Le cinéma chinois désigne au sens large les films provenant de la Chine continentale, de Hong Kong et de Taïwan. Malgré leurs racines communes et leurs liens linguistiques, historiques et culturels, ses styles comportent des différences. Parfois confondus dans les pays occidentaux, ils ont une histoire et un style qui leur sont propres.

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  • Le cinéma chinois désigne au sens large les films provenant de la Chine continentale, de Hong Kong et de Taïwan. Malgré leurs racines communes et leurs liens linguistiques, historiques et culturels, ses styles comportent des différences. Parfois confondus dans les pays occidentaux, ils ont une histoire et un style qui leur sont propres. Le cinéma hongkongais est assez commercial et très populaire à l'étranger ; Le cinéma taïwanais a été marqué par la domination japonaise jusqu'en 1937 puis par les profondes mutations socio-économiques ; Le cinéma de Chine continentale.On peut également parler d'un cinéma de la diaspora chinoise.[précision nécessaire]
  • A kínai filmművészet három különböző területre bontható: hongkongi filmművészetre, kínai filmművészetre és tajvani filmművészetre. 1949-tól napjainkig a kontinentális Kína filmgyártását korlátozta a Kínai Kommunista Párt. A politikai felhangú filmeket cenzúrázták vagy betiltották Kínában, azonban ezen filmek legtöbbjét bemutatták külföldi filmszínházakban és filmfesztiválokon.Napjainkban a kontinentális Kína filmjeinek nagy részét mandarin nyelven készítik. A hongkongi mozikban való megjelenésre gyakran kantoni nyelvre szinkronizálják őket.
  • The Cinema of China is one of three distinct historical threads of Chinese-language cinema together with the Cinema of Hong Kong and the Cinema of Taiwan. Cinema was introduced in China in 1896 and the first Chinese film, The Battle of Dingjunshan, was made in 1905, with the film industry being centered around Shanghai in the first decade. The first sound film, Sing-Song Girl Red Peony, using the sound-on-disc technology, was made in 1931. The 1930s, considered the first "golden period" of Chinese cinema, saw the advent of the Leftist cinematic movement and the dispute between Nationalists and Communists was reflected in the films produced. After the Japanese invasion of China and the occupation of Shanghai, the industry in the city was severely curtailed, with filmmakers moving to Hong Kong, Chongqing and other places, starting a "Solitary Island" period in Shanghai, referring to the city's foreign concessions, with the remaining filmmakers working there. Princess Iron Fan (1941), the first Chinese animated feature film, was released at the end of this period. After being completely engulfed by the occupation in 1941, and until the end of the war in 1945, the film industry in the city was under Japanese control.After the end of the war, a second golden age took place, with production in Shanghai resuming, with films such as Spring in a Small Town (1948), named the best Chinese-language film at the 24th Hong Kong Film Awards. Remorse at Death (1948), by the same director, was the first Chinese color film. After the communist revolution in 1949, previous and some foreign films were banned in 1951, and movie attendance increased sharply. During the Cultural Revolution, the film industry was severely restricted, coming almost to a standstill from 1967 to 1972. The industry flourished following the end of the Cultural Revolution, including the "scar dramas" of the 1980s, such as Evening Rain (1980), Legend of Tianyun Mountain (1980) and Hibiscus Town (1986), made mostly by the Fourth Generation of Chinese filmmakers, depicting the emotional traumas left by the period. Starting in the mid to late 1980s, with films such as One and Eight (1983) and Yellow Earth (1984), the rise of the Fifth Generation brought increased popularity to Chinese cinema abroad, especially among Western arthouse audiences, with films like Red Sorghum (1987), The Story of Qiu Ju (1992) and Farewell My Concubine (1993) winning major international awards. The movement partially ended after the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989. The post-1990 period saw the rise of the Sixth Generation and post-Sixth Generation, both mostly making films outside of the main Chinese film system and played mostly on the international film festival circuit.Following the international commercial success of films such as Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon (2000) and Hero (2002), the number of co-productions in Chinese-language cinema has increased and there has been a movement of Chinese-language cinema into a domain of large scale international influence. After The Dream Factory (1997) demonstrated the viability of the commercial model, and with the growth of the Chinese box office, Chinese films have broken box office records and, as of January 2014, 6 of the top 10 highest-grossing films in China are domestic productions, with Lost in Thailand (2012) currently being the highest grossing Chinese film in the domestic market and the first to reach 1 billion yuan.China is the home of the largest film studio in the world, Hengdian World Studios, and in 2010 it had the third largest film industry by number of feature films produced annually. In 2012 the country became the second-largest market in the world by box office receipts. In 2013, the gross box office in China was ¥21.8 billion (US$3.6 billion), with domestic films having a share of 59%. The country is predicted to have the largest market in the world in 2018. China has also became a major hub of business for Hollywood studios.The vast majority of the Mainland-produced movies use Mandarin. Mainland films are often dubbed into Cantonese when exported to Hong Kong for theatrical runs.
