XIIe siècle | XIIIe siècle | XIVe siècleAnnées 1210 | Années 1220 | Années 1230 | Années 1240 | Années 12501230 | 1231 | 1232 | 1233 | 1234 | 1235 | 1236 | 1237 | 1238 | 1239

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dbpedia-owl:abstract
  • XIIe siècle | XIIIe siècle | XIVe siècleAnnées 1210 | Années 1220 | Années 1230 | Années 1240 | Années 12501230 | 1231 | 1232 | 1233 | 1234 | 1235 | 1236 | 1237 | 1238 | 1239
  • Séculos: (Século XII - Século XIII - Século XIV)Décadas: 1180 1190 1200 1210 1220 - 1230 - 1240 1250 1260 1270 1280Anos: 1230 - 1231 - 1232 - 1233 - 1234 - 1235 - 1236 - 1237 - 1238 - 1239
  • This is a list of events occurring in the 1230s, ordered by year.=== 1230 ====== By area ======= Africa ==== Sundiata starts to rule in Mali (approximate date). In the West African village of Siby, Sundiata Keita, founder of the Mali Empire, forces the Malinkés to bind themselves to each other by oath.==== Asia ==== August 10-12 – Sultan Kayqubad I of Rum defeats Shah Jalal ad-Din of Persia in the Battle of Yassıçemen, ending the Khwarazmian dynasty==== Europe ==== March 9 – Bulgarian tsar Ivan Asen II defeats Theodore of Epirus near the village of Klokotnitsa. Iberian Peninsula: Alphonso IX defeats Ibn Hud al-Yamani (known as almogàver by the Christians) at the battle of Alange. This success opens the road to Badajoz to the Leonese troops. The Portuguese king Sancho II continues his offensive southward and takes Beja, Juromenha, Serpa and Moura. September 24 – The Kingdoms of León and Galicia unite with the Kingdoms of Castile and Toledo under Ferdinand III. The Teutonic Knights are invited into Prussia to forcibly convert the Prussians and Yatvags to Christianity.=== By topic ======= Arts ==== The Carmina Burana poetry and song collection is created (approximate date).=== 1231 ====== By area ======= Asia ==== April 9 – After a bizarre weather phenomena of yellowish clouds and dust chokes the air around Hangzhou, Song Dynasty, China, obscuring the sky and sun, a fire breaks out at night in the southeast of the city, which continues into the next day. Fighting the flames is difficult due to limited visibility. When the fires are extinguished, it is discovered that an entire district of some 10,000 houses in the southeast of the city were consumed by the flames. Mongol troops cross the Yalu River into Korea, then under the Goryeo Kingdom.==== Europe ==== Italy: Emperor Frederick II promulgates the Constitutions of Melfi (also known as Liber Augustalis), a collection of laws for Sicily. Italy: The Pandorica is donated to the Vatican Llywelyn the Great launches a campaign against the Norman lordships in Wales. Spain: The Castillans reconquer the city of Quesada.=== By topic ======= Religion ==== Ardengus becomes bishop of Florence.=== 1232 ====== By area ======= Africa ==== The Almohad army besieges Ceuta where Abu Musa, the rebellious brother of the caliph, has received shelter and the support of the population. The Genoese rent a part of their fleet to the rebels who successfully resist the forces of the caliph. The consequences of this revolt are threefold: the city becomes de facto independent from the Almohads, but its reliance on the Italian maritime powers increases and the trans-Saharan trade routes begin to shift eastward due to the local turmoil.==== Asia ==== The first edition of Tripitaka Koreana is destroyed by Mongol invaders. April 8 – The Jin Dynasty in China defend their capital against the Mongol siege on Kaifeng during the Mongol–Jin War. The battle involves the use of rockets.==== Europe ==== June 15 – Battle of Agridi: Henry I of Cyprus defeats the armies of Frederick II. Spain: Muhammad Ibn Yusuf Ibn Nasr rebels against the independent ruler of al-Andalus, Ibn Hud al-Yadami and takes control of the city of Arjona. This is the foundation of the Nasrid dynasty. Italy: Pope Gregory IX, driven from Rome by a revolt, takes refuge at Anagni. Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II promulgates the Statutum in favorem principum.=== By topic ======= Markets ==== The northern French city of Troyes issues its first recorded life annuities, confirming the trend of consolidation of local public debts initiated in 1218 by the neighboring city of Reims.==== Religion ==== May 30 – Anthony of Padua is canonized by Pope Gregory IX at Spoleto less than a year after his death; he becomes the patron saint of lost items.