Aux États-Unis, la Culture afro-américaine ou culture noire désigne diverses traditions culturelles des communautés afro-américaines. Elle fait à la fois partie, et se distingue de la culture américaine. Les afro-américains sont officiellement définis par le Bureau du recensement des États-Unis comme des personnes ayant des origines parmi les populations noires d'Afrique. Leur culture commence par celle des Africains qui furent tenus en esclavage en Amérique.

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dbpedia-owl:abstract
  • Aux États-Unis, la Culture afro-américaine ou culture noire désigne diverses traditions culturelles des communautés afro-américaines. Elle fait à la fois partie, et se distingue de la culture américaine. Les afro-américains sont officiellement définis par le Bureau du recensement des États-Unis comme des personnes ayant des origines parmi les populations noires d'Afrique. Leur culture commence par celle des Africains qui furent tenus en esclavage en Amérique. Malgré le fait que ces esclaves aient été empêchés de pratiquer leurs traditions culturelles, certaines d'entre elles survécurent et se sont trouvées mêlées à des éléments de la culture américaine.Après l'abolition de l'esclavage, ces traditions purement afro-américaines continuèrent à évoluer. Alors que les Afro-américains n'étaient plus tenus en esclavage, leur culture s'est souvent développée à l'écart de l'évolution de la culture américaine à cause de la persistance de la ségrégation raciale. En conséquence, la culture afro-américaine est devenue une part significative de la culture américaine et reste aujourd'hui une partie distincte et unique de celle-ci. Musique, arts, littérature, religion, cuisine, et bien d'autres éléments de la culture américaine sont emprunts de l'influence afro-américaine.
  • African-American culture, also known as black culture, in the United States refers to the cultural contributions of African Americans to the culture of the United States, either as part of or distinct from American culture. The distinct identity of African-American culture is rooted in the historical experience of the African-American people, including the Middle Passage. The culture is both distinct and enormously influential to American culture as a whole.African-American culture is rooted in Africa. It is a blend of chiefly sub-Saharan African and Sahelean cultures. Although slavery greatly restricted the ability of Americans of African descent to practice their cultural traditions, many practices, values, and beliefs survived and over time have modified or blended with white culture and other cultures such as that of Native Americans. There are some facets of African-American culture that were accentuated by the slavery period. The result is a unique and dynamic culture that has had and continues to have a profound impact on mainstream American culture, as well as the culture of the broader world.Elaborate rituals and ceremonies were a significant part of African Culture. West Africans believed that spirits dwelled in their surrounding nature. From this disposition, they treated their surroundings with mindful care. Africans also believed spiritual life source existed after death. They believed that ancestors in this spiritual realm could then mediate between the supreme creator and the living. Honor and prayer was displayed to these " ancient ones", the spirit of those past. West Africans also believed in spiritual possession.In the beginning of the eighteenth century Islam began to spread across North Africa; this shift in religion began displacing traditional African spiritual practices. The enslaved Africans brought this complex religious dynamic within their culture to America. This fusion of traditional African beliefs with Christianity provided a common place for those practicing religion in Africa and America.After emancipation, unique African-American traditions continued to flourish, as distinctive traditions or radical innovations in music, art, literature, religion, cuisine, and other fields. 20th-century sociologists, such as Gunnar Myrdal, believed that African Americans had lost most cultural ties with Africa. But, anthropological field research by Melville Herskovits and others demonstrated that there has been a continuum of African traditions among Africans of the Diaspora. The greatest influence of African cultural practices on European culture is found below the Mason-Dixon line in the American South.For many years African-American culture developed separately from European-American culture, both because of slavery and the persistence of racial discrimination in America, as well as African-American slave descendants' desire to create and maintain their own traditions. Today, African-American culture has become a significant part of American culture and yet, at the same time, remains a distinct cultural body.
  • 신대륙에 노예로 끌려왔던 아프리카인들은 역사적 과정을 거치면서 독특한 이름 문화를 발전시켜왔다. 다양한 지역에서 끌려온 노예들은 노예선 안에서 반란을 억제하기 위한 노예상인들의 술책으로 서로 다른 부족들이 뒤섞여 있었기 때문에 언어소통이 불가능했고, 서로 이름을 부를 수 없는 익명상태가 되었다. 이들은 백인노예주에게 팔리면서 임의로 낯선 이름을 부여받았는데, 노예는 법적으로 자신의 가계를 꾸릴 수 있는 권리가 없었으므로, 성은 쓸 수 없었다.노예는 주인이 붙인 이름외에 2세가 태어나면 주로 어머니가 자식의 이름을 짓게 되었는데, 이것은 노예 매매때문에 남자는 언제라도 팔려나가 헤어질 수 있었기 때문에 보통 부자관계보다 모자관계의 지속성이 오래갔기 때문이다. 신대륙 생활에 적응해가던 노예들은 노예주가 임의로 붙인 이름외에 다양한 문화적 배경(아프리카,앵글로 아메리카,성경등)을 통하여 작명문화를 갖게 되었다.
