Agitprop est l'acronyme de отдел агитации и пропаганды (otdel agitatsii i propagandy), c'est-à-dire Département pour l'agitation et la propagande, organe des comités centraux et régionaux du Parti communiste de l'Union soviétique. Ce département fut renommé plus tard « Département idéologique ».Le terme « propagande » ne porte, en russe, aucune connotation négative comme en français ou en anglais. Il signifie simplement « diffusion d'idées ».

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  • Agitprop est l'acronyme de отдел агитации и пропаганды (otdel agitatsii i propagandy), c'est-à-dire Département pour l'agitation et la propagande, organe des comités centraux et régionaux du Parti communiste de l'Union soviétique. Ce département fut renommé plus tard « Département idéologique ».Le terme « propagande » ne porte, en russe, aucune connotation négative comme en français ou en anglais. Il signifie simplement « diffusion d'idées ». Aussi l'Agitprop devait-il diffuser les idées du marxisme-léninisme, des explications de la politique menée par le parti unique. Dans d'autres contextes la propagande recouvrait la diffusion de toutes sortes de savoirs utiles, comme des méthodes agronomes.Quant à l'« agitation », elle pressait les citoyens à agir conformément aux aspirations des dirigeants soviétiques.En d'autres termes, la propagande était supposée agir sur les esprits quand l'agitation jouait sur les émotions, bien que les deux aient été utilisées ensemble, d'où le cliché « propagande et agitation ».
  • Agitprop (Rusia: агитпроп) adalah akronim dari "agitasi dan propaganda". Istilah ini berasal dari Bolshevist Rusia (kemudian bernama Uni Soviet), di mana istilah adalah bentuk singkat dari отдел агитации и пропаганды (otdel agitatsii i propagandy), yakni, Departemen Agitasi dan Propaganda yang merupakan bagian dari pusat atau daerah komite dari Partai Komunis Uni Soviet. Departemen ini dikemudian hari berubah nama menjadi Departemen Ideologi.Istilah Agitprop (agitasi dan propaganda} dalam bahasa Rusia sebenarnya tidak mengandung konotasi negatif apapun pada saat itu. Penjelasannya hanya berarti "penyebaran ide-ide". Dalam hal agitprop, bahwa ide-ide untuk dilakukan sosialisasi adalah mereka dari komunisme, termasuk penjelasan dari kebijakan dari Partai Komunis dan negara Uni Soviet. Dalam konteks lain, propaganda dapat berarti penyebaran segala bentuk pengetahuan bermanfaat, misalnya, metode baru dalam pertanian. "Agitation" dimaksudkan urging orang untuk melakukan apa yang diharapkan Soviet pemimpin mereka untuk melakukannya di berbagai tingkatan. Dengan kata lain, propaganda adalah phase pemasukan ide-ide kedalam masyarakat sedangkan pada agitasi adalah berupaya mengajak masyarakat agar bertindak secara emosional, dengan demikian maka propaganda atau agitasi adalah satu-kesatuan upaya untuk pencapaian tujuan ke arah yang diinginkan dari pelaku propaganda dan agitasi.Dalam dunia demokrasi, agitprop memiliki konotasi negatif. Di Inggris selama tahun 1980-an, misalnya, para pelaku politisi sayap kiri kerap menggunakan yaitu agitprop dengan menyampaikan sebuah pesan melalui program televisi/media massa atau teater.Istilah "agitprop" memberikan inspirasi agitprop teater, yang sangat kiri ini berasal dari teater di Eropa pada tahun 1920-1930 dan kemudian ikut menyebar sampai ke Indonesia, dengan memainkan sandiwara Bertold Brecht menjadi contoh terkemuka, Secara bertahap istilah "agitprop" lalu lebih menjelaskan pada bentuk gerakan politik kelompok.Setelah revolusi Bolshevik, sebuah Agitprop (agitasi dan propaganda} kereta tur berkeliling negara, dengan seniman dan pelaku seni melakukan permainan sandiwara sederhana atau memutar siaran propaganda. Memiliki mesin cetak stensil di kereta untuk membuat poster atau pamplet yang secara berulang kemudian disebarkan melalui jendela pada waktu itu bila melewati desa-desa. sejalan dengan kemajuan teknologi pada saat sekarang Agitprop (agitasi dan propaganda} lebih dilakukan pada lembaga2 media massa yang beraliran.
