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  • L'économie de l'Arménie est une économie en transition. Du fait de l'effondrement de l'Union soviétique en décembre 1991 et du conflit quasi continu avec l'Azerbaïdjan voisin au sujet du Haut-Karabagh, elle a connu un déclin économique profond. Il se traduit par une faible croissance des principales activités économiques très concentrées et principalement limitées à Erevan la capitale. Sous l'ancien système de planification centrale soviétique, l'Arménie avait développé un secteur industriel significatif, produisant des machines-outils, du textile, et d'autres produits manufacturés, qu'elle vendait aux autres républiques en échange de matières premières et d'énergie.Depuis 1991, l'agriculture de l'Arménie s'est également transformée avec le passage des complexes agricoles de l'ère soviétique à des exploitations de petite taille. Le secteur agricole a des besoins importants d'investissement et de modernisation.La privatisation de l'industrie s'est effectuée à un rythme lent, dans les premières années de l'indépendance, du fait d'une forte corruption. Des intérêts stratégiques tels que le secteur des télécommunications ou les usines électriques, ont été vendus aux intérêts grecs et russes, respectivement. L'Arménie est un importateur d'aliments, et ses ressources minérales (cuivre, or, bauxite) sont faibles.Depuis 1994 cependant, le gouvernement arménien a lancé un ambitieux programme économique en relation avec le FMI, qui a eu comme conséquence de forts taux de croissance durant la période 1995-2003. L'Arménie est également parvenue à réduire l'inflation et à stabiliser la devise locale (le dram). Le taux de croissance a avoisiné 13,5 % en 2006. Le produit intérieur brut a dans le même temps augmenté de plus de 13 %.Le secteur des services ainsi que les petites et moyennes entreprises constituent une part croissante de l'économie arménienne.
  • Després de diversos anys de creixement econòmic de dos dígits, Armènia va enfrontar una forta recessió l'any de 2009, amb el seu PIB sofrint una caiguda de 14% aquell any. La retracció en el sector de construcció civil i en els enviaments fets per treballadors armenis en l'exterior van ser les principals causes de la caiguda. L'economia va començar recuperar-se el 2010 amb gairebé 5% de creixement.Durant el període soviètic amb economia planificada, Armènia va desenvolupar una forta indústria, subministrant màquines-eina, tèxtils i altres manufacturats a les altres repúbliques. Des del seu independència el país té s'ha tornat per una agricultura en petita escala, diferent del complex agrícola-industrial de l'era soviètica.Des de la independència en 1991, Armènia té fet moltes reformes en l'economia, incloent privatitzacions, reformes en els preus i prudents reformes fiscals. Fins a la independència la seva economia era basada en la indústria - principalment productes químics, electrònics, processament d'aliments, goma sintètica i tèxtils.El conflicte amb Azerbaidjan pel domini de la regió d'Alt Karabagh va contribuir per una caiguda de l'economia durant la dècada de 1990.
  • Ermenistan eski Sovyet cumhuriyetleri içinde nüfus yoğunluğu en yüksek ikinci ülke konumundadır. Karadeniz ve Hazar Denizi arasında yer alan Ermenistan'ın ekonomisi bağımsızlıktan önce sanayi, kimyasal maddeler, elektronik ürünler ile işlenmiş gıdaya dayanmaktaydı. 1991'den önce tarımın toplam üretimdeki payı %20'ler düzeyinde bulunmaktaydı.Bakır, çinko, altın ve demir yatakları bulunan Ermenistan temel enerji gereksinimini Rusya'dan karşılamaktadır. Ülke içinde hidroelektrik enerji üretilmekte, ancak düşük yoğunluktaki doğalgaz ve petrol kaynakları kullanılamamaktadır.
  • Armenia is the second most densely populated of the former Soviet republics because of its small size. It is situated between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, bordered on the north and east by Georgia and Azerbaijan and on the south and west by Iran and Turkey.Until independence, Armenia's economy was based largely on industry—chemicals, electronic products, machinery, processed food, synthetic rubber and textiles; it was highly dependent on outside resources. Agriculture accounted for only 20% of net material product and 10% of employment before the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991. Armenian mines produce copper, zinc, gold and lead. The vast majority of energy is produced with imported fuel, including gas and nuclear fuel (for its one nuclear power plant) from Russia; the main domestic energy source is hydroelectric. Small amounts of coal, gas and petroleum have not yet been developed.Like other former states, Armenia's economy suffers from the legacy of a centrally planned economy and the breakdown of former Soviet trading patterns. Soviet investment in and support of Armenian industry has virtually disappeared, so that few major enterprises are still able to function. In addition, the effects of the 1988 earthquake, which killed more than 25,000 people and made 500,000 homeless, are still being felt. Although a cease-fire has held since 1994, the conflict with Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh has not been resolved. The consequent blockade along both the Azerbaijani and Turkish borders has devastated the economy, because of Armenia's dependence on outside supplies of energy and most raw materials. Land routes through Azerbaijan and Turkey are closed; routes through Georgia and Iran are adequate and reliable. In 1992-93, the GDP had fallen nearly 60% from its 1989 level. The national currency, the dram, suffered hyperinflation for the first few years after its introduction in 1993.Armenia has registered strong economic growth since 1995 and inflation has been negligible for the past several years. New sectors, such as precious stone processing and jewelry making and communication technology (primarily Armentel, which is left from the USSR era and is owned by external investors). This steady economic progress has earned Armenia increasing support from international institutions. The International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank, EBRD, as well as other international financial institutions (IFIs) and foreign countries are extending considerable grants and loans. Total loans extended to Armenia since 1993 exceed $800 million. These loans are targeted at reducing the budget deficit, stabilizing the local currency; developing private businesses; energy; the agriculture, food processing, transportation, and health and education sectors; and ongoing rehabilitation work in the earthquake zone.Continued progress will depend on the ability of the government to strengthen its macroeconomic management, including increasing revenue collection, improving the investment climate, and accelerating privatization. A liberal foreign investment law was approved in June 1994, and a law on privatization was adopted in 1997, as well as a program on state property privatization. The government has made major strides toward joining the World Trade Organization. By 1994, however, the Armenian government had launched an ambitious IMF-sponsored economic liberalization program that resulted in positive growth rates in 1995-2005. Armenia joined the World Trade Organization (WTO) in January 2003. Armenia also has managed to slash inflation, stabilize its currency, and privatize most small- and medium-sized enterprises. Armenia's unemployment rate, however, remains high, despite strong economic growth. The chronic energy shortages Armenia suffered in the early and mid-1990s have been offset by the energy supplied by one of its nuclear power plants at Metsamor. Armenia is now a net energy exporter, although it does not have sufficient generating capacity to replace Metsamor, which is under international pressure to close. The electricity distribution system was privatized in 2002. Armenia's severe trade imbalance has been offset somewhat by international aid, remittances from Armenians working abroad, and foreign direct investment. Economic ties with Russia remain close, especially in the energy sector. The government made some improvements in tax and customs administration in 2005, but anti-corruption measures have been more difficult to implement. Investment in the construction and industrial sectors is expected to continue in 2006 and will help to ensure annual average real GDP growth of about 13.9%.