  • La historia del cine en chino se desarrolla en tres vertientes diferentes: el cine de Hong Kong, el cine de China, y el cine de Taiwán. El cine de la China continental, se ha desarrollado después de 1949 de una forma un tanto reprimida por el Partido Comunista de China, y algunas de las películas de temática política aún son censuradas o prohibidas en el país. Sin embargo muchas de estas películas pueden verse en el extranjero en filmotecas y festivales de cine. La gran mayoría de estas películas son producidas en mandarín, a diferencia de las producidas en el actual Hong Kong, que suelen realizarse en cantonés. Las películas continentales suelen doblarse cuando son llevadas a Hong Kong. Taiwán, donde también se habla predominantemente el mandarín, constituye uno de los principales centros de exportación para la producción cinematográfica china.
  • 중국의 영화는 홍콩의 영화와 타이완의 영화와 함께하는 중국어 영화를 가리킨다.현재 본토에서 생산되는 영화 다수는 표준 중국어를 사용한다. 본토 영화는 홍콩에 수출할 때 광둥어로 이따금씩 더빙된다.2010년 기준으로 중국의 영화는 연간 생산되는 특집 영화 수로 따지면 3번째로 큰 영화 산업이다.2011년에는 791개의 영화가 중국에서 생산되었으며 중국 영화는 전체 박스 오피스(약 20억 미국 달러)의 54%를 벌어들였다.
  • Vorlage:QS-FF/Kein Datum angegebenMit dem Begriff Chinesischer Film wird die in Festlandchina, in Taiwan und in Hongkong produzierte Filmkunst zusammenfassend bezeichnet. Die Entwicklung dieser drei Traditionslinien verlief trotz des gemeinsamen Hintergrunds der chinesischen Kultur voneinander getrennt. Die chinesische Bezeichnung diànyǐng (电影) bedeutet wörtlich „elektrische Schatten“ und verweist damit auf die lange Tradition des chinesischen Schattenspiels, die dem Kino als erzählendem Medium vorausgegangen war.
  • Čínská kinematografie je kvůli prudkým změnám vládnoucích režimů v Číně ve 20. století velmi různorodou množinou filmů. Dělí se obvykle do 6 generací, tří předválečných a tří poválečných.
  • O Cinema da China. Em 2010 a China foi a terceira maior indústria cinematográfica do mundo com 526 filmes produzidos e em 2011 os filmes chineses tiveram 54% de um total de receitas de bilheteira na China de 2,06 mil milhões de dólares americanos.== Referências ==
  • Китайско кино е киното, правено в Китай.Под този термин също често се разбира киното на Хонконг, Макао, Тайван, Сингапур, както и в САЩ и други страни, на китайски език и тематика.Към 2010 г. итайското кино е 3-та филмова индустрия по брой на правените годишно филми. През 2011 в Китай са направени 791 филма , китайските филми печелят 54% от общите продажби на кинобилети възлизащи на 2,06 млрд долара. Продажбите на билети за Китайските филми нараства с 33,3% през 2011 и към първата четвърт на 2012 задминава японските филми, като заемат второ място по продажби в свeта.
