Un but-sur-balles ou base-sur-balles (anglais base-on-balls) est un terme employé au baseball lorsqu'un lanceur effectue 4 lancers jugés hors de la zone des prises, donc étant déclarées balles par l'arbitre au marbre, le frappeur a le droit d'avancer au premier but (ou première base). S'il y a déjà un coureur au premier but, celui-ci avance au deuxième but, et ainsi de suite car il ne peut y avoir deux coureurs sur un même base.

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  • Un but-sur-balles ou base-sur-balles (anglais base-on-balls) est un terme employé au baseball lorsqu'un lanceur effectue 4 lancers jugés hors de la zone des prises, donc étant déclarées balles par l'arbitre au marbre, le frappeur a le droit d'avancer au premier but (ou première base). S'il y a déjà un coureur au premier but, celui-ci avance au deuxième but, et ainsi de suite car il ne peut y avoir deux coureurs sur un même base. Si les buts sont déjà tous occupés, le joueur posté au troisième but peut avancer au marbre et marquer un point.
  • Meta zdarma (anglicky base on balls nebo walk) je herní situace v baseballu, kdy je hráč na pálce bez odpalu oceněn první metou. Umpire rozhodčí pošle hráče na pálce na první metu poté, co nadhazovač hodí 4 špatné nadhozy (balls). Jestli již je na první metě běžec, ten se posouvá na druhou metu atd.Metu zdarma získávají nejčastěji pálkaři: s dobrým odhadem nadhozů, s vysokým pálkařským průměrem nebo se silovým odpalem, v těžké obrané situaci, kdy je odpal rozhodující.I nejlepší nadhazovači běžné zaznamenávají 1-2 mety zdarma během jednoho zápasu.[1] Ve statistikách se sleduje poměr K/BB což je poměr počtu strikeoutů a met zdarma. U nejlepších je tento poměr přibližně 3-4.[2]
  • 볼넷은 한국어로 순화된 야구 용어 중 하나로, 타자가 타석에서 4개의 볼을 골라 1루로 나가는 것을 뜻한다. 영어로는 Base on Balls(베이스 온 볼스)이다.일본식 표현으로 사구(四球)라고도 하지만, 몸에 맞는 볼을 뜻하는 한자어 사구(死球)와 한글표기가 같아 볼넷이라는 표현을 더 많이 사용한다. 다만 볼넷과 몸에 맞는 볼을 함께 일컫는 사사구(四死球)는 자주 쓰인다. 네 개의 볼을 뜻한다.
  • Eine Base on Balls (abgekürzt BB), auch häufig als Walk bezeichnet, ist ein Ereignis beim Baseball. Eine Base on Balls kommt zustande, wenn der Schiedsrichter vier Balls in einem at bat erkennt, also wenn der Pitcher viermal die Strike Zone verfehlt, ohne dass der Schlagmann schwingt. Eine Base on Balls wird deshalb auch als Walk bezeichnet, weil der Schlagmann dann das Recht hat, zur ersten Base zu gehen, sprich sich zur ersten Base zu bewegen, ohne dass die Möglichkeit besteht, ihn auszumachen. Ein Base on Balls wird in der Baseballstatistik zu Ungunsten des Pitchers und zu Gunsten des Schlagmannes vermerkt.Befindet sich zum Zeitpunkt der Base on Balls ein Läufer auf der ersten Base, darf dieser auf die zweite Base vorrücken. Läufer auf der zweiten und dritten Base rücken allerdings nur auf, wenn alle Bases hinter ihnen besetzt sind. Eine Base on Balls wird in der Statistik nicht als offizielles at bat eingetragen, somit kann dem Schlagmann auch kein Hit gutgeschrieben werden. 1878 wurden die Walks in der Major League Baseball als Hits gewertet. Dies hatte zur Folge, dass unglaubliche Batting Averages (Schlagdurchschnitt) von über 50 % erreicht wurden. Das Experiment wurde in der darauffolgenden Saison beendet. Eine grob vergleichbare offizielle Statistik, die die Häufigkeit, mit der ein Spieler eine Base erreicht, ohne Rücksicht auf den Grund des Erreichens berechnet, existiert jedoch heute unter dem Namen On-Base Percentage.Ein Pitcher kann zudem eine Intentional Base on Balls, bzw. einen Intentional Walk herbeiführen. Hierbei beabsichtigt der Pitcher, den Ball deutlich neben die Strike Zone zu werfen. Dies wird für gewöhnlich angewandt, um einen anderen Schlagmann als Gegenspieler zu bekommen, bei dem das Team eine bessere Chance sieht, ihn auszumachen oder ein Double Play (zwei Spieler gleichzeitig aus dem Spiel nehmen) zu erreichen.Ein Hit by Pitch wird nicht als Walk gewertet, obwohl die Konsequenzen für die Spielsituation nahezu identisch sind.
