Le chemin de fer Berlin-Bagdad est une voie ferrée de 1 600 km de long, construite entre 1903 et 1940 dans l’Empire ottoman et ses États successeurs, pour assurer la liaison entre Konya (Turquie actuelle) et Bagdad (Irak actuel).

PropertyValue
dbpedia-owl:abstract
  • Le chemin de fer Berlin-Bagdad est une voie ferrée de 1 600 km de long, construite entre 1903 et 1940 dans l’Empire ottoman et ses États successeurs, pour assurer la liaison entre Konya (Turquie actuelle) et Bagdad (Irak actuel). En y incluant le chemin de fer anatolien Istanbul-Konya et les voies annexes en Syrie et en Irak, la longueur totale de l’ouvrage atteint 3 205 km, ce qui en fait un des plus grands ouvrages d’infrastructure de l’époque et une des réalisations capitales de l’impérialisme économique allemand.Le nom allemand est simplement « Bagdadbahn » (chemin de fer de Bagdad), mais la presse britannique et française a vite adopté le terme « Berlin-Bagdad » (ou « Berlin-Bucarest-Bagdad ») qui le rattache à un ensemble de grands chantiers ferroviaires reliant l'Europe centrale au Levant, et où le rôle de l'Allemagne a été prédominant.
  • A Ferrovia de Bagdá (em turco: Bağdat Demiryolu, em alemão: Bagdadbahn), construída entre 1903-1940, foi planejada para ligar Berlim com a cidade de Bagdad do (então) Império Otomano com 1.600 quilômetros (990 Km) através de linha moderna passando por Turquia, Síria e Iraque. Seu financiamento e engenharia foi principalmente prestada por bancos e empresas do Império Alemão, que na década de 1890 havia construído a Ferrovia de Anatólia (Anatolische Eisenbahn) ligando Istambul, Ancara e Konya. A conclusão da estrada de ferro de Bagdá teria ligado Berlim e em Bagdá, de onde os alemães tentaram estabelecer um porto no Golfo Pérsico. O Império Otomano desejava manter o controle da Arábia, e expandir a sua influência através do Mar Vermelho no Egito, que era controlado pela Grã-Bretanha. Os alemães ganhariam acesso e posse de campos de petróleo no Iraque, e uma linha para o porto de Basra teria ganho um melhor acesso à parte oriental do império colonial alemão, ignorando o Canal de Suez. A ferrovia tornou-se uma fonte de conflitos internacionais durante os anos imediatamente anteriores a Primeira Guerra Mundial. Embora tenha sido alegado que foram resolvidos em 1914, antes do início da guerra, também tem sido alegado que a ferrovia foi uma das principais causas da Primeira Guerra Mundial . Dificuldades técnicas para o controle das remotas Montes Tauro e os atrasos diplomáticos significaram que em 1915, o transporte ferroviário ainda estava a 480 quilômetros (300 milhas) de curto termo, limitando severamente seu uso durante a guerra, em que Bagdá foi ocupada pelos britânicos, enquanto completou-se a Ferrovia de Hejaz no Sul que foi atacada pela guerrilha liderada por T. E. Lawrence. A construção recomeçou em 1930 e foi concluída em 1940.
  • Bağdat Demiryolu, Osmanlı Devleti zamanında İstanbul ile Bağdat arasında inşa edilen demiryolu. 1 Kasım 1913'te açılan Bağdat Demiryolu'nun20. yüzyıl başında yapımına başlanan ve Konya, Halep ve Musul üzerinden Bağdat'a bağlanan demiryoludur. Alman imparatoru Kayser II. Wilhelm, 1898'de ikinci İstanbul ziyaretinde İstanbul-Bağdat Demiryolu'nun Alman firmalarına verilmesi vaadini almıştı. 1899 yılında bunu kutlayan bir çeşmeyi Almanya'da yaptırmış ve bugunkü İstanbul, Sultanahmet meydanına getirtip diktirmiştir.
  • Багдадская железная дорога — планировавшаяся и частично построенная железная дорога Берлин — Вена — Стамбул — Багдад — Басра — Кувейт, ставшая важным фактором международной политики начала XX века. Багдадская железная дорога, протяженность около 2400 км, соединяет Босфор с Персидским заливом.
