La centrale de Dimona est la centrale nucléaire du complexe nucléaire israélien situé dans le désert du Néguev, à 13 km au sud-est de Dimona et à 20 km à l'ouest de la Mer Morte, à 25 kilomètres à l'ouest de la Jordanie, à 75 kilomètres à l'est de l'Égypte, et à 85 kilomètres au sud de Jérusalem. Le site comprend non seulement une centrale nucléaire, mais encore d'autres installations essentielles au développement du programme nucléaire israélien.

PropertyValue
dbpedia-owl:abstract
  • La centrale de Dimona est la centrale nucléaire du complexe nucléaire israélien situé dans le désert du Néguev, à 13 km au sud-est de Dimona et à 20 km à l'ouest de la Mer Morte, à 25 kilomètres à l'ouest de la Jordanie, à 75 kilomètres à l'est de l'Égypte, et à 85 kilomètres au sud de Jérusalem. Le site comprend non seulement une centrale nucléaire, mais encore d'autres installations essentielles au développement du programme nucléaire israélien. En Israël, le nucléaire militaire est un tabou qui relève plus de la doctrine stratégique que du secret technique. En dépit du témoignage de Mordechai Vanunu en 1986, le site est officiellement toujours demeuré secret.
  • El Centre d'Investigació Nuclear del Néguev, és una instal·lació nuclear israeliana situdada al desert del Nègueb, a uns deu quilòmetres al sud de la ciutat de Dimona.
  • O Centro de Pesquisas Nucleares de Neguev é uma instalação nuclear israelense localizada no deserto de Neguev, cerca de 10 quilômetros ao sul da cidade de Dimona.Sua construção teve início em 1958, com ajuda francesa. O motivo da construção, de acordo com os governos francês e israelense, era construir um reator nuclear para fornecer energia para uma usina de dessalinização, para "reflorestar o deserto de Negev". Entretanto, a maioria dos peritos de defesa militar afirmam que tal centro tem o propósito de manufaturar armas nucleares. O governo de Israel nega tal afirmação, apesar de todas as evidências em contrário, e do vazamento de informações ocorrido em 1986, pelo ex-técnico nuclear Mordechai Vanunu.
  • The Negev Nuclear Research Center (Hebrew: קריה למחקר גרעיני – נגב‎) is an Israeli nuclear installation located in the Negev desert, about thirteen kilometers to the south-east of the city of Dimona. The purpose of Dimona is widely assumed to be the manufacturing of nuclear weapons. Israel acknowledges the existence of the site, but refuses to either confirm or deny its suspected purpose in a policy known as nuclear ambiguity. Information about the facility remains highly classified.An estimate based on the known power of the reactor (at least 150 MW) concluded that enough plutonium for 100 to 200 nuclear bombs could have been produced by the year 2000. The airspace over it is closed to all aircraft, and the area around it is heavily guarded and fenced off. During the Six-Day War, an Israeli missile shot down an Israeli Mirage III fighter that inadvertently flew over Dimona. In 1973 a strayed Libyan airliner was approaching the airspace above Dimona facility. Israeli fighters shot it down after failure to make it follow them, killing 108 people.Its construction commenced in 1958, with French assistance according to the Protocol of Sèvres agreements. The complex was constructed in secret, and outside the International Atomic Energy Agency inspection regime. To maintain secrecy, French customs officials were told that the largest of the reactor components, such as the reactor tank, were part of a desalination plant bound for Latin America. Estimates of the cost of construction vary; the only reliable figure is from Shimon Peres, who wrote in his 1995 memoir that he and David Ben-Gurion collected US $40 million, "half the price of a reactor ... [from] Israel's friends around the world."The Dimona reactor became active some time between 1962 and 1964, and with the plutonium produced there the Israel Defense Forces most probably had their first nuclear weapons ready before the Six-Day War. When the United States intelligence community discovered the purpose of the site in the early 1960s, the U.S. government demanded that Israel agree to international inspections. Israel agreed, but on the condition that U.S., rather than International Atomic Energy Agency, inspectors be used, and that Israel would receive advance notice of all inspections. Israel is one of three nations thought to possess nuclear weapons never to have signed the NPT (others are India and Pakistan.India and Pakistan officially acknowledged they have nuclear weapons.), and alongside North Korea which left the NPT.Some claim that because Israel knew the schedule of the inspectors' visits, it was able to hide the alleged purpose of the site (manufacturing of nuclear weapons), thereby deceiving the inspectors, by installing temporary false walls and other devices before each inspection. The inspectors eventually informed the U.S. government that their inspections were useless, due to Israeli restrictions on what areas of the facility they could inspect. By 1969 the U.S. believed that Israel might have a nuclear weapon, and terminated inspections that year.The