Le titre de duc de Newcastle-upon-Tyne (en anglais: Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne) fut créé à trois reprises dans les pairies d'Angleterre et de Grande-Bretagne. Le titre de duc de Newcastle-under-Lyne ne fut créé qu'une seule fois. Il s'écrit bien Lyne bien qu'il soit nommé d'après Newcastle-under-Lyme.

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  • Le titre de duc de Newcastle-upon-Tyne (en anglais: Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne) fut créé à trois reprises dans les pairies d'Angleterre et de Grande-Bretagne. Le titre de duc de Newcastle-under-Lyne ne fut créé qu'une seule fois. Il s'écrit bien Lyne bien qu'il soit nommé d'après Newcastle-under-Lyme.
  • Герцог Ньюкасл — герцогский титул, создававшийся за историю Великобритании четырежды. При этом трижды создавался титул герцог Ньюкасл-апон-Тайн (Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne — 1665, 1694 и 1715) и однажды герцог Ньюкасл-андер-Лайн (Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne — 1757).
  • Duca di Newcastle-upon-Tyne è un titolo nobiliare che è stato creato tre volte nella storia britannica, mentre il titolo di Duca di Newcastle-under-Lyne è stato creato una sola volta. Fu creato per la prima volta fra i Pari d'Inghilterra nel 1664 quando William Cavendish, I marchese di Newcastle-upon-Tyne (1592–1676), fu nominato Duca di Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Fu un importante comandante realista durante la Guerra civile inglese. Era già stato nominato Visconte Mansfield nel 1620, Barone Cavendish di Bolsover e Conte di Newcastle-upon-Tyne nel 1621 e Marchese di Newcastle-upon-Tyne nel 1643, oltre ad essere nominato anche Conte di Ogle nel momento stesso in cui gli venne conferito il ducato. Tutti questi titoli fanno parte dei Pari della corona britannica.Cavendish era figlio di Sir Charles Cavendish, terzo figlio di Sir William Cavendish e sua moglie Bess di Hardwick. William Cavendish, 1º conte del Devonshire era suo zio. Il padre Charles sposò in seconde nozze Catherine Ogle, 8ª baronessa Ogle, figlia di Cuthbert Ogle, 7º barone Ogle. Così nel 1629 il loro figlio William Cavendish (allora Conte di Newcastle-upon-Tyne) gli succedette come 9º barone Ogle. Gli succedette poi il figlio, il secondo duca di Newcastle, anche lui politico. Tuttavia, quando questi morì senza eredi maschi nel 1691, il titolo si estinse, rimanendo in abeyance fra le sue quattro figlie.Una di queste figlie, Lady Margaret Cavendish, sposò John Holles, allora 4º conte di Clare. Il titolo di Duca di Newcastle ritornò quindi ad avere valore effettivo quando Holles fu nominato, nel 1694, Marchese di Clare e Duca di Newcastle-upon-Tyne. La famiglia di Holles discendeva da John Holles, 1º Barone Haughton. Questi fu nominato Barone Haughton, dalla cittadina di Haughton nel Nottinghamshire, nel 1616, e Conte di Clare nel 1624. Il suo secondo figlio era Denzil Holles, politico e primo barone Holles. Al Lord succedette il suo primogenito, il secondo Conte. Egli rappresentava Retford alla Camera dei Comuni, ed era Lord Luogotenente del Nottinghamshire. Suo figlio, il terzo Conte, fu per un breve periodo deputato al Parlamento per conto del Nottinghamshire nel 1660. Suo figlio, il quarto Conte - il già menzionato John Holles - fu nominato duca nel 1694. Egli però ebbe un'unica figlia, e nessun maschio: alla sua morte, nel 1711, tutti i suoi titoli caddero in abeyance.La sorella di John Holles, Lady Grace Holles (morta nel1700), aveva sposato Thomas Pelham, 1º barone Pelham. Alla morte di John Holles (1711), il primogenito della coppia, Thomas Pelham-Holles, ereditò tutte le tenute degli Holles così come, grazie ad un decreto reale, il loro cognome. Nel 1714, il titolo di Conte di Clare fu rifondato quando egli fu nominato Visconte Haughton e Conte di Clare; l'anno successivo rinacque anche il titolo di duca, quando fu nominato Marchese di Clare e Duca di Newcastle-upon-Tyne, in una sorta di co-partecipazione del titolo con il fratello minore Henry.Nel 1756, quando Henry morì senza lasciare eredi maschi, e parve chiaro che anche Thomas presto avrebbe fatto lo stesso, questi fu nominato Duca di Newcastle-under-Lyne, cittadina dello Staffordshire, con co-partecipazione del diritto di successione con Henry Clinton, 9º Conte Lincoln e suo nipote, in maniera tale da non interrompere nuovamente la successione. Alla morte del Duca, nel 1768, ad egli succedette, nella possessione del titolo di Duca di Newcastle-under-Lyne, dal nipote Henry, che divenne il secondo Conte di Newcastle-under-Lyne. Gli altri suoi titoli caddero in estinzione, tranne per quelli di Baronetto Pelham di Laughton e Barone Pelham di Stanmer, successivamente assunti dal suo cugino di primo grado Thomas Pelham, 1º conte Chichester.Nel 1756, il titolo del ducato era di Newcastle-under-Lyne, e non di Newcastle-under-Lyme, come vorrebbe l'effettiva dicitura della cittadina dello Staffordshire.
