L'élection fédérale canadienne de 1917 se déroule le 17 décembre 1917 dans le but d'élire les députés de la 13e législature à la Chambre des communes du Canada. Il s'agit de la 13e élection générale depuis la confédération canadienne de 1867. Qualifiée d'« élection la plus amère de l'histoire du Canada » par l'historien Michael Bliss, il s'agit essentiellement d'une confrontation sur la question de la conscription.

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  • L'élection fédérale canadienne de 1917 se déroule le 17 décembre 1917 dans le but d'élire les députés de la 13e législature à la Chambre des communes du Canada. Il s'agit de la 13e élection générale depuis la confédération canadienne de 1867. Qualifiée d'« élection la plus amère de l'histoire du Canada » par l'historien Michael Bliss, il s'agit essentiellement d'une confrontation sur la question de la conscription. Le Parti unioniste du Premier ministre sir Robert Borden est élu avec une forte majorité, ainsi que le plus grand pourcentage du vote populaire pour un parti unique dans l'histoire du Canada.
  • The 1917 Canadian federal election (sometimes referred to as the khaki election) was held on December 17, 1917, to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons of the 13th Parliament of Canada. Described by historian Michael Bliss as the "most bitter election in Canadian history", it was fought mainly over the issue of conscription (see Conscription Crisis of 1917). The election resulted in Prime Minister Sir Robert Borden's Unionist government elected with a strong majority, and the largest percent share of the popular vote for a single party in Canadian history.The previous election had been held in 1911, and was won by Borden's Conservatives. Under the elections law, Canada should have had an election in 1916. However citing the emergency of the First World War, the government postponed the election, largely in hope that a coalition government could be formed, as was the case in Britain. Sir Wilfrid Laurier, head of the Liberal Party of Canada, refused to join the coalition over the issue of conscription. Conscription was strongly opposed in the Liberal heartland of Quebec. Laurier worried that agreeing to Borden's coalition offer would cause that province to abandon the Liberals, and perhaps Canada as well. Borden proceeded to form a "Unionist" government, and the Liberal Party split over the issue. Many English Canadian Liberal MPs and provincial Liberal parties in English Canada supported the new Unionist government. To ensure victory for conscription, Borden introduced two laws to skew the voting towards the government. The first of these, the Wartime Elections Act, disenfranchised conscientious objectors and Canadian citizens who were born in enemy countries who had arrived after 1902. The law also gave female relatives of servicemen the vote. Thus, the 1917 election was the first federal election in which some women were allowed to vote. The other new law was the Military Voters Act that allowed soldiers serving abroad to choose which riding their vote would be counted in, or to allow the party they voted for to select the riding the vote would be counted in. This allowed government officials to guide the strongly pro-conscription soldiers into voting in those ridings where the government felt they would be most useful. Servicemen were given a ballot with the simple choice of "Government" or "Opposition."Soon after these measures were passed, Borden convinced a faction of Liberals (using the name Liberal-Unionists) along with Gideon Decker Robertson who was described as a "Labour" Senator (but was unaffiliated with any Labour Party) to join with them, forming the Unionist government in October 1917. He then dissolved parliament to seek a mandate in the election which pitted "Government" candidates, running as the Unionist Party, against the anti-Conscription faction of the Liberal Party which ran under the name Laurier Liberals. The divisive debate ended with the country divided on linguistic lines. The Liberals won 82 seats, 62 of which were in Quebec. The Unionists won 153 seats. The three Unionist seats in Quebec were all in mainly anglophone ridings. This fact led to the Francœur Motion in January 1918.
  • Die 13. kanadischen Unterhauswahlen (engl. 13th Canadian General Election, frz. 13e élection fédérale canadienne) fanden am 17. Dezember 1917 statt. Gewählt wurden 235 Abgeordnete des kanadischen Unterhauses (engl. House of Commons, frz. Chambre des Communes). Die Frage der Einführung der Wehrpflicht spaltete das Land gegen Ende des Ersten Weltkriegs in zwei unversöhnliche Lager (siehe Wehrpflichtkrise von 1917). Premierminister Robert Borden errang mit der Unionistischen Partei, einer kurzlebigen Koalition aus Konservativen und einigen Liberalen, welche die Wehrpflicht unterstützten, die größte Mehrheit überhaupt, die eine Partei bei Wahlen auf Bundesebene jemals erreichte. Kandidaten der oppositionellen Liberalen Partei, die zu ihrem Parteivorsitzenden Wilfrid Laurier hielten, wurden überwiegend in der französischsprachigen Provinz Québec gewählt, wo die Wehrpflicht auf einhellige Ablehnung stieß.
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  • L'élection fédérale canadienne de 1917 se déroule le 17 décembre 1917 dans le but d'élire les députés de la 13e législature à la Chambre des communes du Canada. Il s'agit de la 13e élection générale depuis la confédération canadienne de 1867. Qualifiée d'« élection la plus amère de l'histoire du Canada » par l'historien Michael Bliss, il s'agit essentiellement d'une confrontation sur la question de la conscription.
  • The 1917 Canadian federal election (sometimes referred to as the khaki election) was held on December 17, 1917, to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons of the 13th Parliament of Canada. Described by historian Michael Bliss as the "most bitter election in Canadian history", it was fought mainly over the issue of conscription (see Conscription Crisis of 1917).
  • Die 13. kanadischen Unterhauswahlen (engl. 13th Canadian General Election, frz. 13e élection fédérale canadienne) fanden am 17. Dezember 1917 statt. Gewählt wurden 235 Abgeordnete des kanadischen Unterhauses (engl. House of Commons, frz. Chambre des Communes). Die Frage der Einführung der Wehrpflicht spaltete das Land gegen Ende des Ersten Weltkriegs in zwei unversöhnliche Lager (siehe Wehrpflichtkrise von 1917).
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  • Élection fédérale canadienne de 1917
  • Canadian federal election, 1917
  • Kanadische Unterhauswahlen 1917
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