Cette page concerne l'année 1345 du calendrier julien.

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  • Cette page concerne l'année 1345 du calendrier julien.
  • Daturen bat gaineratzen baduzu, egunaren lotura segi dezakezu han ere sartzeko. Eskerrik asko!
  • Year 1345 (MCCCXLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. It was a year in the 14th century, in the midst of a period in world history often referred to as the Late Middle Ages.During this year on the Asian continent, the several divisions of the old Mongol Empire were in a state of gradual decline. The Ilkhanate had already fragmented into several kingdoms struggling to place their puppet emperors over the shell of an old state. The Chagatai Khanate was in the midst of a civil war and one year from falling to rebellion. The Golden Horde to the north was besieging Genoese colonies along the coast of the Black Sea, and the Yuan Dynasty in China was seeing the first seeds of a resistance which would lead to its downfall. Southeast Asia remained free from Mongol power, with several small kingdoms struggling for survival. The Siamese dynasty in that area vanquished the Sukhothai in this year. In the Indonesian Archipelago, the Majapahit Empire was in the midst of a golden age under the leadership of Gajah Mada, who remains a famous figure in Indonesia.England and France were engaged in the early stages of the Hundred Years' War, with the Battle of Auberoche fought in Northern France in October of this year. In the Iberian Peninsula, Alfonso XI of Castile again besieged the Muslim city of Granada as part of the Reconquista, but without success. The Holy Roman Empire under Louis IV took control of Holland and the surrounding area, granting these lands to his wife Margaret II, Countess of Hainault in a move which angered many of his princes. Holland was also in the midst of the Friso-Hollandic Wars, engaging with the Frisians on 26 September in the Battle of Warns. Italy, which at the time was divided into several kingdoms, saw several power struggles including the Battle of Gamenario in the north, and the assassination of Andrew, Duke of Calabria in the Kingdom of Naples. In Northern Europe, Swedes continued early stages of their emigration to Estonia, which would continue in the coming decades. Estonian rulers also managed to crush the St. George's Night Uprising in 1345 after a two-year struggle. The Grand Duchy of Lithuania changed hands from Jaunutis to his brother Algirdas in a relatively bloodless shift of power, and Lithuania continued its skirmishes with its northern, Estonian neighbor.The main forces in the Balkans in the 1345 were Serbia, Bulgaria, and the Byzantine Empire. Stefan Uroš IV Dušan of Serbia proclaimed himself Tsar of the new Serbian Empire and continued his efforts at expansion, quickly conquering Albania and other surrounding areas within the year. The Byzantines, though powerful, were in a state of decline, with an ongoing civil war between emperors John V Palaiologos and John VI Kantakouzenos, although in 1345, the tide began to turn toward the latter. At the same time, the Zealot commune in Thessalonica entered a more radical phase.Turks clashed with Byzantines, Serbs, and Cypriots at sea and in the islands of Chios and Imbros. The Byzantine Empire's precarious situation at this time is evidenced by the fact that they did not have enough soldiers to protect their own borders, but hired mercenaries from the Serbs and the Ottoman Turks.
  • Il 1345 (MCCCXLV in numeri romani) è un anno del XIV secolo.
  • 1345年(1345 ねん)は、西暦(ユリウス暦)による、平年。
  • 1345 год — невисокосный год, начинающийся в пятницу по григорианскому календарю. Это 1345 год нашей эры, 345 год 2 тысячелетия, 45 год XIV века, 5 год 5-го десятилетия XIV века, 6 год 1340-х годов.
  • Het jaar 1345 is het 45e jaar in de 14e eeuw volgens de christelijke jaartelling.
  • Évszázadok: 13. század – 14. század – 15. századÉvtizedek: 1290-es évek – 1300-as évek – 1310-es évek – 1320-as évek – 1330-as évek – 1340-es évek – 1350-es évek – 1360-as évek – 1370-es évek – 1380-as évek – 1390-es évek Évek: 1340 – 1341 – 1342 – 1343 – 1344 – 1345 – 1346 – 1347 – 1348 – 1349 – 1350
  • 1345 Masehi adalah tahun pada milenium ke-2, abad ke-14, dan dekade 1340-an dalam kalender Gregorian.
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  • Cette page concerne l'année 1345 du calendrier julien.
  • Daturen bat gaineratzen baduzu, egunaren lotura segi dezakezu han ere sartzeko. Eskerrik asko!
  • Il 1345 (MCCCXLV in numeri romani) è un anno del XIV secolo.
  • 1345年(1345 ねん)は、西暦(ユリウス暦)による、平年。
  • 1345 год — невисокосный год, начинающийся в пятницу по григорианскому календарю. Это 1345 год нашей эры, 345 год 2 тысячелетия, 45 год XIV века, 5 год 5-го десятилетия XIV века, 6 год 1340-х годов.
  • Het jaar 1345 is het 45e jaar in de 14e eeuw volgens de christelijke jaartelling.
  • Évszázadok: 13. század – 14. század – 15. századÉvtizedek: 1290-es évek – 1300-as évek – 1310-es évek – 1320-as évek – 1330-as évek – 1340-es évek – 1350-es évek – 1360-as évek – 1370-es évek – 1380-as évek – 1390-es évek Évek: 1340 – 1341 – 1342 – 1343 – 1344 – 1345 – 1346 – 1347 – 1348 – 1349 – 1350
  • 1345 Masehi adalah tahun pada milenium ke-2, abad ke-14, dan dekade 1340-an dalam kalender Gregorian.
  • Year 1345 (MCCCXLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. It was a year in the 14th century, in the midst of a period in world history often referred to as the Late Middle Ages.During this year on the Asian continent, the several divisions of the old Mongol Empire were in a state of gradual decline. The Ilkhanate had already fragmented into several kingdoms struggling to place their puppet emperors over the shell of an old state.
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