Par brigandage post-unitaire, l'historiographie italienne évoque une forme de mouvement armé qui, déjà présent sous la forme de banditisme dans le sud de l'Italie et la Sicile des Bourbons et de Murat, se développa après l'annexion du Royaume des Deux-Siciles par le Royaume de Sardaigne donnant naissance au Royaume d'Italie et prenant souvent la connotation d'une révolte populaire.Avec l'appui du gouvernement des Deux-Siciles en exil et des États pontificaux, la rébellion fut conduite principalement par des éléments du prolétariat rural et des ex-militaires bourbons, en plus de réfractaires au service militaire, de déserteurs et d'évadés des prisons qui, poussés par diverses difficultés économiques et sociales, s'opposèrent à la politique du nouveau gouvernement italien.

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  • Par brigandage post-unitaire, l'historiographie italienne évoque une forme de mouvement armé qui, déjà présent sous la forme de banditisme dans le sud de l'Italie et la Sicile des Bourbons et de Murat, se développa après l'annexion du Royaume des Deux-Siciles par le Royaume de Sardaigne donnant naissance au Royaume d'Italie et prenant souvent la connotation d'une révolte populaire.Avec l'appui du gouvernement des Deux-Siciles en exil et des États pontificaux, la rébellion fut conduite principalement par des éléments du prolétariat rural et des ex-militaires bourbons, en plus de réfractaires au service militaire, de déserteurs et d'évadés des prisons qui, poussés par diverses difficultés économiques et sociales, s'opposèrent à la politique du nouveau gouvernement italien. L'expression « brigandage post-unitaire » est contestée par certains historiens qui jugent cette révolte motivée politiquement et socialement : en fait la première guerre civile de l’Italie qui enflamma la nation à peine l'unification réalisée et ce jusqu'en 1867. Par la suite, divers épisodes de banditisme se vérifient qui n'ont plus de revendications politiques ou sociale.
  • La locuzione brigantaggio postunitario, nel linguaggio storiografico italiano, si intende una forma di banditismo armato, già presente nel sud peninsulare e nella Sicilia preunitaria dell'era borbonica, ma che si sviluppò ulteriormente ai tempi del risorgimento, subito dopo l'unità d'Italia assumendo spesso le connotazioni di una rivolta popolare.Con l'appoggio del governo borbonico in esilio e dello Stato Pontificio, la ribellione fu condotta principalmente da elementi del proletariato rurale, legittimisti, ed ex militari borbonici, da renitenti alla leva, disertori ed evasi dal carcere.) che, spinti da diverse problematiche economiche e sociali, si opposero alla politica del nuovo governo italiano. A questi nel primo anno del conflitto si aggiunsero militari di professione, di fede legittimista, assoldati dalla corte borbonica in esilio a Roma. Il brigantaggio si contrappose prima alle milizie civiche, armate dai notabili e dai possidenti meridionali, che assieme agli elementi liberali più ebbero a soffrire della stagione di violenze e poi all'esercito italiano. Due tra i più famosi comandanti militari della repressione furono Cialdini, modenese, ed Emilio Pallavicini, genovese. L'azione delle bande, diffusa un po' in tutto il territorio continentale appartenuto all'ex-Regno delle Due Sicilie, è stata definita, a seconda del punto di vista: brigantaggio secondo la storiografia prevalente, rivolta , se non la prima la prima guerra civile dell'Italia, come resistenza all'annessione al Regno sabaudo secondo la storiografia revisionista meridionalista o una rivolta proletaria mancata secondo l'interpretazione gramsciana.
