La dropsie est un terme archaïque de médecine désignant l'accumulation de fluides biologiques dans l'organisme.Il s'agit généralement de rétention d'eau et de lymphe, mais également de bile, de sang, ou divers liquides produits par le corps. Aujourd'hui, le terme « dropsie épidémique » désigne le gonflement du corps dû à la consommation d'huile de moutarde contenant de l'huile toxique provenant de graines d’Argemone mexicana.

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dbpedia-owl:abstract
  • La dropsie est un terme archaïque de médecine désignant l'accumulation de fluides biologiques dans l'organisme.Il s'agit généralement de rétention d'eau et de lymphe, mais également de bile, de sang, ou divers liquides produits par le corps. Aujourd'hui, le terme « dropsie épidémique » désigne le gonflement du corps dû à la consommation d'huile de moutarde contenant de l'huile toxique provenant de graines d’Argemone mexicana. Origine du mot : ancien français hydropsie, venant du grec hydrops, de hydro - eau.
  • Epidemic dropsy is a form of edema of extremities due to intoxication with Argemone mexicana (Mexican prickly poppy).Epidemic dropsy is a clinical state resulting from use of edible oils adulterated with Argemone mexicana seed oil.Sanguinarine and dihydrosanguinarine are two major toxic alkaloids of argemone oil, which cause widespread capillary dilatation, proliferation and increased capillary permeability. When mustard oil is adulterated deliberately (as in most cases) or accidentally with argemone oil, proteinuria (specifically loss of albumin) occurs, with a resultant edema as would occur in nephrotic syndrome.Other major symptoms are bilateral pitting edema of extremities, headache, nausea, loose bowels, erythema, glaucoma and breathlessness.Leakage of the protein-rich plasma component into the extracellular compartment leads to the formation of edema. The haemodynamic consequences of this vascular dilatation and permeability lead to a state of relative hypovolemia with a constant stimulus for fluid and salt conservation by the kidneys. Illness begins with gastroenteric symptoms followed by cutaneous erythema and pigmentation. Respiratory symptoms such as cough, shortness of breath and orthopnoea, progressing to frank right-sided congestive cardiac failure, are seen. Mild to moderate anaemia, hypoproteinaemia, mild to moderate renal azotemia, retinal haemorrhages, and glaucoma are common manifestations. There is no specific therapy. Removal of the adulterated oil and symptomatic treatment of congestive cardiac failure and respiratory symptoms, along with administration of antioxidants and multivitamins, remain the mainstay of treatment.Epidemic dropsy occurs as an epidemic in places where use of mustard oil, (from the seeds of Brassica juncea commonly known as Indian mustard ) as cooking medium is common.
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  • Das M, Babu K, Reddy NP & Srivastava LM
  • Gomber S, Daral TS, Sharma PP & Faridi MMA
  • Kumar A, Husain F, Das M & Khanna SK
  • Lal RB & Roy SC
  • Shanbhag VV, Jha SS, Kekre MS & Rindani GJ
  • Sharma BD, Malhotra S, Bhatia V & Rathee M
  • Sachdev MS, Sood NN, Verma LK, Gupta SK & Jaffery NF
  • Sachdev MS, Sood NN, Mohan M, Sachdev HP & Gupta SK
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  • Singh NP, Anuradha S, Dhanwal DK, Singh K, Prakash A, Madan K & Agarwal S K
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  • Indian J Med Res
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  • International journal of cancer
  • The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
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  • Journal of tropical pediatrics
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  • Correlation of DNA damage in epidemic dropsy patients to carcinogenic potential of argemone oil and isolated sanguinarine alkaloid in mice
  • Epidemic dropsy following transcutaneous absorption of Argemone mexicana oil
  • Investigation into epidemiology of epidemic dropsy: introductory notes and historical survey
  • Epidemic dropsy
  • Epidemic dropsy in Bombay city and suburbs
  • Epidemic dropsy in India
  • Epidemic dropsy in the eastern region of Nepal
  • Epidemic dropsy--a clinical study of the Delhi outbreak
  • Argemone oil, sanguinarine, and epidemic-dropsy glaucoma
  • Ophthalmological study of epidemic dropsy
  • Optic disc vasculitis in epidemic dropsy
  • Pathogenesis of epidemic dropsy glaucoma
  • Oxidative damage of plasma proteins and lipids in epidemic dropsy patients: alterations in antioxidant status
  • Epidemic dropsy in Trans Yamuna areas of Delhi and UP
  • Sanguinarine in the blood and urine of cases of epidemic dropsy
  • An out-break of epidemic dropsy in the Barabanki District of Uttar Pradesh, India: a limited trial for the scope of antioxidants in the management of symptoms
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rdfs:comment
  • La dropsie est un terme archaïque de médecine désignant l'accumulation de fluides biologiques dans l'organisme.Il s'agit généralement de rétention d'eau et de lymphe, mais également de bile, de sang, ou divers liquides produits par le corps. Aujourd'hui, le terme « dropsie épidémique » désigne le gonflement du corps dû à la consommation d'huile de moutarde contenant de l'huile toxique provenant de graines d’Argemone mexicana.
  • Epidemic dropsy is a form of edema of extremities due to intoxication with Argemone mexicana (Mexican prickly poppy).Epidemic dropsy is a clinical state resulting from use of edible oils adulterated with Argemone mexicana seed oil.Sanguinarine and dihydrosanguinarine are two major toxic alkaloids of argemone oil, which cause widespread capillary dilatation, proliferation and increased capillary permeability.
rdfs:label
  • Dropsie
  • Epidemic dropsy
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