=== 1233 ====== By area ======= Asia ====February 26 – Mongol–Jin War: The Mongols capture Kaifeng, the capital of the Jin Dynasty, after besieging it for months.December – Mongol siege of Caizhou begins.==== Europe ==== Winter – Spain: after the loss of Trujillo and Úbeda, Ibn Hud al-Yamadi has to demande a truce to the king of Castile Ferdinand III. The Castillan troops besiege the Muslim-held city of Peniscola. The rebellious city of San Severo is destroyed by Emperor Frederick II. Elburg and Gendt get their city rights. Amadeus IV becomes count of Savoy. Pope Gregory IX forbids Jews to employ Christian servants.=== By topic ======= Religion ==== Mustansiriya School is founded in Baghdad.=== 1234 ====== By area ======= Africa ==== The Manden region rises against the Kaniaga kingdom. This is the beginning of a process that will lead to the rise of the Mali empire.==== Asia ==== February 9 – Mongol conquest of the Jin Dynasty: In the Siege of Caizhou, Song Dynasty Chinese and Mongolian armies occupy the Jurchen capital at Caizhou and the Emperor Aizong of Jin commits suicide, marking the collapse of the Jin Dynasty.==== Europe ==== Upon the death of Knut Långe, the deposed Erik Eriksson returns as king of Sweden, possibly after a small war between the two of them. It is also possible that Knut dies of natural causes and Erik peacefully then returns as king. Pope Gregory IX calls for a crusade against Bosnia, and replaces the Bogumil Bosnian Bishop with a Catholic Dominican German, Johann. King Andrew II of Hungary proclaims herzeg Coloman as Ban of Bosnia, who passes it on to Prijezda, a cousin of Ban Matej Ninoslav (1234 to 1239), despite Matej being the legitimate Ban of Bosnia. Sancho II of Portugal conquers the cities of Aljustrel and Mértola over the Muslims.=== By topic === Saint Dominic is canonized. Pope Gregory IX releases the Nova Compilatio Decretalium.=== 1235 === Final conquest of Connacht in Ireland by the Hiberno-Norman Richard Mór de Burgh. Felim Ua Conchobair is expelled. A general inquisition begins in France. The Byzantine emperor John III Doukas Vatatzes and the Bulgarian tsar Ivan Asen II besiege Constantinople in an attempt to take it from its Latin rulers, John of Brienne and Baldwin II. Angelo Sanudo successfully negotiates a 2-year truce. Elizabeth of Hungary (d. 1231) is canonized by Pope Gregory IX. A Chinese text of this year records that Hangzhou City, the capital of the Song Dynasty, held various social clubs that included a West Lake Poetry Club, the Buddhist Tea Society, the Physical Fitness Club, the Anglers' Club, the Occult Club, the Young Girls' Chorus, the Exotic Foods Club, the Plants and Fruits Club, the Antique Collectors' Club, the Horse-Lovers' Club, and the Refined Music Society. Probable date – The Lancaster Royal Grammar School is founded in England. Approximate date – Battle of Kirina: Mandinka prince Sundiata Keita defeats Sosso king Soumaoro Kanté, beginning the Mali Empire. By tradition, the Manden Charter, a constitution, is proclaimed in Kouroukan Fouga.=== 1236 ====== By area ======= Asia ==== May 1 – Razia Sultana is the designated successor of her father to the Delhi Sultanate. Only 4 of 58 districts in Sichuan, China, are captured from the Southern Song by the Mongols under Ögedei Khan. The population of Chengdu, roughly one million inhabitants, is summarily slaughtered after the Mongols take the city with little effort.==== Europe ==== January 14 – Henry III of England marries Eleanor of Provence. June 29 – Córdoba, Andalusia, is taken by Castilian troops from the emir Ibn Hud al-Yamadi as part of the of Reconquista of the Iberian Peninsula. September 22 – Battle of Saule: The Lithuanians and Semigallians defeat the Livonian Brothers of the Sword. Volga Bulgaria is conquered by the Mongol Batu Khan. A tournament at Tickhill in England turns into a battle between northerners and southerners, but peace is restored by the papal legate.=== By topic ======= Arts ==== May 6 – Roger of Wendover, Benedictine monk and chronicler of St. Albans Abbey dies. His chronicle is continued by Matthew Paris.==== Markets ==== A drought causes the harvest to fail and leads to one of the great famines of the century in Europe.=== Religion === Alexander of Hales enters the Franciscan Order.