  • Hertog van Newcastle (Engels: Duke of Newcastle) is een Engelse en Britse adellijke titel. De titel hertog van Newcastle-upon Tyne werd voor het eerst gecreëerd in 1665 door Karel II voor William Cavendish, 1e Markies van Newcastle-upon Tyne. Na het overlijden van diens zoon, de tweede hertog, zonder mannelijke erfgenamen in 1691 verviel de titel. In 1694 werd de titel opnieuw gecreëerd door Willem III voor John Holles, 4e graaf van Clare, schoonzoon van de tweede hertog. Ook hij overleed zonder mannelijke erfgenamen in 1711, waarna de titel andermaal verviel.De derde creatie vond plaats in 1715 door George I, voor Thomas Pelham-Holles, zoon van de zuster van bovengenoemde John Holles. Toen het er naar uitzag dat de hertog geen kinderen meer zou krijgen werd hij tevens verheven tot hertog van Newcastle-under-Lyne, met opvolging voor Henry Pelham-Clinton, de zoon van zijn zuster. Met het overlijden van de 10e hertog in 1988 verviel deze titel.
  • Hrabiowie Newcastle (-upon-Tyne) 1. kreacji (parostwo Anglii)Dodatkowy tytuł księcia Lennox1623 - 1623 : Ludovic Stewart, 2. książę LennoxKsiążęta Newcastle (-upon-Tyne) 1. kreacji (parostwo Anglii)Dodatkowe tytuły to: markiz Newcastle, hrabia Ogle, wicehrabia Mansfield, baron Cavendish of Bolsover1665 - 1676 : William Cavendish, 1. książę Newcastle1676 - 1691 : Henry Cavendish, 2. książę NewcastleKsiążęta Newcastle (-upon-Tyne) 2. kreacji (parostwo Anglii)Dodatkowe tytuły to: markiz Clare1694 - 1711 : John Holles, 1. książę NewcastleKsiążęta Newcastle (-upon-Tyne) 3. kreacji (parostwo Wielkiej Brytanii)Dodatkowe tytuły to: markiz Clare1715 - 1768 : Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1. książę NewcastleKsiążęta Newcastle (-under-Lyne) 1. kreacji (parostwo Wielkiej Brytanii)1757 - 1768 : Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1. książę Newcastle1768 - 1794 : Henry Clinton, 2. książę Newcastle1794 - 1795 : Thomas Pelham-Clinton, 3. książę Newcastle1795 - 1851 : Henry Pelham Pelham-Clinton, 4. książę Newcastle1851 - 1864 : Henry Pelham Pelham-Clinton, 5. książę Newcastle1864 - 1879 : Henry Pelham Alexander Pelham-Clinton, 6. książę Newcastle1879 - 1928 : Henry Pelham Archibald Douglas Pelham-Clinton, 7. książę Newcastle1928 - 1941 : Henry Francis Hope Pelham-Clinton, 8. książę Newcastle1941 - 1988 : Henry Edward Hugh Pelham-Clinton-Hope, 9. książę Newcastle1988 - 1988 : Edward Charles Pelham-Clinton, 10. książę Newcastle
  • Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne is a title which has been created three times in British history while the title of Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne has been created once. The title was created for the first time in the Peerage of England in 1665 when William Cavendish, 1st Marquess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne was made Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. He was a prominent Royalist commander in the Civil War. He had already been created Viscount Mansfield in 1620, Baron Cavendish of Bolsover and Earl of Newcastle-upon-Tyne in 1621 and Marquess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne in 1643, and was made Earl of Ogle at the same time as he was given the dukedom. These titles were also in the Peerage of England.Cavendish was the son of Sir Charles Cavendish, third son of Sir William Cavendish and his wife Bess of Hardwick. William Cavendish, 1st Earl of Devonshire, was his uncle (see the Duke of Devonshire for further history of this branch of the family). Sir Charles Cavendish married as his second wife Catherine Ogle, 8th Baroness Ogle, daughter of Cuthbert Ogle, 7th Baron Ogle. In 1629 their son William Cavendish (then Earl of Newcastle-upon-Tyne) succeeded as ninth Baron Ogle. He was succeeded by his son, the second Duke. He was also a politician. His only son and heir apparent Henry Cavendish, Earl of Ogle, predeceased him. On the Duke's death in 1691 all the titles became extinct, except the barony of Ogle which fell into abeyance between his four daughters (one of whom was Lady Elizabeth Cavendish).Another daughter, Lady Margaret Cavendish, married John Holles, 4th Earl of Clare. In 1694 the dukedom was revived when he was created Marquess of Clare and Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne in the Peerage of England. The Holles family descended from John Holles, 1st Baron Haughton. He was created Baron Haughton, of Haughton in the County of Nottingham, in 1616, and was made Earl of Clare in 1624. His second son was the politician Denzil Holles, 1st Baron Holles. Lord Clare was succeeded by his eldest son, the second Earl. He represented East Retford in the House of Commons and served as Lord Lieutenant of Nottinghamshire. His son, the third Earl, was briefly Member of Parliament for Nottinghamshire in 1660. He was succeeded by his son, the aforementioned fourth