  • Uma base por bolas (base on balls; denotado BB) é creditada ao rebatedor e contra o arremessador nas estatísticas do beisebol quando o batedor recebe quatro arremessos que o árbitro chama como bolas. É melhor conhecida como walk. A base por bolas está definida na Seção 2.00 das Regras Oficiais do beisebol, e mais detalhes são dados na 6.08(a). É chamado de "walk" porque o batedor então tem direito a andar para a primeira base, ou mais especificamente (como definido nas regras do beisebol), ele é "nomeado à primeira base sem passividade de ser eliminado". Se um corredor estiver na primeira base quando o batedor receber um walk, ele avança uma base para permitir ao batedor tomar a primeira. Se houver corredores na primeira e segunda, ambos avançam uma base, e se as bases estiverem lotadas, todos os três batedores avançam, com o corredor da terceira avançando à home para anotar uma corrida. Na última suposição, bases lotadas em situação de walk, o batedor é creditado com uma RBI pela regra 10.04.Receber uma base por bolas não conta como uma vez ao bastão oficial para o batedor, mas conta como uma aparição na plate.Um hit by pitch não é contado estatisticamente como um walk, apesar do efeito ser o mesmo, com o batedor recebendo passe livre à primeira base.
  • A base on balls (BB) is credited to a batter and against a pitcher in baseball statistics when a batter receives four pitches that the umpire calls balls. It is better known as a walk. The base on balls is defined in Section 2.00 of baseball's Official Rules, and further detail is given in 6.08(a). It is called a "walk" because the batter is then entitled to walk to first base, or more specifically (as defined in the rules of baseball) he is "entitled to first base without liability to be put out." However, it is considered a faux pas for a professional player to walk to first base (as opposed to physically running); in all likelihood, observers of any game will see the batter-runner and any advancing runners jog on such a play, with Pete Rose infamously earning his nickname "Charlie Hustle" due to him running towards first on a walk.The term "base on balls" distinguishes a walk from the other manners in which a batter can be awarded first base without liability to be put out (e.g., hit by pitch, catcher's interference). It, quite literally, as explained by Rule 6.08(a), means that the batter is awarded a base, on "balls". Though a base on balls, catcher interference, or a batter hit-by-a-pitched-ball (HPB) all result in the batter (and possibly runners on base) being awarded a base, the term "walk" usually refers only to a base on balls, and not the other methods of reaching base without the bat touching the ball. An important difference is that for a hit batter or catcher's interference, the ball is dead and no one may advance unless forced; the ball is live after a walk (see below for details).A batter who draws a base on balls is commonly said to have been "walked" by the pitcher. When the batter is walked, runners advance one base without liability to be put out only if forced to vacate their base to allow the batter to take first base. If a batter draws a walk with the bases loaded, all preceding runners are forced to advance, including the runner on third base who is forced to home plate to score a run; when a run is forced on a walk, the batter is credited with an RBI per rule 10.04.Receiving a base on balls does not count as a hit or an at bat for a batter but does count as a time on base and a plate appearance. Therefore, a base on balls does not affect a player's batting average, but it can increase his on-base percentage.A hit by pitch is not counted statistically as a walk, though the effect is mostly the same, with the batter receiving a free pass to first base. One exception is that on a HBP (hit-by-pitch), the ball is dead. On a HBP, any runners attempting to steal on the play must return to their original base unless forced to the next base anyway. When a walk occurs, the ball is still live, any runner not forced to advance may nevertheless attempt to advance at his own risk, which might occur on a steal play, passed ball, or wild pitch. Also, because a ball is live when a base on balls occurs, runners on base forced to advance one base may attempt to advance beyond one base, at their own risk. The batter-runner himself may attempt to advance beyond first base, at his own risk. Rule 6.08 addresses this matter as well. An attempt to advance an additional base beyond the base awarded might occur when ball four is a passed ball or a wild pitch.
