus die Gesamtheit der Kolonien eines bestimmten Staates, des Mutterlandes der jeweiligen Kolonien. So verfügte das Vereinigte Königreich seinerzeit mit dem Britischen Empire über das größte Kolonialreich, während hingegen das Deutsche Kaiserreich, Italien und andere Staaten über vergleichsweise kurzzeitige oder kleinere Kolonialreiche verfügten. Nicht zu verwechseln ist das Kolonialreich mit dem eigentlichen Imperium, welches aus dem Kolonialreich und dem Mutterland besteht. Während der Zeit des Kolonialismus bildete also die Gesamtheit der Kolonien des Vereinigten Königreichs (= Kolonialreich) zusammen mit dem Vereinigten Königreich das Britische Imperium. Das deutsche Kolonialreich bildete zusammen mit dem Deutschen Kaiserreich das eigentliche Deutsche Reich.Davon abweichend spricht man auch für frühere Epochen von Kolonialreichen, wie etwa dem der Spanier oder der Venezianer.
  • Imperium kolonialne – imperium, które składa się z państwa macierzystego (tzw. metropolii) oraz kolonii, położonych zazwyczaj w różnych częściach świata.
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  • Les empires coloniaux sont les territoires que des états disposant d'importantes forces militaires et navales se sont appropriés au cours des temps sur la quasi-totalité du globe.
  • Inperio koloniala hedapen kolonialean parte hartu zuen estatuak sortutako inperioa da. Gehienetan nazio europarrak izan ziren proiektu inperialista bat eduki zutenak, Ameriketako Estatu Batuen eta Japoniaren kasua alde batera utzita. Orain Inperio kolonial horiek azalduko dira, batzuk besteak baino zehaztasun handiagoarekin, izan zuen garrantziaren arabera.
  • Un impero coloniale è una struttura geopolitica, non necessariamente monarchica, distinguibile dalle altre poiché tesa ad ampliare la propria influenza statale su regioni e province che non le competono secondo il principio dello Stato nazionale, secondo il quale una nazione può comprendere solo i territori abitati da popolazioni appartenenti alla sua etnia.Il principio di impero coloniale è probabilmente una reminiscenza del concetto di impero universale, radicato nelle memorie dell'Impero romano, e che trovò la sua ultima tentata manifestazione con Carlo V e, parzialmente, con Napoleone.
  • Impérios coloniais foram um produto da Era dos Descobrimentos Europeia que começou com uma corrida exploratória entre as mais avançadas potências marítimas do século XV, Portugal e Espanha. O impulso inicial por trás desses impérios marítimos dispersos e aqueles que se seguiram foi o comércio, impulsionado por novas ideias e pelo capitalismo que cresceu a partir do Renascimento europeu. Acordos também foram feitos para dividir o mundo entre esses impérios em 1479, 1493 e 1494.
  • Imperium kolonialne – imperium, które składa się z państwa macierzystego (tzw. metropolii) oraz kolonii, położonych zazwyczaj w różnych częściach świata.
  • Колониалната империя като терминологично понятие е продукт на Западноевропейското и най-вече Иберийското цивилизационно католическо развитие в периода след Великите географски открития. Колониалната империя се състои от метрополия и отвъдморски (отвъдокеански) колонии.Колониалните империи възникват под въздействие на многообразни и разнопосочни фактори в развитието на западноевропейското и иберийско общество.
  • The Colonial empires began with a race of exploration between the then most advanced maritime powers, Portugal and Spain, in the 15th century. The initial impulse behind these dispersed maritime empires and those that followed was trade, driven by the new ideas and the capitalism that grew out of the European Renaissance.
  • Als Kolonialreich bezeichnete man während der Zeit des Imperialismus und Kolonialismus die Gesamtheit der Kolonien eines bestimmten Staates, des Mutterlandes der jeweiligen Kolonien. So verfügte das Vereinigte Königreich seinerzeit mit dem Britischen Empire über das größte Kolonialreich, während hingegen das Deutsche Kaiserreich, Italien und andere Staaten über vergleichsweise kurzzeitige oder kleinere Kolonialreiche verfügten.
  • Imperium kolonial adalah hasil dari Zaman Penjelajahan Eropa (atau Zaman Pelayaran yang dimulai dengan lomba penjelajahan antara kekuatan laut paling maju pada masa itu, Portugal dan Spanyol, pada abad ke-15. Dorongan awal di balik kekaisaran laut yang sudah tidak ada lagi ini dan kekaisaran yang melanjutkannya adalah perdagangan, didorong oleh ide-ide baru dan kapitalisme yang muncul dari Renaisans Eropa.
rdfs:label
  • Empire colonial
  • Colonial empire
  • Imperium kolonial
  • Imperium kolonialne
  • Impero coloniale
  • Império colonial
  • Inperio kolonial
  • Kolonialreich
  • Колониална империя
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