L'ère Lochner désigne une période de l'histoire des États-Unis et en particulier de la Cour suprême, durant laquelle celle-ci s'opposait à toute loi réglementant le travail au nom d'un laissez-faire généralisé. Si le nom provient de l'arrêt Lochner v. New York de 1905, on date en général la période comme allant de Allgeyer v. Louisiana (en) (1897) à West Coast Hotel Co. v.

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dbpedia-owl:abstract
  • L'ère Lochner désigne une période de l'histoire des États-Unis et en particulier de la Cour suprême, durant laquelle celle-ci s'opposait à toute loi réglementant le travail au nom d'un laissez-faire généralisé. Si le nom provient de l'arrêt Lochner v. New York de 1905, on date en général la période comme allant de Allgeyer v. Louisiana (en) (1897) à West Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish (en) de 1937, dans lequel la Cour suprême opéra un revirement de jurisprudence en soutenant la constitutionnalité d'une législation de l'État de Washington imposant un salaire minimum.
  • The Lochner era is a period in American legal history in which the Supreme Court of the United States tended to use substantive due process to strike down laws held to be infringing on economic liberty or private contract rights, and takes its name from a 1905 case, Lochner v. New York. The beginning of the period is usually marked earlier, with the Court's decision in Allgeyer v. Louisiana (1897), and its end marked forty years later in the case of West Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish (1937), which overturned an earlier Lochner-era decision.The Supreme Court during the Lochner era has been described as "play[ing] a judicially activist but politically conservative role." The Court sometimes invalidated state and federal legislation that inhibited business or otherwise limited the free market, including laws on minimum wage, federal (but not state) child labor laws, regulations of banking, insurance and transportation industries. Originating in the late 19th century, the Lochner era carried into the mid-1930s, when the Court's tendency to invalidate labor and market regulations came into direct conflict with Congress' regulatory efforts in the New Deal.
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prop-fr:fr
  • clause de commerce
  • Adair v. United States
  • Adams v. Tanner
  • Adkins v. Children's Hospital
  • Allgeyer v. Louisiana
  • Bailey v. Drexel Furniture Co.
  • Bunting v. Oregon
  • Carter v. Carter Coal Company
  • Coppage v. Kansas
  • Duplex Printing Press Co. v. Deering
  • Hammer v. Dagenhart
  • Judicial Procedures Reform Bill of 1937
  • Nebbia v. New York
  • United States v. Butler
  • United States v. Carolene Products Co.
  • West Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish
  • substantive due process
  • yellow-dog contract
prop-fr:lang
  • en
prop-fr:texte
  • yellow-dog contracts
prop-fr:trad
  • Commerce Clause
prop-fr:wikiPageUsesTemplate
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rdfs:comment
  • L'ère Lochner désigne une période de l'histoire des États-Unis et en particulier de la Cour suprême, durant laquelle celle-ci s'opposait à toute loi réglementant le travail au nom d'un laissez-faire généralisé. Si le nom provient de l'arrêt Lochner v. New York de 1905, on date en général la période comme allant de Allgeyer v. Louisiana (en) (1897) à West Coast Hotel Co. v.
  • The Lochner era is a period in American legal history in which the Supreme Court of the United States tended to use substantive due process to strike down laws held to be infringing on economic liberty or private contract rights, and takes its name from a 1905 case, Lochner v. New York. The beginning of the period is usually marked earlier, with the Court's decision in Allgeyer v. Louisiana (1897), and its end marked forty years later in the case of West Coast Hotel Co. v.
rdfs:label
  • Ère Lochner
  • Lochner era
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