  • La frase base por bolas se refiere al juego de béisbol. Se aplica cuando el lanzador tira la pelota afuera de la zona de bateo en cuatro ocasiones durante un turno al bate. Entonces el bateador debe ocupar la primera base aunque su turno al bate no es oficialmente archivado. Se le conoce también como boleto.
  • 四球(しきゅう、英:Base on balls / BB)は、野球の試合において投手が打者に対しボールを4球投げ出塁を許すこと。また、それによる出塁のこと。フォアボール(和製英語)とも言う。
  • Base on balls (w skrócie BB, inaczej walk, pol. baza za darmo) – w baseballu przyznanie pałkarzowi pierwszej bazy, po narzuceniu czterech balli przez miotacza.
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  • Un but-sur-balles ou base-sur-balles (anglais base-on-balls) est un terme employé au baseball lorsqu'un lanceur effectue 4 lancers jugés hors de la zone des prises, donc étant déclarées balles par l'arbitre au marbre, le frappeur a le droit d'avancer au premier but (ou première base). S'il y a déjà un coureur au premier but, celui-ci avance au deuxième but, et ainsi de suite car il ne peut y avoir deux coureurs sur un même base.
  • 볼넷은 한국어로 순화된 야구 용어 중 하나로, 타자가 타석에서 4개의 볼을 골라 1루로 나가는 것을 뜻한다. 영어로는 Base on Balls(베이스 온 볼스)이다.일본식 표현으로 사구(四球)라고도 하지만, 몸에 맞는 볼을 뜻하는 한자어 사구(死球)와 한글표기가 같아 볼넷이라는 표현을 더 많이 사용한다. 다만 볼넷과 몸에 맞는 볼을 함께 일컫는 사사구(四死球)는 자주 쓰인다. 네 개의 볼을 뜻한다.
  • La frase base por bolas se refiere al juego de béisbol. Se aplica cuando el lanzador tira la pelota afuera de la zona de bateo en cuatro ocasiones durante un turno al bate. Entonces el bateador debe ocupar la primera base aunque su turno al bate no es oficialmente archivado. Se le conoce también como boleto.
  • 四球(しきゅう、英:Base on balls / BB)は、野球の試合において投手が打者に対しボールを4球投げ出塁を許すこと。また、それによる出塁のこと。フォアボール(和製英語)とも言う。
  • Base on balls (w skrócie BB, inaczej walk, pol. baza za darmo) – w baseballu przyznanie pałkarzowi pierwszej bazy, po narzuceniu czterech balli przez miotacza.
  • A base on balls (BB) is credited to a batter and against a pitcher in baseball statistics when a batter receives four pitches that the umpire calls balls. It is better known as a walk. The base on balls is defined in Section 2.00 of baseball's Official Rules, and further detail is given in 6.08(a).
  • Meta zdarma (anglicky base on balls nebo walk) je herní situace v baseballu, kdy je hráč na pálce bez odpalu oceněn první metou. Umpire rozhodčí pošle hráče na pálce na první metu poté, co nadhazovač hodí 4 špatné nadhozy (balls).
  • Eine Base on Balls (abgekürzt BB), auch häufig als Walk bezeichnet, ist ein Ereignis beim Baseball. Eine Base on Balls kommt zustande, wenn der Schiedsrichter vier Balls in einem at bat erkennt, also wenn der Pitcher viermal die Strike Zone verfehlt, ohne dass der Schlagmann schwingt.
  • Uma base por bolas (base on balls; denotado BB) é creditada ao rebatedor e contra o arremessador nas estatísticas do beisebol quando o batedor recebe quatro arremessos que o árbitro chama como bolas. É melhor conhecida como walk. A base por bolas está definida na Seção 2.00 das Regras Oficiais do beisebol, e mais detalhes são dados na 6.08(a).
rdfs:label
  • But-sur-balles
  • Base on Balls
  • Base on balls
  • Base on balls
  • Base por bolas
  • Base por bolas
  • Meta zdarma
  • 四球
  • 볼넷
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