  • Армения — индустриально-аграрная страна. Страна располагает существенными запасами медно-молибденовых и полиметаллических руд, строительного камня, минеральных вод, месторождениями драгоценных металлов, полудрагоценных и поделочных камней.
  • Después varios años de crecimiento económico de dos dígitos, Armenia enfrentó una fuerte recesión el año de 2009, con su PIB sufriendo una caída de 14% aquel año. La retracción en el sector de construcción civil y en los envíos hechos por trabajadores armenios en el exterior fueron las principales causas de la caída. La economía empezó recuperarse el 2010 con casi 5% de crecimiento.Durante el periodo soviético con economía planificada, Armenia desarrolló una fuerte industria, suministrando máquinas-herramienta, téxtiles y otros manufacturados a las repúblicas hermanas. Desde su independencia el país tiene se ha vuelto para una agricultura en pequeña escala, diferente del complejo agrícola-industrial de la era soviética. La industria aún representa más del 30% del producto interior bruto (PIB) del país y más del 40% de la mano de obra está empleada en la industria y la construcción. La producción es dominada por las manufacturas y la minería (oro, cobre, cinc, plata). Las máquinas y el caucho sintético, son los principales bienes manufacturados. El país posee la única central nuclear en la región caucásica, que fue heredada de la época soviética. Esta central no sufrió daños durante el terremoto de 1988, que afectó a buena parte de la infraestructura del país, cuyos efectos se hicieron sentir hasta mediados de los años 1990.Tras su independencia de la URSS, Armenia conservó por algunos años la moneda rusa, pero finalmente adopto el dram como moneda nacional, debido a complicaciones surgidas al depender de la política monetaria de la Federación Rusa.
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  • L'économie de l'Arménie est une économie en transition. Du fait de l'effondrement de l'Union soviétique en décembre 1991 et du conflit quasi continu avec l'Azerbaïdjan voisin au sujet du Haut-Karabagh, elle a connu un déclin économique profond. Il se traduit par une faible croissance des principales activités économiques très concentrées et principalement limitées à Erevan la capitale.
  • Армения — индустриально-аграрная страна. Страна располагает существенными запасами медно-молибденовых и полиметаллических руд, строительного камня, минеральных вод, месторождениями драгоценных металлов, полудрагоценных и поделочных камней.
  • Després de diversos anys de creixement econòmic de dos dígits, Armènia va enfrontar una forta recessió l'any de 2009, amb el seu PIB sofrint una caiguda de 14% aquell any. La retracció en el sector de construcció civil i en els enviaments fets per treballadors armenis en l'exterior van ser les principals causes de la caiguda.
  • Después varios años de crecimiento económico de dos dígitos, Armenia enfrentó una fuerte recesión el año de 2009, con su PIB sufriendo una caída de 14% aquel año. La retracción en el sector de construcción civil y en los envíos hechos por trabajadores armenios en el exterior fueron las principales causas de la caída.
  • Armenia is the second most densely populated of the former Soviet republics because of its small size. It is situated between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, bordered on the north and east by Georgia and Azerbaijan and on the south and west by Iran and Turkey.Until independence, Armenia's economy was based largely on industry—chemicals, electronic products, machinery, processed food, synthetic rubber and textiles; it was highly dependent on outside resources.
  • Ermenistan eski Sovyet cumhuriyetleri içinde nüfus yoğunluğu en yüksek ikinci ülke konumundadır. Karadeniz ve Hazar Denizi arasında yer alan Ermenistan'ın ekonomisi bağımsızlıktan önce sanayi, kimyasal maddeler, elektronik ürünler ile işlenmiş gıdaya dayanmaktaydı. 1991'den önce tarımın toplam üretimdeki payı %20'ler düzeyinde bulunmaktaydı.Bakır, çinko, altın ve demir yatakları bulunan Ermenistan temel enerji gereksinimini Rusya'dan karşılamaktadır.
rdfs:label
  • Économie de l'Arménie
  • Economia d'Armènia
  • Economy of Armenia
  • Economía de Armenia
  • Ermenistan ekonomisi
  • Экономика Армении
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