  • 中国映画(ちゅうごくえいが)とは、主に中国大陸の資本と人材により制作された映画のこと。香港映画とは一線を画す。Category:中国映画も参照されたい。
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  • Le cinéma chinois désigne au sens large les films provenant de la Chine continentale, de Hong Kong et de Taïwan. Malgré leurs racines communes et leurs liens linguistiques, historiques et culturels, ses styles comportent des différences. Parfois confondus dans les pays occidentaux, ils ont une histoire et un style qui leur sont propres.
  • 중국의 영화는 홍콩의 영화와 타이완의 영화와 함께하는 중국어 영화를 가리킨다.현재 본토에서 생산되는 영화 다수는 표준 중국어를 사용한다. 본토 영화는 홍콩에 수출할 때 광둥어로 이따금씩 더빙된다.2010년 기준으로 중국의 영화는 연간 생산되는 특집 영화 수로 따지면 3번째로 큰 영화 산업이다.2011년에는 791개의 영화가 중국에서 생산되었으며 중국 영화는 전체 박스 오피스(약 20억 미국 달러)의 54%를 벌어들였다.
  • Čínská kinematografie je kvůli prudkým změnám vládnoucích režimů v Číně ve 20. století velmi různorodou množinou filmů. Dělí se obvykle do 6 generací, tří předválečných a tří poválečných.
  • O Cinema da China. Em 2010 a China foi a terceira maior indústria cinematográfica do mundo com 526 filmes produzidos e em 2011 os filmes chineses tiveram 54% de um total de receitas de bilheteira na China de 2,06 mil milhões de dólares americanos.== Referências ==
  • 中国映画(ちゅうごくえいが)とは、主に中国大陸の資本と人材により制作された映画のこと。香港映画とは一線を画す。Category:中国映画も参照されたい。
  • Vorlage:QS-FF/Kein Datum angegebenMit dem Begriff Chinesischer Film wird die in Festlandchina, in Taiwan und in Hongkong produzierte Filmkunst zusammenfassend bezeichnet. Die Entwicklung dieser drei Traditionslinien verlief trotz des gemeinsamen Hintergrunds der chinesischen Kultur voneinander getrennt.
  • La historia del cine en chino se desarrolla en tres vertientes diferentes: el cine de Hong Kong, el cine de China, y el cine de Taiwán. El cine de la China continental, se ha desarrollado después de 1949 de una forma un tanto reprimida por el Partido Comunista de China, y algunas de las películas de temática política aún son censuradas o prohibidas en el país. Sin embargo muchas de estas películas pueden verse en el extranjero en filmotecas y festivales de cine.
  • The Cinema of China is one of three distinct historical threads of Chinese-language cinema together with the Cinema of Hong Kong and the Cinema of Taiwan. Cinema was introduced in China in 1896 and the first Chinese film, The Battle of Dingjunshan, was made in 1905, with the film industry being centered around Shanghai in the first decade. The first sound film, Sing-Song Girl Red Peony, using the sound-on-disc technology, was made in 1931.
  • A kínai filmművészet három különböző területre bontható: hongkongi filmművészetre, kínai filmművészetre és tajvani filmművészetre. 1949-tól napjainkig a kontinentális Kína filmgyártását korlátozta a Kínai Kommunista Párt. A politikai felhangú filmeket cenzúrázták vagy betiltották Kínában, azonban ezen filmek legtöbbjét bemutatták külföldi filmszínházakban és filmfesztiválokon.Napjainkban a kontinentális Kína filmjeinek nagy részét mandarin nyelven készítik.
  • Китайско кино е киното, правено в Китай.Под този термин също често се разбира киното на Хонконг, Макао, Тайван, Сингапур, както и в САЩ и други страни, на китайски език и тематика.Към 2010 г. итайското кино е 3-та филмова индустрия по брой на правените годишно филми. През 2011 в Китай са направени 791 филма , китайските филми печелят 54% от общите продажби на кинобилети възлизащи на 2,06 млрд долара.
rdfs:label
  • Cinéma chinois
  • Chinesischer Film
  • Cine de China
  • Cinema cinese
  • Cinema da China
  • Cinema of China
  • Kínai filmművészet
  • Čínská kinematografie
  • Кинематограф Китая
  • Китайско кино
  • 中国映画
  • 중국의 영화
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