Le Bihar (bengali : বিহার, hindi : बिहार) est un État du nord de l'Inde. Situé dans l'est de la plaine indo-gangétique, le Bihar est un État très densément peuplé (104 millions d'habitants sur 94 163 km2) et encore peu développé sur le plan économique. Région d'origine du bouddhisme, son nom provient de vihara.↑ 1,0 et 1,1 (en) « Bihar Population Census data 2011 », Gouvernement de l'Inde (consulté le 16 août 2013)

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  • Le Bihar (bengali : বিহার, hindi : बिहार) est un État du nord de l'Inde. Situé dans l'est de la plaine indo-gangétique, le Bihar est un État très densément peuplé (104 millions d'habitants sur 94 163 km2) et encore peu développé sur le plan économique. Région d'origine du bouddhisme, son nom provient de vihara.
  • ビハール州(英語:Bihār 、ヒンディー語:बिहार、ウルドゥー語:بہار)は、インドを構成する州の一つ。州都はパトナ(古都パータリプトラ)。
  • Биха́р (хинди बिहार; англ. Bihar) — штат на востоке Индии. Столица и крупнейший город — Патна. Граничит с Непалом (на севере), штатами: Джаркханд (на юге), Уттар-Прадеш (на западе) и Западная Бенгалия (на востоке).
  • 비하르 주(영어: Bihar, 힌디어: बिहार, اردو: بہار)는 인도 북부의 동쪽 끝에 자리한 주이다. 그 수도는 2500년간 비하르였다. 비하르는 인도의 12번째로 큰 주이며 인구는 세 번째로 많다. 농업이 최대의 산업이지만 정부는 근래에 대규모 공업화와 내부 투자 프로그램을 시작하였다. 비하르는 고대에 마가다라 불렸다. 그 수도 파트나는 파탈리푸트라라고 불렸으며 인도에 창건된 첫 제국 난다 왕조와 마우리아 제국의 중심이었다. 비크람실라와 날란다 대학이 고대 인도의 교육 중심이었다.
  • Bihar (बिहार) is een deelstaat van India. De staat ligt in het oostelijke deel van het land. De hoofdstad van Bihar is Patna en de staat heeft 82.998.509 (2001) inwoners. .
  • Bihar, Hindistan'ın doğusunda bir eyalet. Yüzölçümü bakımından Hindistan'ın en büyük 12.; nüfüs bakımından en büyük 3. eyaletidir. 2011 yılı itibariyle toplam nüfusu 103.804.637 kişidir.Başkenti Patna şehridir. 38 ilçeden oluşmaktadır. Ayrıca, Nepal ve Bangladeş'e sınırı bulunmaktadır.
  • Bihar (hindi: बिहार, bihār, pronuncia [bɪˈhɑːr]), è uno stato dell'India nord-orientale.
  • Bihar (hindiz बिहार, urduz: بہار bɪhaːr) India ekialdeko estatua da.
  • Bihar es un estado situado en la zona este de la India. Su capital y ciudad más importante es Patna. El nombre Bihar es una corrupción de vihāra que significa ‘refugio’ o 'morada' , y por extensión ‘monasterio budista’.Al Norte tiene frontera con la República de Nepal.Limita al Oeste, al Sur y al Este con los estados indios de Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand y Bengala Occidental respectivamente.Bihar está situada en las fértiles llanuras del Ganges y es parte del corazón de habla hindi.
  • Бихар (на хинди बिहार, на английски Bihar) е многонационален щат в североизточна Индия. Столица и най-голям град е Патна. Населението на щата наброява 103 804 637 души (3-то място в Индия) към 2011 г. Площ - 94 164 км² (12-то място).
  • Bihar (Hindi: बिहार, Bihār [bɪˈhɑːr]) ist ein indischer Bundesstaat mit einer Fläche von 94.163 km² und rund 104 Millionen Einwohnern (Volkszählung 2011). Seine Hauptstadt ist Patna, das antike Pataliputra. Bihar gilt als ärmster und zugleich einer der instabilsten Bundesstaaten Indiens.
