L'aureus (aurei au pluriel) ou denier d'or est une monnaie romaine d'or. Son émission, épisodique sous la République romaine, devient régulière à partir de Jules César et d'Auguste (fin du Ier siècle av. J.-C.), et se poursuit sous l'Empire romain, équivalant alors à 25 deniers d'argent, soit 100 sesterces. L'aureus a approximativement la même taille que le denier, mais il est plus lourd que ce dernier, car la densité de l'or est plus élevée que celle de l'argent.

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  • L'aureus (aurei au pluriel) ou denier d'or est une monnaie romaine d'or. Son émission, épisodique sous la République romaine, devient régulière à partir de Jules César et d'Auguste (fin du Ier siècle av. J.-C.), et se poursuit sous l'Empire romain, équivalant alors à 25 deniers d'argent, soit 100 sesterces. L'aureus a approximativement la même taille que le denier, mais il est plus lourd que ce dernier, car la densité de l'or est plus élevée que celle de l'argent. Après la crise du IIIe siècle et l'effondrement du système monétaire, il est remplacé au début du IVe siècle par le solidus d'or.
  • Ауреус (лат. aureus) — древнеримская золотая монета. Название происходит от лат. aurum — золото. Введена в обращение во время Второй Пунической войны. Первоначально использовалась исключительно в качестве наградной монеты — для раздачи войскам в награду за одержанные победы. Находилась в обращении более пятисот лет, за это время неоднократно девальвировалась. После последней девальвации, проведённой императором Константином, стала называться солид (лат. solidus).
  • Aureus (çoğul; aurei), 25 gümüş denarii değerindeki Antik Roma altın sikkesi. Aureus, MÖ 1. yüzyıldan solidus ile yer değiştirdiği MS 4. yüzyıla kadar düzenli olarak basılmış bir sikkedir. Aureus, gümüş bir denarius'la aşağı yukarı aynı ebatlarda olmasına rağmen altının yoğunluğu nedeniyle daha ağırdır. Julius Caesar'dan önce, genellikle ele geçirilen ganimetlerin dağıtımı gibi büyük ödeme gerektiren durumlar hariç aureus çok nadiren basılırdı. Sezar bu sikkenin daha sık basılmasını ve Roma poundunun 1/40'ı (yaklaşık 8 gram) olacak şekilde standardize edilmesini sağladı. Nero'nun saltanatında aureus'un ölçüsü pound'un 1/45'ine düşürüldü.Marcus Aurelius'tan sonra aurei basımı azaltıldı ve Caracalla zamanında değeri pound'un 1/50'sine düşürüldü. Üçüncü yüzyılla birlikte katılan altın miktarı iyice düşürüldü ve bu paranın bir altın sikke olduğunu söylemek iyice güçleşti.Ancak Aureus'un ebatı ya da ağırlığı ne olursa olsun, sikkenin saflık derecesi bundan çok az etkilendi. Roma aureus'u üzerinde yapılan analizlere göre, sikkenin 99% olan saflık derecesi, 91.7% (22k) İngiliz sovereign'i ve 90% Birleşik Devletler altın paraları ile karşılaştırıldığında bunlara oranla daha fazladır.Metal bazlı sikkeler basarak enflasyonun artmasına neden olan hükümet vergi ödemelerinde gümüş ya da altından başka ödeme kabul etmeyi reddedince altın aureus - denarii arasındaki değer farkı büyük ölçüde arttı. Enlasyon, ayrıca gümüş denariusların değerinin de sistematik olarak düşürülmesine ve 3. yüzyıl ortalarında artık gümüş içermeyen "gümüş paralara" dönüşmesine neden oldu.301 yılında bir altın aureus'un değeri 833 1/3 denarii, 324 yılında aynı aureus'un değeri 4,350 denarii oldu. 337 yılında Constantinus tarafından tedavüle çıkarılan bir solidus 275,000 denarii ve nihayet 356 yılında bir solidus'un değeri 4,600,000 denarii oldu.309 yılında I. Constantinus tarafından aureus'un yerini alması için çıkartılan solidus Roma İmparatorluğunun standart altın sikkesi haline geldi. Aureus daha küçük ve tıknaz bir sikke iken, solidus daha geniş çaplı ve yayvan bir sikkedir.
