Le douaire, soit coutumier soit préfix, est un terme de droit ancien désignant la portion de biens que le mari réserve à son épouse dans le cas où celle-ci lui survivrait. La bénéficiaire est dite douairière. Le douaire est un élément fondamental du droit des gens mariés sous l'Ancien Régime.Le terme douaire est aujourd'hui toujours utilisé en anthropologie de la parenté pour désigner les biens donnés lors d'une alliance par le mari à son épouse.

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  • Le douaire, soit coutumier soit préfix, est un terme de droit ancien désignant la portion de biens que le mari réserve à son épouse dans le cas où celle-ci lui survivrait. La bénéficiaire est dite douairière. Le douaire est un élément fondamental du droit des gens mariés sous l'Ancien Régime.Le terme douaire est aujourd'hui toujours utilisé en anthropologie de la parenté pour désigner les biens donnés lors d'une alliance par le mari à son épouse. Le droit islamique possède un terme comparable, le mahr, avec cependant quelques différences dans sa définition juridique.
  • Dower (Latin: dotarium, donatio propter nuptias, Byzantine: hypobolon; French: douaire, Dutch: weduwgift, German: Mitgift) is a provision accorded by law, but traditionally by a husband or his family, to a wife for her support in the event that she should survive her husband (i.e., become a widow). It was settled on the bride by agreement at the time of the wedding, or provided by law. ("Settled" here refers to a gift into trust.)The dower grew out of the Germanic practice of bride price (Old English weotuma) which was given over to a bride's family well in advance for arranging the marriage, but during the early Middle Ages, was given directly to the wife instead. However, in popular parlance, the term may be used for a life interest in property settled by a husband on his wife at any time, not just at the wedding. The verb is to dower (dower, dowers, dowered).In popular usage, the term dower may be confused with:A dowager is a widow (who may receive her dower). The term is especially used of a noble or royal widow who no longer occupies the position she held during the marriage. For example, Queen Elizabeth was technically the dowager queen after the death of George VI (though she was referred to by the more informal title "Queen Mother"), and Princess Lilian was the Dowager Duchess of Halland in heraldic parlance. Such a dowager will receive the income from her dower property. (The term "Empress Dowager", in Chinese history, has a different meaning.)Property brought to the marriage by the bride is called a dowry. But the word dower has been used since Chaucer (The Clerk's Tale) in the sense of dowry, and is recognized as a definition of dower in the Oxford English Dictionary.Property made over to the bride's family at the time of the wedding is a bride price. This property does not pass to the bride herself.Mahr, an Islamic concept, that unlike dower or dowry is mandatory, required by Sharia, as a condition of marriage, while dower was optional. Further, dower typically applied only in the case a wife survives the husband on death; Islamic mahr, in contrast, applies regardless and if not paid at the time of marriage becomes due in the event of divorce (Talaq). In Europe, dower was only possible with actual assignment of property, mahr in contrast can be a promise to transfer property.
  • La controdote (contraddote, sopraddote, dodario o dotario, antefato o antifato)(in latino dotarium, donatio propter nuptias, bizantino: hypobolon; francese douaire, inglese dower, olandese weduwgift, tedesco Wittum) è il complesso dei beni che secondo la legge lo sposo o la famiglia dello sposo corrisponde alla sposa successivamente al matrimonio.La controdote nacque dall'istituto germanico del weotuma (inglese antico) o prezzo della sposa, che veniva corrisposto non alla sposa, bensì alla sua famiglia da parte della famiglia dello sposo all'atto del contratto di matrimonio; nell'alto medioevo veniva invece corrisposto direttamente alla sposa. Il termine mefio, di istituzione longobarda, indica per l'appunto tale tributo, che lo sposo doveva al mundualdo, o amministratore dei beni della sposa.
  • Wittum (lateinisch vidualitium), Widum oder Witthum ist ein Begriff aus der mittelalterlichen Rechtssprache.Das Wort „widum“ und „wittum“ leitet sich von derselben Wurzel her wie „widmen“; Widum und Wittum bezeichnet also ein „gewidmetes Gut“, in Tirol und Südtirol heute noch gebraucht als Bezeichnung für einen Pfarrhof. Im deutschen, mittelalterlichen Recht wurden damit auch die Witwenversorgung aus dem Nachlass genannt, da auch diese „gewidmete Güter“ waren; die Verknüpfung des Wortes Widum mit Witwe ist volksetymologisch, und nicht richtig.
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  • Le douaire, soit coutumier soit préfix, est un terme de droit ancien désignant la portion de biens que le mari réserve à son épouse dans le cas où celle-ci lui survivrait. La bénéficiaire est dite douairière. Le douaire est un élément fondamental du droit des gens mariés sous l'Ancien Régime.Le terme douaire est aujourd'hui toujours utilisé en anthropologie de la parenté pour désigner les biens donnés lors d'une alliance par le mari à son épouse.
  • Dower (Latin: dotarium, donatio propter nuptias, Byzantine: hypobolon; French: douaire, Dutch: weduwgift, German: Mitgift) is a provision accorded by law, but traditionally by a husband or his family, to a wife for her support in the event that she should survive her husband (i.e., become a widow). It was settled on the bride by agreement at the time of the wedding, or provided by law.
  • Wittum (lateinisch vidualitium), Widum oder Witthum ist ein Begriff aus der mittelalterlichen Rechtssprache.Das Wort „widum“ und „wittum“ leitet sich von derselben Wurzel her wie „widmen“; Widum und Wittum bezeichnet also ein „gewidmetes Gut“, in Tirol und Südtirol heute noch gebraucht als Bezeichnung für einen Pfarrhof.
  • La controdote (contraddote, sopraddote, dodario o dotario, antefato o antifato)(in latino dotarium, donatio propter nuptias, bizantino: hypobolon; francese douaire, inglese dower, olandese weduwgift, tedesco Wittum) è il complesso dei beni che secondo la legge lo sposo o la famiglia dello sposo corrisponde alla sposa successivamente al matrimonio.La controdote nacque dall'istituto germanico del weotuma (inglese antico) o prezzo della sposa, che veniva corrisposto non alla sposa, bensì alla sua famiglia da parte della famiglia dello sposo all'atto del contratto di matrimonio; nell'alto medioevo veniva invece corrisposto direttamente alla sposa.
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  • Douaire
  • Controdote
  • Dower
  • Wittum
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