  • La cultura afroamericana comprende las diferentes aportaciones culturales de los americanos descendientes de africanos, tanto como parte o como elemento distintivo de la cultura americana.En general, esta expresión se entiende referida a los afroamericanos que viven en Estados Unidos. La identidad diferencial de la cultura afroamericana hunde sus raíces en África. Se trata principalmente de una mezcla de raza subsaharianas y sahelianas. Aunque la esclavitud restringió en buena medida la capacidad de los americanos descendientes de africanos para practicar sus propias tradiciones, muchas de sus prácticas, valores y creencias se mantuvieron a lo largo del tiempo, habiéndose modificado o fusionado en buena parte con la cultura blanca. Al mismo tiempo, algunas características de la cultura africana fueron potenciadas durante el período de esclavitud. El resultado de todo lo anterior es una cultura única y dinámica que ha tenido un profundo impacto sobre la cultura mayoritaria americana y estadounidense.Tras la emancipación, las tradiciones afroamericanas únicas siguieron aportando innovaciones radicales en campos como la música, el arte, la literatura, la religión, la cocina y otros campos. Diferentes sociólogos del siglo XX como Gunnar Myrdal creían que los afroamericanos habían perdido la mayor parte de sus lazos culturales con África. Sin embargo, el trabajo de campo del antropólogo Melville Herskovits y otros demostró que ha habido un continuum en las tradiciones africanas entre los africanos de la diáspora. La mayor influencia de las prácticas culturales africanas sobre la cultura europea se puede observar bajo la línea Mason-Dixon| en el Sureste de Estados Unidos.
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  • Aux États-Unis, la Culture afro-américaine ou culture noire désigne diverses traditions culturelles des communautés afro-américaines. Elle fait à la fois partie, et se distingue de la culture américaine. Les afro-américains sont officiellement définis par le Bureau du recensement des États-Unis comme des personnes ayant des origines parmi les populations noires d'Afrique. Leur culture commence par celle des Africains qui furent tenus en esclavage en Amérique.
  • 신대륙에 노예로 끌려왔던 아프리카인들은 역사적 과정을 거치면서 독특한 이름 문화를 발전시켜왔다. 다양한 지역에서 끌려온 노예들은 노예선 안에서 반란을 억제하기 위한 노예상인들의 술책으로 서로 다른 부족들이 뒤섞여 있었기 때문에 언어소통이 불가능했고, 서로 이름을 부를 수 없는 익명상태가 되었다. 이들은 백인노예주에게 팔리면서 임의로 낯선 이름을 부여받았는데, 노예는 법적으로 자신의 가계를 꾸릴 수 있는 권리가 없었으므로, 성은 쓸 수 없었다.노예는 주인이 붙인 이름외에 2세가 태어나면 주로 어머니가 자식의 이름을 짓게 되었는데, 이것은 노예 매매때문에 남자는 언제라도 팔려나가 헤어질 수 있었기 때문에 보통 부자관계보다 모자관계의 지속성이 오래갔기 때문이다. 신대륙 생활에 적응해가던 노예들은 노예주가 임의로 붙인 이름외에 다양한 문화적 배경(아프리카,앵글로 아메리카,성경등)을 통하여 작명문화를 갖게 되었다.
  • African-American culture, also known as black culture, in the United States refers to the cultural contributions of African Americans to the culture of the United States, either as part of or distinct from American culture. The distinct identity of African-American culture is rooted in the historical experience of the African-American people, including the Middle Passage.
  • La cultura afroamericana comprende las diferentes aportaciones culturales de los americanos descendientes de africanos, tanto como parte o como elemento distintivo de la cultura americana.En general, esta expresión se entiende referida a los afroamericanos que viven en Estados Unidos. La identidad diferencial de la cultura afroamericana hunde sus raíces en África. Se trata principalmente de una mezcla de raza subsaharianas y sahelianas.
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  • Culture afro-américaine
  • African-American culture
  • Cultura afroamericana
  • 아프리카계 미국인 이름
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