Bhrikuti ou Bhrikuti Devi (VIIe siècle) est, selon les traditions népalaise et tibétaine, une princesse du royaume de Licchavi (Népal), fille du roi Amsuvarma, et l’une des deux épouses les plus connues du roi du Tibet Songsten Gampo, avec la princesse chinoise Wencheng. La tradition tibétaine attribue l’introduction du bouddhisme et la fondation du temple de Jokhang à ces deux reines, considérées comme deux incarnations du bodhisattva Tara.

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  • Bhrikuti ou Bhrikuti Devi (VIIe siècle) est, selon les traditions népalaise et tibétaine, une princesse du royaume de Licchavi (Népal), fille du roi Amsuvarma, et l’une des deux épouses les plus connues du roi du Tibet Songsten Gampo, avec la princesse chinoise Wencheng. La tradition tibétaine attribue l’introduction du bouddhisme et la fondation du temple de Jokhang à ces deux reines, considérées comme deux incarnations du bodhisattva Tara. Elle est aussi appelée en tibétain Trisun, Belsa (reine népalaise), et en chinois princesse Chizun (尺尊公主). Son nom sanscrit, qui est à l’origine celui d’une déité, signifie "celle qui fronce les sourcils".
  • Bhrikuti (tib.: bal mo bza khri btsun; auch: lha gcig bza khri btsun) war der tibetischen Überlieferung zufolge eine Prinzessin aus dem nepalesischen Königreich Licchavi, Tochter des Königs Aṃshuvarmā. Sie soll im 7. Jahrhundert n. Chr. neben Wen Cheng an König Songtsen Gampo vermählt worden sein. Der Überlieferung zufolge war Bhrikuti - auch als „Besa“ bekannt - eine überzeugte Buddhistin. In der Ikonographie wird sie zumeist als Aspekt der grünen Tara dargestellt.
  • Bhrikuti Devi is in de klassieke Tibetaanse geschiedschrijving een Nepalese prinses uit het koninkrijk Licchavi en dochter van koning Amshuvarma.Bhrikuti was in die geschiedschrijving een van de twee belangrijkste vrouwen van de Tibetaanse koning Songtsen Gampo ( 605-650) , naast de Chinese prinses Wencheng. Ze was een overtuigd boeddhist en in de iconografie wordt haar vooral het aspect van de groene Tara toegeschreven.Het historisch bestaan van Bhrikutu is op zijn minst omstreden.Haar naam wordt voor het eerst in Tibetaanse bronnen genoemd in het Pilaar-Testament, en tekst die uit het eind van de elfde eeuw dateert.
  • The Nepali Princess Bhrikuti Devi, known to Tibetans as Bal-mo-bza' Khri-btsun, Bhelsa Tritsun ('Nepali consort') or, simply, Khri bTsun ("Royal Lady"), is traditionally considered to have been the first wife of the earliest emperor of Tibet, Songtsän Gampo (605? - 650 CE), and an incarnation of Tara. She was also known as "Besa", and was a princess of the Licchavi kingdom of Nepal. Even though the historicity of Bhrikuti Devi is not certain, and no reference to her has been found among the documents discovered at Dunhuang, "there are increasing indications supporting this hypothesis." There were certainly very close relationships between Tibet and Nepal at this period and, "Such a mythological interpretation discredits in no way the historical likelihood of such a marriage...." Many Tibetan accounts make Bhrikuti the daughter of Amshuvarma (605-621 CE), co-ruler and successor of Śivadeva I. If this is correct, the marriage to Songtsän Gampo must have taken place sometime before 624 CE. Acharya Kirti Tulku Lobsang Tenzin, however, states that Songsten Gampo married Bhrkuti Devi, the daughter of king "Angsu Varma" or Amshuvarma (Tib: Waser Gocha) of Nepal in 632.According to some Tibetan legends, however, a Nepali king named Go Cha (identified by Sylvain Lévi as "Udayavarman", from the literal meaning of the Tibetan name, who was said to have a daughter called Bri-btumn or Bhṛkuti."Udayavarman" was, most likely the same king we know as Udayadeva (the son of Śivadeva I and, later, adopted son and heir to Aṃshuvarmā), and the father of Narendradeva (Tib: Miwang-Lha). If this is accepted, it means that Narendradeva and Bhrikuti Devi were brother and sister. Whatever the case, if the marriage did take place, it must have been sometime in the early 620s.We do have some fairly detailed historical accounts of Narendradeva, who not only spent some time as an exile in Tibet, but was placed on the Nepalese throne with the help of the Tibetans. The (Jiu) Tangshu, or Book of Tang, records that when the king of 泥婆羅 Nipoluo Nepal, the father of Licchavi king Naling Deva (or Narendradeva), died, an uncle (Yu.sna kug.ti = Vishnagupta) usurped the throne. "The Tibetans gave him refuge and reestablished him on his throne [in 641]; that is how he became subject to Tibet."It is not known exactly when Bhrikuti married Songtsän Gampo, but it was presumably about the time that Narendadeva fled to Tibet after his father, Udayadeva, was replaced by Dhruvadeva c. 621 CE, who, according to an inscription dated in 623, was ruling jointly with Jiṣṇugupta.
