La condition féminine dans la société victorienne constitue, pour de nombreux historiens, une illustration du paradoxe existant alors entre, d'une part, la puissance et la richesse de la nation britannique du XIXe siècle et, de l'autre, la misère sociale qui prédomine dans le pays.

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  • La condition féminine dans la société victorienne constitue, pour de nombreux historiens, une illustration du paradoxe existant alors entre, d'une part, la puissance et la richesse de la nation britannique du XIXe siècle et, de l'autre, la misère sociale qui prédomine dans le pays. Au cours de cette période coïncidant, du moins pendant la plus grande partie du XIXe siècle, avec le règne de la Reine Victoria (1837–1901), le statut de la femme s'est compliqué du fait d'une conception à la fois singulière et très répandue de ce que devait être l'« idéal féminin ». Sur le plan juridique, les droits de la femme mariée sont similaires à ceux de l'enfant mineur : elle n'a ni le droit de vote, ni celui de porter plainte, ni même celui de posséder des biens propres. Qui plus est, la femme est en quelque sorte désincarnée : son corps, perçu comme un temple abritant une âme pure et innocente, ne doit pas être « souillé », que cela soit par des artifices tels que le maquillage ou par les plaisirs de la chair. Cantonnée dans un rôle de mère et de maîtresse de maison, la femme du début du XIXe siècle au Royaume-Uni n'a ni le droit d'occuper un emploi (hormis dans l'enseignement), ni celui de posséder un compte bancaire de dépôt ou d'épargne. En résumé, si la femme victorienne doit être traitée comme une sainte, elle n'en est pas moins dépourvue de toute capacité juridique. Diverses réformes mises en œuvre au cours du siècle permettent toutefois de poser les premiers jalons de l'évolution vers une émancipation de la condition féminine.
  • The status of women in the Victorian era is often seen as an illustration of the striking discrepancy between the United Kingdom's national power and wealth and what many, then and now, consider its appalling social conditions. During the era symbolized by the reign of British monarch Queen Victoria, women did not have suffrage rights, the right to sue, or the right to own property. At the same time, women participated in the paid workforce in increasing numbers following the Industrial Revolution. Feminist ideas spread among the educated female middle classes, discriminatory laws were repealed, and the women's suffrage movement gained momentum in the last years of the Victorian Era.In the Victorian Era women were seen, by the middle classes at least, as belonging to the domestic sphere, and this stereotype required them to provide their husbands with a clean home, food on the table and to raise their children. Women’s rights were extremely limited in this era, losing ownership of their wages, all of their physical property, excluding land property, and all other cash they generated once married. When a Victorian man and woman married, the rights of the woman were legally given over to her spouse. Under the law the married couple became one entity where the husband would represent this entity, placing him in control of all property, earnings and money. In addition to losing money and material goods to their husbands, Victorian wives became property to their husbands, giving them rights to what their bodies produced; children, sex and domestic labour. Marriage abrogated a woman’s right to consent to sexual intercourse with her husband, giving him ‘ownership’ over her body. Their mutual matrimonial consent therefore became a contract to give herself to her husband as he desired.Rights and privileges of Victorian women were limited, and both single and married women had hardships and disadvantages they had to live with. Victorian women had disadvantages both financially and sexually, enduring inequalities within their marriages and social statuses, distinct differences in men and women’s rights took place during this Era. Providing men with more stability, financial status and power over their homes and women. Marriages for Victorian women became contracts, one which was extremely difficult if not impossible to get out of during the Victorian era. Women’s rights groups fought for equality and over time made strides to change rights and privileges, however, many Victorian women endured their husbands control, cruelty targeted against their wives; including sexual violence, verbal abuse and economic deprivation and were given no way out. While husbands participated in affairs with other women wives endured infidelity as they had no rights to divorce on these grounds and their divorce was considered to be a social taboo.
  • La condizione delle donne nell'era Vittoriana è spesso vista come l'emblema della discrepanza notevole fra il potere e le ricchezze nazionali dell'Inghilterra e l'arretrata condizione sociale. Durante l'era simboleggiata dal regno della regina Vittoria, la vita delle donne divenne sempre più difficile a causa della diffusione dell'ideale sulla "donna angelo", condiviso dalla maggior parte della società. I diritti legali delle donne sposate erano simili a quelli dei figli: esse non potevano votare, citare qualcuno in giudizio né possedere alcuna proprietà.Inoltre, le donne erano viste come esseri puri e puliti. A causa di questa visione, i loro corpi erano visti come templi che non dovevano essere adornati con gioielli né essere utilizzati per sforzi fisici o nella pratica sessuale. Il ruolo delle donne si riduceva a procreare ed occuparsi della casa. Non potevano esercitare una professione, a meno che non fosse quella di insegnante o di domestica, né era loro riconosciuto il diritto di avere propri conti correnti o libretti di risparmio. A dispetto della loro condizione di "angeli del focolare", venerate come sante, la loro condizione giuridica era spaventosamente misera.
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  • La condition féminine dans la société victorienne constitue, pour de nombreux historiens, une illustration du paradoxe existant alors entre, d'une part, la puissance et la richesse de la nation britannique du XIXe siècle et, de l'autre, la misère sociale qui prédomine dans le pays.
  • La condizione delle donne nell'era Vittoriana è spesso vista come l'emblema della discrepanza notevole fra il potere e le ricchezze nazionali dell'Inghilterra e l'arretrata condizione sociale. Durante l'era simboleggiata dal regno della regina Vittoria, la vita delle donne divenne sempre più difficile a causa della diffusione dell'ideale sulla "donna angelo", condiviso dalla maggior parte della società.
  • The status of women in the Victorian era is often seen as an illustration of the striking discrepancy between the United Kingdom's national power and wealth and what many, then and now, consider its appalling social conditions. During the era symbolized by the reign of British monarch Queen Victoria, women did not have suffrage rights, the right to sue, or the right to own property.
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  • Condition féminine dans la société victorienne
  • Condizione della donna nell'era vittoriana
  • Women in the Victorian era
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