Earl, who was elevated to a dukedom in 1694. The Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne had one daughter but no sons and on his death in 1711 all his titles became extinct.The Duke's sister, Lady Grace Holles (d. 1700), married Thomas Pelham, 1st Baron Pelham (see the Earl of Chichester for earlier history of the Pelham family). On his uncle's death in 1711 their eldest son succeeded to the substantial Holles estates and assumed by Royal license the additional surname of Holles. In 1714 the earldom of Clare was revived when he was created Viscount Haughton, in the County of Nottingham, and Earl of Clare, with remainder to his younger brother Henry Pelham, and the following year the dukedom was also revived when he was made Marquess of Clare and Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, with similar remainder to his younger brother Henry. These titles were in the Peerage of Great Britain.In 1756 (when Henry Pelham had died without male issue and it was apparent that the Duke was to have no children of his own) the Duke was also made Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne, in the County of Stafford, with remainder to his nephew Henry Clinton, 9th Earl of Lincoln. On the Duke's death in 1768 he was succeeded in the dukedom of Newcastle-under-Lyne according to the special remainder by his nephew, the second Duke (for further history of this title see the Earl of Lincoln). All his other titles became extinct except for the Pelham Baronetcy of Laughton and the barony of Pelham of Stanmer, which were passed on to his first cousin once removed, Thomas Pelham (for further history of these titles, see the Earl of Chichester).The title of the 1756 dukedom was "of Newcastle-under-Lyne" and not "Newcastle-under-Lyme", the usual spelling of the Staffordshire town it refers to.Extensive personal and estate papers of the Dukes of Newcastle are held in the Portland (Welbeck) and Newcastle (Clumber) collections at the department of Manuscripts and Special Collections, The University of Nottingham.
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  • Le titre de duc de Newcastle-upon-Tyne (en anglais: Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne) fut créé à trois reprises dans les pairies d'Angleterre et de Grande-Bretagne. Le titre de duc de Newcastle-under-Lyne ne fut créé qu'une seule fois. Il s'écrit bien Lyne bien qu'il soit nommé d'après Newcastle-under-Lyme.
  • Герцог Ньюкасл — герцогский титул, создававшийся за историю Великобритании четырежды. При этом трижды создавался титул герцог Ньюкасл-апон-Тайн (Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne — 1665, 1694 и 1715) и однажды герцог Ньюкасл-андер-Лайн (Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne — 1757).
  • Hrabiowie Newcastle (-upon-Tyne) 1. kreacji (parostwo Anglii)Dodatkowy tytuł księcia Lennox1623 - 1623 : Ludovic Stewart, 2. książę LennoxKsiążęta Newcastle (-upon-Tyne) 1. kreacji (parostwo Anglii)Dodatkowe tytuły to: markiz Newcastle, hrabia Ogle, wicehrabia Mansfield, baron Cavendish of Bolsover1665 - 1676 : William Cavendish, 1. książę Newcastle1676 - 1691 : Henry Cavendish, 2. książę NewcastleKsiążęta Newcastle (-upon-Tyne) 2.
  • Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne is a title which has been created three times in British history while the title of Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne has been created once. The title was created for the first time in the Peerage of England in 1665 when William Cavendish, 1st Marquess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne was made Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. He was a prominent Royalist commander in the Civil War.
  • Duca di Newcastle-upon-Tyne è un titolo nobiliare che è stato creato tre volte nella storia britannica, mentre il titolo di Duca di Newcastle-under-Lyne è stato creato una sola volta. Fu creato per la prima volta fra i Pari d'Inghilterra nel 1664 quando William Cavendish, I marchese di Newcastle-upon-Tyne (1592–1676), fu nominato Duca di Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Fu un importante comandante realista durante la Guerra civile inglese.
  • Hertog van Newcastle (Engels: Duke of Newcastle) is een Engelse en Britse adellijke titel. De titel hertog van Newcastle-upon Tyne werd voor het eerst gecreëerd in 1665 door Karel II voor William Cavendish, 1e Markies van Newcastle-upon Tyne. Na het overlijden van diens zoon, de tweede hertog, zonder mannelijke erfgenamen in 1691 verviel de titel. In 1694 werd de titel opnieuw gecreëerd door Willem III voor John Holles, 4e graaf van Clare, schoonzoon van de tweede hertog.
rdfs:label
  • Duc de Newcastle
  • Duca di Newcastle
  • Duke of Newcastle
  • Hertog van Newcastle
  • Książę Newcastle
  • Герцог Ньюкасл
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