Abol Fath Khan Zand (env. 1755 - 1787), fut le troisième chah de la dynastie Zand. Il régna sur l'empire perse du 6 mars 1779 au 22 août 1779.

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  • Abol Fath Khan Zand (env. 1755 - 1787), fut le troisième chah de la dynastie Zand. Il régna sur l'empire perse du 6 mars 1779 au 22 août 1779.
  • Abol Fath Khan Zand (* ca. 1755; † 22. August 1779) war der dritte Schah der Zand-Dynastie, der das persische Reich vom 6. März bis zum 22. August 1779 regierte.Als Karim Khan 1779 starb, erklärte sein Halbbruder Zaki Khan den zweiten Sohn Karim Khans – gleichzeitig sein Schwiegersohn –, Mohammad Ali Khan, zum neuen Herrscher. Aber bald ernannte er dann noch Mohammad Ali Khans älteren Bruder Abol Fath zum Koregenten. Im Gegensatz zu seinem Vater war Abol Fath faul und schwach und hatte auch nicht die Schärfe und den Mut seines Vaters, dafür vertraute er seinem mächtigen Onkel Zaki Khan, dessen Korruption und politischer Übermut allen bekannt waren. So führten die Ratschläge Zaki Khans nach mehr als 20 Jahren zur Anarchie im Reich.Nach dem Tod Karim Khans floh Aga Mohammed Khan, der als Geisel am Hof gehalten wurde, um Unruhen zwischen den Zand und den Kadscharen aus Nordpersien zu verhindern, und erreichte Mazandaran. Dort übernahm er nach und nach das Kommando über seinen Stamm in Astrabad und erklärte sich von den Zand Schahs für unabhängig. Daraufhin schickte Zaki Khan eine Armee unter seinem Neffen Ali Murad Khan gegen den Kadscharen.In der Zwischenzeit wurde am 19. Juni 1779 Abol Fath zum alleinigen Herrscher des persischen Reiches, als Mohammad Ali Khan plötzlich starb. Bald lehnte sich der Kommandeur seiner Armee Ali Murad Khan gegen ihn auf und besetzte Isfahan. Auf der anderen Seite erhob Zaki Khan von den Grundbesitzern hohe Steuern und richtete jeden hin, der sich weigerte zu zahlen. Anschließend rebellierten die Menschen von Isfahan und töteten Zaki Khan. Am 22. August 1779 überfiel Sadiq Khan, ein Bruder Karim Khans, die Stadt Schiraz und tötete Abol Fath Khan, nachdem er ihm die Augen ausgerissen hatte. Danach erklärte er sich zum Schah von Persien.
  • Abol Fath Khan Zand (1755 or 1756 – 1787) was the third Shah of the Zand dynasty, and ruled the Persian Empire from March 6, 1779 until August 22, 1779.After the death of Karim Khan in 1779, two factions emerged, one supporting Abol Fath, one his younger brother Muhammad Ali Khan. Both were still children, and were pawns in the game of power. Karim Khan's brother Zaki Khan managed to proclaim Muhammad Ali Khan, his own son-in-law, as Shah of the Persian Empire, but soon after, he also made Abol Fath joint ruler of Persia. Both Muhammad Ali and Abol Fath only held nominal power during their reigns, as their uncle was the effective master of the government. As another brother of Karim Khan, Sadiq Khan Zand, had left Shiraz, then the capital, and was gathering an army in Kerman ostensibly in support of Abol Fath Khan, Zaki Khan even had Abol Fath imprisoned.To add to the political trouble, right after the death of Karim Khan, the Qajar prince Agha Muhammad Khan, who had until then been a hostage in Shiraz, in order to prevent an outbreak of war between the Qajars, who still dominated the North of the country, and the Zands, escaped promptly and reached his stronghold of Mazandaran. Subsequently, he took command of his tribe in Astarabad, and declared independence from the Zand Shah. To counter that move, Zaki Khan dispatched the Persian army under the command of his nephew, Ali Murad Khan against the Qajar lord. Soon however, it appeared that Ali Murad Khan had rebelled against him and captured Isfahan. On the other hand, Zaki Khan had levied high taxes on the landlords and put to death and tortured anyone who had resisted. Subsequently his own army rebelled and killed Zaki Khan as he was marching on Isfahan, on June 6, 1779.Meanwhile, Abol Fath's other uncle Sadiq Khan had by then returned to Shiraz from Kerman with an army. Upon reception of the news of Zaki Khan's demise, on June 19, 1779, he had Abol Fath proclaimed sole official ruler of Persia. Sadiq held the real power, while Abol Fath, according to most accounts, was satisfied with a life of pleasures, and did not take any part in the administration of the Empire. This situation did not however suit Sadiq Khan for long. Only two months after Abol Fath's installation, on August 22, 1779, Sadiq Khan had him deposed and was proclaimed Shah instead. Abol Fath was blinded, either on Sadiq Khan's orders, or two years later when Shiraz fell to Ali Murad Khan. He died in 1787, aged 32.
