Le terme canne à sucre désigne un ensemble d'espèces de plantes de la famille des Poaceae et du genre Saccharum. Elles sont cultivées pour leurs tiges, dont on extrait du sucre.

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  • Le terme canne à sucre désigne un ensemble d'espèces de plantes de la famille des Poaceae et du genre Saccharum. Elles sont cultivées pour leurs tiges, dont on extrait du sucre. Avec un volume annuel de production supérieur à 1,7 milliard de tonnes, ce sont les premières plantes cultivées au niveau mondial avec plus de 20 % de la masse totale produite en agriculture dans le monde.Elles furent jusqu'au début du XIXe siècle la seule source importante de sucre et représentent toujours actuellement 70 à 80 % de la production de sucre.
  • Saccharum és un gènere de plantes pertanyent a la tribu Andropogoneae, subfamília Panicoideae de la família de les poàcies o gramínies. Originari de l'Àsia, es troba distribuït per tot el món.
  • Saccharum é um gênero de plantas herbáceas pertencente à família Poaceae.
  • Sugarcane, or sugar cane, is any of several species of tall perennial true grasses of the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South Asia, and used for sugar production.They have stout jointed fibrous stalks that are rich in sugar, and measure two to six metres (6 to 19 feet) tall. All sugar cane species interbreed and the major commercial cultivars are complex hybrids.Sugarcane belongs to the grass family (Poaceae), an economically important seed plant family that includes maize, wheat, rice, and sorghum and many forage crops. The main product of sugarcane is sucrose, which accumulates in the stalk internodes. Sucrose, extracted and purified in specialized mill factories, is used as raw material in human food industries or is fermented to produce ethanol. Ethanol is produced on a large scale by the Brazilian sugarcane industry.Sugarcane is the world's largest crop by production quantity. In 2012, FAO estimates it was cultivated on about 26.0 million hectares, in more than 90 countries, with a worldwide harvest of 1.83 billion tons. Brazil was the largest producer of sugar cane in the world. The next five major producers, in decreasing amounts of production, were India, China, Thailand, Pakistan and Mexico.The world demand for sugar is the primary driver of sugarcane agriculture. Cane accounts for 80% of sugar produced; most of the rest is made from sugar beets. Sugarcane predominantly grows in the tropical and subtropical regions, and sugar beet predominantly grows in colder temperate regions of the world. Other than sugar, products derived from sugarcane include falernum, molasses, rum, cachaça (a traditional spirit from Brazil), bagasse and ethanol. In some regions, people use sugarcane reeds to make pens, mats, screens, and thatch. The young unexpanded inflorescence of tebu telor is eaten raw, steamed or toasted, and prepared in various ways in certain island communities of Indonesia.In India, between the sixth and fourth centuries BC, the Persians, followed by the Greeks, discovered the famous "reeds that produce honey without bees". They adopted and then spread sugar and sugarcane agriculture. A few merchants began to trade in sugar—a luxury and an expensive spice until the 18th century. Before the 18th century, cultivation of sugar cane was largely confined to India. Sugarcane plantations, like cotton farms, were a major driver of large human migrations in the 19th and early 20th century, influencing the ethnic mix, political conflicts and cultural evolution of various Caribbean, South American, Indian Ocean and Pacific island nations.
  • Tebu (bahasa Inggris: sugar cane) adalah tanaman yang ditanam untuk bahan baku gula dan vetsin. Tanaman ini hanya dapat tumbuh di daerah beriklim tropis. Tanaman ini termasuk jenis rumput-rumputan. Umur tanaman sejak ditanam sampai bisa dipanen mencapai kurang lebih 1 tahun. Di Indonesia tebu banyak dibudidayakan di pulau Jawa dan Sumatra.Untuk pembuatan gula, batang tebu yang sudah dipanen diperas dengan mesin pemeras (mesin press) di pabrik gula. Sesudah itu, nira atau air perasan tebu tersebut disaring, dimasak, dan diputihkan sehingga menjadi gula pasir yang kita kenal. Dari proses pembuatan tebu tersebut akan dihasilkan gula 5%, ampas tebu 90% dan sisanya berupa tetes (molasse) dan air.Daun tebu yang kering (dalam bahasa Jawa, dadhok) adalah biomassa yang mempunyai nilai kalori cukup tinggi. Ibu-ibu di pedesaan sering memakai dadhok itu sebagai bahan bakar untuk memasak; selain menghemat minyak tanah yang makin mahal, bahan bakar ini juga cepat panas.Dalam konversi energi pabrik gula, daun tebu dan juga ampas batang tebu digunakan untuk bahan bakar boiler, yang uapnya digunakan untuk proses produksi dan pembangkit listrik.Di beberapa daerah air perasan tebu sering dijadikan minuman segar pelepas lelah, air perasan tebu cukup baik bagi kesehatan tubuh karena dapat menambah glukosa. salah satu tempat yang menjual es tebu yatu di seputaran Jember.