  • Die Bagdadbahn ist eine 1.600 Kilometer lange, in den Jahren 1903 bis 1940 im Osmanischen Reich und dessen Nachfolgestaaten errichtete Eisenbahnstrecke von Konya (heute in der Türkei) nach Bagdad (heute im Irak). Einschließlich der Anatolischen Eisenbahn Istanbul–Konya und Nebenstrecken in Syrien und dem Irak hat sie eine Länge von 3.205 km. Die Bahn ist eine ingenieurtechnische Meisterleistung und eines der aufwendigsten Infrastrukturprojekte jener Zeit. Der Abzweig nach Süden, die sogenannte Hedschasbahn, die gleichzeitig geplant und gebaut wurde, muss im weitesten Sinne auch als Bestandteil der Bagdadbahn gesehen werden.
  • Багдадската железопътна линия е планирана и частично построена железопътна линия по направлението Берлин — Виена — Истанбул — Багдад — Басра — Кувейт, която се превръща в "ябълка на раздора" и изключително възпламеняващ фактор в международните отношения в началото на XX век.Багдадската железопътна линия е с дължина около 2400 км, съединявайки Босфора с Персийския залив.
  • バグダード鉄道 (独: Bagdadbahn)は、19世紀末から20世紀初めにかけてドイツ国の3B政策として国際的な注目をあびた鉄道。最も狭義の意味の「バグダード鉄道」はドイツ資本のバグダード鉄道会社に敷設権と沿線開発の権益が供与されたコンヤ・バスラ間の鉄道およびその計画線のことだが、広い意味ではイスタンブル(ハイダルパシャ駅)〜エスキシェヒル〜コンヤ〜バグダード〜バスラ〜クウェート間の鉄道とその計画を指すことも多い。既にアナトリア鉄道会社によって開通していたハイダルパシャ〜アンカラ線(1893年開通)もしくはエスキシェヒル〜コンヤ線(1896年開通)を延長し、小アジアとメソポタミア(イラク)を横断してペルシア湾の海港を終点とする鉄道計画であった。最終的にはエスキシェヒル〜コンヤ線を延長し、終点の海港はバスラとする計画線に基づいて建設が進められたが、バグダード鉄道会社による建設は第一次世界大戦のため未完に終わり、ドイツは敗戦によってその利権を失った。第一次世界大戦後はオスマン帝国から独立した国々で建設が進められ、1940年に全通した。
  • La ferrovia Berlino-Baghdad (in turco: Bağdat Demiryolu, in tedesco: Bagdadbahn, in francese: Chemin de Fer Impérial Ottoman de Baghdad), è stata costruita tra il 1903 ed il 1940 per collegare Berlino a Baghdad, che all’epoca dell’inizio dei lavori faceva parte dell’Impero Ottomano.La ferrovia, lunga 1.600 km, attraversava l'Impero Ottomano (gli attuali Stati di Turchia, Siria e Iraq), ed avrebbe permesso alla Germania di avere un porto sul Golfo Persico. Il governo tedesco aveva inoltre ottenuto importanti concessioni petrolifere in Iraq e costruendo una linea di comunicazione fino al porto di Bassora avrebbero facilitato i rifornimenti verso le colonie tedesche bypassando il Canale di Suez. Da parte sua il governo ottomano voleva rafforzare la sua influenza sull’Arabia e cercare di recuperare il controllo del Mar Rosso e dell’Egitto che – pur essendo fino al 1914 nominalmente sotto sovranità ottomana – a partire dal 1882 era controllato dalla Gran Bretagna.Il finanziamento e la progettazione dell’opera vennero forniti da banche e società tedesche che già avevano operato nell’Impero Ottomano per la costruzione della ferrovia anatolica che connetteva Costantinopoli, Ankara e Konya.Negli anni che precedettero lo scoppio della prima guerra mondiale la ferrovia divenne fonte di dispute internazionali. Ad ogni modo, a causa di problemi tecnici (derivanti dalla difficoltà di operare nei remoti monti Tauro) e di schermaglie diplomatiche, la costruzione della ferrovia procedette a rilento. Nel 1915 mancavano al suo completamento circa 480 km rendendola di fatto poco utile durante la guerra quando Baghdad venne occupata dalle truppe britanniche. La costruzione della ferrovia riprese negli anni ’30 e fu completata solo nel 1940.