  • Bihar (en hindi: बिहार; en urdú: بہار) és un dels estats de l'Índia a la part oriental. És el dotzè estat en superfície amb 99.200 km², i el tercer en població amb 82.998.509 habitants (2001).
  • Bihar (/bɨˈhɑr/; Hindustani pronunciation: [bɪˈɦaːr]) is a state in eastern India. It is the 12th largest state in terms of geographical size at 38,202 sq mi (98,940 km2) and 3rd largest by population. It is bounded by Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal to the north, Northern part of West Bengal to the east and by Jharkhand to the south. The Bihar plain is divided into two parts by the river Ganges which flows through the middle from west to east. Bihar has forest area of 6,764.14 km2, which is 7.2% of its geographical area. In 2000, Bihar was subdivided, the southern part becoming the state of Jharkhand. Close to 85% of the population lives in villages. Almost 58% of Biharis are below the age of 25, which is the highest proportion in India.Ancient Bihar was a centre of power, learning and culture in ancient and classical India. From Magadha arose India's first and greatest empire, the Maurya empire as well as one of the world's most widely adhered-to religions, Buddhism. Magadha empires, notably under the Maurya and Gupta dynasties, unified large parts of South Asia under a central rule. Its capital Patna, earlier known as Pataliputra, was an important centre of Indian civilization. Close to Patna, Nalanda and Vikramshila were centres of learning established in the 5th and 8th century respectively in Bihar, and are counted as one of the oldest international universities of the time.Since the late 1970s, Bihar lagged behind other Indian states in social and economic development terms. Economists and social scientists claimed that this is a direct result of the policies of the central government, such as the Freight equalization policy, its apathy towards Bihar, lack of Bihari sub-nationalism (resulting in no spokesperson for the state), and the Permanent Settlement of 1793 by the British East India Company. The state government has however made significant strides in developing the state. The improved governance has led to an economic revival in the state through increased investment in infrastructure, better health care facilities, greater emphasis on education, and a diminution in crime and corruption. Indian Global business and economic leaders feel that Bihar now has good opportunity to sustain its growth and thus they have shown interest in investing in the state. Additionally, for the period 2011–2012, Bihar was also India's fastest growing state, with a growth rate of 13.1% for the year 2011–12, which had followed a growth rate of 14.8% for the previous year. Bihar has managed to record 11.95% annual growth rate, the highest among all the states, during the 11th Plan period.Indians of Bihari origins are commonly found in the Indian Diaspora, most notably in Mauritius where 64% of the population is of Bihari origins due to the massive influx of Indentured Labourers brought to the island by the British Administration at the end of the 19th Century
  • Bihar (hindi बिहार, trb.: Bihar, trl.: Bihār; ang. Bihar) – stan w północno-wschodnich Indiach ze stolicą w Patnie.Bihar graniczy na północy z Nepalem. Na zachodzie ze stanem Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand na południu i z Bengalem Zachodnim na wschodzie. Stan jest położony na żyznej równinie Gangesu. Jest to trzeci pod względem liczby ludności stan indyjski.
  • Bihár je indický stát nacházející se ve východní části země, jehož hlavním městem je Patna. Je dvanáctým nejrozlehlejším indickým státem a celkově třetím státem s nejpočetnější populací. Na severu sousedí s Nepálem, na ostatních světových stranách pak s dalšími třemi indickými státy Uttarpradéšem, Západním Bengálskem a Džharkhandem. Bihár patří mezi méně vyspělé indické státy, podle průzkumů zde žije 42,6 % populace pod hranicí chudoby.
  • Bihár (hindi:बिहार, urdu: بہار IPA: [bɪhaːr]) India egyik szövetségi állama a Hindusztáni-alföldön Uttar Prades államtól keletre. A mai Bihár – Magyarország nagyságú – területét tekintve India tizenkettedik, népességét tekintve a harmadik legnagyobb állama. A rajta átfolyó Gangesz osztja két részre, fővárosa Patna – a régi Pataliputra.