  • Agitprop (Russisch: агитпроп) is de samengestelde afkorting die staat voor "agitatie en propaganda", waarbij de propaganda op de geest moet werken en de agitatie op de emoties. In feite is het een dwingende, agressieve vorm van propaganda.
  • Agitprop - jedno z centralnych pojęć komunistycznego werbunku politycznego od czasów Lenina. Powstało z połączenia słów agitacja i propaganda. Agitprop było na początku formą skrótową nazwy Wydziału Agitacji i Propagandy (ros. отдел агитации и пропаганды), założonego w 1920 roku w ramach sekretariatu Komitetu Centralnego KPZR. Instytucja ta stopniowo rozszerzyła swe wpływy na wszystkie dziedziny życia w ZSRR, jak również na wiele obszarów polityki międzynarodowej, gdzie prowadziła swoją działalność w ramach organizacji fasadowych. Obecnie termin ten często stosuje się jako ogólną nazwę lewicowej agitacji i propagandy, jeżeli przyjmuje ona postać zorganizowaną, a także w odniesieniu do pewnych rodzajów działalności kulturalnej, której celem jest przekonanie możliwie najszerszych rzesz ludności do ideologii lewicowej.Termin ten używany jest również na określenie artystycznych wystąpień jawnie manifestujących cele polityczne== Przypisy ==
  • Agitprop è l'acronimo di отдел агитации и пропаганды (otdel agitatsii i propagandy), ossia Dipartimento per l'agitazione e la propaganda, organo del comitato centrale e regionale del Partito comunista dell'Unione sovietica il quale fu in seguito rinominato « Dipartimento ideologico ».Nella lingua russa il termine « propaganda » non presentava nessuna connotazione negativa, come in francese, italiano o inglese, significava « diffusione, disseminazione, d'idee ». Attività e obbiettivi dell'Agitprop erano diffondere idee del marxismo-leninismo, e spiegazioni della politica attuata dal partito unico, oltre che in differenti contesti diffondere tutti i tipi di saperi utili, come per esempio le metodologie agronome.L'« agitazione » consisteva invece nello spingere le persone ad agire conformemente alle progettualità d'azione dei dirigenti sovietici.
  • Agitprop (/ˈædʒɨtprɒp/; from Russian: агитпроп [ɐɡʲɪtˈprop], a portmanteau derived from the words agitation and propaganda) is stage plays, pamphlets, motion pictures and other art forms with an explicitly political message.The term agitprop originated in the Russian SFSR (which later joined the Soviet Union), as a shortened form of отдел агитации и пропаганды (otdel agitatsii i propagandy), i.e., Department for Agitation and Propaganda, which was part of the Central and regional committees of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. The department was later renamed Ideological Department.In the case of agitprop, the ideas to be disseminated were those of communism, including explanations of the policy of the Communist Party and the Soviet state. In other contexts, propaganda could mean dissemination of any kind of beneficial knowledge, e.g., of new methods in agriculture. Agitation meant urging people to do what Soviet leaders expected them to do; again, at various levels. In other words, propaganda was supposed to act on the mind, while agitation acted on emotions, although both usually went together, thus giving rise to the cliché "propaganda and agitation".The term agitprop gave rise to agitprop theatre, a highly politicized leftist theatre originated in 1920s Europe and spread to America; the plays of Bertolt Brecht being a notable example. Russian agitprop theater was noted for its cardboard characters of perfect virtue and complete evil, and its coarse ridicule. Gradually the term agitprop came to describe any kind of highly politicized art.In the Western world, agitprop has a negative connotation. In the United Kingdom during the 1980s, for example, socialist elements of the political scene were often accused of using agitprop to convey an extreme left-wing message via television programmes or theatre.