  • Захарната тръстика (Saccharum) е род многогодишни тревисти, многостеблени растения от семейство Житни (Poaceae). Отглежда се в тропичните и част от субтропичните райони. Благородната захарна тръстика (Saccharum officinarum) се отглежда главно в Индия, Куба и Бразилия. Създадени са нейни хибридни сортове, чиято захарност достига до 26%. Тя има твърди влакнести стъбла, които в суров вид могат да се дъвчат, при което отделят сок. Меласата от захарна тръстика се използва за производство на ром, влакнестите стъбла — за хартия, биогориво като биоетанол или храна за животни.
  • 사탕수수(沙糖―)는 벼과 개사탕수수속의 외떡잎식물이다. 큰키의 다년생식물로 아시아의 열대지역이 원산지이다. 체내에 당분이 많이 함유되어 있어 설탕을 만드는 재료로 쓰인다. 재배종은 자생하는 여러 종을 교잡하여 만든 것이다.
  • Saccharum (synoniem: Lasiorhachis) is een geslacht uit de grassenfamilie (Poaceae). De soorten van dit geslacht komen voor in vrijwel de hele wereld.
  • Са́харный тростни́к (лат. Sáccharum) — род растений семейства Злаки. Используется человеком, наряду с сахарной свёклой, для получения сахара.
  • A cukornád (Saccharum) a perjefélék (Poaceae) gazdaságilag igen jelentős nemzetsége.Magas, nádtermetű, többnyári pázsitkóró. Levelei hosszúak és szélesek, szára dúsan elágazik. Kétvirágú, a tövén hosszú, fehér, selyemszőrű füzérkékkel, de csak az egyik virág tökéletes.
  • Saccharum, es un género de plantas herbáceas perteneciente a la familia de las poáceas. Es originario de Asia.Se excluyen de Saccharum los géneros, Erianthus, Miscanthus, Lasiorhachis, Narenga.
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  • la canne à sucre
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  • Les colonies à sucre et la production indigène
  • Questions des sucres
  • De l’exploitation des sucreries ou Conseils d’un vieux planteur aux jeunes agriculteurs des colonies
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  • Librairie économique Guillaumin & Cie
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rdfs:comment
  • Le terme canne à sucre désigne un ensemble d'espèces de plantes de la famille des Poaceae et du genre Saccharum. Elles sont cultivées pour leurs tiges, dont on extrait du sucre.
  • Saccharum és un gènere de plantes pertanyent a la tribu Andropogoneae, subfamília Panicoideae de la família de les poàcies o gramínies. Originari de l'Àsia, es troba distribuït per tot el món.
  • Saccharum é um gênero de plantas herbáceas pertencente à família Poaceae.
  • 사탕수수(沙糖―)는 벼과 개사탕수수속의 외떡잎식물이다. 큰키의 다년생식물로 아시아의 열대지역이 원산지이다. 체내에 당분이 많이 함유되어 있어 설탕을 만드는 재료로 쓰인다. 재배종은 자생하는 여러 종을 교잡하여 만든 것이다.
  • Saccharum (synoniem: Lasiorhachis) is een geslacht uit de grassenfamilie (Poaceae). De soorten van dit geslacht komen voor in vrijwel de hele wereld.
  • Са́харный тростни́к (лат. Sáccharum) — род растений семейства Злаки. Используется человеком, наряду с сахарной свёклой, для получения сахара.
  • A cukornád (Saccharum) a perjefélék (Poaceae) gazdaságilag igen jelentős nemzetsége.Magas, nádtermetű, többnyári pázsitkóró. Levelei hosszúak és szélesek, szára dúsan elágazik. Kétvirágú, a tövén hosszú, fehér, selyemszőrű füzérkékkel, de csak az egyik virág tökéletes.
  • Saccharum, es un género de plantas herbáceas perteneciente a la familia de las poáceas. Es originario de Asia.Se excluyen de Saccharum los géneros, Erianthus, Miscanthus, Lasiorhachis, Narenga.
  • Захарната тръстика (Saccharum) е род многогодишни тревисти, многостеблени растения от семейство Житни (Poaceae). Отглежда се в тропичните и част от субтропичните райони. Благородната захарна тръстика (Saccharum officinarum) се отглежда главно в Индия, Куба и Бразилия. Създадени са нейни хибридни сортове, чиято захарност достига до 26%. Тя има твърди влакнести стъбла, които в суров вид могат да се дъвчат, при което отделят сок.
  • Tebu (bahasa Inggris: sugar cane) adalah tanaman yang ditanam untuk bahan baku gula dan vetsin. Tanaman ini hanya dapat tumbuh di daerah beriklim tropis. Tanaman ini termasuk jenis rumput-rumputan. Umur tanaman sejak ditanam sampai bisa dipanen mencapai kurang lebih 1 tahun. Di Indonesia tebu banyak dibudidayakan di pulau Jawa dan Sumatra.Untuk pembuatan gula, batang tebu yang sudah dipanen diperas dengan mesin pemeras (mesin press) di pabrik gula.
  • Sugarcane, or sugar cane, is any of several species of tall perennial true grasses of the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South Asia, and used for sugar production.They have stout jointed fibrous stalks that are rich in sugar, and measure two to six metres (6 to 19 feet) tall.
rdfs:label
  • Canne à sucre
  • Cukornád
  • Saccharum
  • Saccharum
  • Saccharum
  • Saccharum
  • Sugarcane
  • Tebu
  • Захарна тръстика
  • Сахарный тростник
  • 사탕수수
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