  • Bihar ou Biar (Hindi: बिहार, Urdu: بہار ) é um estado da Índia localizado a leste do país. Bihar é o 12º maior estado em termos de área geográfica, com 99.200 km² e o 3º em população. Perto de 85% da população vive no campo rural. Cerca de 58% dos biharis têm menos de 25 anos, sendo a maior precentagem do país. Além da fronteira com o Nepal, a norte, tem limites com os Estados de Bengala Ocidental a leste, Jharkhand a sul e Uttar Pradesh a oeste. Sua capital é Patna. É uma província da Índia desde 15 de Agosto de 1947, tendo sido elevado a estado em 26 de Janeiro de 1950.Culturalmente, é uma parte do coração Hindu da Índia. Bihar é também o berço do primeiro presidente da Índia, Rajendra Prasad, e de alguns lendários líderes independentistas tais como swami Sahajanand Saraswati, Nitin Varma, Basawon Singh (Sinha), Anugrah Narayan Sinha, Loknayak Jayaprakash Narayan , sri Krishna Sinha e Maulana Mazharul Haque.== Referências ==
  • Bihar ialah sebuah negara bagian di India. Ibukotanya ialah Patna. Bihar dibatasi negara bagian Uttar Pradesh di barat, Jharkhand di selatan dan Bengal Barat di timur. Di utara negeri ini ialah Nepal.
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  • Le Bihar (bengali : বিহার, hindi : बिहार) est un État du nord de l'Inde. Situé dans l'est de la plaine indo-gangétique, le Bihar est un État très densément peuplé (104 millions d'habitants sur 94 163 km2) et encore peu développé sur le plan économique. Région d'origine du bouddhisme, son nom provient de vihara.↑ 1,0 et 1,1 (en) « Bihar Population Census data 2011 », Gouvernement de l'Inde (consulté le 16 août 2013)
  • ビハール州(英語:Bihār 、ヒンディー語:बिहार、ウルドゥー語:بہار)は、インドを構成する州の一つ。州都はパトナ(古都パータリプトラ)。
  • Биха́р (хинди बिहार; англ. Bihar) — штат на востоке Индии. Столица и крупнейший город — Патна. Граничит с Непалом (на севере), штатами: Джаркханд (на юге), Уттар-Прадеш (на западе) и Западная Бенгалия (на востоке).
  • 비하르 주(영어: Bihar, 힌디어: बिहार, اردو: بہار)는 인도 북부의 동쪽 끝에 자리한 주이다. 그 수도는 2500년간 비하르였다. 비하르는 인도의 12번째로 큰 주이며 인구는 세 번째로 많다. 농업이 최대의 산업이지만 정부는 근래에 대규모 공업화와 내부 투자 프로그램을 시작하였다. 비하르는 고대에 마가다라 불렸다. 그 수도 파트나는 파탈리푸트라라고 불렸으며 인도에 창건된 첫 제국 난다 왕조와 마우리아 제국의 중심이었다. 비크람실라와 날란다 대학이 고대 인도의 교육 중심이었다.
  • Bihar (बिहार) is een deelstaat van India. De staat ligt in het oostelijke deel van het land. De hoofdstad van Bihar is Patna en de staat heeft 82.998.509 (2001) inwoners. .
  • Bihar, Hindistan'ın doğusunda bir eyalet. Yüzölçümü bakımından Hindistan'ın en büyük 12.; nüfüs bakımından en büyük 3. eyaletidir. 2011 yılı itibariyle toplam nüfusu 103.804.637 kişidir.Başkenti Patna şehridir. 38 ilçeden oluşmaktadır. Ayrıca, Nepal ve Bangladeş'e sınırı bulunmaktadır.
  • Bihar (hindi: बिहार, bihār, pronuncia [bɪˈhɑːr]), è uno stato dell'India nord-orientale.
  • Bihar (hindiz बिहार, urduz: بہار bɪhaːr) India ekialdeko estatua da.
