Le conflit des ordres est la lutte politique dans la Rome antique entre les plébéiens (plebs) et les patriciens (patricii), dans laquelle les plébéiens ont cherché l'égalité politique. Elle s'est déroulée sur deux siècles et se termine en -287.

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  • Le conflit des ordres est la lutte politique dans la Rome antique entre les plébéiens (plebs) et les patriciens (patricii), dans laquelle les plébéiens ont cherché l'égalité politique. Elle s'est déroulée sur deux siècles et se termine en -287.
  • Die Ständekämpfe im alten Rom resultierten im Wesentlichen aus dem Gegensatz zwischen Patriziern und Plebejern.Die Patrizier waren Nachfahren der alten Adelsgeschlechter, worauf ihre Machtstellung beruhte, indem sie das Monopol auf die Ämterbesetzung sowie der Priesterschaft und damit die Ausübung der Auspizien innehatten. Zu beachten ist allerdings, dass aufgrund der schlechten Quellenlage vieles umstritten ist. Das Folgende entspricht der traditionellen Sichtweise, die nicht mehr von allen Forschern geteilt wird - schon die Frage, ab wann es Patrizier und Plebejer gab, ist umstritten.
  • Il conflitto degli ordini fu uno scontro politico combattuto fra i plebei e i patrizi dell'antica Repubblica romana. Il conflitto nacque dal desiderio della plebe di raggiungere le più alte cariche governative e la parità politica. Il risultato fu raggiunto nel 287 a.C. con la lex Hortensia, dopo circa due secoli di contrasti.
  • The Conflict of the Orders, also referred to as the Struggle of the Orders, was a political struggle between the Plebeians (commoners) and Patricians (aristocrats) of the ancient Roman Republic lasting from 494 BCE to 287 BCE, in which the Plebeians sought political equality with the Patricians. It played a major role in the development of the Constitution of the Roman Republic. The conflict began while Rome was at war with two neighboring tribes and all the Plebeians left the city (the first secessio plebis). The result of this first secession was the creation of the office of Plebeian Tribune, and with it the first acquisition of real power by the Plebeians.At first only Patricians were allowed to stand for election to political office, but over time these laws were revoked, and eventually all offices were opened to the Plebeians. Since most individuals who were elected to political office were given membership in the Roman Senate, this development helped to transform the senate from a body of Patricians into a body of Plebeian and Patrician aristocrats. This development occurred at the same time that the Plebeian legislative assembly, the Plebeian Council, was acquiring additional power. At first, its acts ("plebiscites") applied only to Plebeians, although after 339 BCE, with the institution of laws by the first Plebeian dictator Q. Publilius Philo, these acts began to apply to both Plebeians and Patricians, with a senatorial veto of all measures approved by the council.It wasn't until 287 BCE that the Patrician senators lost their last check over the Plebeian Council. However, the Patricio-Plebeian aristocracy in the senate still retained other means by which to control the Plebeian Council, in particular the closeness between the Plebeian Tribunes and the senators. While this conflict would end in 287 BCE with the Plebeians having acquired political equality with the Patricians, the plight of the average Plebeian had not changed. A small number of aristocratic Plebeian families had emerged, and most Plebeian politicians came from one of these families. Since this new Patricio-Plebeian aristocracy was based on the structure of society, it could only be overthrown through a revolution. That revolution ultimately came in 49 BCE, when Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon River, and began a civil war, which overthrew the Roman Republic, and created the Roman Empire.
  • Conflicto patricio-plebeyo la lucha de los plebeyos fue una lucha política librada entre los patricios (patricii) y los plebeyos (plebs) de la antigua. El conflicto surgió del deseo de los plebeyos de lograr la igualdad política. Se llegó al objetivo en el 287 a. C. con la lex Hortensia, después de dos siglos de conflictos.
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  • Le conflit des ordres est la lutte politique dans la Rome antique entre les plébéiens (plebs) et les patriciens (patricii), dans laquelle les plébéiens ont cherché l'égalité politique. Elle s'est déroulée sur deux siècles et se termine en -287.
  • Il conflitto degli ordini fu uno scontro politico combattuto fra i plebei e i patrizi dell'antica Repubblica romana. Il conflitto nacque dal desiderio della plebe di raggiungere le più alte cariche governative e la parità politica. Il risultato fu raggiunto nel 287 a.C. con la lex Hortensia, dopo circa due secoli di contrasti.
  • Conflicto patricio-plebeyo la lucha de los plebeyos fue una lucha política librada entre los patricios (patricii) y los plebeyos (plebs) de la antigua. El conflicto surgió del deseo de los plebeyos de lograr la igualdad política. Se llegó al objetivo en el 287 a. C. con la lex Hortensia, después de dos siglos de conflictos.
  • The Conflict of the Orders, also referred to as the Struggle of the Orders, was a political struggle between the Plebeians (commoners) and Patricians (aristocrats) of the ancient Roman Republic lasting from 494 BCE to 287 BCE, in which the Plebeians sought political equality with the Patricians. It played a major role in the development of the Constitution of the Roman Republic.
  • Die Ständekämpfe im alten Rom resultierten im Wesentlichen aus dem Gegensatz zwischen Patriziern und Plebejern.Die Patrizier waren Nachfahren der alten Adelsgeschlechter, worauf ihre Machtstellung beruhte, indem sie das Monopol auf die Ämterbesetzung sowie der Priesterschaft und damit die Ausübung der Auspizien innehatten. Zu beachten ist allerdings, dass aufgrund der schlechten Quellenlage vieles umstritten ist.
rdfs:label
  • Conflit des ordres
  • Conflict of the Orders
  • Conflicto patricio-plebeyo
  • Conflitto degli ordini
  • Ständekämpfe (Rom)
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