[citation needed]After the October Revolution of 1917, an agitprop train toured the country, with artists and actors performing simple plays and broadcasting propaganda. It had a printing press on board the train to allow posters to be reproduced and thrown out of the windows if it passed through villages.During Russian Civil War agitprop took various forms: Censorship of the Press: Bolshevik strategy from the beginning was to introduce censorship over the main media form in 1917 Russia, the newspaper. The Provisional Government born out of the March Revolution against the tsarist regime, abolished the age old practice of censoring the press. This created free newspapers that survived on their own revenue. The Bolsheviks power over the Provisional Government lay in the Petrograd Soviet of Workers’ and Soldiers’ Deputies, because they could shut down industry and government by calling in workers and soldiers to strike and demonstrate. This ability to orchestrate strikes was especially helpful in the newspaper printing factories because a strike would mean a large loss in revenue, and the inability to continue to operate. The capability of strikes allowed the Bolsheviks to shut down any newspaper it wanted, creating a highly effective censorship mechanism that put a stop to the voice of the opposition. Lenin took control of the socialist newspaper Pravda, making it an outlet to spread the Lenin’s Agitprop. Pravda was effective in delivering Agitprop because Lenin used the Bolshevik’s power of censorship to silence all opposition and other socialist papers, making Pravda the only voice heard by the masses. Oral-Agitation Networks: The Bolshevik leadership understood that to build a lasting regime, they would need to win the support of the mass population of Russian peasants. To do this, Lenin organized a Communist party that attracted demobilized soldiers and others to become indoctrinated in Bolshevik ideology, dressed up in uniforms and sent to travel the countryside as agitators to the peasants. The oral-agitation networks established a Communist presence in the isolated rural areas of Russia, expanding Lenin’s power. Agitational Trains and Ships: To expand the reach of the oral-agitation networks, the Bolsheviks pioneered using modern transportation to reach deeper into Russia. The trains and ships carried agitators armed with leaflets, posters and other various forms of Agitprop. The agitational trains expanded the reach of agitators into Eastern Europe, and allowed for the establishment of agitprop stations, consisting of libraries of propaganda material. The trains were also equipped with radios, and their own printing press, so they could report to Moscow the political climate of the given region, and receive instruction on how to custom print propaganda on the spot to better take advantage of the situation. Literacy Campaign: Lenin understood that in order to increase the effectiveness of his propaganda, the cultural level of the Russian people would have to be raised by bringing down the illiteracy rate. The peasant society of Russia in 1917 was largely illiterate making it difficult to reach them through printed agitprop. Lenin created the People’s Commissariat of Enlightenment to spear head the war on illiteracy. Instructors were trained in 1919, and sent to the countryside to create more instructors and expand the operation into a network of illiteracy centers. New textbooks were created, containing Bolshevik ideology to indoctrinate the newly literate members of Soviet society, and the literacy training in the army was expanded.↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑
  • Agitprop ist ein Kunstwort aus den Wörtern Agitation und Propaganda und bezeichnet einen zentralen Begriff der kommunistischen politischen Werbung seit Lenin. Agitprop war zunächst die Kurzform von russisch отдел агитации и пропаганды (otdel agitazii i propagandy, Abteilung für Agitation und Propaganda, 1920 in Sowjetrussland auf allen Ebenen der bolschewistischen Partei etabliert). Agitprop stand später (und steht zum Teil noch) für die Gesamtheit der Vermittlung kommunistischer Politik leninistischer Ausprägung. Der Begriff ist für Leninisten positiv geprägt.Im Weiteren wird der Begriff auch heute noch gern verwendet, um abwertend, distanzierend oder auch umgangssprachlich positiv Werbeaktionen für die eigene Partei zu bezeichnen.
  • Агитпро́п (сокращение от слов агитация и пропаганда) — обиходное название Отдела агитации и пропаганды при ЦК КПСС (ранее ЦК ВКП(б)) и местных комитетах КПСС в СССР в разное время.С января 1930 года функции агитпропа перешли к культпропу До 1934 года отдел назывался агитпропТермин приобрёл расширенное значение — «пропаганда» вообще и советская пропаганда в частности, а также переносное значение: имелись в виду произведения советской культуры и искусства, созданные под непосредственным влиянием коммунистической идеологии и носящие на себе родовые черты советской пропаганды. Понятие употребряется обычно с негативной, либо юмористической коннотацией.