  • Bihar es un estado situado en la zona este de la India. Su capital y ciudad más importante es Patna. El nombre Bihar es una corrupción de vihāra que significa ‘refugio’ o 'morada' , y por extensión ‘monasterio budista’.Al Norte tiene frontera con la República de Nepal.Limita al Oeste, al Sur y al Este con los estados indios de Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand y Bengala Occidental respectivamente.Bihar está situada en las fértiles llanuras del Ganges y es parte del corazón de habla hindi.
  • Бихар (на хинди बिहार, на английски Bihar) е многонационален щат в североизточна Индия. Столица и най-голям град е Патна. Населението на щата наброява 103 804 637 души (3-то място в Индия) към 2011 г. Площ - 94 164 км² (12-то място).
  • Bihar (Hindi: बिहार, Bihār [bɪˈhɑːr]) ist ein indischer Bundesstaat mit einer Fläche von 94.163 km² und rund 104 Millionen Einwohnern (Volkszählung 2011). Seine Hauptstadt ist Patna, das antike Pataliputra. Bihar gilt als ärmster und zugleich einer der instabilsten Bundesstaaten Indiens.
  • Bihar (en hindi: बिहार; en urdú: بہار) és un dels estats de l'Índia a la part oriental. És el dotzè estat en superfície amb 99.200 km², i el tercer en població amb 82.998.509 habitants (2001).
  • Bihar (hindi बिहार, trb.: Bihar, trl.: Bihār; ang. Bihar) – stan w północno-wschodnich Indiach ze stolicą w Patnie.Bihar graniczy na północy z Nepalem. Na zachodzie ze stanem Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand na południu i z Bengalem Zachodnim na wschodzie. Stan jest położony na żyznej równinie Gangesu. Jest to trzeci pod względem liczby ludności stan indyjski.
  • Bihár je indický stát nacházející se ve východní části země, jehož hlavním městem je Patna. Je dvanáctým nejrozlehlejším indickým státem a celkově třetím státem s nejpočetnější populací. Na severu sousedí s Nepálem, na ostatních světových stranách pak s dalšími třemi indickými státy Uttarpradéšem, Západním Bengálskem a Džharkhandem. Bihár patří mezi méně vyspělé indické státy, podle průzkumů zde žije 42,6 % populace pod hranicí chudoby.
  • Bihár (hindi:बिहार, urdu: بہار IPA: [bɪhaːr]) India egyik szövetségi állama a Hindusztáni-alföldön Uttar Prades államtól keletre. A mai Bihár – Magyarország nagyságú – területét tekintve India tizenkettedik, népességét tekintve a harmadik legnagyobb állama. A rajta átfolyó Gangesz osztja két részre, fővárosa Patna – a régi Pataliputra.
  • Bihar ialah sebuah negara bagian di India. Ibukotanya ialah Patna. Bihar dibatasi negara bagian Uttar Pradesh di barat, Jharkhand di selatan dan Bengal Barat di timur. Di utara negeri ini ialah Nepal.
  • Bihar (/bɨˈhɑr/; Hindustani pronunciation: [bɪˈɦaːr]) is a state in eastern India. It is the 12th largest state in terms of geographical size at 38,202 sq mi (98,940 km2) and 3rd largest by population. It is bounded by Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal to the north, Northern part of West Bengal to the east and by Jharkhand to the south. The Bihar plain is divided into two parts by the river Ganges which flows through the middle from west to east.
  • Bihar ou Biar (Hindi: बिहार, Urdu: بہار ) é um estado da Índia localizado a leste do país. Bihar é o 12º maior estado em termos de área geográfica, com 99.200 km² e o 3º em população. Perto de 85% da população vive no campo rural. Cerca de 58% dos biharis têm menos de 25 anos, sendo a maior precentagem do país. Além da fronteira com o Nepal, a norte, tem limites com os Estados de Bengala Ocidental a leste, Jharkhand a sul e Uttar Pradesh a oeste. Sua capital é Patna.
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