L'élection fédérale canadienne de 1921 se déroule le 6 décembre 1921 afin d'élire les députés de la 14e législature à la Chambre des communes du Canada. Le gouvernement unioniste qui a gouverné le Canada durant la Première Guerre mondiale est défait, remplacé par un gouvernement libéral dirigé par le jeune leader William Lyon Mackenzie King, mettant fin à plus de 10 ans de pouvoir par les unionistes.

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  • L'élection fédérale canadienne de 1921 se déroule le 6 décembre 1921 afin d'élire les députés de la 14e législature à la Chambre des communes du Canada. Le gouvernement unioniste qui a gouverné le Canada durant la Première Guerre mondiale est défait, remplacé par un gouvernement libéral dirigé par le jeune leader William Lyon Mackenzie King, mettant fin à plus de 10 ans de pouvoir par les unionistes. Un nouveau parti, le Parti progressiste du Canada, remporte le deuxième plus grand nombre de sièges dans l'élection.
  • The Canadian federal election of 1921 was held on December 6, 1921 to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons of the 14th Parliament of Canada. The Union government that had governed Canada through the First World War was defeated, and replaced by a Liberal government under the young leader William Lyon Mackenzie King. A new third party, the Progressive Party, won the second most seats in the election.Since the 1911 election, the country had been governed by the Conservatives, first under the leadership of Prime Minister Robert Borden, and then under Prime Minister Arthur Meighen. During the war, the Conservatives had united with the pro-conscription Liberal-Unionists and formed a Union government. A number of Members of Parliament (MPs), mostly Quebecers, stayed loyal to Sir Wilfrid Laurier, however, and maintained their independence. When Laurier died, he was replaced as leader by the Ontarian Mackenzie King. After the 1919 federal budget, a number of western unionist MPs, who were former Liberals, left the Union government in protest against high tariffs on farm products imposed by the budget. Led by Thomas Alexander Crerar, this group became known as the Progressive Party. Also running were a number of Labour advocates, foremost amongst them J. S. Woodsworth of Winnipeg, who had organized their political movement after the Winnipeg General Strike of 1919. Meighen had played a key role in violently suppressing the strikers and this earned him the animosity of organized labour.Meighen attempted to make the "Unionist" party a permanent alliance of Tories and Liberals by renaming it the National Liberal and Conservative Party, but this name change failed, and most Unionist Liberals either returned to the Liberal fold or joined the new Progressive Party. Besides the labour strife and farm tariffs in the Prairie provinces, the Conscription Crisis of 1917 had a lasting effect on Tory fortunes by making the party virtually unelectable in Quebec.The election was the first in which the majority of Canadian women were allowed to vote, thanks to reforms passed by the Conservatives. Five women also ran for office. Agnes Macphail of the Progressive Party was elected as the first woman MP in Canada.Parliament was split three ways by this election. King's Liberals won a majority government of just one seat: they won all of Quebec, much of the Maritimes, and a good portion of Ontario. The Progressive Party won the second largest number of seats, dominating the West, and winning almost a third of the seats in Ontario. The party won only one seat east of Ontario, however. Despite winning the second most seats, they declined to form the official opposition. It would be the only Canadian federal election prior to 1993 where a party other than the Liberals or the (Progressive) Conservatives won the second most number of seats.The Conservatives lost the most seats up to that time of any governing party at the federal level. They won fewer seats than the Progressives (despite gaining more popular votes), but wound up forming the official opposition. The Conservatives won much of Ontario and had some support in the Maritimes and British Columbia. Two Independent Labour MPs were elected: J. S. Woodsworth won his seat, largely due to his role in the 1919 Winnipeg General Strike, and William Irvine was elected in Calgary.Voter turn-out: 67.7%
  • Die 14. kanadischen Unterhauswahlen (englisch 14th Canadian General Election, französisch 14e élection fédérale canadienne) fanden am 6. Dezember 1921 statt. Gewählt wurden 235 Abgeordnete des kanadischen Unterhauses (engl. House of Commons, frz. Chambre des Communes). Die unionistische Koalition, die Kanada gegen Ende des Ersten Weltkriegs regiert hatte, war zerbrochen. An ihre Stelle trat die Liberale, angeführt von William Lyon Mackenzie King, dem dominierenden Politiker des folgenden Vierteljahrhunderts. Die neu entstandene Progressive Partei wurde zweitstärkste Kraft und ließ die Konservative Partei hinter sich.
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  • L'élection fédérale canadienne de 1921 se déroule le 6 décembre 1921 afin d'élire les députés de la 14e législature à la Chambre des communes du Canada. Le gouvernement unioniste qui a gouverné le Canada durant la Première Guerre mondiale est défait, remplacé par un gouvernement libéral dirigé par le jeune leader William Lyon Mackenzie King, mettant fin à plus de 10 ans de pouvoir par les unionistes.
  • The Canadian federal election of 1921 was held on December 6, 1921 to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons of the 14th Parliament of Canada. The Union government that had governed Canada through the First World War was defeated, and replaced by a Liberal government under the young leader William Lyon Mackenzie King.
  • Die 14. kanadischen Unterhauswahlen (englisch 14th Canadian General Election, französisch 14e élection fédérale canadienne) fanden am 6. Dezember 1921 statt. Gewählt wurden 235 Abgeordnete des kanadischen Unterhauses (engl. House of Commons, frz. Chambre des Communes). Die unionistische Koalition, die Kanada gegen Ende des Ersten Weltkriegs regiert hatte, war zerbrochen.
rdfs:label
  • Élection fédérale canadienne de 1921
  • Canadian federal election, 1921
  • Kanadische Unterhauswahlen 1921
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