=== 1237 === Thomas II of Savoy becomes count of Flanders. Elbing is founded in the State of the Teutonic Order. Today Elbląg in Poland. After turning aside south for 15 years to invade the Caucasus, Asia Minor and Persia—united now under Batu Khan with representatives of all 4 khanates leading 150,000 Mongol, Turkish and Persian troops into Europe, resume the European invasion with the resumption of Mongol invasion of Rus' foreshadowed by. December 21 – Mongol invasion of Rus': Sack of Ryazan. Gualdo Tadino, Italy, is destroyed by fire. The County of Artois is founded in France. Baldwin II becomes Latin Emperor of Constantinople. Conrad IV of Germany becomes King of Germany. The Livonian Brothers of the Sword unite with the Teutonic Knights. Battle of Cortenuova: Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor defeats the Lombard League. A major fire destroys some 30,000 dwellings in the Chinese capital city of Hangzhou. September 25 – England and Scotland sign the Treaty of York, establishing the location of their common border.=== 1238 ====== By place ======= Europe ==== March 4 – Mongol invasion of Rus – Battle of the Sit River: The Mongol Hordes of Batu Khan defeat the Rus' under Yuri Vsevolodovich of Vladimir-Suzdal. August 21 – Battle of Örlygsstaðir: Sighvatr Sturluson and Sturla Sighvatsson defeat Kolbeinn ungi Arnórsson and Gissur Þorvaldsson for control of Iceland. September 28 – James I of Aragon captures the city of Valencia from the Moors, who retreat to Granada. The seat of the Patriarch of Aquileia is transferred to Udine. Simon de Montfort marries Eleanor, sister of Henry III of England. The Mongols seize Moscow, at the time a small town. Peterborough Cathedral is consecrated. Founder of the Nasrid dynasty, Mohammed I ibn Nasr, begins Alhambra complex on the site of a pre-Islamic fortress. Thowadra Monastery is founded in Bhutan.==== Asia ==== The Khmers are expelled from Luang Phrabang in Laos. The Sukhothai kingdom is founded in Thailand.=== 1239 === March 20 – Pope Gregory IX excommunicates Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor. November – the pope grants the status of Crusade to king of Castile's ongoing invasion of the muslim kingdom of Murcia. Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor conducts the Siege of Faenza. The main tower of Lincoln Cathedral in England collapses. Foundation of Netley Abbey in England. Mongol invasion of Rus is in progress, bringing with it a pandemic of Rinderpest.
  • Évszázadok: 12. század 13. század 14. századÉvtizedek: 1180-as évek 1190-es évek 1200-as évek 1210-es évek 1220-as évek – 1230-as évek – 1240-es évek 1250-es évek 1260-as évek 1270-es évek 1280-as évekÉvek: 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239
  • 1230年代は、1230年から1239年までの10年間を指す。
  • 1230년대는 1230년부터 1239년까지를 가리킨다.
  • 1230eko hamarkadak 1230etik 1239. urtera bitarteko iraupena du, biak barne.
  • De jaren 1230-1239 (van de christelijke jaartelling) zijn een decennium in de 13e eeuw.
  • Gli anni 1230 sono il decennio che comprende gli anni dal 1230 al 1239 inclusi.
  • 1230-an Masehi adalah dasawarsa pada Milenium ke-2 dan Abad ke-13 yang dimulai dari tanggal 1 Januari 1231 hingga tanggal 31 Desember 1239.
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  • XIIe siècle | XIIIe siècle | XIVe siècleAnnées 1210 | Années 1220 | Années 1230 | Années 1240 | Années 12501230 | 1231 | 1232 | 1233 | 1234 | 1235 | 1236 | 1237 | 1238 | 1239
  • Séculos: (Século XII - Século XIII - Século XIV)Décadas: 1180 1190 1200 1210 1220 - 1230 - 1240 1250 1260 1270 1280Anos: 1230 - 1231 - 1232 - 1233 - 1234 - 1235 - 1236 - 1237 - 1238 - 1239
  • Évszázadok: 12. század 13. század 14. századÉvtizedek: 1180-as évek 1190-es évek 1200-as évek 1210-es évek 1220-as évek – 1230-as évek – 1240-es évek 1250-es évek 1260-as évek 1270-es évek 1280-as évekÉvek: 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239
  • 1230年代は、1230年から1239年までの10年間を指す。
  • 1230년대는 1230년부터 1239년까지를 가리킨다.
  • 1230eko hamarkadak 1230etik 1239. urtera bitarteko iraupena du, biak barne.
  • De jaren 1230-1239 (van de christelijke jaartelling) zijn een decennium in de 13e eeuw.
  • Gli anni 1230 sono il decennio che comprende gli anni dal 1230 al 1239 inclusi.
  • 1230-an Masehi adalah dasawarsa pada Milenium ke-2 dan Abad ke-13 yang dimulai dari tanggal 1 Januari 1231 hingga tanggal 31 Desember 1239.
  • This is a list of events occurring in the 1230s, ordered by year.=== 1230 ====== By area ======= Africa ==== Sundiata starts to rule in Mali (approximate date).
rdfs:label
  • Années 1230
  • 1230-1239
  • 1230-an
  • 1230-as évek
  • 1230-е годы
  • 1230eko hamarkada
  • 1230er
  • 1230s
  • 1230年代
  • 1230년대
  • Anni 1230
  • Años 1230
  • Dècada del 1230
  • Década de 1230
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