Les crimes de guerre japonais sont les crimes de guerre qui ont été commis par les Japonais au cours de la période de l’impérialisme japonais, à partir de la fin du XIXe siècle jusqu’en 1945, principalement durant la première partie de l'ère Shōwa.

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  • Les crimes de guerre japonais sont les crimes de guerre qui ont été commis par les Japonais au cours de la période de l’impérialisme japonais, à partir de la fin du XIXe siècle jusqu’en 1945, principalement durant la première partie de l'ère Shōwa. D’autres termes, tels que « holocauste asiatique » ou « atrocités de guerre japonaises », sont également utilisés pour désigner cette période.Les historiens et les gouvernements de nombreux pays ont considéré les militaires de l’Empire du Japon, à savoir l’Armée impériale japonaise et la Marine impériale japonaise, comme les responsables des tueries et autres crimes commis à l’encontre de plusieurs millions de civils ou de prisonniers de guerre (PG) au cours de la première moitié du XXe siècle.
  • Japanese war crimes occurred in many Asian countries during the period of Japanese imperialism, primarily during the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II. Some of the incidents have also been described as an Asian Holocaust and Japanese war atrocities. Some war crimes were committed by military personnel from the Empire of Japan in the late 19th century, although most took place during the first part of the Shōwa Era, the name given to the reign of Emperor Hirohito, until the military defeat of the Empire of Japan, in 1945.Historians and governments of some countries hold Japanese military forces, namely the Imperial Japanese Army, the Imperial Japanese Navy, and the Imperial Japanese family, especially Emperor Hirohito, responsible for killings and other crimes committed against millions of civilians and prisoners of war. Some Japanese soldiers have admitted to committing these crimes. Airmen of the Imperial Japanese Army Air Service and Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service were not included as war criminals as there was no positive or specific customary international humanitarian law that prohibited the unlawful conducts of aerial warfare before and during World War II. However, the Imperial Japanese Army Air Service took part in conducting chemical and biological attacks on enemy nationals during the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II and the use of such weapons in warfare were generally prohibited by international agreements signed by Japan, including the Hague Conventions (1899 and 1907), which banned the use of "poison or poisoned weapons" in warfare.Since the 1950s, senior Japanese Government officials have issued numerous apologies for the country's war crimes. Japan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs states that the country acknowledges its role in causing "tremendous damage and suffering" during World War II, especially in regard to the IJA entrance into Nanjing during which Japanese soldiers killed a large number of non-combatants and engaged in looting and rape. However, some members of the Liberal Democratic Party in the Japanese government such as former prime minister Junichiro Koizumi and current Prime Minister Shinzo Abe have prayed at the Yasukuni Shrine, which includes convicted Class A war criminals in its honored war dead. Some Japanese history textbooks only offer brief references to the various war crimes, and members of the Liberal Democratic Party such as Shinzo Abe have denied some of the atrocities such as the use of sex slaves known as 'comfort women'. In addition to Japanese military and civil personnel, Allied authorities found that Korean and Taiwanese serving in the forces of the Empire of Japan also committed war crimes.
  • 일본의 전쟁 범죄(日本 - 戰爭犯罪, 일본어: 日本の戦争犯罪 (にほんのせんそうはんざい), 영어: Japanese war crimes, Japanese war atrocities, Asian Holocaust)는 19세기 말에서 20세기 중반 일본 제국에 의해 자행된 일련의 전쟁 범죄를 지칭한다. 일본 내에서는 우익정권의 영향으로 극동 국제 군사 재판(IMTFE)만을 한정하여 의미를 축소해석하기도 한다. 영미권을 비롯한 서구권에서는 아시안 홀로코스트(Asian Holocaust)란 표현을 사용한다.