  • Agitprop (abreviativo de agitação e propaganda) é uma ideia do marxismo-leninismo que diz respeito à disseminação das ideias e princípios do comunismo entre trabalhadores, camponeses, estudantes, intelectuais e formadores de opinião na sociedade em geral.Concretamente, o Partido Comunista Soviético criou em 1920 um Departamento de Agitação e Propaganda, que era parte do Secretariado do Comitê Central, que tinha por missão usar a arte como uma arma revolucionária num País degradado pela guerra e marcado pela iliteracia.O termo Agitprop um acrónimo derivado das palavras Agitação e Propaganda. Para os adeptos das ideias marxistas-leninistas, é utilizado como ferramenta para divulgação do Movimento Revolucionário e a existência do partido. Basicamente, o ativismo político e social é conduzido por organizações de base, organizações de massa e movimentos populares com o intuito de agitar a sociedade, dar visibilidade ao movimento, aos conflitos entre trabalhadores, sociedade em geral e o governo.Com essa propaganda e agitação coletiva, o movimento cria um ambiente de falta de prestígio e credibilidade ao governo estabelecido permitindo a crescente do clima revolucionário.Para isso, utilizam a agitação, a propaganda de fatos, as manifestações populares (demonstrações públicas, passeatas, comícios, greves, eventos artísticos, etc.) e eventualmente, alguns mais radicais, utilizam-se de atentados terroristas e sabotagem.Lênin traz para o movimento político uma guerra ideológica, onde uma das armas é a propaganda com o intuito de fazer revelações políticas (ou denúncia) e criar palavras de ordem para unir a sociedade em prol de uma causa, de um movimento. Alguns autores alemães, como Bertold Brecht e Erwin Piscator, foram influenciados pelo tipo de teatro utilizado pelas campanhas do AgitProp. O teatro político era voltado a ensinar as ideologias do movimento, do partido, alcançando as grandes massas, em resultado da expansão cultural do comunismo soviético nos países de Leste. Pelas suas pretensões populistas, o drama agitprop era visto como uma vacina contra o drama burguês.A partir da década de 60, todo o teatro que tende a sobrepor a ideologia à sua representação estética acaba por ser conotado com a doutrina agitprop.
  • Agitprop (Rusça:агитпроп) agitation (ajitasyon) ve propaganda cümlesinin kısaltılmış halidir. Terim Bolşevik Rusya (gelecekteki Sovyetler Birliği) tarafından oluşturulmuş merkezi veya bölgesel komiteler olan отдел агитации и пропаганды (otdel agitatsii i propagandy); Ajitasyon ve Propaganda Bürosunun kısaltılmış haliydi. Daha sonradan İdeoloji Bürosu olarak yeniden isimlendirildi.Bolşevik Rusya'da 1917'den itibaren kullanılan bu terim, Leninist devrimcilerin düşüncelerini ve eylemlerini ülkelerinin her yerinde etkin kılma çabalarının sonucu olarak doğdu. 13 Mayıs 1919'da Kızıl Ordu bünyesinde ajitasyon birimleri kurulunca kitle propagandası alanında çalışanlar kendilerine resmi bir destek bulmuş oldular.
  • La agitprop, propaganda de agitación o agitación y propaganda es una estrategia política, generalmente de tendencia comunista, difundida a través del arte o la literatura, usando como métodos la agitación y la propaganda para influenciar sobre la opinión pública y de este modo obtener réditos políticos.Por otro lado "agitación" sugería urgir a la gente a hacer lo que los líderes soviéticos esperaban de ellos. Teóricamente, la propaganda por sí misma debía actuar en la mente ("pasiva") de los individuos, mientras que la agitación lo haría respecto de sus emociones ("activas"). Aunque eso es más bien una pretendida visión analítica: en la vida real, ambas iban y van juntas, dando por lo tanto origen al cliché o frase hecha de "agitación y propaganda".
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  • Agitprop est l'acronyme de отдел агитации и пропаганды (otdel agitatsii i propagandy), c'est-à-dire Département pour l'agitation et la propagande, organe des comités centraux et régionaux du Parti communiste de l'Union soviétique. Ce département fut renommé plus tard « Département idéologique ».Le terme « propagande » ne porte, en russe, aucune connotation négative comme en français ou en anglais. Il signifie simplement « diffusion d'idées ».
  • Agitprop (Russisch: агитпроп) is de samengestelde afkorting die staat voor "agitatie en propaganda", waarbij de propaganda op de geest moet werken en de agitatie op de emoties. In feite is het een dwingende, agressieve vorm van propaganda.