  • Abu l-Fath Khan Zand (1755/1756-1787) fou el fill gran de Karim Khan Zand wakil de llinatge inak dels Zand. La seva mare era germana d'Ismail Sultan Kurd-i Kučānī.A la mort de Karim Khan (2 de març de 1779) alguns volien proclamar a Abu l-Fath Khan Zand i altres donaven suport al seu germà Muhammad Ali Khan Zand (que era cinc anys més jove; un fill entremig havia mort abans que el pare) i com a compromís es va decidir que governarien en comú. Zaki Khan del llinatge budaq (originalment oposat a Abu l-Fath) va agafar les regnes del poder.Mentre a Bàssora es va proclamar xa el germà de Karim, Muhammad Sadik Khan Zand i es va dirigir a Shiraz. Llavors Zaki Khan va empresonar a Abu l-Fath per sospitar que tenia simpaties per l'oncle rebel i va proclamar a Muhammad únic sobirà. Un altre pretendent es va alçar poc després, el nebot de Zaki Khan, Ali Murad Khan. Assassinat Zaki Khan en una revolta popular Abu l-Fath fou alliberat i restaurat al tron a Shiraz el 19 de juny de 1779 però amb la condició de compatir les decisions amb Sadik Khan.Una vegada va poder dirigir els afers va demostrar que era incompetent i distret. Sadik Khan amb el suport d'alguns nobles el va deposar el 22 d'agost de 1779 i el va fer cegar (en aquell moment o el 1781 quan Ali Murad va entrar a Shiraz).Temps després fou enviat al Mazanderan per Aga Muhammad Shah.Estava casat (poc abans de ser proclamat per primer cop) amb la germana de Hedaytallah Khan Gilani, governador de Rasht. Va morir als 32 anys (1787) i fou enterrat a Shiraz. Va deixar un fill, Husain Ali Khan-e Zand que fou castrat per orde d'Agha Muhammad Shah Qajar.
  • Abol Fath Khan Zand (1755 – Shiraz, 1779) fu il terzo Scià della Dinastia Zand di Persia, che regnò dal 6 marzo 1779 al 22 agosto 1779.Dopo la morte di Karim Khan nel 1779, Zaki Khan, il suo fratellasto, dichiarò Muhammad Ali Khan, secondo figlio di Karim Khan e quindi suo nipote come secondo regnante della dinastia Zand, ma poco dopo, unì al trono anche Abol Fath, figlio più anziano di Karim. Diversametnte dal padre, Abol Fath era pigro e debole, e non condivideva l'acutezza e il coraggio del padre, caratteristiche invece appartenenti al suo potente zio, Zaki Khan, la cui corruzione e malizia politica erano note a tutti. Infatti i consigli dati da Zaki Khan al nipote, portarono all'anarchia nei territori persiani per più di vent'anni.Sempre dopo la morte di Karim Khan Zand, Agha Muhammad Khan che era in ostaggio, nel tentativo di prevenire una guerra tra le tribù dei Qajar, provenienti dalla Persia settentrionale, e la Dinastia Zand, evase subtio raggiungendo il Mazandaran. Susseguentemente prese il comando della sua tribù ad Astrabad, dichiarando l'indipendenza dallo Scià di Persia. Così, Zaki Khan inviò l'esercito persiano, sotto il comando di suo nipote, Ali Murad Khan, contro il signore dei Qajar.Nel mentre, il 19 giugno 1779 Abol Fath diventò l'unico sovrano della Persia dopo l'improvvisa morte del fratello, Mohammad Ali Khan. Da lì a poco venne a sapere che il comandante del suo esercito, Ali Murad Khan si era ribellato e aveva conquistato la città di Esfahan. Inoltre Zaki Khan aveva imposto alte tasse ai proprietari terrieri e torturato e messo a morte chiunque si fosse rifiutato di pagare. Per questo la popolazione di Esfahan si ribellò, e uccise Zaki Khan. Il 22 agosto 1779 Abol Fath Khan morì per un attacco di cuore, permettendo così a Sadiq Khan Zand di prendere il potere.
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  • Abol Fath Khan Zand (env. 1755 - 1787), fut le troisième chah de la dynastie Zand. Il régna sur l'empire perse du 6 mars 1779 au 22 août 1779.
  • Abol Fath Khan Zand (1755 or 1756 – 1787) was the third Shah of the Zand dynasty, and ruled the Persian Empire from March 6, 1779 until August 22, 1779.After the death of Karim Khan in 1779, two factions emerged, one supporting Abol Fath, one his younger brother Muhammad Ali Khan. Both were still children, and were pawns in the game of power.
  • Abu l-Fath Khan Zand (1755/1756-1787) fou el fill gran de Karim Khan Zand wakil de llinatge inak dels Zand. La seva mare era germana d'Ismail Sultan Kurd-i Kučānī.A la mort de Karim Khan (2 de març de 1779) alguns volien proclamar a Abu l-Fath Khan Zand i altres donaven suport al seu germà Muhammad Ali Khan Zand (que era cinc anys més jove; un fill entremig havia mort abans que el pare) i com a compromís es va decidir que governarien en comú.
  • Abol Fath Khan Zand (* ca. 1755; † 22. August 1779) war der dritte Schah der Zand-Dynastie, der das persische Reich vom 6. März bis zum 22. August 1779 regierte.Als Karim Khan 1779 starb, erklärte sein Halbbruder Zaki Khan den zweiten Sohn Karim Khans – gleichzeitig sein Schwiegersohn –, Mohammad Ali Khan, zum neuen Herrscher. Aber bald ernannte er dann noch Mohammad Ali Khans älteren Bruder Abol Fath zum Koregenten.
  • Abol Fath Khan Zand (1755 – Shiraz, 1779) fu il terzo Scià della Dinastia Zand di Persia, che regnò dal 6 marzo 1779 al 22 agosto 1779.Dopo la morte di Karim Khan nel 1779, Zaki Khan, il suo fratellasto, dichiarò Muhammad Ali Khan, secondo figlio di Karim Khan e quindi suo nipote come secondo regnante della dinastia Zand, ma poco dopo, unì al trono anche Abol Fath, figlio più anziano di Karim.
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  • Abol Fath Khan
  • Abol Fath Khan
  • Abol Fath Khan
  • Abol Fath Khan
  • Abu l-Fath Khan Zand
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