La Conférence pour la réduction et la limitation des armements de 1932-1934 (parfois Conférence mondiale du désarmement ou de Genève, Conférence sur le désarmement) est un effort par les États membres de la Société des Nations, en collaboration avec les États-Unis et l'Union soviétique, pour la réalisation de l'idéologie du désarmement. Elle eut lieu à Genève, publiquement entre 1932 et 1934, puis plus discrètement jusqu'à mai 1937.

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  • La Conférence pour la réduction et la limitation des armements de 1932-1934 (parfois Conférence mondiale du désarmement ou de Genève, Conférence sur le désarmement) est un effort par les États membres de la Société des Nations, en collaboration avec les États-Unis et l'Union soviétique, pour la réalisation de l'idéologie du désarmement. Elle eut lieu à Genève, publiquement entre 1932 et 1934, puis plus discrètement jusqu'à mai 1937. Il ne faut pas la confondre avec la Conférence du désarmement de l'ONU, qui existe encore aujourd'hui.Elle a été présidée par Arthur Henderson.Les négociations furent interrompues lorsque le chancelier Hitler retira l'Allemagne de la table de la conférence, et également de la Société des Nations en octobre 1933. L'Allemagne se lança alors dans une politique de réarmement intensive. Les années 1930 virent le retour des intérêts nationaux et la période des accords multilatéraux internationaux en faveur du pacifisme n'était plus de mise.
  • A Conferência para o Desarmamento em Genebra foi uma conferencia da Liga das Nações em 1932 para a redução e limitação do armamento de todas as nações que nela participavam. Todas as grandes potências, Alemanha, Grã-Bretanha, França, e também os Estados Unidos e a URSS participaram, embora não fossem membros da Liga das Nações. Esta conferencia tomou lugar na cidade de Genebra, na Suiça, entre 1932 e 1934, mas terminando de facto apenas a Maio de 1937.
  • Die Genfer Abrüstungskonferenz war eine internationale Konferenz, die vom 2. Februar 1932 bis zum 11. Juni 1934 mit Unterbrechungen in Genf tagte. Das Bestreben der Konferenz, die im Anschluss an die seit 1925 im Jahresturnus tagende Vorbereitende Abrüstungskommission einberufen wurde, bestand darin, das Rüstungsniveau ihrer Teilnehmer „in dem höchsten, mit der jeweiligen nationalen Sicherheit vereinbaren Maße“, zurückzufahren.
  • The Conference for the Reduction and Limitation of Armaments of 1932–1934 (sometimes World Disarmament Conference or Geneva Disarmament Conference) was an effort by member states of the League of Nations, together with the U.S. and the United Kingdom, to actualize the ideology of disarmament. It took place in the Swiss city of Geneva, ostensibly between 1930 and 1934, but more correctly until May 1937.The first effort at international arms limitation was made at the Hague Conferences of 1899 and 1907, which had failed in their primary objective. Although many contemporary commentators (and Article 231 of the Treaty of Versailles) had blamed the outbreak of the First World War on the "war guilt" of Germany, historians writing in the 1930s began to emphasize the fast-paced arms race preceding 1914. Further, all the major powers except the US had committed themselves to disarmament in both the Treaty of Versailles and the Covenant of the League of Nations. A substantial international non-governmental campaign to promote disarmament also developed in the 1920s and early 1930s.A preparatory commission was initiated by the League in 1925; by 1931, there was sufficient support to hold a conference, which duly began under the chairmanship of former British Foreign Secretary Arthur Henderson. The motivation behind the talks can be summed up by an extract from the message President Franklin D. Roosevelt sent to the conference: "If all nations will agree wholly to eliminate from possession and use the weapons which make possible a successful attack, defences automatically will become impregnable and the frontiers and independence of every nation will become secure."The talks were beset by a number of difficulties from the outset. Among these were disagreements over what constituted "offensive" and "defensive" weapons, and the polarization of France and Germany. The increasingly military-minded German governments could see no reason why their country could not enjoy the same level of armaments as other powers, especially France. The French, for their part, were equally insistent that German military inferiority was their only insurance from future conflict as serious as they had endured in the First World War. As for the British and US governments, they were unprepared to offer the additional security commitments that France requested in exchange for limitation of French armaments.The talks broke down when Hitler withdrew Germany from both the Conference and the League of Nations in October 1933. The 1930s had proved far too self-interested an international period to accommodate multilateral action in favour of pacifism.
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  • La Conférence pour la réduction et la limitation des armements de 1932-1934 (parfois Conférence mondiale du désarmement ou de Genève, Conférence sur le désarmement) est un effort par les États membres de la Société des Nations, en collaboration avec les États-Unis et l'Union soviétique, pour la réalisation de l'idéologie du désarmement. Elle eut lieu à Genève, publiquement entre 1932 et 1934, puis plus discrètement jusqu'à mai 1937.
  • A Conferência para o Desarmamento em Genebra foi uma conferencia da Liga das Nações em 1932 para a redução e limitação do armamento de todas as nações que nela participavam. Todas as grandes potências, Alemanha, Grã-Bretanha, França, e também os Estados Unidos e a URSS participaram, embora não fossem membros da Liga das Nações. Esta conferencia tomou lugar na cidade de Genebra, na Suiça, entre 1932 e 1934, mas terminando de facto apenas a Maio de 1937.
  • Die Genfer Abrüstungskonferenz war eine internationale Konferenz, die vom 2. Februar 1932 bis zum 11. Juni 1934 mit Unterbrechungen in Genf tagte. Das Bestreben der Konferenz, die im Anschluss an die seit 1925 im Jahresturnus tagende Vorbereitende Abrüstungskommission einberufen wurde, bestand darin, das Rüstungsniveau ihrer Teilnehmer „in dem höchsten, mit der jeweiligen nationalen Sicherheit vereinbaren Maße“, zurückzufahren.
  • The Conference for the Reduction and Limitation of Armaments of 1932–1934 (sometimes World Disarmament Conference or Geneva Disarmament Conference) was an effort by member states of the League of Nations, together with the U.S. and the United Kingdom, to actualize the ideology of disarmament.
rdfs:label
  • Conférence mondiale pour le désarmement
  • Conferência para o Desarmamento em Genebra
  • Genfer Abrüstungskonferenz
  • World Disarmament Conference
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