  • O áureo (aureus, em latim, plural aurei) era uma antiga moeda romana de ouro, equivalente a 25 denários de prata. O áureo foi emitido regularmente desde o século I a.C. até o início do século IV d.C., quando foi substituído pelo soldo (solidus). O áureo tem aproximadamente as mesmas dimensões do denário mas é mais pesado, devido à maior densidade do ouro. A partir da época de Júlio César, o áureo passou a ser cunhado com mais freqüência. César também padronizou o peso da moeda: 1/40 da libra romana (ou seja, c. de 8 gramas). Durante o reinado de Nero, o peso do áureo foi reduzido para 1/45 da libra.Após o reinado de Marco Aurélio, a produção do áureo declinou e, com Caracala, o seu peso foi mais uma vez reduzido para 1/50 da libra. O áureo foi substituído pelo soldo em 309 d.C., durante o reinado de Constantino. O soldo apresenta um diâmetro maior e é menos espesso do que o áureo.
  • The aureus (pl. aurei — "golden") was a gold coin of ancient Rome valued at 25 silver denarii. The aureus was regularly issued from the 1st century BC to the beginning of the 4th century AD, when it was replaced by the solidus. The aureus was about the same size as the denarius, but heavier due to the higher density of gold (as opposed to that of silver.)Before the time of Julius Caesar the aureus was struck very infrequently, usually to make large payments from captured booty. Caesar struck the coin more frequently and standardized the weight at of a Roman pound (about 8 grams). Augustus (r. 29 BC – 9 AD) tariffed the value of the sestertius as of an aureus. The mass of the aureus was decreased to of a pound (7.3 g) during the reign of Nero (r. 54–68).After the reign of Marcus Aurelius (r. 161–180) the production of aurei decreased, and the weight was further decreased to of a pound (6.5 g) by the time of Caracalla (r. 211–217). During the 3rd century, gold pieces were introduced in a variety of fractions and multiples, making it hard to determine the intended denomination of a gold coin.The solidus was first introduced by Diocletian (r. 284–305) around 301 AD, struck at 60 to the Roman pound of pure gold (and thus weighing about 5.5 g each) and with an initial value equal to 1,000 denarii. However, Diocletian's solidus was struck only in small quantities, and thus had only minimal economic effect.The solidus was reintroduced by Constantine I (r. 306–337) in 312 AD, permanently replacing the aureus as the gold coin of the Roman Empire. The solidus was struck at a rate of 72 to a Roman pound of pure gold, each coin weighing twenty-four Greco-Roman carats, or about 4.5 grams of gold per coin. By this time, the solidus was worth 275,000 of the increasingly debased denarii.However, regardless of the size or weight of the aureus, the coin's purity was little affected. Analysis of the Roman aureus shows the purity level usually to have been near to 24 carat gold in excess of 99%. The English Sovereign (1489–1604) consisted of 23 carats of 95.83% gold for 14.9 grams gold content. The British Sovereign (1817–1917, 1925, 1957–present) is made of 91.7% of 22 carat gold for 7.3 grams gold content. The American Eagle was specified by the Coinage Act of 1792 as 247.5 grains (16.04 grams) of pure gold or 270 grains of "standard" gold, with "standard" gold being 11 parts fine gold to 1 part silver-copper alloy (basically 22 carat). The United States Gold Dollar (1849–1889) had 1.5 grams gold.Due to runaway inflation caused by the Roman government issuing base-metal coinage but refusing to accept anything other than silver or gold for tax payments, the value of the gold aureus in relation to the denarius grew drastically. Inflation was also affected by the systematic debasement of the silver denarius, which by the mid-3rd century had practically no silver left in it.In 301, one gold aureus was worth 833⅓ denarii; by 324, the same aureus was worth 4,350 denarii. In 337, after Constantine converted to the solidus, one solidus was worth 275,000 denarii and finally, by 356, one solidus was worth 4,600,000 denarii.Today, the aureus is highly sought after by collectors because of its purity and value, as well its historical interest. An aureus is usually much more expensive than a denarius issued by the same emperor. For instance, in one auction, an aureus of Trajan (r. 98–117) sold for $15,000, and a silver coin of the same emperor sold for $100. Two of the most expensive aurei were sold in the same auction in 2008. One aureus, issued in 42 BC by Marcus Junius Brutus, the assassin of Gaius Julius Caesar, had a price realized of $661,250. (There is an example of this coin on permanent display at the British Museum in London.) The second aureus, issued by the emperor Alexander Severus (r. 222–235), has a picture of the Colosseum on the reverse, and had a price realized of $920,000.
  • L'aureo, (lat. aureus; pl. aurei) era una moneta d'oro di Roma antica (lat. aureus nummus), valutata 25 denarii d'argento.