  • Brigandage in Southern Italy had existed in some form since ancient times. However its origins as outlaws targeting random travellers would evolve vastly later on in the form of the political resistance movement. During the time of the Napoleonic conquest of the Kingdom of Naples, the first signs of political resistance brigandage came to public light, as the Bourbon loyalists of the country refused to accept the new Bonapartist rulers and actively fought against them until the Bourbon monarchy had been reinstated.In the upheaval of Sicily's transition out of feudalism in 1812, and the resulting lack of an effective government police force banditry became a serious problem in much of rural Sicily during the 19th-century. Rising food prices, the loss of public and church lands, and the loss of feudal common rights pushed many desperate peasants to banditry.With no police to call upon, local elites in countryside towns recruited young men into "companies-at-arms" to hunt down thieves and negotiate the return of stolen property, in exchange for a pardon for the thieves and a fee from the victims, a development that is often seen as the genesis of the Mafia. These companies-at-arms were often made up of former bandits and criminals, usually the most skilled and violent of them. While this saved communities the trouble of maintaining their own policemen, this may have made the companies-at-arms more inclined to collude with their former brethren rather than destroy them.After the conquest of the Kingdom of Two Sicilies in 1861 by the Kingdom of Sardinia (later Kingdom of Italy), the most famous and well known form of brigandage in the area emerged. Social unrest, especially among the lower classes, occurred due to poor conditions, and the fact that the Risorgimento benefited in the "Mezzogiorno" only the bourgeoisie vast-land owning classes. Many turned to brigandage in the mountains of Basilicata, Campania, Calabria and Abruzzo to continue the fight against the northern invaders. Amongst the brigands were a mixture of people, with different working backgrounds and motives, but the same desire to defeat the common enemy; the brigands included people who the Italian government considered criminals, many former soldiers and loyalists of the Bourbon army, but also nobles, poverty stricken farmers who had fled due to extortionate Italian taxes placed on them and peasants who wanted land reforms, both men and women took up arms.They launched attacks against the Italian authorities (who were regarded as foreigners) and the land owning upper-classes, coming to be viewed by many of the common people as Robin Hood like figures, some of them gained celebrity in the area via the spreading of their stories. Especially after passing the Legge Pica legislation in 1863, an extremely strong handed repression of the brigands by the Italian authorities picked up; it also allowed the execution of relatives and those suspected with collaborating or helping a brigand. Villages such as Pontelandolfo and Casalduni in the Province of Benevento are famous for the massacre of civilians by the so-called "Piedmontese" authorities. In total several thousand southerners were arrested and executed, while many more were deported or fled the country (see Italian diaspora).
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  • Par brigandage post-unitaire, l'historiographie italienne évoque une forme de mouvement armé qui, déjà présent sous la forme de banditisme dans le sud de l'Italie et la Sicile des Bourbons et de Murat, se développa après l'annexion du Royaume des Deux-Siciles par le Royaume de Sardaigne donnant naissance au Royaume d'Italie et prenant souvent la connotation d'une révolte populaire.Avec l'appui du gouvernement des Deux-Siciles en exil et des États pontificaux, la rébellion fut conduite principalement par des éléments du prolétariat rural et des ex-militaires bourbons, en plus de réfractaires au service militaire, de déserteurs et d'évadés des prisons qui, poussés par diverses difficultés économiques et sociales, s'opposèrent à la politique du nouveau gouvernement italien.
  • Brigandage in Southern Italy had existed in some form since ancient times. However its origins as outlaws targeting random travellers would evolve vastly later on in the form of the political resistance movement.
  • La locuzione brigantaggio postunitario, nel linguaggio storiografico italiano, si intende una forma di banditismo armato, già presente nel sud peninsulare e nella Sicilia preunitaria dell'era borbonica, ma che si sviluppò ulteriormente ai tempi del risorgimento, subito dopo l'unità d'Italia assumendo spesso le connotazioni di una rivolta popolare.Con l'appoggio del governo borbonico in esilio e dello Stato Pontificio, la ribellione fu condotta principalmente da elementi del proletariato rurale, legittimisti, ed ex militari borbonici, da renitenti alla leva, disertori ed evasi dal carcere.) che, spinti da diverse problematiche economiche e sociali, si opposero alla politica del nuovo governo italiano.
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  • Brigandage post-unitaire
  • Brigandage in Southern Italy
  • Brigantaggio postunitario
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