  • The Baghdad Railway (Turkish: Bağdat Demiryolu, German: Bagdadbahn, French: Chemin de Fer Impérial Ottoman de Bagdad), was built from 1903 to 1940 to connect Berlin with the (then) Ottoman Empire city of Baghdad, where the Germans wanted to establish a port in the Persian Gulf, with a 1,600 kilometres (1,000 mi) line through modern-day Turkey, Syria, and Iraq.Completion of the project took several decades and by the outbreak of World War I, the railway was still 960 km (600 miles) away from its intended objective. The last stretch to Baghdad was built in the late 1930s and the first train to travel from Istanbul to Baghdad departed in 1940.Funding and engineering was mainly provided by German Empire banks and companies, which in the 1890s had built the Anatolian Railway (Anatolische Eisenbahn) connecting Constantinople, Ankara and Konya. The Ottoman Empire wished to maintain its control of Arabia and to expand its influence across the Red Sea into the nominally Ottoman (until 1914) Khedivate of Egypt, which had been under British military control since the Urabi Revolt in 1882. The Germans gained access to and ownership of oil fields in Iraq, and with a line to the port of Basra would have gained better access to the eastern parts of the German colonial empire, by avoiding the Suez Canal.The railway became a source of international disputes during the years immediately preceding World War I. Although it has been argued that they were resolved in 1914 before the war began, it has also been argued that the railway was a leading cause of the First World War. Technical difficulties in the remote Taurus Mountains and diplomatic delays meant that by 1915 the railway was still 480 kilometres (300 mi) short of completion, severely limiting its use during the war in which Baghdad was occupied by the British while the Hejaz railway in the south was attacked by guerrilla forces led by T. E. Lawrence. Construction resumed in the 1930s and was completed in 1940.A history of this railway in the context of World War I history has lately emerged to describe the German interests in countering the British Empire, and Turkey's interest in countering their Russian rivals. As stated by a contemporary 'on the ground' at the time, Morris Jastrow wrote "It was felt in England that if, as Napoleon is said to have remarked, Antwerp in the hands of a great continental power was a pistol leveled at the English coast, Baghdad and the Persian Gulf inthe hands of Germany (or any other strong power) would be a 42-centimetre gun pointed at India."
  • El ferrocarril Berlín-Bagdad fou un projecte de via fèrria pensat pels alemanys per assegurar el comerç amb la zona de la mar Negra, Orient Mitjà i fins a l'oceà Índic. La base fou el ferrocarril Istanbul-Eskisehir, construït el 1871 i que el 1889 va caure sota control financer alemany amb el nom de "Ferrocarrils Otomans". La línia fou perllongada fins a Konya on es va crear un projecte d'irrigació, i després va arribar a Ankara el 1892. Els alemanys van obtenir concessions pel port d'Alexandretta (província de Hatay) i per la línia Bagdad-Bàssora. Quan va començar la I Guerra Mundial la línia restava sense acabar al nord de l'Iraq i a la zona de les muntanyes del Taure, i ja no es va completar.
dbpedia-owl:thumbnail
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageID
  • 3132964 (xsd:integer)
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageLength
  • 17050 (xsd:integer)
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageOutDegree
  • 63 (xsd:integer)
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 107340027 (xsd:integer)
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
prop-fr:wikiPageUsesTemplate
dcterms:subject
rdfs:comment
  • Le chemin de fer Berlin-Bagdad est une voie ferrée de 1 600 km de long, construite entre 1903 et 1940 dans l’Empire ottoman et ses États successeurs, pour assurer la liaison entre Konya (Turquie actuelle) et Bagdad (Irak actuel).
  • Багдадская железная дорога — планировавшаяся и частично построенная железная дорога Берлин — Вена — Стамбул — Багдад — Басра — Кувейт, ставшая важным фактором международной политики начала XX века. Багдадская железная дорога, протяженность около 2400 км, соединяет Босфор с Персидским заливом.
  • Багдадската железопътна линия е планирана и частично построена железопътна линия по направлението Берлин — Виена — Истанбул — Багдад — Басра — Кувейт, която се превръща в "ябълка на раздора" и изключително възпламеняващ фактор в международните отношения в началото на XX век.Багдадската железопътна линия е с дължина около 2400 км, съединявайки Босфора с Персийския залив.