Dimona reactor was overflown by unidentified jet aircraft before the Six Day War in 1967. These planes were thought at the time to be Egyptian Air Force MiG-21s, although a controversial 2007 book argues that they were actually Soviet MiG-25s.In 1986, Mordechai Vanunu, a former technician at Dimona, fled to the United Kingdom and revealed to the media some evidence of Israel's nuclear program and explained the purposes of each building, also revealing a top-secret underground facility directly below the installation. The Mossad, Israel's secret service, sent a female agent who lured Vanunu to Italy, where he was kidnapped by Mossad agents and smuggled to Israel aboard a freighter. An Israeli court then tried him in secret on charges of treason and espionage, and sentenced him to eighteen years imprisonment. At the time of Vanunu's kidnapping, The Times reported that Israel had material for approximately 20 hydrogen bombs and 200 fission bombs. In the spring of 2004, Vanunu was released from prison, and placed under several strict restrictions, such as the denial of a passport, freedom of movement limitations and restrictions on communications with the press. Since his release, he has been rearrested and charged multiple times for violations of the terms of his release.[citation needed]Dimona's reactor was defended by batteries of modified Patriot missiles in anticipation of strikes from Iraq in 2002 to 2003.[citation needed]Recently safety concerns about this 40-year-old reactor have been reported. In 2004, as a preventive measure, Israeli authorities distributed potassium iodide anti-radiation tablets to thousands of residents living nearby.In 2006 a group of local residents was formed due to concerns regarding serious threats to health and safety from living near the reactor.According to a lawsuit filed in Be'er Sheva Labor Tribunal, workers at the center were subjected to human experimentation in 1998. According to Julius Malick, the worker who submitted the lawsuit, they were given drinks containing uranium without medical supervision and without obtaining written consent or warning them about risks of side effects.In January 2012, media reports indicated that the Israel Atomic Energy Commission had decided to, at least temporarily, shut down the reactor. The site's vulnerability to attack from Iran was cited as the main reason for the decision. In October and November 2012, it was reported that Hamas had fired rockets at Dimona and/or Negev Nuclear Research Center, but the facility was not harmed or damaged in any of the attempted strikes.
  • Das Negev Nuclear Research Center („Nuklear-Forschungszentrum Negev“) ist eine kerntechnische Anlage in Israel nahe der Stadt Dimona in der Negev-Wüste.
  • Ядерный исследовательский центр в Димоне — израильский исследовательский центр.Расположен вблизи города Димоны.Открыт в 1964 году. Центр проводит исследования в различных областях физики. В период с 1957-го по 1964 годы построен тяжеловодный реактор (IRR-2) на природном уране при содействии французских фирм. В строительстве на площади 36 км² участвовали около 1500 израильских и французских рабочих. Мощность реактора — 28 мегаватт. В 1970-х гг с помощью Франции он был модернизирован.Не находятся под контролем МАГАТЭ.В 1986 году Мордехай Вануну, бывший техник центра в Димоне, который эмигрировал из Израиля, предоставил британским СМИ некоторые данные о ядерной программе Израиля.
  • El Centro de Investigación Nuclear del Néguev ( 31° 0'11.71"N, 35° 8'47.38"E) es una instalación nuclear israelí situdada en el desierto del Néguev, a unos diez kilómetros al sur de la ciudad de Dimona.
  • Izraelské atomové centrum Dimona (popřípadě Negevské nukleární výzkumné středisko) je izraelské výzkumné centrum pro atomovou energii. Nachází se v Negevské poušti, asi 13 km jihovýchodně od města Dimona. Jedná se o vysoce utajovaný a dobře oplocený a chráněný komplex, nad nímž je bezletová zóna. Oficiálně byl uváděn jako textilní továrna, ale všeobecně se má za to, že zde dochází k výrobě jaderných zbraní, což potvrzuje i mnoho expertů. Taktéž se objevily zprávy o tom, že se zde vyrábí ochuzený uran pro vojenské účely (plášť střel schopných prorazit pancíř). Izrael sice uznal existenci zařízení jako takového, ale nikdy nereagoval na otázky ohledně jeho účelu. Jeho stavba začala v roce 1958, ve spolupráci s francouzskými experty (dělníkům bylo řečeno, že se jedná o odsolovací zařízení). Komplex byl vystavěn v utajení a doposud nebylo nikdy kontrolováno mezinárodním úřadem pro kontrolu atomové energie (IAEA) – inspektoři do jeho prostor zatím neměli přístup. Spojené státy americké zjistily pravý účel negevského střediska někdy v 60. letech 20. století a žádaly Izrael o prohlídku jejich inspektory. Izrael souhlasil, ale vyžádal si, aby každá prohlídka s náležitým předstihem avizována. Hlavní reaktor byl postaven někdy mezi lety 1962 a 1964 a předpokládá se, že první izraelské jaderné zbraně s plutoniem zde byly vyrobeny ještě před Šestidenní válkou. V roce 1986 byly detaily o negevském středisku vyzrazeny tamním technickým pracovníkem Mordechajem Vanunu.