  • Bhrkutí, též Bhrkutí Déví, v Tibetu známá jako Balza („nepálská nevěsta“), je tradičně považována za jednu z manželek Songcän Gampa, jednoho z prvních historických králů Tibetu. Jednalo se o liččhavijsou princeznu z Nepálu, dceru krále Amšuvarmana.Pro potvrzení existence Bhrkutí neexistují spolehlivé historické doklady a podle Karla Wernera se jedná spíše o legendární postavu, než o historickou osobnost. Nicméně podle tradičního podání si Bhrkutí s sebou za svým manželem do Tibetu přinesla z Nepálu sochu Buddhy Akšóbhji, pro kterou byl vystavěn chrám Džókhang ve Lhase. Pod vlivem této ženy i druhé své manželky, čínské princezny Wen-čcheng, měl Songcän Gampo přijmout buddhismus a začít s jeho šířením po Tibetu.
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  • Bhrikuti ou Bhrikuti Devi (VIIe siècle) est, selon les traditions népalaise et tibétaine, une princesse du royaume de Licchavi (Népal), fille du roi Amsuvarma, et l’une des deux épouses les plus connues du roi du Tibet Songsten Gampo, avec la princesse chinoise Wencheng. La tradition tibétaine attribue l’introduction du bouddhisme et la fondation du temple de Jokhang à ces deux reines, considérées comme deux incarnations du bodhisattva Tara.
  • Bhrikuti (tib.: bal mo bza khri btsun; auch: lha gcig bza khri btsun) war der tibetischen Überlieferung zufolge eine Prinzessin aus dem nepalesischen Königreich Licchavi, Tochter des Königs Aṃshuvarmā. Sie soll im 7. Jahrhundert n. Chr. neben Wen Cheng an König Songtsen Gampo vermählt worden sein. Der Überlieferung zufolge war Bhrikuti - auch als „Besa“ bekannt - eine überzeugte Buddhistin. In der Ikonographie wird sie zumeist als Aspekt der grünen Tara dargestellt.
  • Bhrkutí, též Bhrkutí Déví, v Tibetu známá jako Balza („nepálská nevěsta“), je tradičně považována za jednu z manželek Songcän Gampa, jednoho z prvních historických králů Tibetu. Jednalo se o liččhavijsou princeznu z Nepálu, dceru krále Amšuvarmana.Pro potvrzení existence Bhrkutí neexistují spolehlivé historické doklady a podle Karla Wernera se jedná spíše o legendární postavu, než o historickou osobnost.
  • The Nepali Princess Bhrikuti Devi, known to Tibetans as Bal-mo-bza' Khri-btsun, Bhelsa Tritsun ('Nepali consort') or, simply, Khri bTsun ("Royal Lady"), is traditionally considered to have been the first wife of the earliest emperor of Tibet, Songtsän Gampo (605? - 650 CE), and an incarnation of Tara. She was also known as "Besa", and was a princess of the Licchavi kingdom of Nepal.
  • Bhrikuti Devi is in de klassieke Tibetaanse geschiedschrijving een Nepalese prinses uit het koninkrijk Licchavi en dochter van koning Amshuvarma.Bhrikuti was in die geschiedschrijving een van de twee belangrijkste vrouwen van de Tibetaanse koning Songtsen Gampo ( 605-650) , naast de Chinese prinses Wencheng.
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  • Bhrikuti
  • Bhrikuti
  • Bhrikuti
  • Bhrikuti
  • Bhrkutí
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