  • バグダード鉄道 (独: Bagdadbahn)は、19世紀末から20世紀初めにかけてドイツ国の3B政策として国際的な注目をあびた鉄道。最も狭義の意味の「バグダード鉄道」はドイツ資本のバグダード鉄道会社に敷設権と沿線開発の権益が供与されたコンヤ・バスラ間の鉄道およびその計画線のことだが、広い意味ではイスタンブル(ハイダルパシャ駅)〜エスキシェヒル〜コンヤ〜バグダード〜バスラ〜クウェート間の鉄道とその計画を指すことも多い。既にアナトリア鉄道会社によって開通していたハイダルパシャ〜アンカラ線(1893年開通)もしくはエスキシェヒル〜コンヤ線(1896年開通)を延長し、小アジアとメソポタミア(イラク)を横断してペルシア湾の海港を終点とする鉄道計画であった。最終的にはエスキシェヒル〜コンヤ線を延長し、終点の海港はバスラとする計画線に基づいて建設が進められたが、バグダード鉄道会社による建設は第一次世界大戦のため未完に終わり、ドイツは敗戦によってその利権を失った。第一次世界大戦後はオスマン帝国から独立した国々で建設が進められ、1940年に全通した。
  • A Ferrovia de Bagdá (em turco: Bağdat Demiryolu, em alemão: Bagdadbahn), construída entre 1903-1940, foi planejada para ligar Berlim com a cidade de Bagdad do (então) Império Otomano com 1.600 quilômetros (990 Km) através de linha moderna passando por Turquia, Síria e Iraque. Seu financiamento e engenharia foi principalmente prestada por bancos e empresas do Império Alemão, que na década de 1890 havia construído a Ferrovia de Anatólia (Anatolische Eisenbahn) ligando Istambul, Ancara e Konya.
  • Bağdat Demiryolu, Osmanlı Devleti zamanında İstanbul ile Bağdat arasında inşa edilen demiryolu. 1 Kasım 1913'te açılan Bağdat Demiryolu'nun20. yüzyıl başında yapımına başlanan ve Konya, Halep ve Musul üzerinden Bağdat'a bağlanan demiryoludur. Alman imparatoru Kayser II. Wilhelm, 1898'de ikinci İstanbul ziyaretinde İstanbul-Bağdat Demiryolu'nun Alman firmalarına verilmesi vaadini almıştı.
  • The Baghdad Railway (Turkish: Bağdat Demiryolu, German: Bagdadbahn, French: Chemin de Fer Impérial Ottoman de Bagdad), was built from 1903 to 1940 to connect Berlin with the (then) Ottoman Empire city of Baghdad, where the Germans wanted to establish a port in the Persian Gulf, with a 1,600 kilometres (1,000 mi) line through modern-day Turkey, Syria, and Iraq.Completion of the project took several decades and by the outbreak of World War I, the railway was still 960 km (600 miles) away from its intended objective.
  • La ferrovia Berlino-Baghdad (in turco: Bağdat Demiryolu, in tedesco: Bagdadbahn, in francese: Chemin de Fer Impérial Ottoman de Baghdad), è stata costruita tra il 1903 ed il 1940 per collegare Berlino a Baghdad, che all’epoca dell’inizio dei lavori faceva parte dell’Impero Ottomano.La ferrovia, lunga 1.600 km, attraversava l'Impero Ottomano (gli attuali Stati di Turchia, Siria e Iraq), ed avrebbe permesso alla Germania di avere un porto sul Golfo Persico.
  • El ferrocarril Berlín-Bagdad fou un projecte de via fèrria pensat pels alemanys per assegurar el comerç amb la zona de la mar Negra, Orient Mitjà i fins a l'oceà Índic. La base fou el ferrocarril Istanbul-Eskisehir, construït el 1871 i que el 1889 va caure sota control financer alemany amb el nom de "Ferrocarrils Otomans". La línia fou perllongada fins a Konya on es va crear un projecte d'irrigació, i després va arribar a Ankara el 1892.
  • Die Bagdadbahn ist eine 1.600 Kilometer lange, in den Jahren 1903 bis 1940 im Osmanischen Reich und dessen Nachfolgestaaten errichtete Eisenbahnstrecke von Konya (heute in der Türkei) nach Bagdad (heute im Irak). Einschließlich der Anatolischen Eisenbahn Istanbul–Konya und Nebenstrecken in Syrien und dem Irak hat sie eine Länge von 3.205 km. Die Bahn ist eine ingenieurtechnische Meisterleistung und eines der aufwendigsten Infrastrukturprojekte jener Zeit.
rdfs:label
  • Chemin de fer Berlin-Bagdad
  • Bagdadbahn
  • Baghdad Railway
  • Bağdat Demir Yolu
  • Ferrocarril Berlín-Bagdad
  • Ferrovia Berlim-Bagdá
  • Ferrovia Berlino-Baghdad
  • Багдадская железная дорога
  • バグダード鉄道
  • Багдадска железопътна линия
owl:sameAs
http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom
foaf:depiction
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
is dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink of
is foaf:primaryTopic of