Le chitonga, ou tonga, est une langue bantoue parlée en Zambie, où elle a un statut de langue régionale, et au Zimbabwe dont c'est l'une des 16 langues officielles. Elle est parlée autour du lac Kariba par près d'un million de personnes en Zambie et près de 140 000 personnes au Zimbabwe. C’est la langue maternelle des Tongas.↑ 1,0 et 1,1 code générique↑ (en) Constitution (final draft, 2013, p. 22) [1]

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  • Le chitonga, ou tonga, est une langue bantoue parlée en Zambie, où elle a un statut de langue régionale, et au Zimbabwe dont c'est l'une des 16 langues officielles. Elle est parlée autour du lac Kariba par près d'un million de personnes en Zambie et près de 140 000 personnes au Zimbabwe. C’est la langue maternelle des Tongas.
  • ‎O tonga é uma língua falada na Zâmbia e no Zimbábue, sendo uma língua bantu falada principalmente pelo povo tonga desses dois países, os quais vivem nas províncias sul e ocidentais da Zâmbia e no norte do Zimbábue, havendo poucos falantes em Moçambique.
  • Język tonga, znany również jako chitonga lub citonga – jeden z języków bantu, używany przez lud Tonga głównie w regionie południowym Zambii oraz w części Zimbabwe.
  • The Tonga language, Chitonga, of Zambia and Zimbabwe, also known as Zambezi, is a Bantu Language primarily spoken by the Tonga people in those countries who live mainly in the Southern and Western provinces of Zambia, and in northern Zimbabwe, with a few in Mozambique. The language is also spoken by the Iwe, Toka and Leya people, perhaps by the Kafwe Twa (if that is not Ila), as well as many bilingual Zambians and Zimbabweans. It is one of the major lingua francas in Zambia, together with Bemba, Lozi and Nyanja. The Tonga of Malawi is not particularly close.The Tonga speaking inhabitants are the oldest bantu settlers, with the Tumbuka, a small tribe in the east, in what is known as Zambia. There are two distinctive dialects of the Tonga, Valley Tonga and Plateau Tonga. Valley Tonga is mostly spoken in the Zambezi valley and southern areas of the Batonga (Tonga People) while Plateau Tonga is spoken more around Monze district and the northern areas of the Batonga.Tonga (Chitonga or iciTonga) developed as a spoken language and was not put into written form until missionaries arrived in the area. The language is not standardized, and speakers of the same dialect may have different spellings for the same words once put into written text.At least some speakers have a bilabial nasal click where neighboring dialects have /mw/, as in mwana 'child' and kumwa 'to drink'.Maho (2009) removes Shanjo as a separate, and not very closely related, language.
  • ChiTonga (bedeutet Sprache der Tonga daher auch: Tonga) ist eine Bantusprache des Volkes der Tonga am Mittellauf des Sambesi in Sambia, Simbabwe und Mosambik sowie in Malawi und Tansania am nördlichen Malawisee. Die Sprachen beider Gebiete unterscheiden sich erheblich, auch wenn sie denselben Namen tragen. In Sambia sprechen 1,38 Millionen, in Simbabwe 300.000, in Mosambik sehr wenige Chitonga. In Malawi sind es 170.000 und in Tansania ist diese Zahl unbekannt. In Sambia ist ChiTonga neben Bemba und Nyanja (Chichewa) eine der am meisten gesprochenen Sprachen.
  • Tongština je nigerokonžský jazyk patřící do skupiny bantuské jazyky.Existují dva blízce příbuzné jazyky: tongština, kterou mluví asi 1 517 000 lidí v Zambii, a tongština, kterou mluví přibližně 170 000 lidí v Malawi.
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  • Article premier de la Déclaration universelle des droits de l'homme
  • Bantu boonse balazyalwa kabaangulukide alimwi kabeelene alimwi akwaanguluka kucita zyobayanda. Balazyalwa amaanu akuyeeya, aakusala alimwi beelede kulanga bambi mbuli banabokwabo.
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  • Le chitonga, ou tonga, est une langue bantoue parlée en Zambie, où elle a un statut de langue régionale, et au Zimbabwe dont c'est l'une des 16 langues officielles. Elle est parlée autour du lac Kariba par près d'un million de personnes en Zambie et près de 140 000 personnes au Zimbabwe. C’est la langue maternelle des Tongas.↑ 1,0 et 1,1 code générique↑ (en) Constitution (final draft, 2013, p. 22) [1]
  • ‎O tonga é uma língua falada na Zâmbia e no Zimbábue, sendo uma língua bantu falada principalmente pelo povo tonga desses dois países, os quais vivem nas províncias sul e ocidentais da Zâmbia e no norte do Zimbábue, havendo poucos falantes em Moçambique.
  • Język tonga, znany również jako chitonga lub citonga – jeden z języków bantu, używany przez lud Tonga głównie w regionie południowym Zambii oraz w części Zimbabwe.
  • Tongština je nigerokonžský jazyk patřící do skupiny bantuské jazyky.Existují dva blízce příbuzné jazyky: tongština, kterou mluví asi 1 517 000 lidí v Zambii, a tongština, kterou mluví přibližně 170 000 lidí v Malawi.
  • ChiTonga (bedeutet Sprache der Tonga daher auch: Tonga) ist eine Bantusprache des Volkes der Tonga am Mittellauf des Sambesi in Sambia, Simbabwe und Mosambik sowie in Malawi und Tansania am nördlichen Malawisee. Die Sprachen beider Gebiete unterscheiden sich erheblich, auch wenn sie denselben Namen tragen. In Sambia sprechen 1,38 Millionen, in Simbabwe 300.000, in Mosambik sehr wenige Chitonga. In Malawi sind es 170.000 und in Tansania ist diese Zahl unbekannt.
  • The Tonga language, Chitonga, of Zambia and Zimbabwe, also known as Zambezi, is a Bantu Language primarily spoken by the Tonga people in those countries who live mainly in the Southern and Western provinces of Zambia, and in northern Zimbabwe, with a few in Mozambique. The language is also spoken by the Iwe, Toka and Leya people, perhaps by the Kafwe Twa (if that is not Ila), as well as many bilingual Zambians and Zimbabweans.
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  • Tonga language (Zambia and Zimbabwe)
  • Tongština
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