Le chemin de fer du Mont-Cenis, aussi surnommé localement l'Américain, était une ligne historique de chemin de fer qui reliait la commune de Saint-Michel-de-Maurienne en Savoie (France) à la ville de Suse en Italie à travers le massif du Mont-Cenis dans les Alpes.

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  • Le chemin de fer du Mont-Cenis, aussi surnommé localement l'Américain, était une ligne historique de chemin de fer qui reliait la commune de Saint-Michel-de-Maurienne en Savoie (France) à la ville de Suse en Italie à travers le massif du Mont-Cenis dans les Alpes. Elle fut construite à partir de 1867 sur ordre de Napoléon III afin de transporter des marchandises de France vers l'Italie en attendant la fin de la construction du tunnel ferroviaire du Fréjus entre Modane (France) et Bardonèche (Italie).
  • La ferrovia del Moncenisio o ferrovia Fell dal nome del costruttore John Barraclough Fell dato che utilizzava il Sistema Fell (in francese Chemin de Fer du Mont-Cenis) fu costruita per rendere più rapide le comunicazioni tra Italia e Francia tramite il valico sul Moncenisio, dopo aver constatato l'aumento sempre più intenso del traffico sul valico. Era gestita dalla società britannica Mont Cenis Railway Company.Si pensò alla sua realizzazione mentre era già in atto — e procedeva a rilento — la realizzazione del traforo ferroviario del Frejus; con l'apertura del traforo ne venne sancita la chiusura.
  • The Mont Cenis Pass Railway operated from 1868 to 1871 (with some interruptions) during the construction of the Fréjus Rail Tunnel. It was the first mountain railway in the world. It was designed by John Barraclough Fell and his three-rail design was used on some other mountain railways. The railway was 77 kilometres (48 miles) long, with a gauge of 1,100 mm (3 ft 7 7⁄16 in) and a maximum inclination of 9 per cent. It was used to transport English mail to India as part of the 1400 mile All Red Route.A British company, the Mont Cenis Railway Company was established by a number of British contractors, engineers and investors to build the railway. These included: Thomas Brassey, Fell, James Brunlees and Alexander Brogden. Although it would eventually be superseded by the tunnel, they believed that, during its life the cost of the pass railway would be repaid with a profit to them.The company used British engine-drivers and workmen.In the event there were delays in establishing the railway and it did not start until 15 June 1868. On the other hand the tunnel progressed faster as new tunnelling methods were developed so that it was opened on 16 October 1871. This meant that the pass railway was active for a shorter time than expected, leaving the proprietors with a considerable loss. However the technology proved itself and was used on a number of other mountain railways.Until this railway was built, rail passengers had to cross the Alps by horse-drawn diligence in summer or sledge in winter.The Pass Railway is sometimes called the Mont Cenis Summit Railway so as to distinguish it from the Tunnel Railway.
  • Als Mont-Cenis-Bahn werden zwei Bahnstrecken an der Grenze zwischen Frankreich und Italien bezeichnet.
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  • Le Train Fell dans la montée du Mont-Cenis.
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  • The Mont Cenis Fell Railway
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rdfs:comment
  • Le chemin de fer du Mont-Cenis, aussi surnommé localement l'Américain, était une ligne historique de chemin de fer qui reliait la commune de Saint-Michel-de-Maurienne en Savoie (France) à la ville de Suse en Italie à travers le massif du Mont-Cenis dans les Alpes.
  • Als Mont-Cenis-Bahn werden zwei Bahnstrecken an der Grenze zwischen Frankreich und Italien bezeichnet.
  • The Mont Cenis Pass Railway operated from 1868 to 1871 (with some interruptions) during the construction of the Fréjus Rail Tunnel. It was the first mountain railway in the world. It was designed by John Barraclough Fell and his three-rail design was used on some other mountain railways. The railway was 77 kilometres (48 miles) long, with a gauge of 1,100 mm (3 ft 7 7⁄16 in) and a maximum inclination of 9 per cent.
  • La ferrovia del Moncenisio o ferrovia Fell dal nome del costruttore John Barraclough Fell dato che utilizzava il Sistema Fell (in francese Chemin de Fer du Mont-Cenis) fu costruita per rendere più rapide le comunicazioni tra Italia e Francia tramite il valico sul Moncenisio, dopo aver constatato l'aumento sempre più intenso del traffico sul valico.
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  • Chemin de fer du Mont-Cenis
  • Ferrovia del Moncenisio
  • Mont Cenis Pass Railway
  • Mont-Cenis-Bahn
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