  • Agitprop è l'acronimo di отдел агитации и пропаганды (otdel agitatsii i propagandy), ossia Dipartimento per l'agitazione e la propaganda, organo del comitato centrale e regionale del Partito comunista dell'Unione sovietica il quale fu in seguito rinominato « Dipartimento ideologico ».Nella lingua russa il termine « propaganda » non presentava nessuna connotazione negativa, come in francese, italiano o inglese, significava « diffusione, disseminazione, d'idee ».
  • Agitprop (abreviativo de agitação e propaganda) é uma ideia do marxismo-leninismo que diz respeito à disseminação das ideias e princípios do comunismo entre trabalhadores, camponeses, estudantes, intelectuais e formadores de opinião na sociedade em geral.Concretamente, o Partido Comunista Soviético criou em 1920 um Departamento de Agitação e Propaganda, que era parte do Secretariado do Comitê Central, que tinha por missão usar a arte como uma arma revolucionária num País degradado pela guerra e marcado pela iliteracia.O termo Agitprop um acrónimo derivado das palavras Agitação e Propaganda.
  • La agitprop, propaganda de agitación o agitación y propaganda es una estrategia política, generalmente de tendencia comunista, difundida a través del arte o la literatura, usando como métodos la agitación y la propaganda para influenciar sobre la opinión pública y de este modo obtener réditos políticos.Por otro lado "agitación" sugería urgir a la gente a hacer lo que los líderes soviéticos esperaban de ellos.
  • Агитпро́п (сокращение от слов агитация и пропаганда) — обиходное название Отдела агитации и пропаганды при ЦК КПСС (ранее ЦК ВКП(б)) и местных комитетах КПСС в СССР в разное время.С января 1930 года функции агитпропа перешли к культпропу До 1934 года отдел назывался агитпропТермин приобрёл расширенное значение — «пропаганда» вообще и советская пропаганда в частности, а также переносное значение: имелись в виду произведения советской культуры и искусства, созданные под непосредственным влиянием коммунистической идеологии и носящие на себе родовые черты советской пропаганды.
  • Agitprop (/ˈædʒɨtprɒp/; from Russian: агитпроп [ɐɡʲɪtˈprop], a portmanteau derived from the words agitation and propaganda) is stage plays, pamphlets, motion pictures and other art forms with an explicitly political message.The term agitprop originated in the Russian SFSR (which later joined the Soviet Union), as a shortened form of отдел агитации и пропаганды (otdel agitatsii i propagandy), i.e., Department for Agitation and Propaganda, which was part of the Central and regional committees of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
  • Agitprop - jedno z centralnych pojęć komunistycznego werbunku politycznego od czasów Lenina. Powstało z połączenia słów agitacja i propaganda. Agitprop było na początku formą skrótową nazwy Wydziału Agitacji i Propagandy (ros. отдел агитации и пропаганды), założonego w 1920 roku w ramach sekretariatu Komitetu Centralnego KPZR.
  • Agitprop (Rusça:агитпроп) agitation (ajitasyon) ve propaganda cümlesinin kısaltılmış halidir. Terim Bolşevik Rusya (gelecekteki Sovyetler Birliği) tarafından oluşturulmuş merkezi veya bölgesel komiteler olan отдел агитации и пропаганды (otdel agitatsii i propagandy); Ajitasyon ve Propaganda Bürosunun kısaltılmış haliydi.
  • Agitprop (Rusia: агитпроп) adalah akronim dari "agitasi dan propaganda". Istilah ini berasal dari Bolshevist Rusia (kemudian bernama Uni Soviet), di mana istilah adalah bentuk singkat dari отдел агитации и пропаганды (otdel agitatsii i propagandy), yakni, Departemen Agitasi dan Propaganda yang merupakan bagian dari pusat atau daerah komite dari Partai Komunis Uni Soviet.
  • Agitprop ist ein Kunstwort aus den Wörtern Agitation und Propaganda und bezeichnet einen zentralen Begriff der kommunistischen politischen Werbung seit Lenin. Agitprop war zunächst die Kurzform von russisch отдел агитации и пропаганды (otdel agitazii i propagandy, Abteilung für Agitation und Propaganda, 1920 in Sowjetrussland auf allen Ebenen der bolschewistischen Partei etabliert).
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  • Агитпроп
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