  • El Áureo (aureus, en latín, plural aurei) era una moneda en la antigua Roma de oro, equivalente a 25 denarios de plata. Fue emitido regularmente desde el siglo I a. C. hasta el siglo IV dC, cuando fue sustituido por el sólido bizantino (solidus). El áureo tenía aproximadamente las mismas dimensiones del denario, aunque mucho más pesado debido a la densidad del oro. A partir de la época de Julio César, el áureo pasó a ser acuñado con más frecuencia. César también fijó el peso de la moneda en 1/40 de la libra romana (aproximadamente el equivalente a 8 gramos). Durante el reinado de Nerón, el peso del áureo fue reducido a 1/45 de la libra.Durante el gobierno de Marco Aurelio, la producción declinó, y con Caracalla fue devaluado de nuevo su peso: 1/50 de la libra. Fue sustituido por el solidus en el 309 d. C., durante el reinado de Constantino I.
  • Aureus (Mehrzahl Aurei) ist gewöhnlich eine 8,19 g schwere römische Goldmünze mit hohem Feingehalt, die zu Ausgabezeiten einen sehr hohen Wert hatte und über die gesamte römisch beeinflusste Welt verbreitet war. Sie war die Hauptkurantmünze des römischen Reiches ab etwa 27 v. Chr. bis etwa zum 4. Jahrhundert n. Chr. Halbstücke des Aureus (Quinarius aureus) zählen zu den seltensten römischen Münzen überhaupt. Als Mehrfach-Aureus gab es noch den seltenen Binio (doppelten), den Quaternio (vierfachen) und den Octonio (achtfachen), die als Geschenkprägungen (Donativum) anzusehen sind.
  • Ауреус е златна монета в Древен Рим равна на 25 денария. Първият ауреус изглежда е изсечен към 217 пр.Хр., но до въвеждането му в редовна употреба от Цезар през 1 в. пр.н.е. е бил с ограничени нередовни емисии. Остава в циркулация до началото на 4 в.от н.е., когато е заменен от солида. Ауреусът е почти същия размер като денария, но е по-тежък заради по-високата плътност на златото. На лицевата страна на монетата се изсичал лика на царуващия император. По времето на Цезар от един фунт злато (327гр.) се изсичали 40 златни монети. По-късно теглото на монетите намаляло и по времето на Нерон от един фунт злато се изсичали 45 монети, а при Каракала - 50. Император Константин I въвел в обращение през 309 г. солида, който заменил ауреуса като стандартна златна монета в Римската империя.
  • L'aureus o auri fou una moneda romana d'or que va circular durant el període imperial. Equivalia a 25 denaris (o 100 sestercis, o 400 asos). El seu pes era de 7,20 grams d'or. Va aparèixer ja a finals del període de la República Romana, però fou molt abundant ja amb l'Imperi. El seu pes es va anar reduint de manera progressiva, fins que la reforma de Constantí el Gran va substituir l'aureus per una nova moneda: el sòlid bizantí. Posteriorment, entre els segles X i XII, a Catalunya es donava el mateix nom a la moneda d'or àrab i a totes llurs imitacions successives: el dinar, el mancús i el morabatí.
  • De aureus (meervoud: aurei) was een gouden munt van het Romeinse Rijk, die het eerst geslagen werd onder Sulla rond 85 v.Chr. Julius Caesar begon de aureus frequent aan te munten. Onder zijn regering werd het gewicht vastgesteld op 1/40 van een Romeins pond, ofwel ruim 8 gram, maar in later eeuwen werd het gewicht wat naar beneden gebracht. Het goudgehalte bleef echter gelijk, zo'n 99 %. De waarde was aanvankelijk 25 denarii, 100 sestertii of 400 asses, maar met de inflatie van de denarius in de derde eeuw liep de waarde sterk op tot meer dan 800 denarii in het jaar 301. Constantijn de Grote verving de aureus door een iets lichtere gouden munt, de solidus, die echter platter is en daardoor ongeveer even groot.Onder muntenverzamelaars is de aureus een hoog gewaardeerde munt, die ook in matige staat voor minder dan 1000 euro niet te vinden is. Een van de redenen is de vaak realistische kwaliteit van de keizersportretten.
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  • L'aureus (aurei au pluriel) ou denier d'or est une monnaie romaine d'or. Son émission, épisodique sous la République romaine, devient régulière à partir de Jules César et d'Auguste (fin du Ier siècle av. J.-C.), et se poursuit sous l'Empire romain, équivalant alors à 25 deniers d'argent, soit 100 sesterces. L'aureus a approximativement la même taille que le denier, mais il est plus lourd que ce dernier, car la densité de l'or est plus élevée que celle de l'argent.