dbpedia-owl:thumbnail
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageExternalLink
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageID
  • 549136 (xsd:integer)
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageLength
  • 18350 (xsd:integer)
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageOutDegree
  • 88 (xsd:integer)
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 109725075 (xsd:integer)
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink
prop-fr:annéeDeConstruction
  • 1958 (xsd:integer)
prop-fr:dateDeMiseEnService
  • 1963 (xsd:integer)
prop-fr:fr
  • Alon Ben-David
prop-fr:géolocalisation
  • Israël
prop-fr:lang
  • en
prop-fr:latitude
  • 31.001302 (xsd:double)
prop-fr:longitude
  • 35.144616 (xsd:double)
prop-fr:légende
  • Le complexe nucléaire de Dimona vu par satellite
prop-fr:nom
  • Centrale nucléaire de Dimona
prop-fr:nomSubdivision
  • District
prop-fr:productionTotale
  • 690 (xsd:integer)
prop-fr:statut
  • à l'arrêt depuis 2012
prop-fr:subdivision
prop-fr:texte
  • Alon Ben-David
prop-fr:trad
  • Alon Ben-David
  • Alon Ben-David
prop-fr:wikiPageUsesTemplate
dcterms:subject
rdfs:comment
  • La centrale de Dimona est la centrale nucléaire du complexe nucléaire israélien situé dans le désert du Néguev, à 13 km au sud-est de Dimona et à 20 km à l'ouest de la Mer Morte, à 25 kilomètres à l'ouest de la Jordanie, à 75 kilomètres à l'est de l'Égypte, et à 85 kilomètres au sud de Jérusalem. Le site comprend non seulement une centrale nucléaire, mais encore d'autres installations essentielles au développement du programme nucléaire israélien.
  • El Centre d'Investigació Nuclear del Néguev, és una instal·lació nuclear israeliana situdada al desert del Nègueb, a uns deu quilòmetres al sud de la ciutat de Dimona.
  • Das Negev Nuclear Research Center („Nuklear-Forschungszentrum Negev“) ist eine kerntechnische Anlage in Israel nahe der Stadt Dimona in der Negev-Wüste.
  • El Centro de Investigación Nuclear del Néguev ( 31° 0'11.71"N, 35° 8'47.38"E) es una instalación nuclear israelí situdada en el desierto del Néguev, a unos diez kilómetros al sur de la ciudad de Dimona.
  • Izraelské atomové centrum Dimona (popřípadě Negevské nukleární výzkumné středisko) je izraelské výzkumné centrum pro atomovou energii. Nachází se v Negevské poušti, asi 13 km jihovýchodně od města Dimona. Jedná se o vysoce utajovaný a dobře oplocený a chráněný komplex, nad nímž je bezletová zóna. Oficiálně byl uváděn jako textilní továrna, ale všeobecně se má za to, že zde dochází k výrobě jaderných zbraní, což potvrzuje i mnoho expertů.
  • O Centro de Pesquisas Nucleares de Neguev é uma instalação nuclear israelense localizada no deserto de Neguev, cerca de 10 quilômetros ao sul da cidade de Dimona.Sua construção teve início em 1958, com ajuda francesa. O motivo da construção, de acordo com os governos francês e israelense, era construir um reator nuclear para fornecer energia para uma usina de dessalinização, para "reflorestar o deserto de Negev".
  • Ядерный исследовательский центр в Димоне — израильский исследовательский центр.Расположен вблизи города Димоны.Открыт в 1964 году. Центр проводит исследования в различных областях физики. В период с 1957-го по 1964 годы построен тяжеловодный реактор (IRR-2) на природном уране при содействии французских фирм. В строительстве на площади 36 км² участвовали около 1500 израильских и французских рабочих. Мощность реактора — 28 мегаватт.
  • The Negev Nuclear Research Center (Hebrew: קריה למחקר גרעיני – נגב‎) is an Israeli nuclear installation located in the Negev desert, about thirteen kilometers to the south-east of the city of Dimona. The purpose of Dimona is widely assumed to be the manufacturing of nuclear weapons. Israel acknowledges the existence of the site, but refuses to either confirm or deny its suspected purpose in a policy known as nuclear ambiguity.
rdfs:label
  • Centrale nucléaire de Dimona
  • Centre d'Investigació Nuclear del Néguev
  • Centro de Investigación Nuclear del Néguev
  • Centro de Pesquisas Nucleares de Neguev
  • Izraelské atomové centrum Dimona
  • Negev Nuclear Research Center
  • Negev Nuclear Research Center
  • Ядерный исследовательский центр в Димоне
owl:sameAs
http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom
foaf:depiction
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
is dbpedia-owl:wikiPageRedirects of
is dbpedia-owl:wikiPageWikiLink of
is foaf:primaryTopic of