  • Los crímenes de guerra japoneses se refieren a aquellos crímenes ocurridos durante el período de expansionismo japonés, principalmente durante la Segunda Guerra Sino-Japonesa y la Segunda Guerra Mundial. También se utilizan los términos Holocausto asiático o atrocidades de guerra japonesas para referirse a estos hechos. Algunos crímenes de guerra fueron cometidos por personal militar del Imperio del Japón a fines del siglo XIX, aunque la mayor parte tuvo lugar durante la primera parte de la Era Shōwa, período que designa al reinado del emperador Hirohito hasta la derrota militar del Imperio japonés en agosto de 1945. De manera oficial, historiadores y gobiernos de varios países han considerado al personal militar del Imperio del Japón, es decir, al Ejército Imperial Japonés y a la Armada Imperial Japonesa, como los responsables de las matanzas y otros crímenes cometidos contra varios millones de civiles y prisioneros de guerra en el curso de la primera mitad del siglo XX.
  • Von japanischen Streitkräften wurden während des Zweiten Weltkrieges zahlreiche Kriegsverbrechen in China, dem pazifischen Raum, Südostasien und dem indonesischen Archipel verübt. Dabei wurden Millionen von Zivilisten und Kriegsgefangenen gezielt ermordet. Diese Kriegsverbrechen sind auch bekannt als „Asiatischer Holocaust“ und fanden etwa zur gleichen Zeit wie die Verbrechen des Nationalsozialismus in Europa statt.Manchmal werden auch japanische Kriegsverbrechen hinzugezählt, die im Zuge der Besetzung der Mandschurei seit 1931 sowie der Eingliederung Koreas vor dem Zweiten Weltkrieg begangen wurden.
  • kejahatan perang Jepang terjadi di banyak negara-negara Asia selama periode imperialisme Jepang, terutama selama Perang China-Jepang Kedua dan Perang Dunia II. Beberapa peristiwa juga disebut sebagai Holokaus Asia dan kekejaman perang Jepang. Beberapa kejahatan perang dilakukan oleh personil militer dari Kekaisaran Jepang pada akhir abad ke-19, meskipun sebagian besar terjadi selama bagian pertama Era Shōwa, nama yang diberikan pada masa pemerintahan Kaisar Hirohito, sampai kapitulasi militer Kekaisaran Jepang, pada tahun 1945.
  • 日本の戦争犯罪(にほんのせんそうはんざい)とは、一般に第二次世界大戦で日本(大日本帝国)が犯したとされる戦争犯罪のこと。各地で開かれた軍事法廷などで戦勝国によって裁かれた戦争犯罪人は日本の国内法上犯罪人として扱われていないこともあり、日本において戦争犯罪と扱うかどうかは議論がある。軍事法廷の評価・戦争犯罪とされた事例の存否・あるいは近年になって新たに提起されるようになった事例についての検証と議論が巻き起こっているが、それらを含んだ戦争賠償・補償ついては日本と被害各国との間で条約・協定等が締結、履行された事と各地の軍事裁判で判決を受け入れたことで償われており、既に決着しているが、敗戦国の日本が戦勝国側(連合国)から一方的に裁かれたとする見解も存在する。
  • Crimes de guerra do Japão Imperial foram crimes de guerra que ocorreram durante o período do imperialismo japonês. Holocausto Asiático, atrocidades de guerra japonesas ou simplesmente crimes de guerra japoneses também são expressões usadas em referência a estes crimes. Algumas destas atrocidades foram cometidas por militares do Império do Japão em fins do século XIX, embora a grande maioria tenha ocorrido do início do Período Showa (nome dado ao reinado do imperador Hirohito) até a derrota militar dos japoneses, em 1945, encerrando a Segunda Guerra Mundial.Historiadores e governos de muitos países consideram as forças militares japonesas, particularmente o Exército Imperial Japonês e a Marinha Imperial Japonesa, responsáveis por assassinatos e outros crimes cometidos contra vários milhões de civis e prisioneiros de guerra. O governo do Japão, embora tenha reconhecido que houve excessos cometidos por suas tropas, jamais apresentou um pedido formal de desculpas pelos crimes de guerra.
  • I crimini di guerra giapponesi sono avvenuti durante il periodo dell'imperialismo giapponese. Alcuni degli incidenti sono descritti come: Olocausto Asiatico e Atrocità di guerra giapponesi. Alcuni crimini di guerra sono stati commessi dal personale militare dell'Impero giapponese alla fine del XIX secolo, anche se la maggior parte avvennero durante il periodo Shōwa, il nome dato al regno dell'Imperatore Hirohito, fino alla sconfitta militare dell'Impero giapponese, nel 1945.Gli storici e i governi di alcuni paesi ritengono le forze militari giapponesi, vale a dire l'Esercito Imperiale Giapponese e la Marina Imperiale Giapponese, responsabili per gli omicidi e per gli altri crimini commessi contro milioni di civili e prigionieri di guerra.