  • Ауреус (лат. aureus) — древнеримская золотая монета. Название происходит от лат. aurum — золото. Введена в обращение во время Второй Пунической войны. Первоначально использовалась исключительно в качестве наградной монеты — для раздачи войскам в награду за одержанные победы. Находилась в обращении более пятисот лет, за это время неоднократно девальвировалась. После последней девальвации, проведённой императором Константином, стала называться солид (лат. solidus).
  • L'aureo, (lat. aureus; pl. aurei) era una moneta d'oro di Roma antica (lat. aureus nummus), valutata 25 denarii d'argento.
  • L'aureus o auri fou una moneda romana d'or que va circular durant el període imperial. Equivalia a 25 denaris (o 100 sestercis, o 400 asos). El seu pes era de 7,20 grams d'or. Va aparèixer ja a finals del període de la República Romana, però fou molt abundant ja amb l'Imperi. El seu pes es va anar reduint de manera progressiva, fins que la reforma de Constantí el Gran va substituir l'aureus per una nova moneda: el sòlid bizantí.
  • Aureus (çoğul; aurei), 25 gümüş denarii değerindeki Antik Roma altın sikkesi. Aureus, MÖ 1. yüzyıldan solidus ile yer değiştirdiği MS 4. yüzyıla kadar düzenli olarak basılmış bir sikkedir. Aureus, gümüş bir denarius'la aşağı yukarı aynı ebatlarda olmasına rağmen altının yoğunluğu nedeniyle daha ağırdır. Julius Caesar'dan önce, genellikle ele geçirilen ganimetlerin dağıtımı gibi büyük ödeme gerektiren durumlar hariç aureus çok nadiren basılırdı.
  • Ауреус е златна монета в Древен Рим равна на 25 денария. Първият ауреус изглежда е изсечен към 217 пр.Хр., но до въвеждането му в редовна употреба от Цезар през 1 в. пр.н.е. е бил с ограничени нередовни емисии. Остава в циркулация до началото на 4 в.от н.е., когато е заменен от солида. Ауреусът е почти същия размер като денария, но е по-тежък заради по-високата плътност на златото. На лицевата страна на монетата се изсичал лика на царуващия император.
  • O áureo (aureus, em latim, plural aurei) era uma antiga moeda romana de ouro, equivalente a 25 denários de prata. O áureo foi emitido regularmente desde o século I a.C. até o início do século IV d.C., quando foi substituído pelo soldo (solidus). O áureo tem aproximadamente as mesmas dimensões do denário mas é mais pesado, devido à maior densidade do ouro. A partir da época de Júlio César, o áureo passou a ser cunhado com mais freqüência.
  • De aureus (meervoud: aurei) was een gouden munt van het Romeinse Rijk, die het eerst geslagen werd onder Sulla rond 85 v.Chr. Julius Caesar begon de aureus frequent aan te munten. Onder zijn regering werd het gewicht vastgesteld op 1/40 van een Romeins pond, ofwel ruim 8 gram, maar in later eeuwen werd het gewicht wat naar beneden gebracht. Het goudgehalte bleef echter gelijk, zo'n 99 %.
  • El Áureo (aureus, en latín, plural aurei) era una moneda en la antigua Roma de oro, equivalente a 25 denarios de plata. Fue emitido regularmente desde el siglo I a. C. hasta el siglo IV dC, cuando fue sustituido por el sólido bizantino (solidus). El áureo tenía aproximadamente las mismas dimensiones del denario, aunque mucho más pesado debido a la densidad del oro. A partir de la época de Julio César, el áureo pasó a ser acuñado con más frecuencia.
  • Aureus (Mehrzahl Aurei) ist gewöhnlich eine 8,19 g schwere römische Goldmünze mit hohem Feingehalt, die zu Ausgabezeiten einen sehr hohen Wert hatte und über die gesamte römisch beeinflusste Welt verbreitet war. Sie war die Hauptkurantmünze des römischen Reiches ab etwa 27 v. Chr. bis etwa zum 4. Jahrhundert n. Chr. Halbstücke des Aureus (Quinarius aureus) zählen zu den seltensten römischen Münzen überhaupt.
  • The aureus (pl. aurei — "golden") was a gold coin of ancient Rome valued at 25 silver denarii. The aureus was regularly issued from the 1st century BC to the beginning of the 4th century AD, when it was replaced by the solidus. The aureus was about the same size as the denarius, but heavier due to the higher density of gold (as opposed to that of silver.)Before the time of Julius Caesar the aureus was struck very infrequently, usually to make large payments from captured booty.
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  • Aureo
  • Aureus
  • Aureus
  • Aureus
  • Aureus
  • Aureus
  • Aureus
  • Áureo
  • Áureo (moneda)
  • Ауреус
  • Ауреус
  • アウレウス
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