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rdfs:comment
  • Les crimes de guerre japonais sont les crimes de guerre qui ont été commis par les Japonais au cours de la période de l’impérialisme japonais, à partir de la fin du XIXe siècle jusqu’en 1945, principalement durant la première partie de l'ère Shōwa.
  • 일본의 전쟁 범죄(日本 - 戰爭犯罪, 일본어: 日本の戦争犯罪 (にほんのせんそうはんざい), 영어: Japanese war crimes, Japanese war atrocities, Asian Holocaust)는 19세기 말에서 20세기 중반 일본 제국에 의해 자행된 일련의 전쟁 범죄를 지칭한다. 일본 내에서는 우익정권의 영향으로 극동 국제 군사 재판(IMTFE)만을 한정하여 의미를 축소해석하기도 한다. 영미권을 비롯한 서구권에서는 아시안 홀로코스트(Asian Holocaust)란 표현을 사용한다.
  • 日本の戦争犯罪(にほんのせんそうはんざい)とは、一般に第二次世界大戦で日本(大日本帝国)が犯したとされる戦争犯罪のこと。各地で開かれた軍事法廷などで戦勝国によって裁かれた戦争犯罪人は日本の国内法上犯罪人として扱われていないこともあり、日本において戦争犯罪と扱うかどうかは議論がある。軍事法廷の評価・戦争犯罪とされた事例の存否・あるいは近年になって新たに提起されるようになった事例についての検証と議論が巻き起こっているが、それらを含んだ戦争賠償・補償ついては日本と被害各国との間で条約・協定等が締結、履行された事と各地の軍事裁判で判決を受け入れたことで償われており、既に決着しているが、敗戦国の日本が戦勝国側(連合国)から一方的に裁かれたとする見解も存在する。
  • Japanese war crimes occurred in many Asian countries during the period of Japanese imperialism, primarily during the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II. Some of the incidents have also been described as an Asian Holocaust and Japanese war atrocities.
  • Crimes de guerra do Japão Imperial foram crimes de guerra que ocorreram durante o período do imperialismo japonês. Holocausto Asiático, atrocidades de guerra japonesas ou simplesmente crimes de guerra japoneses também são expressões usadas em referência a estes crimes.
  • Von japanischen Streitkräften wurden während des Zweiten Weltkrieges zahlreiche Kriegsverbrechen in China, dem pazifischen Raum, Südostasien und dem indonesischen Archipel verübt. Dabei wurden Millionen von Zivilisten und Kriegsgefangenen gezielt ermordet.
  • I crimini di guerra giapponesi sono avvenuti durante il periodo dell'imperialismo giapponese. Alcuni degli incidenti sono descritti come: Olocausto Asiatico e Atrocità di guerra giapponesi.
  • Los crímenes de guerra japoneses se refieren a aquellos crímenes ocurridos durante el período de expansionismo japonés, principalmente durante la Segunda Guerra Sino-Japonesa y la Segunda Guerra Mundial. También se utilizan los términos Holocausto asiático o atrocidades de guerra japonesas para referirse a estos hechos.
  • kejahatan perang Jepang terjadi di banyak negara-negara Asia selama periode imperialisme Jepang, terutama selama Perang China-Jepang Kedua dan Perang Dunia II. Beberapa peristiwa juga disebut sebagai Holokaus Asia dan kekejaman perang Jepang.
rdfs:label
  • Crimes de guerre du Japon Shōwa
  • Crimes de guerra do Japão Imperial
  • Crimini di guerra giapponesi
  • Crímenes de guerra del Imperio del Japón
  • Japanese war crimes
  • Kejahatan perang Jepang
  • Kriegsverbrechen der japanischen Streitkräfte im Zweiten Weltkrieg
  • 日本の戦争犯罪
  • 일본의 전쟁 범죄
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